Practice St Brd Exam

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Practice Exam Quizzes & Trivia

100 sample questions that may be on the State Board Exam for Master Cosmetology. 90 minutes is alloted for you to take the exam, just like the State Board Exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is an important part of good communication?

    • A.

      Knowing what to say

    • B.

      Giving your opinion

    • C.

      Active listening

    • D.

      Selling skills

    Correct Answer
    C. Active listening
    Explanation
    Active listening is an important part of good communication because it involves fully focusing on and understanding the speaker's message. It requires giving full attention, showing interest, and providing verbal and nonverbal cues to demonstrate understanding. Active listening helps build trust, fosters better understanding, and promotes effective problem-solving and conflict resolution. It allows for better collaboration and empathy, leading to stronger relationships and improved communication overall.

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  • 2. 

    A rule for female cosmetologists to follow in applying makeup to wear to work is:

    • A.

      The darker the better

    • B.

      Enhance your best features

    • C.

      Look better than your clients

    • D.

      Be as plain as possible

    Correct Answer
    B. Enhance your best features
    Explanation
    The rule for female cosmetologists to follow in applying makeup to wear to work is to enhance their best features. This means that they should focus on highlighting and accentuating their most attractive and appealing facial features through the use of makeup. This approach allows cosmetologists to showcase their skills and expertise while still looking professional and presentable in the workplace.

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  • 3. 

    The major difference between a perm and body wave result from the

    • A.

      Type of lotion used

    • B.

      Type of neutralizer used

    • C.

      Size of rods used

    • D.

      Length of time neutralizer is left on

    Correct Answer
    C. Size of rods used
    Explanation
    The major difference between a perm and body wave results from the size of rods used. The size of the rods determines the size and shape of the curls. A perm typically uses smaller rods, resulting in tighter and more defined curls, while a body wave uses larger rods, creating looser and more natural-looking waves. The type of lotion and neutralizer used are important factors in the perming process, but they do not directly affect the difference between a perm and body wave. The length of time the neutralizer is left on also affects the final result, but it is not the main factor that distinguishes between a perm and body wave.

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  • 4. 

    During a consultation

    • A.

      Discuss the client's desired look

    • B.

      Analyze the client's clothing

    • C.

      Talk about the weather outside

    • D.

      Remove all magazines from the client

    Correct Answer
    A. Discuss the client's desired look
    Explanation
    During a consultation, it is important to discuss the client's desired look in order to understand their preferences and expectations. This allows the stylist or consultant to tailor their services and recommendations accordingly. By discussing the client's desired look, the stylist can gain insight into the specific hairstyle, makeup, or fashion choices that the client is interested in, ensuring that the final result aligns with their vision.

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  • 5. 

    When should you clean your manicure table?

    • A.

      When a new client arrives and sits down

    • B.

      After every three clients

    • C.

      Right after each manicure

    • D.

      After every three manicures

    Correct Answer
    C. Right after each manicure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "right after each manicure" because cleaning the manicure table immediately after each manicure ensures a clean and hygienic environment for the next client. This helps to prevent the spread of bacteria, germs, and infections. Cleaning the table after every three clients or three manicures may lead to potential contamination and compromise the safety and health of the clients.

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  • 6. 

    Disease causing bacteria can be spread by

    • A.

      Touching antiseptics

    • B.

      Getting wet or cold

    • C.

      Cleaning with disinfectants

    • D.

      Coughing or spitting

    Correct Answer
    D. Coughing or spitting
    Explanation
    Coughing or spitting can spread disease-causing bacteria because when a person coughs or spits, tiny droplets containing the bacteria are released into the air. These droplets can then be inhaled by others, allowing the bacteria to enter their respiratory system and potentially cause infection. This is why it is important to cover the mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing and to avoid spitting in public spaces.

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  • 7. 

    Trichology is the study of

    • A.

      Hair

    • B.

      Beauty

    • C.

      Nails

    • D.

