Multiple Choice Physical Assessment Quiz

64 Questions | Total Attempts: 1342

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Multiple Choice Physical Assessment Quiz

Can you correctly answer about Physical assessment? Let's find out now by taking this quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How many lobes in the right lung?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      4

  • 2. 
    The anterior chest area that overlies the heart and great vessels is called the?
    • A. 

      Precordium

    • B. 

      Epicardium

    • C. 

      Myocardium

    • D. 

      Endocardium

  • 3. 
    The bicuspid, or mitral, valve is located?
    • A. 

      Between the left atrium and left ventricle

    • B. 

      Between the right atrium and right ventricle

    • C. 

      At the beginning of the ascending aorta

    • D. 

      At the exit of each ventricle near the great vessels

  • 4. 
    The semilunar valves are located?
    • A. 

      At the exit of each ventricle at the beginning of the great vessels

    • B. 

      Between the right atrium and the right ventricle

    • C. 

      Between the left atrium and the left ventricle

    • D. 

      At the beginning of the ascending aorta

  • 5. 
    The sinoatrial node of the heart is located on the?
    • A. 

      Posterior wall of the right atrium

    • B. 

      Anterior wall of the right atrium

    • C. 

      Upper intraventricular system

    • D. 

      Anterior wall of the left atrium

  • 6. 
    The P-wave phase of an electrocardiogram (ECG) represents
    • A. 

      Conduction of the impulse throughout the atria

    • B. 

      Conduction of the impulse throughout the ventricles

    • C. 

      Ventricular repolarization

    • D. 

      Ventricular polarization

  • 7. 
    During a cardiac examination, the nurse can best hear the S1 heart sound  by placing the stethescope at the clients?
    • A. 

      Base of heart

    • B. 

      Pulmonic valve area

    • C. 

      Apex of the heart

    • D. 

      Second left interspace

  • 8. 
    The S4 heart sound ?
    • A. 

      Can be heard during systolic

    • B. 

      Is often termed ventricular gallop

    • C. 

      Is usually due to heart murmur

    • D. 

      Can be heard during diastolic

  • 9. 
    An adult client visits the clinic and tells the nurse that she feels chest pain and pain down her left arm. The nurse should refer the client to a physician for possible ?
    • A. 

      Congestive heart failure

    • B. 

      Angina

    • C. 

      Palpitations

    • D. 

      Acute anxiety reactions

  • 10. 
    An adult client tells the nurse that his father died of a massive coronary attack at the age of 65. The nurse should explain to the client that one of the risk factors for coronary heart f disease is?
    • A. 

      High serum level of low density lipoproteins

    • B. 

      Low carb diet

    • C. 

      High serum level of high density lipoprotein

    • D. 

      Diets that are high in antioxidant vitamins

  • 11. 
    The nurse is planning a presentation about coronary heart disease for a group of middle-aged adults. Which of the following should be included in the nurses teaching plan ?
    • A. 

      Hispanic client have a higher incidence of chd then black or white Americans

    • B. 

      The incidence of hypertension in the white population of the UN is greater then black population

    • C. 

      Women are most likely to have serious stenosis after heart attack

    • D. 

      Estrogen replacement therapy in post menopausal women decreases the risk of heart attacks

  • 12. 
    The nurse is preparing to assess the cardiovascular system of an adult client with emphysema. The nurse anticipates that there may be some difficultly palpating the clients?
    • A. 

      Apical pulse

    • B. 

      Breathe sounds

    • C. 

      Jugular veins

    • D. 

      Carotid arteries

  • 13. 
    The nurse is planning to auscultate a female adult clients carotid arteries. The nurse should plan to ?
    • A. 

      Ask the client to hold her breath

    • B. 

      Palmate the arteries before auscultation

    • C. 

      Place the diaphragm of the stethescope over the artery

    • D. 

      Ask the client to breathe normally

  • 14. 
    While assessing an older adult client, the nurse detects a bruit over the carotid artery. The nurse should explain to the client that a bruit is?
    • A. 

      A normal sound heard in adult clients

    • B. 

      A wheezing sound

    • C. 

      Associated with occlusive arterial disease

    • D. 

      Heard when the artery is almost totally occluded

  • 15. 
    The nurse assesses a hospitalized adult client and observes that the clients jugular veins are fully extended. The nurse contacts the clients physician because the clients signs are indicative of ?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary emphysema

    • B. 

      Diastolic murmurs

    • C. 

      Patent ductus arteriosus

    • D. 

      Increased central venous pressure

  • 16. 
    While palpating the apex, left sternal border, the base in an adult client , the nurse detects a thrill. The nurse should further assess the client for?
    • A. 

      Cardiac murmur

    • B. 

      Left side heart failure

    • C. 

      Constrictive pericarditis

    • D. 

      Congestive heart failure

  • 17. 
    The nurse is auscultating the heart sounds of an adult client . To auscultate erbs point the nurse should place the stethescope at he ?
    • A. 

      Second intercostal space at right sternal border

    • B. 

      Third to fifth intercostal spacecraft the left sternal border

    • C. 

      Apex of they heart near the midclavicular Line mcl

    • D. 

      Fourth or fifth intercostal space at the left lower sternal bored

  • 18. 
    While auscultating an adult clients heart rate and rhythm , the nurse detects a irregular pattern . The nurse should 
    • A. 

      Assess the client for signs and symptoms of pulmonary disease

    • B. 

      Document this as normal findings

    • C. 

      Schedule client for an ECG

    • D. 

      Refer client to a physician

  • 19. 
    The nurse has assessed the heart sounds of an adolescent client n detects the presense of an S3 heart sound at the beginning of the diastolic pause. The nurse should instruct the client that she should?
    • A. 

      Be referred to a cardiologist for further evaluation

    • B. 

      Be examined again in 6 months

    • C. 

      Restrict exercise and strenuous activities

    • D. 

      Recognize that this finding is normal in adolescents

  • 20. 
    While assessing an adult client , the nurse detects opening snaps early in diastole during auscultation of the heart. The nurse should refer the client to a physician because this is usually indicative of?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary hypertension

    • B. 

      Aortic stenosis

    • C. 

      Mitral valve stenosis

    • D. 

      Pulmonary hypotension

  • 21. 
    The nurse detects paradoxical pulses in an adult client during an examination. The nurse should explain to the client that a paradoxical pulses are usually indicative of?
    • A. 

      Obstructive lung disease

    • B. 

      Left sided heart failure

    • C. 

      Premature ventricular contractions

    • D. 

      Aortic stenosis

  • 22. 
    The nurse is assessing an adult client with a diagnosis of sinus arrhythmia. The nurse should explain to the client that this indicates that the?
    • A. 

      Heartbeats are followed by a pause

    • B. 

      Ventricular contraction occurs irregularly

    • C. 

      S1 andS2 sounds are both split

    • D. 

      Heart rate speeds up and slows down during a cycle

  • 23. 
    The fourth heart sound S4 is a/an?
    • A. 

      Low frequency sound best heard with the bell of the stethescope

    • B. 

      Abnormal findings in trained athletes

    • C. 

      Sound that can be heard in the Absence of atrial contractions

    • D. 

      Sound that may increase during expiration

  • 24. 
    The major artery that supplies blood tot he arm is the?
    • A. 

      Radial artery

    • B. 

      Ulnar artery

    • C. 

      Posterior artery

    • D. 

      Brachial artery

  • 25. 
    The popliteal artery can be palpated at the?
    • A. 

      Knee

    • B. 

      Great toe

    • C. 

      Ankle

    • D. 

      Inguinal ligament

Back to Top Back to top