Psych 111 Practice Test Three

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Psych 111 Practice Test Three

Practice test #3 for the Psych 111 class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Psychological Scientists often divide the way we experience the world into two distinct phases, they are:
    • A. 

      Sensation and Transduction

    • B. 

      Perception and Transduction

    • C. 

      Sensation and Perception

    • D. 

      Qualitative and Quantitative

  • 2. 
    Sensation is the processing, organization and interpretation of sensory signals; it results in an internal representation of the stimulus.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    The process of which sensory receptors produce neural impulses when they receive physical or chemical stimulation is known as:
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      Judgment

    • C. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • D. 

      Transduction

  • 4. 
    Absolute Threshold is the level of intensity at which participants correctly detect a stimulus on ____ percent of the trials in which it is presented.
    • A. 

      25

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      75

    • D. 

      100

  • 5. 
    How far away would a candle have to be on a dark, clear night for my brain to perceive it at a minimal level.
    • A. 

      1 mile

    • B. 

      10 miles

    • C. 

      20 miles

    • D. 

      30 miles

  • 6. 
    Which of the following are approximate sensory thresholds for each sense? (Check all answers that are correct).
    • A. 

      Taste: One teaspoon of sugar in 1 gallon of water

    • B. 

      Taste: One teaspoon of sugar in 2 gallons of water

    • C. 

      Touch: One grain of sand dropped on your cheek from a distance of 1 centimetre

    • D. 

      Touch: A fly's wing falling on your cheek from a distance of 1 centimetre

    • E. 

      Smell: One Big Mac diffused into the entire volume of two rooms.

    • F. 

      Smell: One drop of perfume diffused into the entire volume of six rooms.

    • G. 

      Hearing: The tick of a clock at 20 feet under quiet conditions.

    • H. 

      Hearing: The chirping of a cricket from a distance of 3 football fields.

  • 7. 
    A difference threshold is calculated using whose law?
    • A. 

      Weber's Law

    • B. 

      Keiths's Law

    • C. 

      Seabrook's Law

    • D. 

      Pronger's Law

    • E. 

      Doughty's Law

    • F. 

      Niedermayer's Law

  • 8. 
    Signal detection theory states that detecting a stimulus requires making a judgment about its presence or absence, based on an objective interpretation of ambiguous information.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    A decrease in sensitivity due to a constant level of stimulation is defined in the textbook as:
    • A. 

      Desensitization

    • B. 

      Gustation

    • C. 

      Sensory adaptation

    • D. 

      Sensory decay

  • 10. 
    Gustation is:
    • A. 

      The sense of taste

    • B. 

      The sense of smell

    • C. 

      The sense of touch

    • D. 

      The sense of hearing

  • 11. 
    People who experience especially intense taste sensations are known as:
    • A. 

      Hypertasters

    • B. 

      Supergustators

    • C. 

      Supertasters

    • D. 

      Freaks

  • 12. 
    The thin layer of tissue within the nasal cavity that is embedded with small receptors that perform olfaction (the sense of smell) is known as:
    • A. 

      Olfactory epithelium

    • B. 

      Olfactory bulb

    • C. 

      Papillae

    • D. 

      Odorants

  • 13. 
    The sense of touch is known as:
    • A. 

      Audition

    • B. 

      Haptic Sense

    • C. 

      Gustatory Sense

  • 14. 
    The main goal of gustation (aka Gustatory Sense) is to...
    • A. 

      Encourage the consumption of foods through pleasant taste

    • B. 

      Give ourselves variety in life

    • C. 

      Improve smell

    • D. 

      Keep poisons out

  • 15. 
    Judgments are not effected by context.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Frequency can help determines which of the following in sound (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Pitch

    • B. 

      Loudness

    • C. 

      Vibrations per second

    • D. 

      Location of sound

  • 17. 
    Women are better at men in which of the following basic senses?
    • A. 

      Touch

    • B. 

      Sound

    • C. 

      Hearing

    • D. 

      Smell

    • E. 

      Taste

    • F. 

      All of the Above

    • G. 

      None of the Above

    • H. 

      Microwaving Pizza

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not an example of tactile stimulation?
    • A. 

      Hot/Cold

    • B. 

      Hair/Capsules

    • C. 

      Sharp + Fast Pain/Dull + Slow Pain

    • D. 

      Old/New

  • 19. 
    What is the single most common medical complaint?
    • A. 

      Hearing Voices

    • B. 

      Bleeding

    • C. 

      Seeing dead people

    • D. 

      Pain

  • 20. 
    Pain signals are not sent by the receptors if there is no tissue damage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is a quality of pain?
    • A. 

      Organic

    • B. 

      Psychogenic

    • C. 

      Acute

    • D. 

      Chronic

    • E. 

      Malignant

    • F. 

      Benign

    • G. 

      Continous

    • H. 

      Episodic

    • I. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    Pain always feels negative.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Gate control theory states that for us to experience pain, pain receptors must be activated and a neural "gate" to the spinal cord must allow the signals through to the brain.
    • A. 

      Hell yes

    • B. 

      Hell no

    • C. 

      Hell maybe

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is not a factor of opening the pain gate?
    • A. 