      Skin

    Correct Answer
    A. Hair
    Explanation
    Trichology is the study of hair. This field focuses on understanding the structure, function, and health of hair, as well as diagnosing and treating hair and scalp conditions. Trichologists are experts who specialize in hair and scalp care, providing advice and treatments for various hair concerns such as hair loss, dandruff, and scalp infections. By studying trichology, professionals gain a comprehensive understanding of hair growth, hair disorders, and effective hair care practices.

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  • 8. 

    A method of cleaning instruments that kills all microorganisms, including bacterial spores is

    • A.

      Decontamination

    • B.

      Sanitation

    • C.

      Sterilization

    • D.

      Washing

    Correct Answer
    C. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the correct answer because it refers to a method of cleaning instruments that not only kills all microorganisms but also eliminates bacterial spores. This process ensures that the instruments are completely free from any living organisms, thus preventing the transmission of infections. Decontamination and sanitation may remove some microorganisms, but they may not be effective against bacterial spores. Washing alone may not kill all microorganisms, making it less effective compared to sterilization.

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  • 9. 

    Which statement about hair growth is NOT correct?

    • A.

      The rate of hair growth is about 1/2 inch per month

    • B.

      The rate of hair growth is the same on all parts of the body

    • C.

      The rate of hair growth differs for men and women

    • D.

      The rate of hair growth declines with age

    Correct Answer
    B. The rate of hair growth is the same on all parts of the body
    Explanation
    The statement that the rate of hair growth is the same on all parts of the body is not correct. Hair growth rate varies across different parts of the body. For example, hair on the scalp tends to grow faster than hair on the arms or legs. Additionally, factors such as genetics, hormones, and overall health can also affect the rate of hair growth.

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  • 10. 

    Alopecia areata occurs when the client's hair

    • A.

      Suddenly falls out in round patches

    • B.

      Changes from oily to very dry

    • C.

      Produces excessive amounts of sebum

    • D.

      Turns gray very suddenly

    Correct Answer
    A. Suddenly falls out in round patches
    Explanation
    Alopecia areata is a condition characterized by sudden hair loss in round patches. This means that the client's hair falls out in specific areas, leaving bald patches on the scalp. This condition is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, where the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, resulting in hair loss. The sudden and patchy nature of the hair loss is a key characteristic of alopecia areata.

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  • 11. 

    When using disinfectants, you should remember that disinfectants

    • A.

      Kill all dangerous germs on contact

    • B.

      Cannot reach germs hidden in nooks and crannies

    • C.

      Can be dangerous if used incorrectly

    • D.

      Are inexpensive and therefore should be used liberally

    Correct Answer
    C. Can be dangerous if used incorrectly
    Explanation
    Disinfectants can be dangerous if used incorrectly because they often contain chemicals that can be harmful to humans. It is important to follow the instructions on the product label and use them in a well-ventilated area. Using too much disinfectant or mixing different types of disinfectants can also be dangerous. Additionally, some disinfectants may not be safe to use on certain surfaces or materials, so it is important to check for compatibility before using them.

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  • 12. 

    The outermost and thinnest layer of skin is the

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Epidermis

    • C.

      Papillary layer

    • D.

      Subcutaneous layer

    Correct Answer
    B. Epidermis
    Explanation
    The epidermis is the outermost and thinnest layer of skin. It acts as a protective barrier against the external environment and helps regulate the loss of water from the body. It is composed of several layers of cells, including the outermost layer called the stratum corneum, which consists of dead skin cells that are constantly shed and replaced. The epidermis also contains melanocytes, which produce the pigment melanin that gives color to the skin. Overall, the epidermis plays a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and function of the skin.

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  • 13. 

    Which statement about disinfection is CORRECT?

    • A.

      Disinfectants should not be used on skin, hair, or nails

    • B.

      Disinfectants destroy all microorganisms including bacterial spores

    • C.

      Disinfectants should be used only by healthcare professionals

    • D.

      Disinfectants are never used in salons

    Correct Answer
    A. Disinfectants should not be used on skin, hair, or nails
    Explanation
    Disinfectants should not be used on skin, hair, or nails because they are harsh chemicals that can cause irritation, dryness, and damage to these areas. Disinfectants are designed to kill or inactivate microorganisms on surfaces, not on living tissues. Therefore, it is important to use appropriate products for personal hygiene and care, such as soap, shampoo, and nail care products, instead of disinfectants.

