Take This Bacteria Test! Gram Positive Cocci

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Take This Bacteria Test! Gram Positive Cocci - Quiz

In bacteriology, gram-positive bacteria are bacteria that give a positive result in the Gram stain test, which is traditionally used to quickly classify bacteria into two broad categories according to their type of cell wall.
Take this bacteria test to know more about Gram Positive Cocci


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which applies to Staphyloccocus spp.

    • A.

      Fermentative

    • B.

      Oxidative

    • C.

      Oxidase negative

    • D.

      Oxidase positive

    • E.

      Bacitracin resistant

    • F.

      Bacitracin susceptible

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Fermentative
    C. Oxidase negative
    E. Bacitracin resistant
    Explanation
    Staphylococcus spp. are known to be fermentative, meaning they can metabolize sugars through fermentation. They are also oxidase negative, which means they do not produce the enzyme oxidase. Lastly, they are bacitracin resistant, indicating that they are not susceptible to the antibiotic bacitracin.

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  • 2. 

    Which applies to Group B strep

    • A.

      Hippurate positive

    • B.

      CAMP positive

    • C.

      Bile esculin positive

    • D.

      6.5% NaCl positive

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hippurate positive
    B. CAMP positive
    Explanation
    Group B strep refers to Streptococcus agalactiae, a bacterium commonly found in the gastrointestinal and genital tracts of healthy individuals. The given characteristics, namely being hippurate positive and CAMP positive, are both used as diagnostic tests for identifying this bacterium. The hippurate hydrolysis test determines the ability of the bacterium to break down hippurate, a compound found in urine, while the CAMP test detects the production of a protein that enhances the activity of another bacterium, causing a distinct pattern of hemolysis on a blood agar plate. Therefore, the correct answer is hippurate positive and CAMP positive.

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  • 3. 

    Which applies to Group D strep

    • A.

      Bile esculin positive

    • B.

      6.5% NaCl positive

    • C.

      Optochin sensitive

    • D.

      Hippurate positive

    Correct Answer
    A. Bile esculin positive
    Explanation
    Group D streptococci are a group of bacteria that can be identified using various biochemical tests. Bile esculin is a compound that can be hydrolyzed by certain bacteria, including Group D strep, to produce esculetin. Esculetin reacts with iron salts in the medium to form a dark brown or black precipitate. Therefore, if a bacterium is bile esculin positive, it indicates that it has the ability to hydrolyze bile esculin and produce esculetin, suggesting that it belongs to Group D strep.

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  • 4. 

    Which applies to Enterococcus

    • A.

      Bile esculin positive

    • B.

      6.5% NaCl positive

    • C.

      Optochin sensitive

    • D.

      Hippurate positive

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bile esculin positive
    B. 6.5% NaCl positive
    Explanation
    Enterococcus is a genus of bacteria that is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals. It is known to be bile esculin positive, meaning it can hydrolyze esculin in the presence of bile. This characteristic is used as a diagnostic test to distinguish Enterococcus from other bacteria. Additionally, Enterococcus can tolerate high salt concentrations and is therefore 6.5% NaCl positive. This is another important characteristic used for identification. Optochin sensitivity and hippurate positivity are not applicable to Enterococcus, so they are not relevant to the given question.

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  • 5. 

    Which applies to S. pneumoniae

    • A.

      Bile esculin positive

    • B.

      6.5% NaCl positive

    • C.

      Optochin sensitive

    • D.

      Bile soluble

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Optochin sensitive
    D. Bile soluble
    Explanation
    S. pneumoniae is optochin sensitive, which means it is inhibited by the antibiotic optochin. This is a characteristic feature of S. pneumoniae and can be used to differentiate it from other bacteria. Additionally, S. pneumoniae is bile soluble, meaning it can be dissolved in bile. These two characteristics, along with the other options listed, are commonly used in laboratory tests to identify and distinguish S. pneumoniae from other organisms.

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  • 6. 

    Which ones are BETA HEMOLYTIC

    • A.

      S. pyogenes

    • B.

      S. agalactiae

    • C.

      S. dysgalactiae

    • D.

      S. equi

    • E.

      S. equisimilis

    • F.

      S. zooepidermicus

    • G.

      S. bovis

    • H.

      S. equinus

    • I.

      E. faecalis

    • J.

      E. avium

    • K.

      E. durans

    • L.

      E. faecium

    • M.

      S. pneumoniae

    • N.

      S. anginosus

    • O.

      S. mutans

    • P.

      S. mitis

    • Q.

      S. salivarius

    • R.

      S. sanguis

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. S. pyogenes
    B. S. agalactiae
    C. S. dysgalactiae
    D. S. equi
    E. S. equisimilis
    F. S. zooepidermicus
    I. E. faecalis
    J. E. avium
    K. E. durans
    L. E. faecium
    N. S. anginosus
    O. S. mutans
    P. S. mitis
    Q. S. salivarius
    R. S. sanguis
    Explanation
    The given answer includes all the bacteria that are known to be beta-hemolytic. Beta-hemolysis refers to the complete lysis or destruction of red blood cells, resulting in a clear zone around the bacterial colonies on blood agar plates. This is caused by the production of hemolysins by these bacteria. Therefore, S. pyogenes, S. agalactiae, S. dysgalactiae, S. equi, S. equisimilis, S. zooepidermicus, E. faecalis, E. avium, E. durans, E. faecium, S. anginosus, S. mutans, S. mitis, S. salivarius, and S. sanguis are all beta-hemolytic bacteria.