      Amount of activity in the pain fibers

    • B. 

      Amount of activity in other peripheral fibers

    • C. 

      This one

    • D. 

      Messages that descend from the brain

  • 25. 
    Check all conditions that open the gate.
    • A. 

      E Extent of physical injury

    • B. 

      Inappropriate activity level

    • C. 

      Anxiety or worry

    • D. 

      Medications and endorphins

    • E. 

      Counterstimulation

    • F. 

      Tension

    • G. 

      Positive emotions

    • H. 

      Relaxation

    • I. 

      Intense concentration

    • J. 

      Involvement and interest in activities

    • K. 

      Depression

    • L. 

      Focusing on pain

    • M. 

      Boredom

  • 26. 
    Check all conditions that close the gate:
    • A. 

      Extent of physical injury

    • B. 

      Inappropriate activity level

    • C. 

      Anxiety or worry

    • D. 

      The presence of an Orc army at Helm's Deep

    • E. 

      Counterstimulation

    • F. 

      Tension

    • G. 

      Positive emotions

    • H. 

      Relaxation

    • I. 

      Intense concentration

    • J. 

      Involvement and interest in activities

    • K. 

      Depression

    • L. 

      Focusing on pain

    • M. 

      Boredom

    • N. 

      Medication/Endorphins

  • 27. 
    Having two ears helps us locate the source of the sound due to differences in timing and intensity between the two sounds.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    Cones (used for high color, high detail vision) vastly outnumber the rods in the typical human.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Rods are concentrated in the fovea while Cones are located around the periphery of the retina.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    About how much of the cortex may be involved in vision (at the most).
    • A. 

      1/4

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      2/3

    • D. 

      All

  • 31. 
    Simple cells in the eye detect which of the following (choose the most specific answer):
    • A. 

      Movement

    • B. 

      Shapes

    • C. 

      Lines

    • D. 

      Patterns

  • 32. 
    Light in the center of the visual field increases the firing frequency of neurons while light in the surround decreases firing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    What component of visual perception would make the outfits above useful?
    • A. 

      Receptive Field

    • B. 

      Lateral inhibition

    • C. 

      Low light vision

    • D. 

      Looking really awesome

  • 34. 
    The Dorsal Stream is the "What" stream and the Ventral Stream is the "Where" stream. (Stream referring to different parts of the brain having different receptive fields.)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Subtractive color mixing occurs within the stimulus while additive color mixing occurs in the receptors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    Bottom up processing is based on sensory information while top-down processing is based on our expectations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    Which specific part of the brain is dedicated to facial recognition?
    • A. 

      Homunculus

    • B. 

      Fusiform Gyrus

    • C. 

      Super Nintendoius

    • D. 

      Primary Visual Cortex

  • 38. 
    People are better at recognizing faces of their own race.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    How do you feel about this picture? (Question not graded)
    • A. 

      Mike! Where did you get a picture of my mother?

    • B. 

      Wow! That lady on the right is a total bombshell!

    • C. 

      I'd rather read a crap book like Twilight than look at this

    • D. 

      I will pay you money to take this picture away from me.

    • E. 

      I would rather eat a live tarantula than stare at this picture any longer.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following is not a monocular cue to depth perception?
    • A. 

      Occlusion

    • B. 

      Relative Size

    • C. 

      Familiar Size

    • D. 

      Linear Perspective

    • E. 

      Texture gradient

    • F. 

      Position relative to horizon

    • G. 

      None of the Above

  • 41. 
    One of the most important cues to depth perception is:
    • A. 

      Familiar Size

    • B. 

      Linear Perspective

    • C. 

      Binocular Disparity

    • D. 

      Relative Size

  • 42. 
    People living in more carpentered worlds are harder to fool with optical illusions based on some monocular cues.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    The ability to detect where ones limbs are in space is known as:
    • A. 

      Vestibular sense

    • B. 

      Kinesthetic sense

    • C. 

      Electroreception

    • D. 

      Extrasensory Perception

  • 44. 
    A learning process in which the consequences of an action determine the likelihood that it will be performed in the future is known as...
    • A. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • B. 

      Stimulus Generalization

    • C. 

      Stimulus Discrimination

    • D. 

      Operant Conditioning

  • 45. 
    A bell is rang every time a dog is given food. Eventually, the dog starts drooling when the bell is rang along. Then, the bell rang but food is not given and the behavior is eventually extinguished. A few days later, the bell is rang and the dog starts drooling again. What is this known as, when an extinguished conditioned stimulus suddenly produces a conditioned response?
    • A. 

      Stimulus discrimination

    • B. 

      Stimulus generalization

    • C. 

      Spontaneous recovery

  • 46. 
    A response that does not have to be learned is known as:
    • A. 

      Conditioned response

    • B. 

      Conditioned stimulus

    • C. 

      Unconditioned response

    • D. 

      Unconditioned stimulus

  • 47. 
    In order to be a phobia, a fear must be: (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Out of proportion

    • B. 

      Of an object that is no actual threat

    • C. 

      Acquired

    • D. 

      Present since birth

  • 48. 
    Exposing people to small doses of a feared stimulus while having them engage in a pleasurable task fits into all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant Conditioning

    • C. 

