Sedimentary Rocks Geography Quiz

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 17

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Sedimentary Rocks Geography Quiz

Sedimentary rock is a type of rock that is formed by the accumulation or deposition of mineral or organic particles on the Earth's surface, followed by cementation. Sedimentation is the collective name for all processes that cause these particles to settle in place. This is a Geography Test about Sedimentary Rocks, take this quiz to know more!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Preferred orientation of elongated minerals are:  
    • A. 

      Foliation

    • B. 

      Lineation

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      None

  • 2. 
    Conglomerate is:
    • A. 

      Clastic supported

    • B. 

      Matrix supported

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      None

  • 3. 
    If roundness is 1 then, the sphericity of rock is:
    • A. 

      Sub-rounded

    • B. 

      Angular rounded

    • C. 

      Rounded

    • D. 

      None

  • 4. 
    Ferruginous sandstone is 
    • A. 

      Calcite

    • B. 

      Quartz

    • C. 

      Hematite

    • D. 

      None

  • 5. 
    Oligomictic conglomerate defined as:
    • A. 

      Clasts represents only one rock type

    • B. 

      Clasts represents more than one rock type

    • C. 

      Clasts doesn't represents rock type

    • D. 

      None

  • 6. 
    The process of reducing  pore space by depositing younger sediments on top of older material is referred is to as
    • A. 

      Contraction

    • B. 

      Dilation

    • C. 

      Reduction

    • D. 

      Compaction

  • 7. 
    Thickness of laminae is 
    • A. 

      <1cm

    • B. 

      <0.05cm

    • C. 

      >1cm

    • D. 

      All

  • 8. 
    Oolitic limestone is an example of 
    • A. 

      Carbonate rocks

    • B. 

      Siliceous rock

    • C. 

      Argillaceous rock

    • D. 

      Calcareous rocks

  • 9. 
    Microfossils found in chalk are:
    • A. 

      Radiolaria

    • B. 

      Coccilithosphore

    • C. 

      Porifera

    • D. 

      Foraminifera

  • 10. 
    An example of a siliceous chemical sedimentary rock is:
    • A. 

      Quartz limestone

    • B. 

      Siliceous argillite

    • C. 

      Chert

    • D. 

      Quartz mudstone

  • 11. 
    What is the main difference between Breccia and Conglomerate?
    • A. 

      Breccias are coarse grained and conglomerates are fine grained

    • B. 

      Conglomerates are coarse grained and breccias are fine grained

    • C. 

      Breccias have rounded fragments and conglomerates have angular fragments

    • D. 

      Breccias have angular fragments and conglomerates have rounded fragments  

  • 12. 
    Ripples occur:  
    • A. 

      On sand beneath the waves at beaches

    • B. 

      On underwater sandbars in streams

    • C. 

      On the surface of windswept dunes

    • D. 

      All of these can have ripples  

  • 13. 
    Which of the following sandstone types is most likely to form by the mechanical weathering of a granite?  
    • A. 

      Quartz arenite

    • B. 

      Arkose

    • C. 

      Shale

    • D. 

      Litharenite

  • 14. 
    Which rock is also called secondary rocks?
    • A. 

      Metamorphic

    • B. 

      Sedimentary

    • C. 

      Igneous

    • D. 

      Both 'B' and 'C'

  • 15. 
    The important phenomenon that happen during deposition is
    • A. 

      Erosion

    • B. 

      Settling

    • C. 

      Blowing

    • D. 

      Sorting

  • 16. 
    Which is chemical sedimentary rock
    • A. 

      Salt 

    • B. 

      Gypsum

    • C. 

      Anhydrite

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Gneiss which is originated from sedimentary rocks
    • A. 

      Augen gneiss

    • B. 

      Orthogneiss

    • C. 

      Paragneiss

    • D. 

      None

  • 18. 
    Marl is :
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Mudstone

    • C. 

      Both

    • D. 

      None

  • 19. 
    Fragment of detritus called
    • A. 

      Matrix

    • B. 

      Clast

    • C. 

      Paleosol

    • D. 

      None

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