Pharmacology Week 2: Interactions And Adverse Reactions

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 43

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Pharmacology Week 2: Interactions And Adverse Reactions

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following happens during a Hypersensitivity Type I reaction? (Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Production of antibodies in response to an allergen (typically IgE as a mediator)

    • B. 

      Mast Cell activation as a result of response to an allergen leads to histamine release

    • C. 

      Systemic reaction or localized reaction to specific tissue or organ

    • D. 

      Vasodilation, smooth muscle spasm/contraction, increased membrane permeability (aka - anaphylaxis)

    • E. 

      Excessive mucous production and forceful coughing due to dermatitis

  • 2. 
    What is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction)?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • C. 

      Corticosteroids

    • D. 

      Ranitidine 

  • 3. 
    What is the second-line treatment for anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction)?
    • A. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • B. 

      Ranitidine 

    • C. 

      Corticosteroids

    • D. 

      Epinephrine

  • 4. 
    What is the third-line treatment for anaphylaxis (severe allergic reaction)?
    • A. 

      Diphenhydramine

    • B. 

      Epinephrine

    • C. 

      Ranitidine 

    • D. 

      Corticosteroids

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not a Right of Medication Administration?
    • A. 

      Patient

    • B. 

      Medication

    • C. 

      Route

    • D. 

      Time

    • E. 

      Environment

    • F. 

      Dose

    • G. 

      Indication

  • 6. 
    The Joint Commission requires 3 patient identifiers when giving a medication.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR) are the nontherapeutic, unintended effects of a drug that occur at a therapeutic dose.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    An anaphylactic reaction is considered which type of Hypersensitivity?
    • A. 

      Hypersensitivity I

    • B. 

      Hypersensitivity II

    • C. 

      Hypersensitivity III

    • D. 

      Hypersensitivity IV

  • 9. 
    Which of the following are considered symptoms of Steven-Johnson Syndrome?
    • A. 

      Blisters on skin and mucous membranes of mouth

    • B. 

      Hepatomegaly

    • C. 

      Red or purple rash

    • D. 

      Facial and tongue swelling

    • E. 

      Hives

    • F. 

      Skin Pain and shedding

    • G. 

      Altered mental status

    • H. 

      Fever, sore throat, fatigue, cough

    • I. 

      Hypertension

  • 10. 
    A medication error is ANY unpreventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or HARM to a patient including death.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Which of the following can typically be found on Medication Orders?
    • A. 

      Client's name

    • B. 

      Date/time of order

    • C. 

      Medication name

    • D. 

      Price of medication

    • E. 

      Medication Dosage

    • F. 

      Administration Route

    • G. 

      Timing and frequency

    • H. 

      Parameters/Indications

    • I. 

      Insurance provider

    • J. 

      Signature of provider ordering medication

  • 12. 
    An additive drug effect:
    • A. 

      Happens when 1 + 1 = 1

    • B. 

      Happens when 1 + 1 = 3

    • C. 

      Happens when 1 + 1 = 2

    • D. 

      Happens when 1 + 1 = -1

  • 13. 
    Poly-pharmacy describes
    • A. 

      Strain placed on a patient due to having to secure medications from multiple places

    • B. 

      The concurrent use of multiple medications that are often medically unnecessary

    • C. 

      A drug with multiple pharmaceutical uses

    • D. 

      The requirement for multiple doses to be used to reach an otherwise therapeutic level of care for a patient

  • 14. 
    Drug to drug interactions increase by:
    • A. 

      20% for 2 drugs and ~90% for 5 drugs

    • B. 

      80% for 3 drugs and ~100% for 6 drugs

    • C. 

      12% for 2 drugs and ~26% for 5 drugs

    • D. 

      38% for 3 drugs and ~62% for 6 drugs

  • 15. 
    Which of the following are provider concerns related to OTC Medications?
    • A. 

      Unclear Ingredients

    • B. 

      Manufacturer Reputation

    • C. 

      Cost

    • D. 

      Self-diagnosis & treatment

    • E. 

      Overdose risk

    • F. 

      Risk of drug-drug interactions

    • G. 

      Where the medication was purchased

  • 16. 
    Abnormal plasma or serum electrolyte concentration affecting certain drug therapies would be an example of:
    • A. 

      Drug-induced photosensitivity

    • B. 

      Drug toxicity

    • C. 

      Therapeutic achievement

    • D. 

      Drug-lab interactions

  • 17. 
    [Blank] are unintended pharmacologic effects that occur when a medication is administered correctly, while a [Blank] is a secondary unwanted effect that occurs due to drug therapy
  • 18. 
    A [Blank] reaction happens when ultraviolet exposure changes the structure of the drug so that it is seen by the body's immune system as an invader. The allergic response causes inflammation of the skin in the sun-exposed areas.
Back to Top Back to top