Take The Amazing Trivia Quiz On Earth Science!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Cambronbill3
C
Cambronbill3
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2463 | Total Attempts: 1,085,908
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 269

SettingsSettingsSettings
Take The Amazing Trivia Quiz On Earth Science! - Quiz

Exams can confuse someone, and very few people go into an exam room with high hopes that everything that will come before them in the place will still be fresh in their memory. Are taking earth science in school this year? Brush your knowledge on earth science with these quiz questions and see just how much you recall.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the cooler air rushing down a mountainside called?

    • A.

      Land Breeze

    • B.

      Mountain Breeze

    • C.

      Sea Breeze

    • D.

      Valley Breeze

    Correct Answer
    B. Mountain Breeze
    Explanation
    A mountain breeze is the cooler air rushing down a mountainside. During the day, the sun heats up the air on the mountainside, causing it to rise. As the air rises, it creates a pressure gradient, drawing cooler air from higher altitudes down the mountain. This cooler air is known as a mountain breeze. It is the opposite of a valley breeze, which occurs at night when the air on the valley floor cools and sinks down into the lower areas.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What do we call the dependable winds that rush toward the equator from the north and south?

    • A.

      Prevailing Winds

    • B.

      Easterlies

    • C.

      Trade Winds

    • D.

      Polar Winds

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade Winds
    Explanation
    Trade winds are the dependable winds that rush toward the equator from the north and south. These winds are caused by the rotation of the Earth and the temperature differences between the equator and the poles. They are known for their consistency and strength, making them important for navigation and sailing. Trade winds played a significant role in historical trade routes and exploration.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What is the low pressure area along the equator called?

    • A.

      Little Air Mass

    • B.

      Doldrums

    • C.

      Massive Clouds

    • D.

      Flatline

    Correct Answer
    B. Doldrums
    Explanation
    The low pressure area along the equator is called the doldrums. This region is characterized by calm winds and little to no air movement, making it difficult for sailors to navigate. The lack of wind in the doldrums is caused by the convergence of trade winds from both hemispheres. The name "doldrums" comes from an old English word meaning "dull" or "listless," which accurately describes the stagnant conditions experienced in this area.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What type of climate word would you use to describe the climate around your house?

    • A.

      Household

    • B.

      Mesoclimate

    • C.

      Microclimate

    • D.

      Megaclimate

    Correct Answer
    C. Microclimate
    Explanation
    A microclimate refers to the climate conditions that exist in a small, localized area, such as around a house. It can be influenced by factors like the proximity to buildings, trees, or bodies of water, as well as the amount of sunlight and shade the area receives. Therefore, using the term "microclimate" accurately describes the specific climate conditions that exist around one's house.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    What is the place where an air mass forms called?

    • A.

      Massive Area

    • B.

      Airy Place

    • C.

      En Masse

    • D.

      Source Area

    Correct Answer
    D. Source Area
    Explanation
    The place where an air mass forms is called the source area. This is the location where the air mass acquires its specific characteristics such as temperature, humidity, and stability. The source area can be over land or water and plays a crucial role in determining the properties of the air mass as it develops and moves.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What front results when a cold front takes the area of a warm front?

    • A.

      Stationary Front

    • B.

      Oopla Front

    • C.

      Sedentary Front

    • D.

      Occluded Front

    Correct Answer
    D. Occluded Front
    Explanation
    When a cold front overtakes a warm front, it creates an occluded front. This occurs when the cold air mass moves faster than the warm air mass, causing the warm air to be lifted off the ground. As a result, the warm air is sandwiched between the cold air ahead and the cold air behind, leading to the formation of an occluded front. This type of front is typically associated with precipitation and often brings cloudy and stormy weather conditions.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of these is the best way meteorologists track big storms such as hurricanes?

    • A.

      Helicopters

    • B.

      Barometers

    • C.

      Thermometers

    • D.

      Doppler Radar

    Correct Answer
    D. Doppler Radar
    Explanation
    Meteorologists track big storms such as hurricanes using Doppler Radar because it is the most effective method. Doppler Radar uses radio waves to detect and track precipitation, as well as measure the speed and direction of the wind within a storm. This allows meteorologists to accurately predict the path and intensity of the storm, providing crucial information for public safety and emergency response efforts. Helicopters, barometers, and thermometers are not as effective in tracking and monitoring storms of this magnitude.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What process changes a rock's chemical composition to break it down?

