Philadelphia Arts And Culture Quiz #1

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Philadelphia Quizzes & Trivia

This is the practice test for Quiz #1 for Professor Finkel's Philadelphia Arts and Culture Class. This quiz covers the material up to Friday Sept. 11th. Another quiz will posted later next week that will cover the next weeks material. This quiz is intended as preparation for the fill-in-the-blank section of the quiz. For the short answer section you should review Study Objectives and for the picture ID section check out the flashcards that will be posted next week.

Note: These are not the exact questions for the test. You should still study all relevant material from both lecture Read moreand assigned readings including information that may not be on this practice quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Delaware creation story references a ___________ rising up out of the water as the formation of the earth.

    Explanation
    The Delaware creation story mentions a creature, specifically a tortoise or a turtle, emerging from the water as the earth is being formed. This creature plays a significant role in the story and symbolizes the beginning of the world.

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  • 2. 

    With fire control in mind, surveyor Thomas Holme planned Philadelphia’s grid system of wide streets running parallel to two of the widest main streets, _________ and _________.  

    Explanation
    High was later renamed Market Street.

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  • 3. 

    The idea of Philadelphia as a "greene country towne" in the New World was put forth by:

    • A.

      The Swedes

    • B.

      William Penn

    • C.

      Thomas Holme

    • D.

      James Logan

    Correct Answer
    B. William Penn
    Explanation
    William Penn is the correct answer because he was the founder of the city of Philadelphia and he envisioned it as a "greene country towne" in the New World. Penn believed in creating a city that was harmonious with nature, with plenty of green spaces and parks. He designed Philadelphia's layout with wide streets and open squares, emphasizing the importance of nature and greenery. Penn's vision of Philadelphia as a "greene country towne" influenced the city's development and continues to be reflected in its urban planning today.

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  • 4. 

    Surveyor, ______ ________ took years to create his long-awaited “Map of the Improved Part of the Province of Pennsilvania in America” which was eventually published in London in 1687.

    Correct Answer
    Thomas Holme
    Explanation
    Thomas Holme is the correct answer because the question asks for the name of the surveyor who took years to create the map mentioned. The answer is provided in the question itself, stating that Thomas Holme was the surveyor who created the map and eventually published it in London in 1687.

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  • 5. 

    William Penn thought of Philadelphia as a  “_____ ________” in the sense that its inhabitants would have religious and political freedom not available anywhere else. 

    Correct Answer
    holy experiment
    Explanation
    William Penn believed that Philadelphia would serve as a "holy experiment" because he envisioned it as a place where people could practice their religion freely and also have political freedom. He wanted Philadelphia to be a haven for individuals who were seeking religious and political autonomy, where they would be able to live and worship without the restrictions that existed in other places. Penn's goal was to create a society that valued and respected religious diversity, making Philadelphia a unique and groundbreaking city in terms of religious and political freedom.

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  • 6. 

    A 1712 arrival from _________, Gustavus Hesselius painted portraits of Lapowinska and Tishchohan in 1735. 

    Correct Answer
    Sweden
    Explanation
    Gustavus Hesselius arrived from Sweden in 1712 and later painted portraits of Lapowinska and Tishchohan in 1735.

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  • 7. 

    In 1665, when William Penn was 21 years old, London was hit by the bubonic plague. One year later _________ devastated the city.

    Correct Answer
    fire
    Explanation
    In 1665, London was hit by the bubonic plague, which was a deadly disease that caused a lot of death and suffering. The following year, the city was devastated by a fire. This fire, known as the Great Fire of London, started in a bakery and quickly spread throughout the city, destroying thousands of homes and buildings. The fire lasted for several days and caused significant damage to the city.

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  • 8. 

    Whose portrait did Gustavus Hesselius NOT paint?

    • A.

      Lapowinska

    • B.

      Sitting Bull

    • C.

      Tishcohan

    Correct Answer
    B. Sitting Bull
    Explanation
    Gustavus Hesselius did not paint the portrait of Sitting Bull.

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  • 9. 

    The Quakers, also known as the _____ __  _______, is a religious sect founded in Great Britain in the 1640s.

    Correct Answer
    Society of Friends
    Religious Society of Friends
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Society of Friends, Religious Society of Friends." The Quakers, also known as the Society of Friends, is a religious sect founded in Great Britain in the 1640s. They are also referred to as the Religious Society of Friends.

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  • 10. 

    "Though Philadelphia Quakers constituted ________ of the population, they were _______ of the government of Pennsylvania until 1756."

    • A.

      Half, a minority

    • B.

      A minority, a majority

    • C.

      A majority, a minority

    Correct Answer
    B. A minority, a majority
    Explanation
    Philadelphia Quakers constituted a minority of the population, meaning they were less than half. However, despite being a minority, they held the majority of the government power in Pennsylvania until 1756. This suggests that even though they were not the largest group in terms of population, they had significant influence and control over the government.

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  • 11. 

    The Penn-Holme plan for Philadelphia was one of the earliest attempts at ____________ city planning.

    Correct Answer
    utopian
    Explanation
    The Penn-Holme plan for Philadelphia was one of the earliest attempts at utopian city planning. This means that the plan aimed to create an ideal or perfect city, with carefully designed layouts, infrastructure, and social organization. Utopian city planning often involves creating a harmonious and balanced environment that promotes the well-being and happiness of its residents. The Penn-Holme plan likely incorporated these principles in its design, making it an example of early utopian city planning.

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  • 12. 

    Upon his arrival in October 1682, Penn increased the size of Philadelphia stretching it all the way to the Schuylkill River, creating a city plan of 1,200 acres, ____________ times his original idea.

    • A.

      Six

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      Twenty

    Correct Answer
    A. Six
    Explanation
    Upon his arrival in October 1682, Penn increased the size of Philadelphia stretching it all the way to the Schuylkill River, creating a city plan of 1,200 acres, six times his original idea.

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  • 13. 

    Philadelphians would seek to cluster at ______________ property and avoided the interior of the newly planned city, differing from Penn's original vision.

    Correct Answer
    waterfront
    riverfront
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "waterfront, riverfront" because Philadelphians preferred to gather or settle near the edge of the water, such as a river or a waterfront area. This behavior contrasted with the original vision of William Penn, the founder of Philadelphia, who intended for people to inhabit the interior of the city as well.

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  • 14. 

    Nearly half of the new population of Philadelphia identified themselves as:

    • A.

      Farmers

    • B.

      Craft workers

    • C.

      Merchant and shopkeepers

    • D.

      Gentlemen

    • E.

      Professionals

    Correct Answer
    B. Craft workers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is craft workers because it is stated that nearly half of the new population of Philadelphia identified themselves as such. This suggests that a significant portion of the population in Philadelphia during that time were individuals engaged in various crafts and skilled trades.

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