Political Psychology Final Exam

100 Questions

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Political Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Phrase Tabula Rasa is latin for what?
    • A. 

      Conditioning

    • B. 

      Behavior

    • C. 

      The Clear Mind

    • D. 

      The Blank Slate

  • 2. 
    Which of the following schools of thought would be most likely to subscribe to the notion of the tabula rasa?
    • A. 

      Dispositionism

    • B. 

      Milgram's School of situationism

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Supporters of the idea that people are born genetically 'wired' with certain attributes

  • 3. 
    What was the first main 'wave' in the study of political psychology?
    • A. 

      Foreign-Policy decision making

    • B. 

      International Politics

    • C. 

      Personality Studies

    • D. 

      Voting Behavior

  • 4. 
    The existence of 'whistleblowers' like Clive Ponting and Joseph Derby is used in the main class text as testimony to the power of:
    • A. 

      Situationism

    • B. 

      Bounded Rationality

    • C. 

      Dispositionism

    • D. 

      Moral Cowardice

  • 5. 
    The notion that our behavior is 'fixed at birth' is most compatible with which of the following?
    • A. 

      Behaviorism

    • B. 

      Eugenics

    • C. 

      Situationism

    • D. 

      Bounded Rationality

  • 6. 
    The character of 'Frazier' in the novel Walden Two was:
    • A. 

      A thinly-disguised version of Anthony Burgess himself

    • B. 

      An obvious vehicle for Kelsey Grammar

    • C. 

      A strong critic of behaviorism

    • D. 

      A thinly-disguised version of B.F. Skinner himself

  • 7. 
    The tendency of bomber pilots to concentrate on the technical aspects of their tasks, portrayed in the film hearts and minds, was compared in class to what?
    • A. 

      The behavior of 'Little Albert'

    • B. 

      The behavior of Stanley Milgram's obedient subjects

    • C. 

      The behavior of B.F. Skinner's pigeons

    • D. 

      The behavior of Stanley Milgram's disobedient subjects

  • 8. 
    With Which of the following statements would a behavorist argue?
    • A. 

      It is impossible to decide what should be 'conditioned out' of human beings

    • B. 

      The social benefits of conditioning are outweighed by the costs

    • C. 

      The notion of 'free will' is an illusion

    • D. 

      Conditioning may be the road to fascism

  • 9. 
    Solomon Asch's line experiments are generally supportive of which position?
    • A. 

      Situationism

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Dispositionism

    • D. 

      Anarchism

  • 10. 
    The idea that decision-makers 'maximize their utility' is associated with which approach discussed in class?
    • A. 

      Cognitive consistency theory

    • B. 

      Homo Economicus

    • C. 

      Schema Theory

    • D. 

      Satisficing

  • 11. 
    The segment of the film in search of ourselves which we watched in class portrays which of the following?
    • A. 

      The early tug of war between eugenics and behaviorism

    • B. 

      Behaviorism alone

    • C. 

      Stanley Milgram's obedience experiments

    • D. 

      Eugenics alone

  • 12. 
    In the Milgram obedience experiments, the supposed 'subject' who received the 'electrical shocks' was in fact:
    • A. 

      The real subject of the experiment

    • B. 

      Milgram himself

    • C. 

      An accomplice of the experimenter

    • D. 

      Someone who had no idea what the real purpose of the experiment was

  • 13. 
    What theory did Milgram's findings in the 1960s do most to discredit?
    • A. 

      Schema theory

    • B. 

      Satisficing

    • C. 

      Situationism

    • D. 

      Authoritarian personality theory

  • 14. 
    'Dispositionism' is best defined as the argument that:
    • A. 

      Our behavior is shaped by forces beyond our control

    • B. 

      Our own psychological values and beliefs shape our behavior

    • C. 

      'The situation' affects our behavior somewhat

    • D. 

      We often quickly dispose of arguments we disagree with

  • 15. 
    In class we argued that Oskar Schindler was a rather unusual 'rescuer' because:
    • A. 

      His behavior in other areas of life wasn't particularly ethical

    • B. 

