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| By Cambronbill3
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Cambronbill3
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Easy Science Quizzes & Trivia

A science test on different types of heat and how heat moves


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of these is a body of salt water?

    • A.

      Spring

    • B.

      Kinetic Energy

    • C.

      Polluted

    • D.

      Ocean

    Correct Answer
    D. Ocean
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ocean because it is a large body of salt water that covers a significant portion of the Earth's surface. It is distinct from other options such as Spring, Kinetic Energy, or Polluted, which do not refer to bodies of salt water.

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  • 2. 

    What is the system consisting of the Earth's sun and the eight planets orbiting it called?

    • A.

      Universe

    • B.

      Star

    • C.

      Milligram

    • D.

      Solar System

    Correct Answer
    D. Solar System
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Solar System. The Solar System refers to the system consisting of the Earth's sun and the eight planets orbiting it. It also includes other celestial bodies such as moons, asteroids, and comets. The sun is at the center of the Solar System, and the planets revolve around it in elliptical orbits. This term is specifically used to describe our own planetary system, distinguishing it from other star systems in the universe.

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  • 3. 

    What are the dark spots on the Sun that appear in 11-year cycles called?

    • A.

      Thrusters

    • B.

      Sunspots

    • C.

      Aerobic

    • D.

      Water Vapor

    Correct Answer
    B. Sunspots
    Explanation
    Sunspots are dark spots on the Sun that appear in 11-year cycles. They are cooler regions on the Sun's surface caused by intense magnetic activity. These spots appear darker because they are slightly cooler than the surrounding areas. The number of sunspots increases and decreases in a regular pattern known as the solar cycle, which lasts approximately 11 years. During periods of high solar activity, there are more sunspots, while during periods of low solar activity, there are fewer sunspots.

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  • 4. 

    What objects in space are known as the minor planets orbiting the Sun?

    • A.

      Asteroids

    • B.

      Space Debris

    • C.

      Photocell

    • D.

      Black Holes

    Correct Answer
    A. Asteroids
    Explanation
    Asteroids are known as the minor planets orbiting the Sun. They are rocky objects that orbit the Sun, primarily found in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. They are remnants from the early formation of the solar system and can vary in size, ranging from small boulders to large bodies several hundred kilometers in diameter. Asteroids are distinct from space debris, photocells, and black holes, as they are specifically referred to as minor planets orbiting the Sun.

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  • 5. 

    What is a star known as after it has run out of energy and shut down?

    • A.

      Synga

    • B.

      White Dwarf

    • C.

      Muscle

    • D.

      Gasohol

    Correct Answer
    B. White Dwarf
    Explanation
    After a star has run out of energy and shut down, it goes through a phase known as a white dwarf. During this phase, the star collapses under its own gravity, becoming incredibly dense and hot. It no longer undergoes nuclear fusion and emits only residual heat and light. White dwarfs are the remnants of low to medium mass stars like our Sun, and they gradually cool down over billions of years.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these is formed after a supernova explodes and shrinks?

    • A.

      Carnivore

    • B.

      Paleontologist

    • C.

      Neutron Star

    • D.

      Tide

    Correct Answer
    C. Neutron Star
    Explanation
    A neutron star is formed after a supernova explosion and shrinking. When a massive star reaches the end of its life, it undergoes a supernova explosion, releasing a tremendous amount of energy. This explosion causes the outer layers of the star to be blown away, leaving behind a dense core. The core collapses under its own gravity, causing protons and electrons to combine and form neutrons. The result is an extremely dense and compact object known as a neutron star. These stars have a mass greater than that of the Sun but are only about 20 kilometers in diameter.

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  • 7. 

    The definition of "object with strong gravitational pull that nothing, not even light can escape from it" best fits which science term?

    • A.

      Black Hole

    • B.

      Focus

    • C.

      Potable Water

    • D.

      Titan

    Correct Answer
    A. Black Hole
    Explanation
    A black hole is an astronomical object with such a strong gravitational pull that nothing, including light, can escape from it. This definition perfectly matches the description given in the question. Black holes are formed when massive stars collapse under their own gravity, creating a region of spacetime with extremely high density. The intense gravitational force of a black hole is so strong that it traps everything within its event horizon, making it impossible for anything, including light, to escape.

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  • 8. 

    What is the estimate of the true age of a mineral or rock called?

    • A.

      Absolute Date

    • B.

      Latitude

    • C.

      Weather Vane

    • D.

      Organ

    Correct Answer
    A. Absolute Date
    Explanation
    The estimate of the true age of a mineral or rock is called the absolute date. This term refers to the specific numerical age assigned to a geological event or object, usually determined through radiometric dating techniques. It provides a precise measurement of how long ago the rock or mineral formed, allowing scientists to understand the timeline of Earth's geological history.

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  • 9. 

    The definition of "fine particles of rock ejected during a volcanic eruption" best fits which science term?

    • A.

      Endangered Species

    • B.

      Ash

    • C.

      Feather

    • D.