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  • 14. 

    Which is one way to reassure your client about the cleanliness of your nail care equipment?

    • A.

      Tell the client that all instruments are sterilized after each use

    • B.

      Keep your instruments in sterilizing equipment when not in use

    • C.

      Tell the client that no one has ever gotten an infection in your salon

    • D.

      Keep metal, wood, and plastic implements separate from each other

    Correct Answer
    B. Keep your instruments in sterilizing equipment when not in use
    Explanation
    One way to reassure your client about the cleanliness of your nail care equipment is by keeping your instruments in sterilizing equipment when not in use. This ensures that the tools are properly cleaned and sanitized, reducing the risk of infections or cross-contamination. By following this practice, the client can have confidence in the salon's commitment to maintaining a clean and safe environment for their nail care services.

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  • 15. 

    A steatoma or sebaceous cyst is a/an

    • A.

      Chronic inflammation on the nose & cheeks

    • B.

      Subcutaneous tumor of a sebaceous gland

    • C.

      Accumulation of sebaceous matter under the skin

    • D.

      Contagious disease of the sebaceous glands

    Correct Answer
    C. Accumulation of sebaceous matter under the skin
    Explanation
    A steatoma or sebaceous cyst is an accumulation of sebaceous matter under the skin. This means that there is an abnormal buildup of oily, waxy material produced by the sebaceous glands. This can occur when the ducts of the glands become blocked or damaged, causing the sebum to accumulate and form a cyst. It is not a contagious disease, but rather a benign growth that can occur anywhere on the body.

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  • 16. 

    Bacteria that do NOT cause disease are referred to as

    • A.

      Parasite

    • B.

      Nonpathogenic

    • C.

      Microbes

    • D.

      Saprophytes

    Correct Answer
    B. Nonpathogenic
    Explanation
    Nonpathogenic bacteria are those that do not cause disease. This means that they do not have the ability to infect or harm the host organism. They may still be present in the body or in the environment, but they do not cause any harm or illness. Nonpathogenic bacteria can also be beneficial, as they may help with digestion, produce vitamins, or compete with harmful bacteria for resources.

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  • 17. 

    You can best help the client relax during facial manipulations by

    • A.

      Talking to the client continuously

    • B.

      Having the client visualize a relaxing scene

    • C.

      Maintaining and even rhythm and pressure

    • D.

      Telling the client when you are starting a movement

    Correct Answer
    C. Maintaining and even rhythm and pressure
    Explanation
    Maintaining an even rhythm and pressure during facial manipulations can help the client relax because it creates a sense of consistency and predictability. This allows the client to feel more comfortable and secure during the treatment. Additionally, the steady rhythm and pressure can help to release tension and promote relaxation in the facial muscles.

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  • 18. 

    When using a protective neck strip and a cape, you should always be sure that the cape

    • A.

      Is fastened as tightly as possible

    • B.

      Is under the neck strip

    • C.

      Does not touch the client's skin

    • D.

      Is a becoming style and color

    Correct Answer
    C. Does not touch the client's skin
    Explanation
    When using a protective neck strip and a cape, it is important to ensure that the cape does not touch the client's skin. This is because the cape is meant to act as a barrier between the client's skin and any hair or chemicals that may come into contact with it during the hairdressing process. If the cape were to touch the client's skin, it could potentially transfer these substances and cause discomfort or irritation. Therefore, it is crucial to make sure that the cape is positioned properly and does not come into direct contact with the client's skin.

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  • 19. 

    Cosmetologists need to understand bacteriology in order to

    • A.

      Prevent the spread of disease

    • B.

      Discuss biology with clients

    • C.

      Avoid contracting food-borne illness

    • D.

      Avoid spreading AIDS in the salon

    Correct Answer
    A. Prevent the spread of disease
    Explanation
    Cosmetologists need to understand bacteriology in order to prevent the spread of disease. By having knowledge of bacteriology, cosmetologists can implement proper sanitation and hygiene practices to ensure that their tools, equipment, and workspaces are free from harmful bacteria. This helps to minimize the risk of infection or disease transmission to both themselves and their clients. Understanding bacteriology also allows cosmetologists to identify potential sources of contamination and take appropriate measures to maintain a safe and healthy environment within the salon.