      He was himself Jewish

    • C. 

      He did not believe in dispositionism himself

    • D. 

      He was an especially close friend of Adolf Eichmann

  • 16. 
    Which of the following events led to the discovery of the 'bystander effect'?
    • A. 

      The Cuban missile crisis

    • B. 

      9/11

    • C. 

      The murder of Kitty Genovese

    • D. 

      Solomon Asch's experiments

  • 17. 
    Operant conditioning deals with the learning of:
    • A. 

      Voluntary responses

    • B. 

      Reflexes

    • C. 

      Salivation

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    The phrase 'banality of evil' was created by:
    • A. 

      Stanley Milgram in Obedience to Authority

    • B. 

      Hannah Arendt in Eichmann in Jerusalem

    • C. 

      Anthony Burgess in A Clockwork Orange

    • D. 

      B.F. Skinner in Walden Two

  • 19. 
    Herbert Simon disputed the notion that individuals are fully rational in the sense assumed in many economic models. What concept did he develop instead to describe how individuals reason in the real world?
    • A. 

      Non-rationality

    • B. 

      Comprehensive rationality

    • C. 

      Bounded rationality

    • D. 

      Irrational rationality

  • 20. 
    How much difference did gender make to the behavior of Milgram's subjects in his famous obedience experiments?
    • A. 

      Men were substantially more likely than women to obey authority

    • B. 

      Men were slightly more likely than women to obey authority

    • C. 

      Women were more likely than men to obey authority

    • D. 

      Gender made no difference

  • 21. 
     Which of the following were used early in the class to illustrate the power of situational pressures?
    • A. 

      The murder of Kitty Genovese

    • B. 

      The Challenger disaster

    • C. 

      Obedience among ordinary Germans during the Holocaust

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    The example of the soccer player George Best is used in the textbook primarily to show:
    • A. 

      The effectiveness of classical conditioning

    • B. 

      The fact that conditioning often fails

    • C. 

      The moral problems associated with conditioning

    • D. 

      The effectiveness of operant conditioning

  • 23. 
    The working conditions of Adolf Eichmann were compared to what in class?
    • A. 

      Those of Oskar Schindler

    • B. 

      The way in which obedience fell when tasks were parceled out in Milgram's experiments

    • C. 

      The way in which obedience rose when tasks were parceled out in Milgram's experiments

    • D. 

      Those of Hannah Arendt

  • 24. 
    What happens when the 'ego' is threatened, according to Sigmund Freud?
    • A. 

      We allow the id free rein

    • B. 

      We resort to the superego

    • C. 

      We resort to defense mechanism

    • D. 

      We become conscious of all our unconscious processes

  • 25. 
    According to the class textbook, Anthony Burgess's A Clockwork Orange was intended in large part to be:
    • A. 

      A defense of behaviorism

    • B. 

      A defense of violence

    • C. 

      An essay on the benefits of classical conditioning in particular

    • D. 

      An attack upon behaviorism

  • 26. 
    Harold Lasswell's main argument in much of his work was that:
    • A. 

      The 'cognitive revolution' is transforming how we view political events

    • B. 

      Schemas are used to store information in memory

    • C. 

      Sigmund Freud's theories cannot be used to understand politics

    • D. 

      The 'political personality' results from the displacement of private problems onto public life

  • 27. 
    The essence of Anthony Burgess's commentary on behaviorism is basically which of the following?
    • A. 

      The ability to choose is what makes us human

    • B. 

      Conditioning can never actually work

    • C. 

      Rape and violence are actually socially desirable

    • D. 

      Human choice is an illusion

  • 28. 
    B.F. Skinner argued all of the following in defense of behaviorism, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      We are all conditioned already, but haphazardly

    • B. 

      The social benefits of deliberate conditioning greatly outweigh the costs

    • C. 

      The idea that we have real 'choices' is illusory

    • D. 

      It is difficult to decide what should be conditioned in or out of human beings

  • 29. 
    When Milgram placed the subject doing the 'shocking' and the 'victim' in the same room, what happened to the observed level of obedience?
    • A. 

