Pgcc Psychology 1010 Final Exam Study Guide

57 Questions | Total Attempts: 2256

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Pgcc Psychology 1010 Final Exam Study Guide - Quiz

Psychology is a scientific study of behaviour and mind, which includes thought and both conscious and unconscious phenomena. What knowledge have your studies provided you with on the subject? Let’s find out in this psychological quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Psychoanalysis:
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      John B. Watson

    • C. 

      Jean Piaget

    • D. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • E. 

      Charles Darwin

  • 2. 
    Behaviorism:
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Jean Piaget

    • C. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • D. 

      John B. Watson

    • E. 

      Charles Darwin

  • 3. 
    Cognitivism:
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Jean Piaget

    • C. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • D. 

      John B. Watson

    • E. 

      Charles Darwin

  • 4. 
    This person focused on individuals who were "self-actualized," especially historical figures
    • A. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • B. 

      Stanley Milgram

    • C. 

      Ivan Pavlov

    • D. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • E. 

      Jean Piaget

  • 5. 
    The classic laboratory studies of "obedience" were performed by
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Jean Piaget

    • C. 

      Stanley Milgram

    • D. 

      John B. Watson

    • E. 

      Ivan Pavlov

  • 6. 
    Classical Conditioning was discovered by
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Jean Piaget

    • C. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • D. 

      John B. Watson

    • E. 

      Ivan Pavlov

  • 7. 
    ____________ is a chemical messenger specialized for communication from neuron to neuron.
    • A. 

      Neurotransmitter

    • B. 

      Axiom

    • C. 

      Synapse

    • D. 

      Dendrite

    • E. 

      Synaptic Vesicle

  • 8. 
    This debate concerns the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities vs. personal experiences, causing differences in physical and behavioral traits
    • A. 

      Nature vs. Nurture

    • B. 

      Roger's Model of Personality

    • C. 

      Observational Learning & Control

    • D. 

      Humanistic Model of Personality

  • 9. 
    _________ refers to the process of sensing our environment through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell.  This information is sent to our brains in raw form where perception comes into play. 
    • A. 

      Sensation

    • B. 

      Perception

    • C. 

      Personality

    • D. 

      Auditory

    • E. 

      Optic

  • 10. 
    ___________ is the way we interpret sensations and therefore make sense of everything around us.  
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      Sensation

    • C. 

      Auditory

    • D. 

      Behavior

    • E. 

      Optic

  • 11. 
    Operant Conditioning was discovered by
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Jean Piaget

    • C. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • D. 

      John B. Watson

    • E. 

      Ivan Pavlov

  • 12. 
    ___________________   focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to increase or decrease a behavior. Through this process, an association is formed between the behavior and the consequences for that behavior. For example, imagine that a trainer is trying to teach a dog to fetch a ball. When the dog successful chases and picks up the ball, the dog receives praise as a reward. When the animal fails to retrieve the ball, the trainer withholds the praise. Eventually, the dog forms an association between his behavior of fetching the ball and receiving the desired reward. The behavior is involuntary.
    • A. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant Conditioning

    • C. 

      Conditioned Response

    • D. 

      Unconditioned Response

    • E. 

      Conditioned Stimulus

    • F. 

      Unconditioned Stimulus

  • 13. 
    _______________________  involves pairing a previously neutral stimulus (such as the sound of a bell) with an unconditioned stimulus (the taste of food). This unconditioned stimulus naturally and automatically triggers salivating as a response to the food, which is known as the unconditioned response. After associating the neutral stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus, the sound of the bell alone will start to evoke salivating as a response. The sound of the bell is now known as the conditioned stimulus and salivating in response to the bell is known as the conditioned response. The behavior is involuntary.
    • A. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • B. 

      Operant Conditioning

    • C. 

      Conditioned Response

    • D. 

      Unconditioned Response

    • E. 

      Conditioned Stimulus

    • F. 

      Unconditioned Stimulus

  • 14. 
    This type of memory is also called "working memory," and generally only lasts about 20 seconds.  Additionally, it can usually only retain about 7 stimuli max.
    • A. 

      Short-Term Memory

    • B. 

      Long-Term Memory

    • C. 

      Decay Memory

    • D. 

      Reconstructive Memory

    • E. 

      Span of Memory

  • 15. 
    This type of memory is sent to the hippocampus and may be retained forever.
    • A. 

      Short-Term Memory

    • B. 

      Long-Term Memory

    • C. 

      Decay Memory

    • D. 

      Reconstructive Memory

    • E. 

      Span of Memory

  • 16. 
    When trying to recall an event, the ____________________ nature of memory allows it to build from pieces of memory rather than to reproduce it.
    • A. 

      Constructive

    • B. 

      Duration

    • C. 

      Span

    • D. 

      Capacity

    • E. 

      Sensory

  • 17. 
    What does DSM stand for?
    • A. 

      Diagnostic & Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders

    • B. 

      Diagnosis Street Manual

    • C. 

      Diagram of Select Mental Disorders

    • D. 

      Diagnostic Stress Manual for Mental Disorders

  • 18. 
    What book is used for the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders?
    • A. 

      DSM-IV

    • B. 

      DSM

    • C. 

      TAT

    • D. 

      PDR

    • E. 

      Inkblot Test Book

  • 19. 
    _____________   _______________ may be defined as behavior that is disturbing (socially unacceptable), distressing, maladaptive (or self-defeating), and often the result of distorted thoughts (cognitions).
    • A. 

      Abnormal behavior

    • B. 

      Cultural relativism

    • C. 

      Social learning

    • D. 

      Self-actualized behavior

    • E. 

      Conscious behavior

  • 20. 
    The idea of ___________ ____________suggests that beliefs about abnormality differ between cultures and sub-cultures. What may be considered as perfectly acceptable behaviour in one culture may be seen as abnormal in another. Researchers have only recently begun to consider the implications of multi-cultural experiences on health and illness (including physical health).
    • A. 

      Cultural Relativism

    • B. 

      Openness Strategy

    • C. 

      Cultural Regression

    • D. 

      Universal Behavior

    • E. 

      Cultural Integrity

  • 21. 
    A person encounters or witnesses a trumatic event, such as front-line combat, earthquake or sexual assault.  (Physically dangerous or life-threatening.)  Additionally, the person's response must involve intense fear, helplessness, or horror.
    • A. 

      Phobias

    • B. 

      PTSD

    • C. 

      Major Depression

    • D. 

      Bipolar Disorder

    • E. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 22. 
    _______________ is when a person experiences a lingering depressed mood or dimished interest in pleasurable activities, along with symptoms that include weight loss and sleep difficulities.
    • A. 

      Phobias

    • B. 

      PTSD

    • C. 

      Major Depression

    • D. 

      Bipolar Disorder

    • E. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 23. 
    ________________ is a condition marked by one or more manic episodes.
    • A. 

      Phobias

    • B. 

      PTSD

    • C. 

      Major Depression

    • D. 

      Bipolar Disorder

    • E. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 24. 
    ________________ is a severe disorder of thought and emotion associated with a loss of contact with reality.
    • A. 

      Phobias

    • B. 

      PTSD

    • C. 

      Major Depression

    • D. 

      Bipolar Disorder

    • E. 

      Schizophrenia

  • 25. 
    These types of therapies focus on the specific behaviors that lead the patient to seek therapy and the current variables that maintain problematic thoughts, feelings and behaviors.
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic

    • B. 

      Behavioral

    • C. 

      Cognitive

    • D. 

      Group

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