A Test On Plant Biology: Trivia Quiz

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A Test On Plant Biology: Trivia Quiz - Quiz

What do you know about plant biology? Would you like to try this quiz? Plant biology is the technical study of plant life, which can be examined at various levels from molecular, genetic, and biochemical strength through organelles, cells, tissues, organs, individuals, plants, populations, and communities of plants. Try this quiz and look at how much you understand about biology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What cells store food in the roots?

    • A.

      Cellulars

    • B.

      Vacuoles

    • C.

      Cellars

    • D.

      Cortex

    Correct Answer
    D. Cortex
    Explanation
    The cortex is the correct answer because it is the outermost layer of the root where food is stored. The cortex contains cells that store nutrients and carbohydrates, which are essential for the growth and development of the plant. These stored food reserves can be used by the plant during periods of low nutrient availability or when energy is needed for growth and reproduction.

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  • 2. 

    Which plant vessel is responsible for getting food and nutrients to the roots?

    • A.

      Phlegm

    • B.

      Xylem

    • C.

      Phloem

    • D.

      Cambium

    Correct Answer
    C. Phloem
    Explanation
    The phloem is responsible for getting food and nutrients to the roots. It is a type of plant tissue that transports sugars, amino acids, and other organic compounds from the leaves to the roots and other parts of the plant. The phloem consists of sieve tubes, companion cells, and other specialized cells that work together to facilitate the movement of nutrients throughout the plant. Unlike the xylem, which transports water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant, the phloem is responsible for the distribution of organic compounds.

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  • 3. 

    Which does moss use to attach itself to places?

    • A.

      Tendons

    • B.

      Roots

    • C.

      Hairs

    • D.

      Rhizoids

    Correct Answer
    D. Rhizoids
    Explanation
    Moss uses rhizoids to attach itself to places. Rhizoids are thread-like structures that grow from the base of the moss and anchor it to surfaces such as soil, rocks, or tree bark. These structures not only provide stability to the moss but also absorb water and nutrients from the environment. Unlike roots, which are found in higher plants, rhizoids do not have a vascular system and do not play a role in absorbing water and nutrients for the entire plant.

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  • 4. 

    Which is also called the "Root of Life" or "Man Root"?

    • A.

      Carrot

    • B.

      Ginseng Root

    • C.

      Ginger Root

    • D.

      Horseradish Root

    Correct Answer
    B. Ginseng Root
    Explanation
    Ginseng root is also known as the "Root of Life" or "Man Root" due to its long history of use in traditional medicine and its reputation for providing various health benefits. Ginseng root is believed to boost energy, improve cognitive function, enhance immune system, and promote overall well-being. It is highly valued in many cultures for its medicinal properties and is often used as a natural remedy for various ailments.

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  • 5. 

    What is the waxy covering on plant leaves?

    • A.

      Chloroplasm

    • B.

      Cuticle

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      Gloss

    Correct Answer
    B. Cuticle
    Explanation
    The waxy covering on plant leaves is called the cuticle. The cuticle is a thin, waterproof layer that covers the outer surface of leaves and other aerial plant parts. It helps to reduce water loss through evaporation and protects the leaf from damage caused by excessive sunlight, pathogens, and insects. The cuticle also plays a role in preventing the entry of harmful substances into the leaf.

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  • 6. 

    What are the loosely packed cells just inside the upper epidermis called?

    • A.

      Inner Cells

    • B.

      Chlorocells

    • C.

      Palidan Cells

    • D.

      Palisade Cells

    Correct Answer
    D. Palisade Cells
    Explanation
    Palisade cells are the loosely packed cells just inside the upper epidermis of a leaf. They are elongated and contain a high number of chloroplasts, which are responsible for photosynthesis. The arrangement of palisade cells allows them to absorb maximum sunlight for energy production. These cells play a crucial role in the process of photosynthesis and are essential for the plant's overall growth and development.