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  • 7. 

    Which ones are ALpHA HEMOLYTIC

    • A.

      S. pyogenes

    • B.

      S. agalactiae

    • C.

      S. dysgalactiae

    • D.

      S. equi

    • E.

      S. equisimilis

    • F.

      S. zooepidermicus

    • G.

      S. bovis

    • H.

      S. equinus

    • I.

      E. faecalis

    • J.

      E. avium

    • K.

      E. durans

    • L.

      E. faecium

    • M.

      S. pneumoniae

    • N.

      S. anginosus

    • O.

      S. mutans

    • P.

      S. mitis

    • Q.

      S. salivarius

    • R.

      S. sanguis

    Correct Answer(s)
    G. S. bovis
    H. S. equinus
    I. E. faecalis
    J. E. avium
    K. E. durans
    L. E. faecium
    M. S. pneumoniae
    N. S. anginosus
    O. S. mutans
    P. S. mitis
    Q. S. salivarius
    R. S. sanguis
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes S. bovis, S. equinus, E. faecalis, E. avium, E. durans, E. faecium, S. pneumoniae, S. anginosus, S. mutans, S. mitis, S. salivarius, and S. sanguis. These bacteria are considered alpha-hemolytic because they cause partial hemolysis of red blood cells.

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  • 8. 

    Which ones are GAMMA HEMOLYTIC

    • A.

      S. pyogenes

    • B.

      S. agalactiae

    • C.

      S. dysgalactiae

    • D.

      S. equi

    • E.

      S. equisimilis

    • F.

      S. zooepidermicus

    • G.

      S. bovis

    • H.

      S. equinus

    • I.

      E. faecalis

    • J.

      E. avium

    • K.

      E. durans

    • L.

      E. faecium

    • M.

      S. pneumoniae

    • N.

      S. anginosus

    • O.

      S. mutans

    • P.

      S. mitis

    • Q.

      S. salivarius

    • R.

      S. sanguis

    Correct Answer(s)
    G. S. bovis
    H. S. equinus
    I. E. faecalis
    J. E. avium
    K. E. durans
    L. E. faecium
    N. S. anginosus
    O. S. mutans
    P. S. mitis
    Q. S. salivarius
    R. S. sanguis
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the bacteria species S. bovis, S. equinus, E. faecalis, E. avium, E. durans, E. faecium, S. anginosus, S. mutans, S. mitis, S. salivarius, and S. sanguis. These bacteria are all gamma hemolytic, which means they do not produce any hemolysis or destruction of red blood cells on blood agar plates.

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  • 9. 

    Which applies to Micrococcus spp.

    • A.

      Fermentative

    • B.

      Oxidative

    • C.

      Oxidase negative

    • D.

      Oxidase positive

    • E.

      Bacitracin resistant

    • F.

      Bacitracin susceptible

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Oxidative
    D. Oxidase positive
    F. Bacitracin susceptible
    Explanation
    Micrococcus spp. are bacteria that are oxidative, meaning they can carry out oxidative metabolism. They are also oxidase positive, which means they produce the enzyme oxidase. Additionally, they are bacitracin susceptible, meaning they are sensitive to the antibiotic bacitracin.

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  • 10. 

    Tests performed in BLOOD AGAR PLATE

    • A.

      Bacitracin Susceptibility Test

    • B.

      Novobiocin Susceptibility Test

    • C.

      Optochin Susceptibility Test

    • D.

      Polymyxin B Susceptibility Test

    • E.

      20% Dextrose Strip Test

    • F.

      Salt Tolerance Test

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bacitracin Susceptibility Test
    C. Optochin Susceptibility Test
    E. 20% Dextrose Strip Test
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the Bacitracin Susceptibility Test, Optochin Susceptibility Test, and 20% Dextrose Strip Test. These tests are all performed on a Blood Agar Plate. The Bacitracin Susceptibility Test is used to determine if a bacteria is susceptible to the antibiotic bacitracin. The Optochin Susceptibility Test is used to identify Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is susceptible to optochin. The 20% Dextrose Strip Test is used to determine the ability of bacteria to ferment glucose. These tests are important in identifying and characterizing bacterial infections.

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  • 11. 

    Tests performed in MUELLER-HINTON AGAR

    • A.

      Bacitracin Susceptibility Test

    • B.

      Novobiocin Susceptibility Test

    • C.

      Optochin Susceptibility Test

    • D.

      Polymyxin B Susceptibility Test

    • E.

      20% Dextrose Strip Test

    • F.