      It rose markedly to 80%

    • B. 

      It fell to about 20%

    • C. 

      It rose only slightly

    • D. 

      It stayed the same

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is a leading problem associated with using Milgram's findings as an explanantion of real world obedience outside the laboratory?
    • A. 

      Milgram relies too heavily on Freudian, psychoanalytical concepts

    • B. 

      Milgram says relatively little about dehumanization, a major factor in many genocidal events

    • C. 

      Milgram provides no real explanation for why human beings obey authority

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 31. 
    The Pavlov's dog experiment illustrated which form of behavioral conditioning?
    • A. 

      Negative

    • B. 

      Operant

    • C. 

      Classical

    • D. 

      Positive

  • 32. 
    JFK's handling of the Cuban missile crisis was presented in the textbook as a good example of:
    • A. 

      Dispositionism

    • B. 

      Situationism

    • C. 

      Homo Economicus

    • D. 

      Freudian psychoanalytic theory

  • 33. 
    According to Sigmund Freud, which of the following acts as a mediator between the 'childlike' and 'moral' elements of our mental processes?
    • A. 

      The ego

    • B. 

      The id

    • C. 

      The superego

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 34. 
    When Milgram divided up responsibility for 'shocking' the victim among several individuals, what happened to the level of observed obedience?
    • A. 

      It fell slightly

    • B. 

      It stayed the same

    • C. 

      It fell markedly

    • D. 

      It rose

  • 35. 
    Classical conditioning deals with the learning of:
    • A. 

      Involuntary responses

    • B. 

      Voluntary responses

    • C. 

      Salivation alone

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is not true of the early years in the study of political psychology?
    • A. 

      It was dominated by cognitive psychological approaches

    • B. 

      It was dominated by personality studies

    • C. 

      It was dominated by Freudian/psychoanalytics theory

    • D. 

      One of its earliest advocates was the political scientist Harold Laswell

  • 37. 
    The film A clockwork Orange depicts:
    • A. 

      Milgram's Obedience experiments

    • B. 

      B.F. Skinner's behaviorist experiments

    • C. 

      An actual case of operant conditioning

    • D. 

      A fictional case of operant conditioning

  • 38. 
    When did political psychology become widely available as a university course in its own right?
    • A. 

      The 1990s

    • B. 

      The 1940s

    • C. 

      The 1970s

    • D. 

      The 1920s

  • 39. 
    Which of the following is true of authoritarian personality theory?
    • A. 

      Its strongest supporter was Stanley Milgram

    • B. 

      It blames the characteristics of Germans themselves for the Holocaust

    • C. 

      It argues that situational forces caused the Holocaust

    • D. 

      It argues that most ordinary

  • 40. 
    The 'Lord of the Flies' effect was used in the class textbook in the discussion of what?
    • A. 

      The tendency of Milgram's subjects to blindly obey

    • B. 

      Difficulties with the rational actor model

    • C. 

      The tendency of Zimbardo's subjects to 'go bad'

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 41. 
    Behaviorists would subscribe to all of the following beliefs, except:
    • A. 

      We should study only that which can be measured

    • B. 

      Objective science studies only observable behavior

    • C. 

      It is possible to alter people's behavior through conditioning

    • D. 

      The human mind can be studied scientifically

  • 42. 
    Which of the following can be regarded as 'defense mechanisms' in Freud's theory?
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Projection

    • C. 

      Repression

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 43. 
    The possibility that a president other than George W. Bush might not have chosen to invade Iraq was given in the textbook in support of what kind of argument?
    • A. 

      Behaviorist

    • B. 

      Situaitonist

    • C. 

      Dispositionist

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 44. 
    According to Sigmund Freud, the 'pleasure principle' refers to which of the following?
    • A. 

      The sexual impulse

    • B. 

      The aggressive impulse

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      His own lifelong love of cigars

  • 45. 
    Milgram argued that some of his subjects laughed during the experiments because:
    • A. 

      Most of them thought his tricky experimental design amusing

    • B. 