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  • 7. 

    What is the stalk of a stamen called?

    • A.

      Ovary

    • B.

      Pistil

    • C.

      Egg

    • D.

      Filament

    Correct Answer
    D. Filament
    Explanation
    The stalk of a stamen is called a filament. The filament is a long, slender structure that supports the anther, which contains the pollen grains. It is responsible for holding the anther in place and positioning it for efficient pollination. The filament is usually thin and flexible, allowing the anther to sway in the wind or be easily accessed by pollinators.

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  • 8. 

    What is the female part of the flower called?

    • A.

      Stamen

    • B.

      Sepal

    • C.

      Pistil

    • D.

      Petal

    Correct Answer
    C. Pistil
    Explanation
    The female part of the flower is called the pistil. It is the reproductive organ of the flower that contains the stigma, style, and ovary. The stigma is the receptive surface where pollen is deposited, the style is the tube connecting the stigma to the ovary, and the ovary contains the ovules which develop into seeds after fertilization. The pistil plays a crucial role in the pollination and fertilization process of flowering plants.

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  • 9. 

    What is the tough outer layer of a seed called?

    • A.

      Seed Shelf

    • B.

      Seed Coat

    • C.

      Seed Shell

    • D.

      Seed Blanket

    Correct Answer
    B. Seed Coat
    Explanation
    The tough outer layer of a seed is called the seed coat. This protective layer surrounds the seed and helps to prevent damage from external factors such as insects, diseases, and harsh environmental conditions. It also helps to regulate the exchange of gases and moisture, allowing the seed to remain dormant until conditions are favorable for germination.

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  • 10. 

    What is the ripened ovary of a flower better known as?

    • A.

      Sepal

    • B.

      Stigma

    • C.

      Fruit

    • D.

      Pistil

    Correct Answer
    C. Fruit
    Explanation
    The ripened ovary of a flower is better known as a fruit. After fertilization, the ovary develops into a fruit, which contains seeds. Fruits are important for the dispersal of seeds and often have a fleshy or protective outer layer. This allows animals to eat the fruit and carry the seeds to different locations, aiding in the plant's reproduction.

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  • 11. 

    What vascular plants do not have seed-bearing flowers or fruits?

    • A.

      Angiosperms

    • B.

      Ending Sperms

    • C.

      Vascularsperms

    • D.

      Gymnosperms

    Correct Answer
    D. Gymnosperms
    Explanation
    Gymnosperms are vascular plants that do not have seed-bearing flowers or fruits. Instead, they produce naked seeds that are typically found in cones or on the surface of scales. Examples of gymnosperms include conifers, cycads, and ginkgoes. These plants have evolved a different reproductive strategy compared to angiosperms, which have flowers and fruits to protect and disperse their seeds. Gymnosperms rely on wind or other external factors for pollination and seed dispersal.

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  • 12. 

    Which of these is a factor that is tested in the scientific method?

    • A.

      Broth

    • B.

      Control

    • C.

      Variable

    • D.

      Conclusion

    Correct Answer
    C. Variable
    Explanation
    In the scientific method, a variable is a factor that is tested or manipulated in an experiment. It is the element that is changed or controlled by the researcher to observe its effect on the outcome or results of the experiment. By testing different variables, scientists can determine cause-and-effect relationships and draw conclusions about the phenomenon being studied. Therefore, variable is an essential component of the scientific method.

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  • 13. 

    Which scientist disproved the Spontaneous Generation Theory?

    • A.

      Francisco Redi

    • B.

      Galileo

    • C.

      Louis Pasteur

    • D.

      Albert Einstein

    Correct Answer
    A. Francisco Redi
    Explanation
    Francisco Redi is the correct answer because he conducted experiments in the 17th century that disproved the Spontaneous Generation Theory. This theory proposed that living organisms could arise spontaneously from non-living matter. Redi's experiments involved placing meat in jars, some covered and some uncovered, to observe if maggots would spontaneously generate. He found that maggots only appeared in the uncovered jars, where flies could lay their eggs. This experiment provided evidence against the idea of spontaneous generation and supported the concept of biogenesis, which states that living organisms can only arise from other living organisms.