      Salt Tolerance Test

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Novobiocin Susceptibility Test
    D. Polymyxin B Susceptibility Test
    Explanation
    The Novobiocin Susceptibility Test and Polymyxin B Susceptibility Test are both tests performed in MUELLER-HINTON AGAR. These tests are used to determine the susceptibility of bacteria to the respective antibiotics, novobiocin and polymyxin B. The Novobiocin Susceptibility Test helps identify whether a bacterium is resistant or susceptible to novobiocin, while the Polymyxin B Susceptibility Test determines the susceptibility of a bacterium to polymyxin B. These tests are important in guiding the selection of appropriate antibiotics for treating bacterial infections.

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  • 12. 

    Tests performed in BRAIN HEART INFUSION BROTH

    • A.

      Bacitracin Susceptibility Test

    • B.

      Novobiocin Susceptibility Test

    • C.

      Optochin Susceptibility Test

    • D.

      Polymyxin B Susceptibility Test

    • E.

      20% Dextrose Strip Test

    • F.

      Salt Tolerance Test

    Correct Answer
    F. Salt Tolerance Test
    Explanation
    The Salt Tolerance Test is performed to determine the ability of a microorganism to grow in the presence of high salt concentrations. This test is particularly useful in identifying bacteria that are halotolerant or halophilic, meaning they can tolerate or require high salt concentrations for growth. By observing the growth of the microorganism in a high salt environment, it is possible to differentiate between salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive bacteria.

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  • 13. 

    Test/s that requires 35 degrees Celsius incubation

    • A.

      Oxidation/Fermentation (Hugh-Leifson) test

    • B.

      Bacitracin susceptibility test

    • C.

      Novobiocin susceptibility test

    • D.

      Polymyxin B susceptibility test

    • E.

      Optochin susceptibility test

    • F.

      Mannitol Salt Agar (Staphylococci identification)

    • G.

      CAMP Test

    • H.

      20% Dextrose Strip Test

    • I.

      Bile solubility test

    • J.

      Salt Tolerance Test

    • K.

      Hippurate hydrolysis test

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Oxidation/Fermentation (Hugh-Leifson) test
    F. Mannitol Salt Agar (Staphylococci identification)
    K. Hippurate hydrolysis test
    Explanation
    The tests that require 35 degrees Celsius incubation are the Oxidation/Fermentation (Hugh-Leifson) test, Mannitol Salt Agar (Staphylococci identification) test, and the Hippurate hydrolysis test. These tests need to be incubated at a specific temperature in order to promote the growth and metabolism of the bacteria being tested. The Oxidation/Fermentation test determines the ability of a microorganism to oxidize or ferment specific carbohydrates. The Mannitol Salt Agar test is used to identify Staphylococci bacteria based on their ability to ferment mannitol. The Hippurate hydrolysis test is used to identify certain bacteria based on their ability to hydrolyze hippurate.

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  • 14. 

    Test/s that requires 37 degrees Celsius incubation and does not require CO2

    • A.

      Oxidation/Fermentation (Hugh-Leifson) test

    • B.

      Bacitracin susceptibility test

    • C.

      Novobiocin susceptibility test

    • D.

      Polymyxin B susceptibility test

    • E.

      Optochin susceptibility test

    • F.

      Mannitol Salt Agar (Staphylococci identification)

    • G.

      CAMP Test

    • H.

      20% Dextrose Strip Test

    • I.

      Bile solubility test

    • J.

      Salt Tolerance Test

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Bacitracin susceptibility test
    C. Novobiocin susceptibility test
    D. Polymyxin B susceptibility test
    H. 20% Dextrose Strip Test
    J. Salt Tolerance Test
    Explanation
    These tests do not require CO2 because they are not dependent on the presence of CO2 for their results. They also require incubation at 37 degrees Celsius because this temperature is optimal for the growth and activity of the organisms being tested.

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  • 15. 

    Test/s that requires 37 degrees Celsius incubation and requires CO2

    • A.

      Oxidation/Fermentation (Hugh-Leifson) test

    • B.

      Bacitracin susceptibility test

    • C.

      Novobiocin susceptibility test

    • D.

      Polymyxin B susceptibility test

    • E.

      Optochin susceptibility test

    • F.

      Mannitol Salt Agar (Staphylococci identification)

    • G.

      CAMP Test

    • H.

      20% Dextrose Strip Test

    • I.

      Salt Tolerance Test

    • J.

      Bile solubility test

    Correct Answer(s)
    E. Optochin susceptibility test
    G. CAMP Test
    J. Bile solubility test
    Explanation
    The given correct answer includes three tests: Optochin susceptibility test, CAMP Test, and Bile solubility test. These tests require incubation at 37 degrees Celsius and the presence of CO2. The Optochin susceptibility test is used to differentiate Streptococcus pneumoniae from other alpha-hemolytic streptococci. The CAMP Test is used to identify group B streptococci by demonstrating the production of the CAMP factor. The Bile solubility test is used to differentiate Streptococcus pneumoniae from other alpha-hemolytic streptococci by determining the solubility of the bacterial colonies in bile salts.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 27, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Alfredhook3
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