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  • 20. 

    Which statement about contamination is CORRECT?

    • A.

      All objects are contaminated with microorganisms

    • B.

      Contamination can be avoided by means of frequent hand washing

    • C.

      Contamination in the salon is illegal an cause for losing one's license

    • D.

      The skin and hair can be sterilized to reduce contamination

    Correct Answer
    A. All objects are contaminated with microorganisms
    Explanation
    All objects are contaminated with microorganisms. This statement is correct because microorganisms are present everywhere in our environment, including on objects. Even with regular cleaning and disinfecting, it is impossible to completely eliminate all microorganisms from objects. Therefore, it is important to practice good hygiene and take necessary precautions to prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 21. 

    The part of the nail structure that contains actively growing tissue is the

    • A.

      Nail plate

    • B.

      Matrix

    • C.

      Nail root

    • D.

      Free edge

    Correct Answer
    B. Matrix
    Explanation
    The matrix is the part of the nail structure that contains actively growing tissue. It is located at the base of the nail, underneath the cuticle. The matrix is responsible for producing new cells that eventually form the nail plate. As these cells grow and harden, they push forward and extend beyond the nail bed, creating the visible portion of the nail. Therefore, the matrix is essential for nail growth and the overall health of the nail.

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  • 22. 

    Before applying chemicals to the hair, you should apply a cream around the client's hairline in order to

    • A.

      Avoid a lawsuit

    • B.

      Test for allergic reactions

    • C.

      Sell additional products

    • D.

      Avoid skin irritation

    Correct Answer
    D. Avoid skin irritation
    Explanation
    Before applying chemicals to the hair, it is important to apply a cream around the client's hairline to avoid skin irritation. The chemicals used in hair treatments can be harsh and may cause irritation or allergic reactions if they come into contact with the skin. By applying a protective cream, the skin is shielded from direct contact with the chemicals, reducing the risk of irritation and potential lawsuits that could arise from any harm caused to the client's skin.

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  • 23. 

    Before draping a client, you should do all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Wash your hands

    • B.

      Ask the client to wash his/her hands

    • C.

      Ask the client to remove any necklaces

    • D.

      Turn the client's collar in

    Correct Answer
    B. Ask the client to wash his/her hands
    Explanation
    Before draping a client, it is important to ensure cleanliness and hygiene. This includes washing your hands to prevent the spread of germs. Asking the client to wash their hands is also important for the same reason. Removing necklaces is necessary to prevent them from getting tangled or interfering with the draping process. Turning the client's collar in helps to expose the neck and upper back area for draping. Therefore, the only action that is not necessary before draping a client is asking them to wash their hands.

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  • 24. 

    Besides cleaning the client's hair and scalp, a good shampoo can also

    • A.

      Change the color of a client's hair

    • B.

      Change the texture of a client's hair

    • C.

      Make the client's hair appear fuller and longer

    • D.

      Give the client a good impression of the salon

    Correct Answer
    D. Give the client a good impression of the salon
    Explanation
    A good shampoo can give the client a good impression of the salon because it plays a crucial role in the overall hair care experience. When a shampoo effectively cleans the client's hair and scalp, it leaves them feeling refreshed and satisfied. This positive experience can contribute to the client's perception of the salon as professional and attentive to their needs. Additionally, a good shampoo may have a pleasant fragrance or provide a luxurious lather, further enhancing the client's impression of the salon's quality and attention to detail.

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  • 25. 

    Dry shampoos are used on clients

    • A.

      Who are about to have a permanent

    • B.

      Who have chemically treated hair

    • C.

      Whose health does not permit shampoos

    • D.

      Who are allergic to shampoos

    Correct Answer
    C. Whose health does not permit shampoos
    Explanation
    Dry shampoos are used on clients whose health does not permit shampoos. This means that these clients may have certain health conditions or sensitivities that prevent them from using traditional shampoos. Dry shampoos offer an alternative solution for cleansing the hair without the need for water and traditional shampooing methods. They can be beneficial for individuals with certain scalp conditions, limited mobility, or allergies to shampoos. Dry shampoos can help to refresh the hair, absorb excess oil, and provide a clean feeling without the need for water.

