Nature of the relationship
Nature of the process
Primary target of the process
Backgrounds of the persons delivering the two processed
None of the above
Nature of the relationship
The values that drives the processes
The expected outcomes
The consultant’s involvement in the intervention
Working intensively with the consultee to provide him or her with the needed skills.
Advising the consultee’s superior that there is a problem.
Searching the research literature for an appropriate intervention that is empirically upported to provide to the consultee.
Helping the consultee find appropriate ways of gaining the skills needed within his or her organization
Know their usual interventions won’t work, but don’t know what to do.
Refuse to act because they do not see a role for themselves in the problem.
Have been so bullied by clients that they are afraid to act.
Mistake serious client issues for cultural differences and then are reluctant to take action
Is addressed only if it is a concern of the consultee
Is part of establishing a coordinate relationship
Refers only to consultants’ communication with consultees’ superiors
Is particularly important in client-centered case consultation
An experienced teacher assisting a new teacher in developing a behavior management program for a problem child
A psychologist evaluating a child and then providing recommendation for treatment to a teacher
A counseling psychologist available for discussion of residence assistants' concerns about dormitory residents
A social worker assisting in the design of a new medical assistance program for migrant workers
Involves the weakening of a consultee's beliefs about the outcome of a particular type of case
Is less effective than unlinking and therefore should not be used
Is a central intervention technique in client-centered case consultation
Should only be used when more short-term techniques to reduce theme interference have been tried
Lack of knowledge
Lack of skill
Lack of self confidence
Lack of objectivity
Mental health consultation was superior to other models of consultation when client gains were considered.
All consultation models produced positive overall effects, but did not differ among themselves.
Consultative interventions were superior to therapeutic interventions for most problems.
Clients made greater gains than consultees in most models of consultation.
Client characteristics, immediate environment and larger environment
Lack of objectivity, skill and confidence
Consultee characteristics, environment, and client characteristics
Antecedents, behavior, and consequences
During problem identification
During problem analysis
When the consultant designed intervention plans
More competent by African American consultees, but not European American consultees
More competent by consultees from both ethnic groups
More likable by African American consultees
More likeable by consultees from both ethnic groups
Teaching students to remind teachers to implement the intervention
Meetings with the consultant
Acknowledging that there is no difference among people of different races and ethnic origins
Understand one’s own culture and its impact
Understand the sociopolitical forces that impact development
Understand the values structures of all cultural groups and the variation within those groups.
What goes on during the consultation
More quantitative methodology
The consultee’s contribution to consultation
The impact of consultation
A measurement of only outcome measures
Measuring goals in terms of attained versus non-attained objectives
Quantifying outcomes in terms of a continuum
The planning of counseling sessions in school
Consultants need to document the quality as well as quantity of consultation.
The lack of instruments makes it a formidable responsibility for the consultant.
Thorough discussion of the evaluation purposes (s) should be conducted with consultee.
It can contribute to the research approaches in consultation.
Being comprehensive, that is, providing answers to most questions that arise during consultation
Dealing with the issues that cannot be handled by common sense
Providing general guidelines for making ethical decisions
Allowing a great deal of latitude in the ethical decision making process
Professional memberships may be listed.
Certain advertising approaches are to be avoided.
Direct solicitations are to be avoided.
Statements that compare the effectiveness of one's services with another's are to be avoided.