      It was a nervous reaction to stress

    • C. 

      Most actually enjoyed shocking the learner

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 46. 
    The notion that human beings generally 'satisfice' when they make decisions is associated with:
    • A. 

      Homo Economicus

    • B. 

      Homo Psychologicus

    • C. 

      Cognitive consistency theory

    • D. 

      The rational actor approach

  • 47. 
    If you were sitting in a movie theater which caught fire and literally everone ecavcuated the building immediately, this would be an especially good example of:
    • A. 

      Bounded rationality

    • B. 

      Satisficing

    • C. 

      Dispositionism

    • D. 

      Situationism

  • 48. 
    What was the result of an ABC News 're-run' of the Milgram experiment conducted recently?
    • A. 

      Both men and women today were found to be just as obedience as in Milgram's original study

    • B. 

      Women were found to be just as obedient today as in Milgram's original study but men were found to be more obedient

    • C. 

      Men were found to be just as obedient today as in Milgram's original study but women were found to be more obedient

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 49. 
    According to the textbook and classes, why did Phillip Zimbardo make use of M.C. Escher's 'Circle Limit IV' in his book The Lucifer Effect?
    • A. 

      It suggests that there is a thin line between good and evil

    • B. 

      It suggests that we are all capable of evil

    • C. 

      It suggests that we should not categorize human beings as falling into fixed, unchangeable categories

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 50. 
    The so-called 'bad-barrel' theory is a good example of:
    • A. 

      Analogical reasoning

    • B. 

      Cognitivism

    • C. 

      Situationism

    • D. 

      Dispositionism

  • 51. 
    The typical attributes of a dog are used in the class textbook --otherwise known as 'the book of wisdom'! --to illustrate which of the following?
    • A. 

      Cognitive Consistency Theory

    • B. 

      Authoritarian personality theory

    • C. 

      Attribution theory

    • D. 

      Schema theory

  • 52. 
    The 'bachelor party' example was used in class mainly to show:
    • A. 

      How unsophisticated computers are relative to the human brain

    • B. 

      How hard it is to find a suitable partner at parties

    • C. 

      How easy it is to find a suitable partner at parties

    • D. 

      Why you should never date the Archbishop of Canterbury

  • 53. 
    The Marion Keech story was used in class to illustrate which psychlogical approach?
    • A. 

      Schema theory

    • B. 

      Attribution theory

    • C. 

      Cognitive consistency theory

    • D. 

      Groupthink

  • 54. 
    The psychiatrist Paul Fick claims that fromer President Bill Clinton suffers from:
    • A. 

      Narcissism

    • B. 

      Paranoia

    • C. 

      An addiction to Big Macs and interns

    • D. 

      'Adult Children of Alcoholics' syndrome

  • 55. 
    All of these symptoms emerged in the 1986 Challenger decision-making, except:
    • A. 

      The decision-makers accept a realistic appraisal of the risks

    • B. 

      Forceful pressure is exerted on the doubter

    • C. 

      Time pressure and stress is present

    • D. 

      Mindguards emerge

  • 56. 
    The Stanford experiments have been criticized on the grounds that:
    • A. 

      The chief experimenter was also the 'warden'

    • B. 

      They may not have been ethical

    • C. 

      There was insufficient variation in the experimental conditions to draw reliable conclusions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 57. 
    According to Ole Holsti, John foster Dulles subscribed to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Operational code analysis

    • B. 

      Atheism

    • C. 

      The 'inherent bad faith model'

    • D. 

      Communism

  • 58. 
    The claim that George W. Bush suffers from 'delusions of grandeur' is central to which of the following books discussed in class?
    • A. 

      Bush at War

    • B. 

      Bush on the couch

    • C. 

      The Dysfunctional President

    • D. 

      George Bush and the American Dream

  • 59. 
    According to Suedfeld and Tetlock, which of the following provides a good example of an individual with high integrative complexity?
    • A. 

      George W. Bush

    • B. 

      John F. Kennedy

    • C. 

      Lyndon Johnson

    • D. 