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  • 26. 

    Which nail shape is flattering to the greatest number of people's hands?

    • A.

      Square

    • B.

      Round

    • C.

      Oval

    • D.

      Pointed

    Correct Answer
    C. Oval
    Explanation
    Oval nail shape is considered flattering to the greatest number of people's hands because it is a versatile shape that suits various hand sizes and finger lengths. The oval shape elongates the fingers and creates an elegant and feminine look. It is a balanced shape that is neither too wide nor too narrow, making it suitable for most hand shapes and nail beds. Additionally, the oval shape is less prone to breakage and snagging compared to other shapes like pointed or square.

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  • 27. 

    Where should metal implements and orangewood sticks be placed while you are giving a manicure?

    • A.

      In the drawer of the manicure table

    • B.

      In a jar filled with alcohol-soaked cotton

    • C.

      In an autoclave

    • D.

      On the top of the manicure table on a clean cloth

    Correct Answer
    D. On the top of the manicure table on a clean cloth
    Explanation
    Metal implements and orangewood sticks should be placed on the top of the manicure table on a clean cloth while giving a manicure. This is important for maintaining cleanliness and hygiene during the manicure process. Placing them on a clean cloth ensures that they are easily accessible and visible, making it convenient for the manicurist to use them. Additionally, placing them on a clean cloth helps to prevent any cross-contamination or transfer of bacteria or germs onto the implements.

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  • 28. 

    How can you use polish to give an elongated appearance to clubbed nails?

    • A.

      Leave the half moons at the base unpolished

    • B.

      Leave the tips of the nail unpolished

    • C.

      Leave the sides of the nail unpolished

    • D.

      Apply a very bright polish to the entire nail

    Correct Answer
    C. Leave the sides of the nail unpolished
    Explanation
    Leaving the sides of the nail unpolished can give an elongated appearance to clubbed nails because it creates the illusion of narrower nails. By applying polish only to the center of the nail, the sides are left bare, making the nail appear slimmer and longer.

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  • 29. 

    Which is the correct method for removing sculptured nails?

    • A.

      Clip them off with scissors

    • B.

      File them off with an emery board

    • C.

      Apply a solvent and push them off

    • D.

      Use a non-acetone nail polish remover

    Correct Answer
    C. Apply a solvent and push them off
    Explanation
    The correct method for removing sculptured nails is to apply a solvent and push them off. This method involves using a nail polish remover or a specific nail adhesive remover to dissolve the adhesive that holds the sculptured nails in place. Once the adhesive is dissolved, the nails can be gently pushed off using a cuticle pusher or an orangewood stick. This method is safer and less damaging to the natural nails compared to clipping or filing them off, which can cause breakage or thinning of the nails.

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  • 30. 

    A client who has athlete's foot requests a pedicure.  What should you do?

    • A.

      Refer the client to a doctor for treatment

    • B.

      Treat the client with medicated powder and then give the pedicure

    • C.

      Use strict sanitary precautions to avoid spreading the infection

    • D.

      Give the pedicure as requested

    Correct Answer
    A. Refer the client to a doctor for treatment
    Explanation
    When a client has athlete's foot, it is important to refer them to a doctor for treatment rather than proceeding with a pedicure. Athlete's foot is a fungal infection that can easily spread, and providing a pedicure could exacerbate the condition and potentially spread it to other clients or staff. By referring the client to a doctor, they can receive proper medical treatment to effectively treat the infection and prevent further complications.

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  • 31. 

    The correct method for applying cleansing cream is to start at the

    • A.

      Forehead and work downward

    • B.

      Back and forth upward

    • C.

      Cheeks and work in a circular motion

    • D.

      Neck and work upward

    Correct Answer
    D. Neck and work upward
    Explanation
    The correct method for applying cleansing cream is to start at the neck and work upward. This is because starting at the neck ensures that you cover all areas of the face and removes any dirt or impurities from the skin. Working upward helps to stimulate blood circulation and promotes a lifting effect on the skin. This method also prevents tugging or pulling on the skin, which can lead to wrinkles or sagging.