      Energy

    Correct Answer
    B. Ash
    Explanation
    Ash refers to the fine particles of rock that are ejected during a volcanic eruption. These particles are the result of the volcanic materials, such as lava and pyroclastic material, being broken down into small fragments. Ash can be carried by the wind over long distances and can have significant impacts on the environment, including air quality and agriculture. Therefore, the term "Ash" best fits the given definition.

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  • 10. 

    The definition of "mass of material falling rapidly due to the force of gravity" best fits which science term?

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Avalanche

    • C.

      Neuron

    • D.

      Crust

    Correct Answer
    B. Avalanche
    Explanation
    An avalanche refers to a mass of material, such as snow or rocks, that falls rapidly due to the force of gravity. This term is commonly used in the field of earth science and is associated with the sudden movement and accumulation of large amounts of material down a slope. Conduction, neuron, and crust do not accurately describe this concept.

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  • 11. 

    Which science term is defined as "change of water from vapor to the liquid phase"?

    • A.

      Clinical Trials

    • B.

      Condensation

    • C.

      Marine Biologist

    • D.

      Cirriform

    Correct Answer
    B. Condensation
    Explanation
    Condensation is the process of water vapor changing into liquid water. It occurs when the temperature of the air decreases and the water vapor molecules slow down and come closer together, forming tiny droplets. This can happen when warm air cools down, such as when it comes into contact with a cold surface or when it rises and reaches higher altitudes where the temperature is lower. Condensation plays a crucial role in the water cycle and is responsible for the formation of clouds, fog, and precipitation.

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  • 12. 

    Which term is defined as the "measure of how packed the atoms of a substance are"?

    • A.

      Cutaneous

    • B.

      Footcandle

    • C.

      Density

    • D.

      Blowing Sand

    Correct Answer
    C. Density
    Explanation
    Density is the measure of how packed the atoms of a substance are. It is defined as the mass of a substance divided by its volume. In other words, it tells us how much mass is contained within a given volume. A substance with a high density has its atoms tightly packed together, while a substance with a low density has its atoms spread out. Density is an important property in various scientific fields, such as physics, chemistry, and materials science, as it helps in understanding the behavior and characteristics of different substances.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is defined as "the movement of heat from one place to another?

    • A.

      Heat Transfer

    • B.

      Drug Metabolism

    • C.

      Meteoroid

    • D.

      Solar Array

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat Transfer
    Explanation
    Heat transfer is defined as the movement of heat from one place to another. It refers to the process by which thermal energy is transferred between objects or regions that are at different temperatures. This can occur through conduction, convection, or radiation. Heat transfer is an important concept in physics and engineering, as it plays a crucial role in various natural and technological processes, such as heating and cooling systems, cooking, and climate control.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is defined as the "numerical expression of the amount of energy released by an earthquake"?

    • A.

      Muggy

    • B.

      Antiseptic

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      Magnitude

    Correct Answer
    D. Magnitude
    Explanation
    Magnitude is defined as the "numerical expression of the amount of energy released by an earthquake." It is a measure of the strength or size of an earthquake, indicating the energy released at the earthquake's source. Magnitude is typically determined using seismic data, such as the amplitude of seismic waves recorded by seismographs. It is an important parameter for assessing the potential impact and damage caused by an earthquake, as well as for comparing and categorizing earthquakes on a standardized scale.

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  • 15. 

    What is the layer of gases surrounding a star or planet called?

    • A.

      Cold Front

    • B.

      Air Mass

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Jet Stream

    Correct Answer
    C. Atmosphere
    Explanation
    The layer of gases surrounding a star or planet is called the atmosphere. This layer is composed of various gases and is essential for sustaining life on Earth. It helps regulate temperature, protects against harmful radiation, and provides the necessary gases for respiration. The atmosphere also plays a crucial role in weather patterns and climate.

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  • 16. 

    The definition of "theory describes the origin and evolution of the Universe" best fits which science term?

    • A.

      Big Bang

    • B.

      Convex

    • C.

      Nectar

    • D.

      Dusk

    Correct Answer
    A. Big Bang
    Explanation
    The Big Bang theory is the scientific explanation for the origin and evolution of the Universe. It states that the Universe began as a singularity and has been expanding ever since. This theory is supported by various pieces of evidence, such as the cosmic microwave background radiation and the observed redshift of galaxies. The term "Big Bang" accurately describes the concept of the theory, making it the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 17. 

    A surface curved like the outside of a circle could also be called what?

    • A.

      Lux

    • B.

      White Dwarfs

    • C.

      Precipitation

    • D.

      Convex

    Correct Answer
    D. Convex
    Explanation
    A surface curved like the outside of a circle is called convex. Convex surfaces bulge outward, similar to the shape of a circle. This term is commonly used in geometry and refers to a surface that curves outward in all directions.

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  • 18. 

    What is the central region of a star, planet, or galaxy called?

    • A.

      Reservoir

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Albino

    • D.

      Core

    Correct Answer
    D. Core
    Explanation
    The central region of a star, planet, or galaxy is called the core. The core is the innermost part of these celestial bodies, where the majority of the mass is concentrated. In stars, the core is where nuclear fusion reactions occur, generating the energy that keeps the star shining. In planets, the core is typically composed of solid or molten material, while in galaxies, the core refers to the densest part of the galactic center.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 18, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Cambronbill3
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