      John Foster Dulles

  • 60. 
    "How could I have been so stupid" is a phrase associated wit which American president?
    • A. 

      John F. Kennedy after the Cuban missile crisis

    • B. 

      Lyndon Johnson after he committed troops to Vietnam

    • C. 

      Ronald Reagan after the Challenger disaster

    • D. 

      John F. Kennedy after the Bay of Pigs

  • 61. 
    The 'Lord of the Flies'  effect was used in class in the discussion of what?
    • A. 

      The tendency of Milgram's subjects to blindly obey

    • B. 

      Difficulties with the rational actor model

    • C. 

      Skinner's failed attempts to condition his subjects

    • D. 

      The tendency of Zimbardo's subjects to 'go bad'

  • 62. 
    The case of Harry Truman, the Boss Pendergast/Joseph Stalin example was used in the class textbook to illustrate all of the following, except:
    • A. 

      The perils of schema use

    • B. 

      The fact that Truman initially liked Stalin for dubious reasons

    • C. 

      The unfailing accuracy of schema use

    • D. 

      The importance of superficial physical resemblance

  • 63. 
    According to George and George, Woodrow WIlson's political style was critically shaped by:
    • A. 

      An overly fussy mother

    • B. 

      A mother who alternately extended then withdrew affection

    • C. 

      A father who was an alcoholic

    • D. 

      A father who rarely if ever showed his son affection

  • 64. 
    Which of the following was true of the decision-making in the run-up to the 1986 challenger disaster? 
    • A. 

      The decision-makers were realistic about their own capabilities

    • B. 

      No one acted as a 'mindguard'

    • C. 

      Roger Boisjoly effectively censored himself at one point

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 65. 
    In the discussion of groupthink in the Bay of Pigs case, Arthur Schelsinger was portrayed as:
    • A. 

      A mindguard

    • B. 

      A dissenter

    • C. 

      A paranoid

    • D. 

      A narcissist

  • 66. 
    According to the scheme developed by Fred Greenstein, an individual who made a decision no other leader would have made but whose decision subsequently had no impact on the political environment is considered:
    • A. 

      Actor dispensable alone

    • B. 

      Actor indispensable alone

    • C. 

      Actor indispensable but action dispensable

    • D. 

      Actor dispensable but action indispensable

  • 67. 
    In the film Groupthink that we watched in class, Roger Boisjoly was portrayed as:
    • A. 

      A mindguard

    • B. 

      A dissenter

    • C. 

      A paranoid

    • D. 

      A narcissist

  • 68. 
    Which of the following draws on cognitive consistency theory?
    • A. 

      Philip Zimbardo's 'bad barrel' theory

    • B. 

      George and George's argument about Woodrow Wilson

    • C. 

      The Party Identification School

    • D. 

      Groupthink

  • 69. 
    Which of the following books claims that the failure of the Senate to pass the League of Nations Treaty stemmed from the president's psychological shortcomings?
    • A. 

      Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream

    • B. 

      Woodrow Wilson and Colonel house

    • C. 

      The Dysfunctional President

    • D. 

      Bush on the Couch

  • 70. 
    Which of the following is ragarded as the leasing cause of groupthink?
    • A. 

      Existence of norms requiring methodical procedures

    • B. 

      Bringing in too much outside advice

    • C. 

      Quiet, non-opinionated leadership

    • D. 

      High cohesiveness of the group

  • 71. 
    Which of the following might be a good idea in trying to minimize the occurrence of groupthink?
    • A. 

      Stronger, more opinion-driven leadership

    • B. 

      Bring in independent advisers from outside the group

    • C. 

      Quicker consideration of options

    • D. 

      Create a warmer, more 'clubby' atmosphere

  • 72. 
    According to the textbook and classes, why did Philip Zimbardo make use of M.C. Escher's 'Circle Limit IV' in his book The Lucifer Effect?
    • A. 

      It suggests that there is a thin line between good and evil

    • B. 

      It suggests that we are all capable of evil

    • C. 