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  • 14. 

    Which is the virus that causes stunted growth and brown patches on tobacco plants?

    • A.

      Tobacco Mosaic Virus

    • B.

      T4 Virus

    • C.

      Tobacco Melody Virus

    • D.

      HIV

    Correct Answer
    A. Tobacco Mosaic Virus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Tobacco Mosaic Virus. This virus is known for causing stunted growth and brown patches on tobacco plants. It is one of the most common and economically important viruses affecting tobacco crops. The virus infects the plant's leaves, causing mosaic-like patterns and discoloration. It can significantly reduce the yield and quality of tobacco plants, leading to significant economic losses for farmers.

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  • 15. 

    What scientist is credited with developing the first vaccine?

    • A.

      Edward Polio

    • B.

      Edward Runnings

    • C.

      Ed Jennings

    • D.

      Edward Jenner

    Correct Answer
    D. Edward Jenner
    Explanation
    Edward Jenner is credited with developing the first vaccine. He is known for his work on smallpox and is considered the founder of immunology. In 1796, Jenner conducted an experiment where he injected a young boy with material from a cowpox sore, which provided immunity against smallpox. This groundbreaking discovery led to the development of the smallpox vaccine and paved the way for future advancements in immunization.

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  • 16. 

    The first vaccine targeted which disease?

    • A.

      Diphtheria

    • B.

      Polio

    • C.

      Smallpox

    • D.

      Chicken Pox

    Correct Answer
    C. Smallpox
    Explanation
    Smallpox was the first disease to be targeted by a vaccine. The smallpox vaccine was developed by Edward Jenner in the late 18th century and was the first successful vaccine to be widely used. Jenner observed that milkmaids who had contracted cowpox, a less severe disease, seemed to be immune to smallpox. He then tested his theory by inoculating a boy with cowpox and later exposing him to smallpox, which resulted in the boy remaining unaffected. This breakthrough led to the development of the smallpox vaccine, which played a crucial role in eradicating the disease globally.

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  • 17. 

    What cellular structure found in the nucleus helps in protein formation?

    • A.

      Osmosis

    • B.

      Nucleolus

    • C.

      Ruler

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleolus
    Explanation
    The nucleolus is a cellular structure found in the nucleus that plays a crucial role in protein formation. It is responsible for the assembly of ribosomes, which are the cellular machinery involved in protein synthesis. The nucleolus contains the necessary components, such as ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and proteins, for the production and processing of ribosomes. Without the nucleolus, the cell would not be able to efficiently synthesize proteins, which are essential for various cellular processes and functions. Therefore, the nucleolus is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 18. 

    Which is the organelle involved with waste removal?

    • A.

      Golgi Bodies

    • B.

      Lysosome

    • C.

      Cell Membrane

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    B. Lysosome
    Explanation
    Lysosomes are organelles involved in waste removal in cells. They contain enzymes that break down various molecules, including cellular waste and debris. These enzymes help in the digestion and recycling of cellular components, ensuring proper waste removal and maintaining cell health. Therefore, lysosomes are responsible for waste removal in the cell.

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  • 19. 

    What is the effect of the dysgenic gene in offspring?

    • A.

      High IQ

    • B.

      Degeneration

    • C.

      Non-Inheritability

    • D.

      Biological Deficiency

    Correct Answer
    B. Degeneration
    Explanation
    The effect of the dysgenic gene in offspring is degeneration. This means that the gene leads to a decline or deterioration in the physical or mental characteristics of the offspring. It suggests that the presence of this gene can result in negative effects on the overall health, intelligence, or other traits of the individuals carrying it.

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