      Counterconditioning

    • D. 

      Desensitization

  • 49. 
    Exposure therapy treats anxieties by associating the unwanted behavior with an unpleasant state.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    Some stimuli are more effective in producing learning.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    A cognitive model of classical conditioning that states the strength of a Conditioned Stimulus - Unconditioned Response association is determined by the extent two which the unconditioned stimulus is unexpected. Which model is this?
    • A. 

      Pavlov Model

    • B. 

      Wagner Model

    • C. 

      Rescoria Model

    • D. 

      Rescoria-Wagner Model

  • 52. 
    This law states that any behavior leading to a satisfying state of affairs will more likely occur again, and any behavior leading to an annoying state of affairs will less likely occur.
    • A. 

      Thorndike's Law

    • B. 

      Law of Positive Reinforcement

    • C. 

      Law of Effect

    • D. 

      Skinner's Law

  • 53. 
    A __________ is a stimulus that occurs after a response and increases the likelihood that the response will be repeated.
    • A. 

      Positive stimulus

    • B. 

      Negative stimulus

    • C. 

      Punishment

    • D. 

      Reinforcer

  • 54. 
    Type a funny caption for this picture.
  • 55. 
    The increase in the probability of a behavior being repeated through the removal of a stimulus is called...
    • A. 

      Positive Reinforcement

    • B. 

      Negative Reinforcement

    • C. 

      Positive Punishment

    • D. 

      Negative Punishment

  • 56. 
    Behavioral act can be broken down into which of the following three things...
    • A. 

      Stimulus, Response, Reinforcer

    • B. 

      Stimulus, Response, Punisher

    • C. 

      Stimulus, Response, Reinforcer/Punisher

    • D. 

      Ratio Schedule, Interval Schedule, Fixed Schedule

  • 57. 
    Reinforcers can be grouped into two types, Primary and Secondary
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 58. 
    You can eat your ice cream when you finish your vegetables.This is an example of what law?
    • A. 

      Law of Effect

    • B. 

      Grandma's Law

    • C. 

      Weber's Law

    • D. 

      Stupid Law

  • 59. 
    What is the problem with punishment?
    • A. 

      Punishment can seriously harm the person being punished.

    • B. 

      Punishment never works

    • C. 

      The person being punished learns to avoid the punisher

    • D. 

      Punishment is often applied too late and the stimulus is not paired with the punishment.

  • 60. 
    Which of the following is the most effective schedule of behavior modification?
    • A. 

      Variable Ratio

    • B. 

      Fixed Ratio

    • C. 

      Variable Interval

    • D. 

      Fixed Interval

  • 61. 
    Fred presses the button to turn on his TV and nothing happens. Fred pushes it again and nothing happens. Fred pushes the button many times and nothing happens, so he gives up. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      OCD

    • B. 

      A Rapid Extinction

    • C. 

      An Extinction Burst

    • D. 

      Primal Instinct

  • 62. 
    Which of the following is not an example of a token economy?
    • A. 

      Prison

    • B. 

      School

    • C. 

      Military

    • D. 

      Public Hospital

  • 63. 
    Rewarding successive approximations of a desired behavior is known as
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Sensitization

    • C. 

      Latent Learning

    • D. 

      Shaping

  • 64. 
    According to behavioral economics, a reinforcer's worth is affected by how long it takes to get the payoff.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    How funny is this video?
    • A. 

      That hilarious!

    • B. 

      It's okay I guess..

    • C. 

      Stop it with this stupid crap and give me the actual questions!

  • 66. 
    Learned helplessness results from the belief that your behavior will not shape an outcome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    A unit of knowledge transferred within a culture is known as a...
    • A. 

      Meme

    • B. 

      Model

    • C. 

      Cultural icon

  • 68. 
    Mirror neurons are neurons that are activated when one observes themselves.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    Mike beats up Jared and gets in trouble. Because of this, Nicole knows not to beat up Jordan or she will get in trouble too. This is an example of...
    • A. 

      Latent Learning

    • B. 

      Vicarious Learning

    • C. 

      Situational Learning

    • D. 

      Modeling

  • 70. 
    Whose behavior are you more likely to imitate?
    • A. 

      The one on the top

    • B. 

      The one on the bottom

    • C. 

      You can't be serious...

  • 71. 
    There is no evidence that media violence increases the likelihood of short and long-term aggression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
    The release of serotonin is the neural basis of biological learning.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 73. 
    Learning Results from alterations in synaptic connections. In other words, cells that fire together wire together.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 74. 
    Habituation is an increase in behavioral response following repeated exposure to stimuli.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 75. 
    The strengthening of a synaptic connection so the post-synaptic neurons are more easily activated is known as:
    • A. 

      Long-Term Potentiation

    • B. 

      Short-Term Potentiation

    • C. 

      Incranial self-stimulation

    • D. 

      Tourette's Syndrome

  • 76. 
    There's a lot of stuff still in the textbook you need to learn. Be sure to read and study it as well.
    • A. 

      Right Chief

    • B. 

      I've already read it all

    • C. 

      Kthxbai