Constitution Test: Chapter 3.

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Constitution Test: Chapter 3. - Quiz


This quiz covers section 2 of chapter 3, pages 72-79.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the common name of the first ten amendments?

    • A.

      Article VIII

    • B.

      Bill of Rights

    • C.

      Preamble

    • D.

      Declaration of Independence

    Correct Answer
    B. Bill of Rights
    Explanation
    The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are commonly referred to as the Bill of Rights. These amendments were added to the Constitution in 1791 and outline the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals. The Bill of Rights includes important protections such as freedom of speech, religion, and the right to a fair trial.

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  • 2. 

    Which amendment took the longest to be ratified?

    • A.

      14th Amendment—citizenship, due process, equal protection

    • B.

      16th Amendment—power of Congress to tax incomes

    • C.

      22nd Amendment—limit on presidential terms

    • D.

      27th Amendment—congressional pay

    Correct Answer
    D. 27th Amendment—congressional pay
    Explanation
    The 27th Amendment took the longest to be ratified because it was proposed in 1789 but was not ratified until 1992, a span of 203 years. This amendment deals with congressional pay and states that any change in the compensation of members of Congress cannot take effect until after the next election. The long ratification process can be attributed to the fact that it took a long time for enough states to approve it, with the final ratification coming after a grassroots campaign by a college student in the 1980s.

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  • 3. 

    Of the nearly __________ joint resolutions calling for amendments that have been proposed in Congress since 1789, only __________ have been sent to the States, and only __________ were ratified.

    • A.

      10,000; 33; 10

    • B.

      15,000; 33; 27

    • C.

      15,000; 1,000; 27

    • D.

      10,000; 33; 33

    Correct Answer
    B. 15,000; 33; 27
    Explanation
    Since 1789, nearly 15,000 joint resolutions calling for amendments have been proposed in Congress. Out of these, only 33 have been sent to the States, and out of those, only 27 were ratified.

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  • 4. 

    Since 1917, when the 18th Amendment was proposed, it has been customary for Congress to set a ratification deadline of __________ year(s).

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Three

    • C.

      Four

    • D.

      Seven

    Correct Answer
    D. Seven
    Explanation
    Since 1917, when the 18th Amendment was proposed, it has been customary for Congress to set a ratification deadline of seven years. This means that once an amendment is proposed, it must be ratified by three-fourths of the states within a period of seven years in order to become part of the Constitution. This deadline ensures that there is a sense of urgency and a reasonable timeframe for states to consider and ratify amendments.

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  • 5. 

    The 26th Amendment, which lowered the voting age to 18, was first proposed during what conflict?

    • A.

      Civil War

    • B.

      World War I

    • C.

      World War II

    • D.

      Vietnam War

    Correct Answer
    D. Vietnam War
    Explanation
    The 26th Amendment, which lowered the voting age to 18, was first proposed during the Vietnam War. This conflict had a significant impact on the American society and led to a growing sentiment that if young people were old enough to be drafted into the military and fight in the war, they should also have the right to vote. The amendment was ratified in 1971, reflecting the changing attitudes towards young people's political participation during this specific conflict.

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  • 6. 

    How many different ways can the Constitution be formally changed?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Three

    • C.

      Four

    • D.

      Seven

    Correct Answer
    C. Four
    Explanation
    The Constitution can be formally changed in four different ways. These methods include amendments proposed by Congress and ratified by the states, amendments proposed by a national convention called by Congress and ratified by the states, amendments proposed by Congress and ratified by conventions in the states, and amendments proposed by a national convention called by the states and ratified by conventions in the states.

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  • 7. 

    Which amendment was known as "the noble experiment" and ultimately repealed?

    • A.

      13th Amendment: abolition of slavery

    • B.

      16th Amendment: power of Congress to tax incomes

    • C.

      18th Amendment: prohibition of alcohol

    • D.

      24th Amendment: ban on tax payment as requirement for voting

    Correct Answer
    C. 18th Amendment: prohibition of alcohol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the 18th Amendment: prohibition of alcohol. This amendment, also known as "the noble experiment," banned the production, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages in the United States. However, it was ultimately repealed by the 21st Amendment, which ended prohibition due to its failure to effectively reduce crime and consumption of alcohol.

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  • 8. 

    Which two principles of the Constitution are illustrated by the formal amendment process?

    • A.

      1) popular sovereignty and (2) limited government

    • B.

      (1) separation of powers and (2) checks and balances

    • C.

      (1) federalism and (2) popular sovereignty

    • D.

      (1) judicial review and (2) federalism

    Correct Answer
    C. (1) federalism and (2) popular sovereignty
    Explanation
    The formal amendment process in the Constitution illustrates the principles of federalism and popular sovereignty. Federalism is the principle that power is divided between the national government and the state governments, and the formal amendment process allows for changes to be made to the Constitution at both levels. Popular sovereignty is the principle that the authority of the government comes from the people, and the formal amendment process allows for the people to have a say in making changes to the Constitution through the ratification process.

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  • 9. 

    An amendment may be proposed by a __________ vote in each house of Congress and be ratified by __________ of the State legislatures.

    • A.

      2/3; 3/4

    • B.

      2/3; a majority

    • C.

      Majority; 3/4

    • D.

      Unanimous; a majority

    Correct Answer
    A. 2/3; 3/4
    Explanation
    An amendment to the Constitution can be proposed by a 2/3 vote in each house of Congress and can be ratified by 3/4 of the State legislatures. This means that a significant majority of both houses of Congress and a large majority of the state legislatures must agree to the proposed amendment in order for it to be ratified.

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  • 10. 

    What was one subject of an unratified amendment?

    • A.

      Equal rights of women

    • B.

      Popular election of U.S. Senators

    • C.

      Giving the District of Columbia votes in presidential elections

    • D.

      Limit on presidential terms

    Correct Answer
    A. Equal rights of women
    Explanation
    The subject of an unratified amendment was equal rights of women. This means that there was an amendment proposed to grant equal rights to women, but it was not ratified and therefore did not become a part of the Constitution.

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  • Apr 08, 2024
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  • Mar 15, 2013
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