The Plant Biology Quiz: MCQ Trivia!

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Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 46,771
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 4,045

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The Plant Biology Quiz: MCQ Trivia! - Quiz

What do you know about plant biology? Do you suppose you can grt past this quiz? Organisms isolate carbon and convert solar energy into compatible forms. Plants are the leading source of food on the planet as well as crucial safeguards against climate change. Plant biology focuses on the main characteristics of how plants act as organisms and relate to their environment. Put your expertise to the test by trying this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The outer coating of a seed that protects the embryo inside.

    Explanation
    The outer coating of a seed is called the seed coat. It serves as a protective layer that shields the embryo inside from external factors such as physical damage, pathogens, and dehydration. The seed coat also plays a crucial role in regulating the germination process by controlling the entry of water and oxygen into the seed. Additionally, it helps in dispersal of the seed by providing resistance to mechanical forces and aiding in attachment to animals or wind. Overall, the seed coat is essential for the survival and successful germination of the seed.

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  • 2. 

    Part of a plant that contains all of the structures necessary for photosynthesis to occur.

    Explanation
    Leaves are the part of a plant that contain all of the necessary structures for photosynthesis to occur. They have specialized cells called chloroplasts that contain chlorophyll, which is responsible for capturing sunlight and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis. Leaves also have stomata, which are small openings that allow for the exchange of gases, such as carbon dioxide and oxygen, that are essential for photosynthesis. Additionally, leaves have a large surface area and are positioned to maximize exposure to sunlight, further enhancing their role in photosynthesis.

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  • 3. 

    A type of organism that makes its own food.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is autotroph. Autotrophs are organisms that have the ability to produce their own food through the process of photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. They convert sunlight or inorganic compounds into energy-rich organic molecules, such as glucose, which they can use as a source of energy. Examples of autotrophs include plants, algae, and some bacteria. Autotrophs play a crucial role in ecosystems as they form the base of the food chain, providing energy for other organisms.

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  • 4. 

    A type of seed that has two cotyledons.

    Explanation
    A dicot is a type of seed that has two cotyledons. Cotyledons are the embryonic leaves found within the seed. Dicots are characterized by having two cotyledons, while monocots have only one cotyledon. This is an important distinction in the classification of flowering plants, as it helps to differentiate between the two main groups.

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  • 5. 

    Vascular tissue that moves materials from leaves to the roots in a plant.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is phloem. Phloem is a type of vascular tissue in plants that transports sugars, nutrients, and other organic compounds from the leaves, where they are produced during photosynthesis, to the roots, where they are stored or used for growth and metabolism. This transport of materials is essential for the overall functioning and survival of the plant.

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  • 6. 

    Small openings in the leaf of a plant that open and close to help regulate photosynthesis.

    Explanation
    Stomata are small openings found on the surface of plant leaves that open and close to regulate the process of photosynthesis. These openings allow for the exchange of gases, such as carbon dioxide and oxygen, between the plant and its environment. By opening and closing, stomata help to control the rate of transpiration and prevent excessive water loss. Additionally, stomata also play a role in the regulation of temperature and the uptake of essential nutrients by the plant.

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  • 7. 

    The early growth stage of an embryo (seed).

    Explanation
    Germination refers to the process by which a seed starts to grow into a new plant. During the early growth stage of an embryo, the seed undergoes germination, where it absorbs water and swells, breaking its dormancy. This process triggers the activation of enzymes and the growth of the embryonic root, which eventually leads to the emergence of the shoot. Germination is a crucial stage in a plant's life cycle as it marks the beginning of its growth and development.

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  • 8. 

    Part of a leaf that contains stomata and guard cells.

    Explanation
    The lower epidermis is the part of a leaf that contains stomata and guard cells. Stomata are small openings on the surface of the leaf that allow for gas exchange, such as the intake of carbon dioxide for photosynthesis and the release of oxygen. Guard cells surround the stomata and control their opening and closing, regulating the exchange of gases and the loss of water through transpiration. Therefore, the lower epidermis is responsible for facilitating gas exchange and regulating water loss in a leaf.