      It suggests that we should not categorize human beings as falling into fixed, unchangeable categories

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 73. 
    The so-called 'bad barrel' theory is a good example of:
    • A. 

      Analogical reasoning

    • B. 

      Cognitivism

    • C. 

      Situationism

    • D. 

      Dispositionism

  • 74. 
    Why did one of Morton Thiokol's engineers warn that the 1986 Challenger flight might be too risky to launch?
    • A. 

      He was worried about the below-freezing temperatures that were forecast for the morning of the launch

    • B. 

      He was worried that the shuttle itself had been badly constructed

    • C. 

      He did not think the national media were being fair

    • D. 

      He thought that too many of NASA's managers were 'running around like chicken little'

  • 75. 
    The Stanford experiments were used in the textbook to try to explain:
    • A. 

      Conditions inside the Nevada prison system

    • B. 

      Dick Cheney's accidental shooting of a hunting colleague

    • C. 

      The Abu Ghraib scandal

    • D. 

      The entire war in Iraq

  • 76. 
    Which of the following is potentially a problem for a situationist explanation of the Stanford experiment?
    • A. 

      There were good guards and bad guards

    • B. 

      Bags were placed on the heads of the prisoners

    • C. 

      Sexual humiliation was used by the guards

    • D. 

      The worst abuses occured on the night shift

  • 77. 
    William Golding, the author of The Lord of the Flies, was essentially:
    • A. 

      Pessimistic about human nature

    • B. 

      A situationist

    • C. 

      A dispositionist

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 78. 
    The notion that we experience discomfort when confronted with information which doesn''t 'fit' our existing beliefs is primarily associated with:
    • A. 

      Psychoanalytic theory

    • B. 

      Cognitive consistency theory

    • C. 

      Attribution theory

    • D. 

      Groupthink

  • 79. 
    Woodrow Wilson's inflexibility in later life has been attriuted to which physiological cause?
    • A. 

      Diabetes

    • B. 

      A series of strokes

    • C. 

      Sleep apnia

    • D. 

      Syphilis

  • 80. 
    The bush administration's view that the events at Abu Ghraib were attributable to 'a few bad apples' is an example of:
    • A. 

      An objectively false statement

    • B. 

      Situationism

    • C. 

      Dispositionism

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 81. 
    An 'illusion of invulnerability' is most associated with which theoretical approach?
    • A. 

      Doublespeak

    • B. 

      Doublethink

    • C. 

      Schema theory

    • D. 

      Groupthink

  • 82. 
    The notion that we're all 'balance seekers' is associated mainly with:
    • A. 

      Schema theory

    • B. 

      Attribution theory

    • C. 

      Groupthink

    • D. 

      Cognitive consistency theory

  • 83. 
    The process through which a group reaches a hasty or premature consensus and the group then becomes closed to outside ideas is known as:
    • A. 

      Bureaucratic politics

    • B. 

      Doublethink

    • C. 

      Groupthink

    • D. 

      Doublespeak

  • 84. 
    According to Zimbardo, the emergence of prison guards like 'John Wayne' is best explained by
    • A. 

      Their sadistic impulses

    • B. 

      Their dispositions in general

    • C. 

      Their abnormalities as human beings

    • D. 

      The situation

  • 85. 
    The leading word of the 'Party Identification' school was:
    • A. 

      Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream

    • B. 

      The American Voter

    • C. 

      Woodrow Wilson and colonel House

    • D. 

      The Dysfunctional president

  • 86. 
    When Roger Boisjoly's boss accused him of "hollering at the sky like chicken little", the boss was essentially acting as what, according to the theory of groupthink?
    • A. 

      A corporate stooge

    • B. 

      A mindguard

    • C. 

      A dissenter

    • D. 

      A brutal critic of pupular children's movies

  • 87. 
    The notion that we're all 'labellers' or 'categorizers' is associated mainly with:
    • A. 

      Attribution theory

    • B. 

      Schema theory

    • C. 

      Cognitive consistency theory

    • D. 

      Groupthink

  • 88. 
    According to Doris Kearns Goodwin, Lyndon Johnson's political style was critically shaped by:
    • A. 