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  • 32. 

    Soft water is preferrable to hard water for shampooing because it

    • A.

      Holds its temperature better

    • B.

      Works up a better lather

    • C.

      Feels softer on the client's skin

    • D.

      Leaves an attractive residue behind

    Correct Answer
    B. Works up a better lather
    Explanation
    Soft water is preferable to hard water for shampooing because it works up a better lather. Hard water contains minerals such as calcium and magnesium, which can react with the soap or shampoo and form a scum. This scum prevents the formation of a good lather and makes it difficult to rinse the hair thoroughly. On the other hand, soft water does not contain these minerals and allows the shampoo to create a rich and foamy lather, ensuring better cleaning and rinsing of the hair.

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  • 33. 

    On which type of hair should you use an acid-balanced perm?

    • A.

      Coarse, resistant hair

    • B.

      Highlighted or tinted hair

    • C.

      Normal hair

    • D.

      Fine, resistant hair

    Correct Answer
    B. Highlighted or tinted hair
    Explanation
    An acid-balanced perm should be used on highlighted or tinted hair because it is gentler and less damaging compared to other types of perms. Highlighted or tinted hair is already chemically treated, so using an acid-balanced perm helps to minimize further damage and maintain the color and condition of the hair. This type of perm provides a more controlled and subtle curl, which is ideal for maintaining the integrity of the hair while still achieving the desired style.

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  • 34. 

    When should a patch test to determine whether a client is allergic to an aniline derivative tint be given?

    • A.

      Immediately before the hair coloring service

    • B.

      One hour before the hair coloring service

    • C.

      24-48 hours before the hair coloring service

    • D.

      Immediately after the hair coloring service

    Correct Answer
    C. 24-48 hours before the hair coloring service
    Explanation
    A patch test should be given 24-48 hours before the hair coloring service to determine whether a client is allergic to an aniline derivative tint. This time frame allows for any potential allergic reactions to manifest, providing enough time for the client and the stylist to assess and address any issues before proceeding with the hair coloring service.

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  • 35. 

    For a client with very light skin, you should choose a foundation that is

    • A.

      A shade lighter than the natural skin tone

    • B.

      The same as the natural skin tone

    • C.

      A shade darker then the natural skin tone

    • D.

      A rosy shade

    Correct Answer
    B. The same as the natural skin tone
    Explanation
    For a client with very light skin, it is recommended to choose a foundation that is the same as their natural skin tone. This ensures that the foundation blends seamlessly with their skin, providing a natural and even complexion. Choosing a shade lighter may result in a washed-out appearance, while a shade darker can create an unnatural contrast. A rosy shade may not necessarily match the client's undertones, so selecting a foundation that matches their natural skin tone is the best choice.

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  • 36. 

    The correct way to test the color of a foundation is to blend some of it on the client's

    • A.

      Cheek

    • B.

      Nose

    • C.

      Jaw line

    • D.

      Earlobe

    Correct Answer
    C. Jaw line
    Explanation
    The correct way to test the color of a foundation is to blend some of it on the client's jawline. The jawline is considered the best area to test foundation because it is closer to the natural skin tone of the face and provides a seamless blend between the face and neck. Testing on the cheek, nose, or earlobe may not give an accurate representation of how the foundation will look on the entire face.

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  • 37. 

    Before wrapping, hair should be

    • A.

      Shampooed and left moist

    • B.

      Saturated with water

    • C.

      Dry and cool

    • D.

      Very hot

    Correct Answer
    A. Shampooed and left moist
    Explanation
    Before wrapping, hair should be shampooed and left moist. This is because wrapping hair when it is moist helps to set the style and create a smooth and sleek look. The moisture in the hair helps to hold the shape and prevent frizz or flyaways. Additionally, shampooing the hair before wrapping ensures that it is clean and free from any product buildup or dirt, which can affect the final result of the wrap.

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  • 38. 

    The correct procedure for applying most neutralizers is

    • A.

      Apply, wait 15 minutes, repeat, remove rods

    • B.

      Apply, rinse, repeat, and remove rods

    • C.

