Prelim Exam On Artificial Intelligence! Quiz

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Prelim Exam On Artificial Intelligence! Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It is tailor-made for a particular problem and often exploits very specific features of the situation in which the problem is embedded.

    • A.

      Perception

    • B.

      Special purpose method

    • C.

      General purpose method

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Special purpose method
    Explanation
    A special purpose method is designed specifically for a particular problem and takes advantage of specific features of the situation in which the problem is embedded. This means that it is customized and optimized to address the specific problem at hand, making it more efficient and effective compared to general purpose methods that are designed to handle a wide range of problems. Therefore, a special purpose method is the most suitable option for a problem that requires a tailored approach.

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  • 2. 

    One of the capabilities of computers used to adapt to new circumstances and to detect and extrapolate patterns.

    • A.

      Automated reasoning

    • B.

      Knowledge presentation

    • C.

      Machine learning

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Machine learning
    Explanation
    Machine learning is the correct answer because it refers to the ability of computers to adapt to new circumstances and detect patterns. Machine learning algorithms enable computers to learn from data and improve their performance over time without being explicitly programmed. By analyzing large amounts of data, computers can identify patterns, make predictions, and adapt their behavior accordingly. This capability is essential for computers to adapt to new circumstances and make informed decisions based on the patterns they have learned. Automated reasoning and knowledge presentation are not specifically related to the adaptive capabilities mentioned in the question.

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  • 3. 

    It determines the nature and characteristics of human behavior.

    • A.

      Introspection

    • B.

      Robotics

    • C.

      Psychological experiments

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychological experiments
    Explanation
    Psychological experiments are designed to study and understand human behavior. Through these experiments, researchers can observe and analyze various aspects of human behavior, such as cognitive processes, emotions, and social interactions. By conducting controlled experiments, psychologists can determine the nature and characteristics of human behavior and gain insights into the underlying psychological mechanisms. Therefore, psychological experiments are a valuable tool for investigating and explaining human behavior.

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  • 4. 

    It is one that acts so as to achieve the best outcome or when there is uncertainty the best-expected outcome.

    • A.

      Robots

    • B.

      Artificial intelligence

    • C.

      Rational agent

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Rational agent
    Explanation
    A rational agent is the correct answer because it is the one that acts in a way that maximizes the best outcome or expected outcome, especially when faced with uncertainty. This term is commonly used in the field of artificial intelligence and robotics to refer to an intelligent entity that makes decisions based on logical reasoning and analysis of available information. The other options, such as robots and artificial intelligence, are related concepts but do not fully capture the idea of a rational agent.

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  • 5. 

    He had the idea that useful reasoning could actually be carried out by mechanical artifacts.

    • A.

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B.

      Leonardo da Vinci

    • C.

      Alfred Tarski

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the person believed in the possibility of using mechanical artifacts for practical reasoning. However, none of the mentioned individuals - Thomas Hobbes, Leonardo da Vinci, or Alfred Tarski - are known for this idea. Therefore, the correct answer is "none of the above."

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  • 6. 

    He proposed that reasoning was like numerical computation, that "we add and subtract in our silent thoughts".

    • A.

      Ramon Lull

    • B.

      Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

    • C.

      Aristotle

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
  • 7. 

    A proponent of dualism.

    • A.

      Rene Descartes

    • B.

      Gerolamo Cardano

    • C.

      Francis Bacon

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Rene Descartes
    Explanation
    Rene Descartes is the correct answer because he was a proponent of dualism. Dualism is the philosophical belief that the mind and body are separate entities. Descartes famously argued for this view in his Meditations on First Philosophy, where he proposed the existence of a non-physical mind or soul that is distinct from the physical body. This dualistic perspective had a significant influence on Western philosophy and continues to be debated and discussed today.

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  • 8. 

    He worked out the details of propositional, or Boolean Logic.

    • A.

      Gottlob Frege

    • B.

      Alfred Tarski

    • C.