      An overly fussy father

    • B. 

      A mother who never smiled

    • C. 

      A mother who alternately extended then withdrew affection

    • D. 

      A father who rarely if ever showed his son affection

  • 89. 
    Using theory of groupthink, 'domestication' is best defined the process by which:
    • A. 

      Dogs are trained

    • B. 

      The advice of dissenters comes to be devalued

    • C. 

      Advocates become devils

    • D. 

      People turn into mindguards

  • 90. 
    Which of the following statements is not compatible with Zimbardo's 'bad barrel' theory?
    • A. 

      Most people are capable of committing atrocities like those we observed at Abu Ghraib

    • B. 

      We often think of ourselves as incapable of committing evil acts because we are rarely tested in extreme situations

    • C. 

      It is often the barrel that turns the apples 'rotten'

    • D. 

      Most people are inherently good, while others are inherently evil

  • 91. 
    Alexander and Juliette George argues in their classic psychobiographic book that:
    • A. 

      The assumptions of 'Homo Economicus' are essentially correct

    • B. 

      Lyndon Johnson was truly paranoid

    • C. 

      Woodrow Wilson's behavior was self-defeating

    • D. 

      Woodrow Wilson's behavior stemmed from a series of illnesses he suffered in later life

  • 92. 
    According to the class textbook, all of the following are similarities between Abu Ghraib and the Stanford experiments, except:
    • A. 

      Sexual humiliation was used by the guards

    • B. 

      Trophy photos were taken

    • C. 

      A 'John Wayne' figure emerged

    • D. 

      Bags were placed on the heads of prisoners

  • 93. 
    Harold Lasswell's argument about politicians is basically that:
    • A. 

      They displace their public problems onto private life

    • B. 

      They displace their private problems onto public life

    • C. 

      They cannot be understood psychologically

    • D. 

      Psychobiography always falls victim to the problem of reductionism

  • 94. 
    Which of the following argues that ordinary voters really aren't that sophisticated , and tend to rely on long-term voting habits instead?
    • A. 

      The Prospective Voting School

    • B. 

      The Minessota School

    • C. 

      The Issue Voting School

    • D. 

      The Party Identification School

  • 95. 
    Arthur Link and his colleagues famously disputed the findings of which work of psychobiography?
    • A. 

      Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House

    • B. 

      The Dysfunctional President

    • C. 

      Lyndon Johnson and the American Dream

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 96. 
    What happens when the 'ego' is threatened, according to Signmund Freud?
    • A. 

      We allow the id free rein

    • B. 

      We resort to defense mechanisms

    • C. 

      We resort to the superego

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 97. 
    Why did roger Boisjoly warn that the 1986 Chellenger flight might be too risky to launch?
    • A. 

      He did not think the national media were being fair

    • B. 

      He was worried that the shuttle itself had been badly constructed

    • C. 

      He was worried about the below-freezing temperatures that were forecast for the morning of the launch

    • D. 

      He thought that too many of NASA's managers were 'running around like Chicken Little'

  • 98. 
    Jon Stewart misunderstands Zimbardo's 'bad barrel' theory in the sense that:
    • A. 

      He wrongly interprets it as situationist

    • B. 

      He wrongly interprets it as dispositionist

    • C. 

      He wrongly interprets it as behaviorist

    • D. 

      He thinks that Zimbardo administered real shocks to his subjects

  • 99. 
    The main argument of Robert Dallek's Flawed Giant as outlined in the class textbook is that:
    • A. 

      Lyndon Johnson's father played a critical role in shaping his son's political style

    • B. 

      Lyndon Johnson's mother played a critical in shaping her son's political style

    • C. 

      LBJ thought most conspiracy theories were nonsense

    • D. 

      LBJ came frighteningly close to clinical paranoia at times

  • 100. 
    Justin Frank attributes which president's personality traits to a cold, unfeeling mother and an absentee father?
    • A. 

      Bill Clinton

    • B. 

      Jimmy Carter

    • C. 

      George W. Bush

    • D. 

      Richard Nixon