      Apply, repeat, wait 5 minutes, and remove rods

    • D.

      Remove rods, apply, rinse, and repeat

    Correct Answer
    C. Apply, repeat, wait 5 minutes, and remove rods
    Explanation
    The correct procedure for applying most neutralizers is to apply the neutralizer, repeat the application, wait for 5 minutes, and then remove the rods. This allows enough time for the neutralizer to effectively neutralize any chemicals or substances before removing the rods.

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  • 39. 

    Because semi-permanent color only deposits and does not lift color from the hair, you shoudl select a color that is

    • A.

      Very cool with no red highlights

    • B.

      Lighter than the desired shade

    • C.

      Black or very dark brown

    • D.

      Darker than the desired shade

    Correct Answer
    B. Lighter than the desired shade
    Explanation
    Semi-permanent color only deposits color onto the hair and does not lighten it. Therefore, in order to achieve the desired shade, it is necessary to select a color that is lighter than the desired shade.

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  • 40. 

    To create a natural look, you should apply cheek color no closer to the nose than the

    • A.

      Outer corner of the eye

    • B.

      Center of the eye

    • C.

      Inner corner of the eye

    • D.

      Cheekbone

    Correct Answer
    B. Center of the eye
    Explanation
    To create a natural look, it is recommended to apply cheek color no closer to the nose than the center of the eye. This placement allows for a balanced and subtle effect, enhancing the cheekbones without overpowering the rest of the face. Applying the color closer to the outer or inner corner of the eye may result in an unbalanced or exaggerated appearance. The center of the eye is a safe and flattering placement for achieving a natural look.

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  • 41. 

    Which statement about hair lightening is CORRECT?

    • A.

      Very dark hair may be damaged by extreme lightening

    • B.

      Hair lighteners are used as preliminary treatments and never by themselves

    • C.

      Lighteners are not effective in removing undesirable off-shades

    • D.

      Lightening has no effect on hair's porosity

    Correct Answer
    A. Very dark hair may be damaged by extreme lightening
    Explanation
    Very dark hair contains more melanin, which makes it harder to lighten compared to lighter hair colors. Extreme lightening processes, such as bleaching, can cause damage to the hair shaft and cuticle, leading to dryness, breakage, and brittleness. Therefore, it is correct to say that very dark hair may be damaged by extreme lightening.

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  • 42. 

    Which statement about hair growth is TRUE?

    • A.

      The natural color tends to fade as the hair ages

    • B.

      Scalp massage increases the growth and prevents hair loss

    • C.

      Cutting the hair makes it grow faster and thicker

    • D.

      The hair's texture becomes coarse as it ages

    Correct Answer
    A. The natural color tends to fade as the hair ages
    Explanation
    As the hair ages, the natural color tends to fade. This is due to the decrease in melanin production, which is responsible for the pigmentation of the hair. The hair follicles produce less melanin as we age, leading to a loss of color and the appearance of gray or white hair. This is a natural process and can vary from person to person.

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  • 43. 

    Which of the following is NOT a basic rule for natural looking hair color?

    • A.

      The hair should be lighter at the base than at the ends

    • B.

      The hair should be lighter on the surface than underneath

    • C.

      The hair around the face should be lighter than the crown

    • D.

      The darker hair should always be the dominant color

    Correct Answer
    D. The darker hair should always be the dominant color
    Explanation
    The statement "the darker hair should always be the dominant color" is not a basic rule for natural looking hair color. In natural hair color, the dominant color can vary and is not always the darker hair. The other three statements, on the other hand, are basic rules for achieving a natural look in hair color: the hair should be lighter at the base than at the ends, lighter on the surface than underneath, and the hair around the face should be lighter than the crown.

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  • 44. 

    The Level System is a way of analyzing the

    • A.

      Tone of a hair color

    • B.

      Texture of hair

    • C.

      Presence of pigment in the hair

    • D.

      Lightness or darkness of a color

    Correct Answer
    D. Lightness or darkness of a color
    Explanation
    The level system in hair color refers to the lightness or darkness of a color. It is used to categorize hair colors on a scale from 1 (darkest black) to 10 (lightest blonde). This system helps hair stylists and colorists determine the desired shade and achieve consistent results. By understanding the level system, professionals can accurately assess the current hair color and make informed decisions about the color formulation and application techniques needed to achieve the desired result.