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  • 9. 

    The process by which a plant uses the energy of the sun to convert carbon dioxide and water to simple sugars (food). 

    Explanation
    This process is known as photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, plants use sunlight as an energy source to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose (simple sugars) and oxygen. This process takes place in the chloroplasts of plant cells, specifically in the chlorophyll-containing organelles called chloroplasts. The energy from sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll, which then powers the chemical reactions that convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose. This glucose serves as a source of energy for the plant and is also used to build other organic molecules necessary for growth and development.

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  • 10. 

    Small, root-like structures present on some non-vascular plants that aid in the absorption of water and nutrients from the surrounding environment.

    Explanation
    Rhizomes are not small, root-like structures present on non-vascular plants. Rhizomes are actually underground stems that grow horizontally and serve as a storage organ for nutrients. They are found in some vascular plants and help in vegetative reproduction. Therefore, the given answer is incorrect and does not provide a suitable explanation for the question.

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  • 11. 

    These types of plants have two characteristics: vascular tissue and the use of seeds to reproduce.

    Explanation
    Seed plants refer to a group of plants that possess two distinct characteristics: vascular tissue and the ability to reproduce using seeds. Vascular tissue allows for the transportation of water, nutrients, and sugars throughout the plant, enabling it to grow larger and more complex. The use of seeds as a means of reproduction provides several advantages, such as protection and nourishment for the developing embryo. This enables seed plants to colonize diverse habitats and ensures the survival and dispersal of their offspring.

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  • 12. 

    Organisms that contain cells with nuclei and other structures.

    Explanation
    Eukaryotes are organisms that contain cells with nuclei and other structures. These organisms have complex cellular organization and can be single-celled or multicellular. The presence of a nucleus distinguishes them from prokaryotes, which lack a nucleus. Eukaryotes include a wide range of organisms such as animals, plants, fungi, and protists. They have evolved to have specialized organelles within their cells, allowing for compartmentalization and efficient functioning. Overall, eukaryotes are characterized by their advanced cellular structure and are a diverse group of organisms.

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  • 13. 

    A type of seed with one cotyledon.

    Explanation
    A monocot is a type of seed that has one cotyledon. Cotyledons are embryonic leaves in a seed that provide nutrients to the developing plant. In monocots, there is only one cotyledon present, distinguishing them from dicots which have two cotyledons. Therefore, the correct answer for a seed with one cotyledon is monocot.

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  • 14. 

    Structures produced by some sexually reproducing plants that contain embryos and stored food and are protected by a tough, outer covering.

    Explanation
    Seeds are structures produced by sexually reproducing plants that contain embryos and stored food. They are protected by a tough, outer covering. Seeds are essential for the reproduction and survival of plants as they contain all the necessary nutrients and genetic information to develop into a new plant. The outer covering of the seed provides protection from external factors such as harsh weather conditions and predators, ensuring the successful germination and growth of the plant.

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  • 15. 

    Reproduction that results from an egg being fertilized with sperm.

    Explanation
    This process involves the fusion of male and female gametes, specifically an egg and sperm, leading to the creation of offspring. It is called sexual reproduction because it requires the involvement of two different sexes or genders for the production of offspring. This is in contrast to asexual reproduction, where offspring are produced without the need for gamete fusion or the involvement of a partner.

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  • 16. 

    Part of a plant responsible for support and positioning leaves for best exposure to the sun.

    Explanation
    The stem of a plant is responsible for providing support and positioning the leaves in a way that they receive the best exposure to the sun. The stem acts as a structural framework, allowing the leaves to be positioned at an optimal angle to receive sunlight for photosynthesis. Additionally, the stem also transports water, nutrients, and sugars between the roots and the leaves, ensuring the plant's overall growth and development.

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  • 17. 

    In a seed, this is a young developing plant.

    Explanation
    A seed is the reproductive structure of a plant that contains the embryo and is capable of developing into a new plant. It is the starting point of growth for a plant, where the young developing plant begins its journey.