    • A.

      Physical Weathering

    • B.

      Cyclical Weathering

    • C.

      Chemical Weathering

    • D.

      Icicle Weathering

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemical Weathering
    Explanation
    Chemical weathering is the process that changes a rock's chemical composition to break it down. This occurs when the minerals in the rock react with water, oxygen, or other substances in the environment, leading to the breakdown and alteration of the rock's structure. Unlike physical weathering, which involves the mechanical breakdown of rocks without changing their chemical composition, chemical weathering involves chemical reactions that cause the rock to decompose and disintegrate over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What organic material is formed from decaying organisms that mix with rocks?

    • A.

      Soily Material

    • B.

      Humus

    • C.

      Dirty Material

    • D.

      Sand

    Correct Answer
    B. Humus
    Explanation
    Humus is the correct answer because it is an organic material that is formed from the decomposition of dead plant and animal matter. It is a dark, nutrient-rich substance that mixes with rocks in the soil. Humus helps to improve soil fertility and structure, as well as retain moisture and nutrients for plant growth. It is an essential component of healthy soil and plays a crucial role in supporting plant life.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    What process carries minerals down into lower soil horizons?

    • A.

      Bleaching

    • B.

      Leaching

    • C.

      Leaving

    • D.

      Mineraling

    Correct Answer
    B. Leaching
    Explanation
    Leaching is the process by which minerals are carried down into lower soil horizons. It occurs when water percolates through the soil and carries dissolved minerals with it as it moves downward. This process is important for the movement of nutrients within the soil profile and can impact the fertility of the soil.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What is the very bottom soil horizon called?

    • A.

      Stony Outcrop

    • B.

      Crop

    • C.

      Bedrock

    • D.

      Flint Stone

    Correct Answer
    C. Bedrock
    Explanation
    Bedrock refers to the solid rock layer that lies beneath the soil. It is the lowest soil horizon and is composed of consolidated rock material. Bedrock is typically made up of solid rock such as granite, limestone, or sandstone. It provides a stable foundation for the soil above it and is not easily weathered or eroded. This layer is important for understanding the geological composition and stability of an area.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What are minerals found in high quantities and worth mining called?

    • A.

      Loads

    • B.

      Bores

    • C.

      Cores

    • D.

      Ores

    Correct Answer
    D. Ores
    Explanation
    Ores are minerals found in high quantities and are worth mining. They contain valuable elements or compounds that can be extracted and used for various purposes. Mining these ores is economically viable due to their high concentration and value.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What are vast amounts of oil that have become trapped in one place called?

    • A.

      Reservoirs

    • B.

      Natural Gas Pockets

    • C.

      Tar Pits

    • D.

      Oiling Fields

    Correct Answer
    A. Reservoirs
    Explanation
    Vast amounts of oil that have become trapped in one place are called reservoirs. Reservoirs are underground or underwater formations that contain oil and are formed by porous rocks that can hold and store the oil. These reservoirs are typically found deep beneath the Earth's surface and are the primary source of oil extraction.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What is the area filled with groundwater called?

    • A.

      Grounding

    • B.

      Tabling

    • C.

      Zone Of Saturation

    • D.

      Raining

    Correct Answer
    C. Zone Of Saturation
    Explanation
    The area filled with groundwater is called the zone of saturation. This zone is located below the water table and is where all the spaces between soil and rock particles are filled with water. Grounding and tabling are not terms used to describe this area, and raining refers to the process of water falling from the atmosphere to the ground. Therefore, the correct answer is zone of saturation.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which is the common name for the top layer of the zone of saturation?

    • A.

      The Water Table

    • B.

      High End

    • C.

      Cost Of Water

    • D.

      Water Top

    Correct Answer
    A. The Water Table
    Explanation
    The water table is the correct answer because it refers to the top layer of the zone of saturation. The zone of saturation is the area underground where all the pores and spaces between soil particles are filled with water. The water table represents the upper boundary of this zone, indicating the level at which the ground is saturated with water. It is an important concept in hydrology and is used to understand groundwater flow and availability.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 18, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Cambronbill3
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.