Pols 320 Midterm Exam Review Multiple Choice Questions (Part One)

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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Midterm Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Thomas Dye, public policy is:
    • A. 

      Who gets what, when, where and how

    • B. 

      Actions taken by governments and their agents to address public problems

    • C. 

      Whatever governments choose to do or not to do

    • D. 

      Unconscious choices made by elected representatives

  • 2. 
    Level of confidence is:
    • A. 

      The trust put in policy communities under open government models of public policy decision making

    • B. 

      A recognition that the sample size should have been larger

    • C. 

      Said to be increasing in Canada when it comes to our views of elected representatives because of changes in our political culture

    • D. 

      The extent of accuracy you want when you are making the jump from what your sample says you are studying, and what the entire population would say, if you asked them all

  • 3. 
    This kind of political research can allow political scientists to make predictions, based on the discovery of past patterns and similarities:
    • A. 

      Normative philosophy

    • B. 

      Positive theory

    • C. 

      Engineering research

    • D. 

      Theory-oriented research

  • 4. 
    How are public problems created?
    • A. 

      They are just out there, objectively existing, waiting to be found

    • B. 

      Mostly from natural occurrences

    • C. 

      Mostly by us

    • D. 

      Public problems don’t exist actually, we just think they do

  • 5. 
    A public pronouncement by the Minister of Foreign Affairs at a press conference, stating that Canada will not send foreign aid to a country that abuses human rights, is an example of public policy as:
    • A. 

      What governments deliberately choose to do

    • B. 

      What governments deliberately choose not to do

    • C. 

      What governments unknowingly choose to do

    • D. 

      What governments unknowingly choose not to do

  • 6. 
    The larger the population, the greater is the needed sample size. However,
    • A. 

      A larger sample size is not necessarily required for a random sample

    • B. 

      A larger sample size is not necessarily required for a purposive sample

    • C. 

      After a point, an ever-increasing sample size will have a relatively small impact on the accuracy of your sample

    • D. 

      After a point, an ever-increasing sample size will have a beneficial impact on the accuracy of your sample

  • 7. 
    Political research methodologies allow us to:
    • A. 

      Observe the political world in a more systematic manner

    • B. 

      Find the truth regarding a public problem

    • C. 

      Conclusively determine that our friends at the Tim Hortons are wrong about the war in Iraq

    • D. 

      Prove that the capitalist economic system is or is not predominant in Canada

  • 8. 
    Which of the following could be considered not to be a public policy?
    • A. 

      Financial assistance for those that fall below a government-accepted definition of poverty

    • B. 

      Commissioning of an opera about Louis Riel to educate about Canada’s rich history

    • C. 

      Requiring that all research assistants hired by your business have attained a post-secondary degree

    • D. 

      Enforcing a maximum number of children per family to address overpopulation

  • 9. 
    A case is:
    • A. 

      Your selections from the population that you will use to generalize about it

    • B. 

      A single person or thing

    • C. 

      Characteristics of a population

    • D. 

      A single unit in the formula for determining sampling error

  • 10. 
    Unidimensional concepts:
    • A. 

      Include variables which cannot be measured unambiguously

    • B. 

      Include “power,” “class,” and “political participation”

    • C. 

      Frame theories in terms of concepts that cannot be easily subdivided into further distinct meanings

    • D. 

      Frame theories in terms of concepts that are easily subdivided into further distinct meanings

  • 11. 
    Political research is important to:
    • A. 

      Prevent haphazard policy decisions being taken

    • B. 

      Help us advance our understanding of the political world

    • C. 

      Facilitate critical thinking

    • D. 

      Confirm or reject anecdotal observations

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    For types of political research, surveys could represent or be a part of:
    • A. 

      Normative philosophy

    • B. 

      Basic research

    • C. 

      Engineering research

    • D. 

      Applied research

  • 13. 
    A sample of half of Canada’s 11 million female voters would be more accurate than a sample of a million of them. However,
    • A. 

      Both sample sizes are unnecessary to get relatively accurate information

    • B. 

      The margin of error would be the same for both sample sizes

    • C. 

      The margin of error for the million-sized sample would be considered too small

    • D. 

      The probability of obtaining a representative sample is still too low for the half-million sample

  • 14. 
    Information on a policy can be found:
    • A. 

      In a judicial decision

    • B. 

      On a memo written by an Assistant Deputy Minister

    • C. 

      On a government website

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    If there is really no pure science of problem recognition and problem definition, then,
    • A. 

      Level of development in a society, focusing images and natural disasters dictate how we determine what a public policy is or is not

    • B. 

      Public problems can never be properly defined

    • C. 

      Public problems can never be fully addressed by public policy

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Apart from public policy goals, the policy instrument, the global context of public policy making, and so on, ________ also contributes to our understanding of what the public policy is:
    • A. 

      Political research methods

    • B. 

      Sample size

    • C. 

      Policy image

    • D. 

      Supplementary estimates

  • 17. 
    If a survey finds that Canadians support policy preference (A) by 53% and policy (B) by 47%, and the margin of error is +/-3%, then: 
    • A. 

      Policy preference (A) likely has the most support among Canadians

    • B. 

      Policy preference (B) likely has the least support among Canadians

    • C. 

      Policy preference (A) and (B) have an equal amount of support among Canadians

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is not a factor determining how problems come to be defined?
    • A. 

      The level of development of a society

    • B. 

      A policy maker’s personal beliefs

    • C. 

      Living within a flood plain

    • D. 

      The MP had an affair with the head of an interest group

    • E. 

      All of the above

    • F. 

      (a), (b) and (c) only

  • 19. 
    Problem definition:
    • A. 

      Has developed into an exact science

    • B. 

      Affects all subsequent stages of policy development

    • C. 

      Attempts to explain new issues that have arisen

    • D. 

      Comes before the development of a solution to a problem

  • 20. 
    For political research, a population is:
    • A. 

      The group we are studying

    • B. 

      Usually a portion of the total population of the state, province, region or city you wish to examine

    • C. 

      A set of items that you want to analyze

    • D. 

      The aggregate of cases

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    If you wish to answer a specific political research question, use:
    • A. 

      Applied research methods

    • B. 

      Positive theory

    • C. 

      Theory-oriented research

    • D. 

      Basic research

  • 22. 
    A public problem:
    • A. 

      Must be clear to many people

    • B. 

      Is a crisis that requires addressing

    • C. 

      Always has a solution that can be developed in the policy process

    • D. 

      Does not have to be a public problem at all

  • 23. 
    “Liberal democratic states are superior to autocratic states because the respect for the rule of law in a liberal democratic state is a matter of basic human morality.” This statement best represents an example of:
    • A. 

      Empirical research

    • B. 

      Positive theory

    • C. 

      Engineering research

    • D. 

      Theory-oriented research

  • 24. 
     “Liberal democratic states should be supported over autocratic states because they are more tolerant of internal dissent.” This statement best represents an example of:
    • A. 

      Normative philosophy

    • B. 

      Positive theory

    • C. 

      Engineering research

    • D. 

      Theory-oriented research

  • 25. 
    Surveys:
    • A. 

      Fail to make any kind of generalization about a population

    • B. 

      Do not necessarily require cases to obtain desired information

    • C. 

      Determine a specific characteristic of a population

    • D. 

      Estimate a specific characteristic of a population

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