      Geroge Boole

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Geroge Boole
    Explanation
    George Boole is the correct answer because he is known for his work on propositional, or Boolean logic. Boole developed a system of logic that uses algebraic symbols to represent logical relationships and operations. His work laid the foundation for modern computer science and digital electronics. Boole's ideas were later expanded upon by other mathematicians and logicians, but he is credited with pioneering the field of Boolean logic.

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  • 9. 

    He first framed the idea of probability, describing it in terms of the possible outcomes of gambling events.

    • A.

      Rudolf Carnap

    • B.

      Francis Bacon

    • C.

      Alfred Tarski

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the person who first framed the idea of probability and described it in terms of gambling events is none of the mentioned options (Rudolf Carnap, Francis Bacon, or Alfred Tarski).

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  • 10. 

    He originated the origin of scientific psychology, He applied the scientific method to the study of human vision.

    • A.

      Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

    • B.

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • C.

      Colossus

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given statement mentions that the person in question originated the origin of scientific psychology and applied the scientific method to the study of human vision. However, none of the options provided (Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Wilhelm Wundt, or Colossus) are associated with these achievements. Therefore, the correct answer is none of the above.

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  • 11. 

    He invented the first operational computer which was the electromechanical Heath Robinson built-in 1940 with the purpose of deciphering German messages.

    • A.

      Alan Turing

    • B.

      Konrad Zuse

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Alan Turing
    Explanation
    Alan Turing is the correct answer because he is known for his contribution to computer science and the invention of the first operational computer. In 1940, Turing built the electromechanical Heath Robinson machine, which was designed to decipher German messages during World War II. This machine was a significant development in the field of computing and played a crucial role in code-breaking efforts during the war. Konrad Zuse is also a notable figure in computer history, but he is credited with inventing the first programmable computer, not the first operational one. Charles Babbage is considered the "father of the computer," but his designs were never fully realized during his lifetime. Therefore, the correct answer is Alan Turing.

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  • 12. 

    He invented the powerful general-purpose machine based on the vacuum tube.

    • A.

      Alan Turing

    • B.

      Colossus

    • C.

      Norbert Wiener

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Colossus
    Explanation
    Colossus is the correct answer because it was the first electronic digital programmable computer, invented by British engineer Tommy Flowers during World War II. It was used by the British codebreakers to decrypt German messages encrypted by the Enigma machine. Colossus was a powerful machine that used vacuum tubes for its operations, making it a significant advancement in computing technology at the time. Alan Turing, although a renowned mathematician and computer scientist, did not invent Colossus. Norbert Wiener is also not associated with the invention of Colossus.

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  • 13. 

    He invented the first operational programmable computer Z-3 in 1941.

    • A.

      Colossus

    • B.

      Alan Turing

    • C.

      Konrad Zuse

    • D.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    C. Konrad Zuse
    Explanation
    Konrad Zuse is the correct answer because he invented the first operational programmable computer, the Z-3, in 1941. The Z-3 was a significant development in the field of computing and laid the foundation for future advancements in computer technology. Alan Turing is known for his contributions to computer science, but he did not invent the first operational programmable computer. Colossus was a computer developed during World War II, but it was not the first programmable computer. Therefore, the correct answer is Konrad Zuse.

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  • 14. 

    He designed two machines which are the difference engine and analytical engine.

    • A.

      Alfred Tarski

    • B.

      Cornelis Drebbel

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    C. Charles Babbage
    Explanation
    Charles Babbage is the correct answer because he is known for designing two machines, the difference engine and analytical engine. These machines were early mechanical computers that laid the foundation for modern computing. Alfred Tarski and Cornelis Drebbel are not associated with the design of these machines, so they are not the correct answers.

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  • 15. 

    The central figure in the creation of what is now called control theory.

    • A.

      Cornelis Drebbel

    • B.

      Norbert Wiener

    • C.

      Rudolf Carnap

    • D.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    B. Norbert Wiener
    Explanation
    Norbert Wiener is considered the central figure in the creation of control theory. He was a mathematician and engineer who made significant contributions to the field of cybernetics, which is the study of control and communication in machines and living organisms. Wiener's work laid the foundation for modern control theory, including concepts such as feedback control systems and the use of mathematical models to analyze and design control systems. His research had a profound impact on various fields, including engineering, biology, and economics, making him a key figure in the development of control theory.