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  • 45. 

    Before lightening a client's hair, you should do all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Perform a strand test

    • B.

      Analyze the hair and scalp

    • C.

      Brush or comb the hair vigorously

    • D.

      Put protective cream around the neckliine

    Correct Answer
    C. Brush or comb the hair vigorously
    Explanation
    Before lightening a client's hair, it is important to perform a strand test to determine the desired outcome and avoid any potential damage. Analyzing the hair and scalp helps to understand the client's hair type and condition, ensuring a suitable lightening process. Putting protective cream around the neckline helps to prevent any irritation or staining on the skin. However, brushing or combing the hair vigorously is not necessary and can cause unnecessary damage or breakage to the hair strands.

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  • 46. 

    The conditioning part of a chemical hair relaxing treatment is applied to the

    • A.

      Roots of the hair when wet

    • B.

      Ends of the hair when wet

    • C.

      Entire head when wet

    • D.

      Entire head when dry

    Correct Answer
    C. Entire head when wet
    Explanation
    The conditioning part of a chemical hair relaxing treatment is applied to the entire head when wet because wet hair is more porous and can absorb the conditioning agents more effectively. Applying the conditioner to the entire head ensures that all the hair strands receive the necessary hydration and nourishment, leading to a more even and effective treatment. Additionally, wet hair is easier to manipulate and distribute the product evenly, ensuring that all areas of the head are covered.

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  • 47. 

    Which statEment about the use of the razor for haircutting is INCORRECT?

    • A.

      The razor guard should face you, the cosmetologist, while you use the razor

    • B.

      The razor can be used for thinning the hair as well as for haircutting

    • C.

      When combing the hair, put the razor down and hold the comb in your hand

    • D.

      Keep the hair damp while working to prevent dulling the blade of the razor

    Correct Answer
    C. When combing the hair, put the razor down and hold the comb in your hand
    Explanation
    When combing the hair, it is incorrect to put the razor down and hold the comb in your hand. The correct way to use the razor for haircutting is to hold the razor in one hand and the comb in the other hand simultaneously. This allows for precision and control while cutting the hair.

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  • 48. 

    After completing a haircut and removing the client's cape and neck strip, you should

    • A.

      Shampoo the client's hair again

    • B.

      Proceed immediately with the next service

    • C.

      Ask the client for a tip

    • D.

      Clear away all hair clippings

    Correct Answer
    D. Clear away all hair clippings
    Explanation
    After completing a haircut and removing the client's cape and neck strip, it is important to clear away all hair clippings. This is necessary to maintain cleanliness and hygiene in the salon or barbershop. Leaving hair clippings on the floor or around the client's area can create a messy and unprofessional environment. Additionally, clearing away the hair clippings ensures that the next client will have a clean and comfortable experience.

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  • 49. 

    When selecting a shampoo for a client, you should choose one that

    • A.

      Suits the client's hair type

    • B.

      Uses only natural ingredients

    • C.

      Will eliminate dandruff

    • D.

      Is tended for sun-damaged hair

    Correct Answer
    A. Suits the client's hair type
    Explanation
    When selecting a shampoo for a client, it is important to choose one that suits the client's hair type. Different hair types have different needs and require specific ingredients and formulations to address their specific issues. Using a shampoo that is tailored to the client's hair type will ensure that it provides the necessary care and addresses any specific concerns such as dryness, oiliness, or damage.

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  • 50. 

    Invisible braiding is done by

    • A.

      Plaiting the strands on the surface

    • B.

      Braiding very narrow sections of hair

    • C.

      Braiding more than three sections at a time

    • D.

      Overlapping the braided strands on top

    Correct Answer
    D. Overlapping the braided strands on top
    Explanation
    Invisible braiding is a technique where the braided strands are overlapped on top of each other. This method helps to create a seamless and natural look by hiding the braids within the hair. By overlapping the strands, the braids blend in with the rest of the hair, making them less noticeable and giving the appearance of a seamless braid.

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