Physical Development In Early Childhood

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Physical Development In Early Childhood - Quiz

Quiz for Chapter 7: Physical Development - Psychology of Human Development


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    During physical development in early childhood, on average, children add ___________ inches in height and about _____pounds in weight each year.

    • A.

      7 to 8; 4

    • B.

      3 to 4; 6

    • C.

      2 to 3; 5

    • D.

      1 to 2; 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 2 to 3; 5
    Explanation
    During physical development in early childhood, children typically experience a growth spurt where they add around 2 to 3 inches in height and gain about 5 pounds in weight each year. This period of rapid growth is essential for children to reach their genetically predetermined height and weight potential. It is important to note that these numbers are averages and can vary from child to child.

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  • 2. 

    When children start to physically grow in early childhood, their:

    • A.

      Body growth speeds up and body becomes more streamline.

    • B.

      Body growth slows down and body becomes more streamline.

    • C.

      Body becomes streamlined, flat-tummied, and longer-legged.

    • D.

      Both A and B

    • E.

      Both B and C

    Correct Answer
    E. Both B and C
    Explanation
    During early childhood, children experience a period of rapid growth, which causes their body to become more streamlined. This means that their body growth speeds up and their body becomes more streamlined. Additionally, as their body grows, they also become more flat-tummied and longer-legged. Therefore, the correct answer is Both B and C.

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  • 3. 

    What changes occur during brain development in early childhood?

    • A.

      Frontal lobe growth

    • B.

      Substitute inhibited impulses for thoughtful responses

    • C.

      Hormone growth

    • D.

      Become picky eaters

    • E.

      Language skills increase

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Frontal lobe growth
    B. Substitute inhibited impulses for thoughtful responses
    E. Language skills increase
    Explanation
    During brain development in early childhood, several changes occur. One of these changes is frontal lobe growth, which is responsible for higher-level cognitive functions such as decision-making and problem-solving. Additionally, children learn to substitute inhibited impulses for thoughtful responses, showing an improvement in their self-control and ability to think before acting. Another change is an increase in language skills, as children develop their ability to communicate and understand spoken and written language. Therefore, the correct answer includes frontal lobe growth, the substitution of inhibited impulses, and an increase in language skills.

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  • 4. 

    Handedness reflects the greater capacity of one side of the brain - also called:

    • A.

      Dominant Cerebral Hemisphere

    • B.

      Recessive Cerebral Hemisphere

    • C.

      Recessive Cerebellum Hemisphere

    • D.

      Dominant Corpus Callosum

    Correct Answer
    A. Dominant Cerebral Hemisphere
    Explanation
    The term "handedness" refers to the preference for using one hand over the other, and it is associated with the greater capacity of one side of the brain. This side is known as the dominant cerebral hemisphere. It controls the opposite side of the body and is responsible for language processing and logical reasoning. The other options, such as recessive cerebral hemisphere, recessive cerebellum hemisphere, and dominant corpus callosum, do not accurately describe the concept of handedness or the asymmetry of brain function.

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  • 5. 

    Genes influence growth by controlling the body's production of what hormones?

    • A.

      Pituitary gland

    • B.

      Thyroid gland

    • C.

      Thyroid-stimulating hormones

    • D.

      Growth hormones

    • E.

      Hereditary hormones

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pituitary gland
    C. Thyroid-stimulating hormones
    D. Growth hormones
    Explanation
    Genes influence growth by controlling the body's production of hormones such as thyroid-stimulating hormones and growth hormones. The pituitary gland is responsible for producing and releasing these hormones, which play a crucial role in regulating growth and development. Therefore, the correct answer is Pituitary gland, Thyroid-stimulating hormones, and Growth hormones.

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  • 6. 

    Children tend to imitate food choices of people they:

    • A.

      Dispise

    • B.

      Admire

    • C.

      Observe

    • D.

      Look like

    Correct Answer
    B. Admire
    Explanation
    Children tend to imitate the food choices of people they admire because they look up to and want to be like those individuals. Children often idolize and aspire to be similar to the people they admire, so they are more likely to imitate their behavior, including their food choices. This can also be influenced by the perception that the admired person's food choices are healthier or more desirable.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 23, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Cassandra.johnso
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