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  • 16. 

    Invented the thermostat and submarine.

    • A.

      Cornelis Drebbel

    • B.

      Norbert Wiener

    • C.

      Rudolf Carnap

    • D.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    A. Cornelis Drebbel
    Explanation
    Cornelis Drebbel is the correct answer because he is known for inventing both the thermostat and the submarine. Drebbel, a Dutch inventor and engineer, developed the first known thermostat in the early 17th century. He also constructed the first navigable submarine, which was demonstrated to the British Royal Navy in 1620. His inventions were significant contributions to the fields of temperature control and underwater exploration.

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  • 17. 

    He created a steam engine governor.

    • A.

      Cornelis Drebbel

    • B.

      James Watt

    • C.

      Norbert Wiener

    • D.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    B. James Watt
    Explanation
    James Watt is the correct answer because he is known for inventing the steam engine governor. A steam engine governor is a device that controls the speed of a steam engine by regulating the amount of steam supplied to it. This invention was a significant development in the field of steam engines and played a crucial role in the Industrial Revolution. Cornelis Drebbel and Norbert Wiener did not invent the steam engine governor, so they are not the correct answers. Therefore, the correct answer is James Watt.

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  • 18. 

    He introduced a theory of reference that shows how to relate the objects in logic to objects in the world.

    • A.

      Francis Bacon

    • B.

      Rudolf Carnap

    • C.

      Ramon Lull

    • D.

      None of he above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of he above
    Explanation
    The given statement mentions that someone introduced a theory of reference that explains the connection between objects in logic and objects in the world. However, none of the provided options (Francis Bacon, Rudolf Carnap, Ramon Lull) are the correct answer as they do not match the description given in the statement.

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  • 19. 

    It holds that the brain's operation according to the laws of physics constitutes the mind. Free will is simply the way that the perception of available choices appears to the choice process.

    • A.

      Dualism

    • B.

      Materialism

    • C.

      Empiricism

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Materialism
    Explanation
    Materialism is the correct answer because it aligns with the statement that the brain's operation according to the laws of physics constitutes the mind. Materialism is the philosophical belief that everything, including the mind, can be explained in terms of physical matter and its interactions. It rejects the idea of dualism, which posits that the mind and body are separate entities. Empiricism, on the other hand, is a theory of knowledge that emphasizes the role of experience and observation in the formation of ideas, but it does not directly address the relationship between the brain and the mind.

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  • 20. 

    Given a physical mind that manipulates knowledge, the next problem is to establish the source of knowledge.

    • A.

      Dualism

    • B.

      Materialism

    • C.

      Empiricism

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Empiricism
    Explanation
    Empiricism is the correct answer because it is a philosophical belief that knowledge comes from sensory experience and observation. According to empiricists, the mind is a blank slate at birth and all knowledge is derived from our senses and experiences in the physical world. This aligns with the given statement that a physical mind manipulates knowledge, implying that knowledge is acquired through our senses and interactions with the world around us. Dualism, materialism, and none of the above do not specifically address the source of knowledge in the same way that empiricism does.

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  • 21. 

    There is a part of the human mind that is outside of nature, exempt from physical laws.

    • A.

      Dualism

    • B.

      Materialism

    • C.

      Empiricism

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Dualism
    Explanation
    Dualism is the belief that the mind and the body are two separate entities, with the mind being non-physical and independent of the laws of nature. This belief suggests that there is a part of the human mind that exists outside of the physical world and is not governed by physical laws. Materialism, on the other hand, asserts that everything, including the mind, is ultimately reducible to physical matter. Empiricism is a philosophical approach that emphasizes the importance of sensory experience and observation in acquiring knowledge.

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  • 22. 

    Adopted the idea that humans and animals can be considered information processing machines.

    • A.

      Neuroscience

    • B.

      Philosophy

    • C.

      Economics

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that humans and animals can be seen as information processing machines. This concept is not specific to any particular field like neuroscience, philosophy, or economics. Instead, it is a broad idea that can be relevant to multiple disciplines. Therefore, the correct answer is "none of the above."

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  • 23. 