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  • 18. 

    Top layer of a leaf that serves as a tough, protective barrier that helps prevent water loss.

    Explanation
    The top layer of a leaf is called the cuticle. The cuticle is a waxy, waterproof layer that covers the epidermis of the leaf. It acts as a protective barrier, preventing excessive water loss through evaporation. This adaptation is crucial for plants to survive in dry environments or during periods of drought. The cuticle also helps protect the leaf from harmful UV radiation and prevents damage from pathogens and pests. Overall, the cuticle plays a vital role in maintaining the water balance of the leaf and protecting it from external threats.

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  • 19. 

    Vascular tissue is responsible for moving materials from the roots to the leaves in a plant.

    Explanation
    Xylem is a type of vascular tissue in plants that is responsible for transporting water and minerals from the roots to the leaves. It consists of long, hollow cells that form tubes, allowing for the upward movement of water through capillary action. This process is essential for the survival of plants as it provides water and nutrients to the leaves, where photosynthesis occurs. Therefore, xylem is the correct answer as it accurately describes the role of vascular tissue in moving materials from the roots to the leaves in a plant.

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  • 20. 

    Plants that reproduce using sporophytes.

    Explanation
    Seedless plants reproduce using sporophytes. Sporophytes are the diploid phase in the life cycle of a plant, where they produce spores through meiosis. These spores then develop into gametophytes, which produce gametes. In seedless plants, the gametes fuse to form a zygote, which develops into a new sporophyte. This cycle of spore production, gametophyte formation, and sporophyte development allows seedless plants to reproduce without the need for seeds. Examples of seedless plants include ferns, mosses, and liverworts.

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  • 21. 

    A type of plant containing transporting tissue. 

    Explanation
    A vascular plant is a type of plant that contains transporting tissue. This tissue, called vascular tissue, is responsible for the transport of water, nutrients, and sugars throughout the plant. It consists of two types of tissues: xylem, which transports water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant, and phloem, which transports sugars produced in the leaves to other parts of the plant. Vascular plants have specialized structures, such as roots, stems, and leaves, that allow for efficient transport and support. Examples of vascular plants include trees, shrubs, and flowering plants.

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  • 22. 

    The layer inside of a leaf that gets the best exposure to the sun and where most photosynthesis takes place.

    Explanation
    The palisade layer is the layer inside a leaf that receives the best exposure to sunlight and is responsible for the majority of photosynthesis. This layer contains tightly packed, vertically arranged cells that contain a high concentration of chloroplasts, the organelles responsible for photosynthesis. The arrangement of cells in the palisade layer allows for efficient absorption of sunlight, maximizing the leaf's ability to produce energy through photosynthesis.

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  • 23. 

    A type of reproduction where no new genetic material is passed from parent to offspring:  often characterized by the growth of new plant tissue from existing tissue.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is vegetative reproduction. This type of reproduction does not involve the exchange of genetic material between parent and offspring. Instead, new plants are formed from existing plant tissues, such as stems, roots, or leaves. This process allows plants to reproduce asexually and produce genetically identical offspring.

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  • 24. 

    A package of genetic material that is released into the environment by a parent plant.

    Explanation
    A sporophyte is a package of genetic material that is released into the environment by a parent plant. This term refers to the diploid phase in the life cycle of a plant, where it produces spores through meiosis. These spores are then released into the environment, where they can germinate and develop into new plants. The sporophyte is responsible for the production and dispersal of genetic material, ensuring the continuation of the plant species.

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  • 25. 

    A layer inside the leaf of a plant was gas exchange takes place and where some photosynthesis occurs.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "food making cells" and "spongy layer". The spongy layer is a layer inside the leaf where gas exchange takes place and some photosynthesis occurs. This layer contains loosely packed cells with air spaces between them, allowing for the exchange of gases. The food making cells, also known as mesophyll cells, are responsible for photosynthesis and converting sunlight into energy. Both of these components play a crucial role in the leaf's ability to perform gas exchange and photosynthesis.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 25, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Somateria
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