Respiratory Distress: Allergic Reaction/Anaphylaxis

5 Questions | Total Attempts: 103

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Allergic Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are some signs of severe allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Pharyngeal swelling

    • B. 

      Diffuse wheezing

    • C. 

      Loss of peripheral pulses

    • D. 

      Hypo-perfusion

    • E. 

      Stridor

    • F. 

      Dyspnea

  • 2. 
    What are the BLS treatments that can be administered for a patient experiencing an allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine auto-injector (adult 0.3 mg) (pediatric 0.15 mg)

    • B. 

      Albuterol inhaler max of 4 puffs over 30 minutes

    • C. 

      Aspirin 325 mg

    • D. 

      Both A and B

  • 3. 
    What are the ALS treatment for adult and pediatric patients experiencing a severe allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Epi 1:1,000 0.01 mg/kg IM for a max single dose of 0.5 mg; may repeat every 5 mintutes for a total of 3 doses. Additional does require medical consultation.

    • B. 

      Epi 1:10,000 0.01 mcg/kg IM for a max single dose of 0.5 mcg; may repeat every 5 mintutes for a total of 3 doses. Additional does require medical consultation.

    • C. 

      Initiate IV LR fluid therapy 20 mL/kg; titrate to a systolic pressure of 100.

    • D. 

      Diphenhydramine 50 mg slow IV/IM; Pediatrics 1 mg/kg slow IV/IM/IO for a max of 50 mg. Additional doses require medical consultation.

    • E. 

      For adults, CPAP or Nebulizer mask with 2.5 mg of Albuterol and 500 mcg of Atrovent via nebulizer. One additional dose of Albuterol may be given if needed. For pediatric patients less than 1 year, 1.25 mg of Albuterol only. For pediatric patients 1-2 years old 1.25 mg of Albuterol and 250 mcg of Atrovent. Treat pediatric 2 years and above as an adult with Albuterol and Atrovent.

    • F. 

      Dopamine 2-20 mcg/kg/min

  • 4. 
    What is the adult and pediatric treatment for anaphylactic shock?
    • A. 

      Epi 1:1,000 0.01 mg/kg IM for a max single dose of 0.5 mg; may repeat every 5 mintutes for a total of 3 doses. Additional does require medical consultation.

    • B. 

      With medical consultation Epi 1:10,000 0.01 mg/kg slow IVP for a max of 1 mg

    • C. 

      Diphenhydramine 50 mg slow IVP/IM

    • D. 

      With medical consultation Epi 1:1,000 0.01 mg/kg slow IVP for a max of 1 mg

  • 5. 
    What is the adult and pediatric treatment for a mild allergic reaction?
    • A. 

      Glucagon 1 mg

    • B. 

      With medical consultation, Diphenhydramine 25 mg slow IVP/IM or Epi 1:1,000 0.01 mg/kg IM for a max single dose of 0.5 mg

    • C. 

      Consider fluid bolus at 20 mL/kg; titrate to a systolic pressure of 100.

    • D. 

      All of the above

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