    He published an Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.

    • A.

      Adam Smith

    • B.

      Charles Babbage

    • C.

      James Watt

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Adam Smith
    Explanation
    Adam Smith is the correct answer because he published a book titled "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations." This book, first published in 1776, is considered one of the foundational texts of modern economics. In it, Smith discusses various economic concepts such as division of labor, free markets, and the role of government in the economy. Smith's work greatly influenced the development of economic thought and is still widely studied and referenced today.

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  • 24. 

    Interdisciplinary field that brings together computer models from AI and experimental techniques from psychology to try to construct precise and testable theories of the working of the human mind.

    • A.

      Introspection

    • B.

      Psychological experiments

    • C.

      Cognitive science

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Cognitive science
    Explanation
    Cognitive science is the correct answer because it is the interdisciplinary field that combines computer models from AI and experimental techniques from psychology to develop precise and testable theories about how the human mind works. This field aims to understand various cognitive processes such as perception, learning, memory, and problem-solving. It integrates knowledge from psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, philosophy, and computer science to gain insights into the nature of human cognition.

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  • 25. 

    Built a mechanical device intended to carry out operations on concepts rather than numbers but its scope was rather limited.

    • A.

      Thomas Hobbes

    • B.

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • C.

      Herman Von Helmholtz

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
  • 26. 

    A machine which is composed of addressable memory, stored programs, and conditional jumps and was the first artifact capable of universal computation.

    • A.

      Difference engine

    • B.

      Analytical engine

    • C.

      Steam engine

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Analytical engine
    Explanation
    The analytical engine is the correct answer because it is a machine that meets all the criteria mentioned in the question. It is composed of addressable memory, stored programs, and conditional jumps, making it capable of universal computation. The difference engine and steam engine do not have the same capabilities as the analytical engine, and "none of the above" is not correct because the analytical engine fits the given description.

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  • 27. 

    Built the first controlling machine: a water clock with a regulator that kept the flow of water running through it at a constant, predictable pace.

    • A.

      Norbert Wiener

    • B.

      Cornelis Drebbel

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    None of the mentioned individuals, Norbert Wiener, Cornelis Drebbel, or Charles Babbage, built the first controlling machine with a water clock and a regulator. Therefore, the correct answer is "none of the above."

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  • 28. 

    Provided the tools to manipulate statements of logical certainty as well as uncertain, probabilistic statements.

    • A.

      Economics

    • B.

      Mathematics

    • C.

      Computer engineering

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Mathematics
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mathematics because mathematics provides the necessary tools to manipulate both statements of logical certainty and uncertain, probabilistic statements. In the field of economics, mathematical models are used to analyze and predict economic behavior. Similarly, in computer engineering, mathematical concepts and algorithms are used to design and develop computer systems. Therefore, mathematics is the most suitable option among the given choices.

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  • 29. 

    Started the empiricism movement.

    • A.

      Francis Bacon

    • B.

      Rudolf Carnap

    • C.

      Rene Descartes

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Francis Bacon
    Explanation
    Francis Bacon is known for his significant contributions to the empiricism movement. Empiricism emphasizes the importance of experience and observation in acquiring knowledge. Bacon believed that knowledge should be based on evidence and experimentation, rather than relying solely on reasoning or intuition. He advocated for the use of scientific methods and the systematic collection of data to understand the natural world. Bacon's ideas had a profound influence on the development of modern science and the scientific method, making him the correct answer in this context.

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  • 30. 

    Developed the doctrine of logical positivism.

    • A.

      Francis Bacon

    • B.

      Rudolf Carnap

    • C.

      Rene Descartes

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Rudolf Carnap
    Explanation
    Rudolf Carnap is the correct answer because he was a philosopher and logician who played a significant role in the development of the doctrine of logical positivism. He was one of the key figures of the Vienna Circle, a group of philosophers who aimed to establish a scientific foundation for philosophy through the use of logical analysis and verification. Carnap's work focused on the logical analysis of language and the verification principle, which states that meaningful statements must be empirically verifiable. His contributions greatly influenced the field of philosophy of science and the understanding of language and meaning.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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