Petroleum 101 - Well Fluids, Process Equipment, And Produced Water Handeling - Mark

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Petroleum 101 - Well Fluids, Process Equipment, And Produced Water Handeling - Mark - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What's the trend with produced water?

    • A.

      Increased production

    • B.

      Decreased production

    • C.

      Water is not produced at all

    • D.

      No change

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased production
    Explanation
    The trend with produced water is increased production. This means that the amount of water being produced has been increasing over time.

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  • 2. 

    How much oil is lost in water every year?

    • A.

      Nothing

    • B.

      1000 Barrels

    • C.

      100 000 Barrels

    • D.

      10 000 000 Barrels

    Correct Answer
    D. 10 000 000 Barrels
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 10,000,000 Barrels. This indicates that a significant amount of oil is lost in water every year.

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  • 3. 

    What is  Chemical Based Water Treatment?

    • A.

      Chemicals to evaporate water

    • B.

      Chemical reaction to remove dissolved solids

    • C.

      Remove chemicals from water

    • D.

      Increases volume of water

    Correct Answer
    B. Chemical reaction to remove dissolved solids
    Explanation
    Chemical based water treatment refers to the process of using chemical reactions to eliminate dissolved solids from water. This method involves the use of specific chemicals that react with the dissolved solids, causing them to precipitate or form solid particles that can be easily removed. By removing these solids, the water becomes cleaner and safer for various purposes such as drinking, industrial use, or agricultural irrigation. This process does not involve evaporating water, removing chemicals from water, or increasing the volume of water.

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  • 4. 

    What is this?

    • A.

      Mud Pump

    • B.

      Centrifuge

    • C.

      Moyno Pump

    • D.

      Drill Collar

    Correct Answer
    C. Moyno Pump
    Explanation
    A Moyno Pump is a type of positive displacement pump that is commonly used in various industries, including oil and gas. It is known for its ability to handle viscous and abrasive fluids, making it suitable for pumping materials such as sludge, mud, and wastewater. The pump consists of a rotor and stator, which work together to create a pumping action. As the rotor turns, it moves the fluid from the inlet to the outlet of the pump. This design allows for a steady flow of fluid, even when dealing with high pressures and challenging conditions.

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  • 5. 

    What does "organic" mean?

    • A.

      Contains no pesticides

    • B.

      Material is carbon based

    • C.

      It is oil or gas

    Correct Answer
    B. Material is carbon based
    Explanation
    The term "organic" refers to a material that is carbon-based. This means that the material is composed of carbon atoms bonded together with other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Organic compounds are commonly found in living organisms and are essential for life. The term "organic" is often used in relation to food and agriculture to indicate that the products are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides or fertilizers. However, in the context of this question, the meaning of "organic" is specifically referring to the carbon-based nature of the material.

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  • 6. 

    What is the bubble point?

    • A.

      The pressure at which natural gas begins to come out of solution

    • B.

      The point at which the BHA reaches TVD

    • C.

      The point at which the wellbore pressure is less than the reservoir pressure

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The pressure at which natural gas begins to come out of solution
    Explanation
    The bubble point is the pressure at which natural gas begins to come out of solution. This means that at the bubble point pressure, the natural gas that was dissolved in the liquid phase starts to separate and form gas bubbles. This is an important parameter in the oil and gas industry as it helps determine the behavior of the reservoir and the production potential of the well.

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  • 7. 

    Which variable has the greatest affect on terminal velocity?

    • A.

      Gravity

    • B.

      Diameter

    • C.

      Density

    • D.

      Viscosity

    Correct Answer
    B. Diameter
    Explanation
    The diameter of an object has the greatest effect on its terminal velocity. Terminal velocity is the maximum speed an object can reach when falling through a fluid, such as air. The larger the diameter of an object, the greater the air resistance it experiences. As a result, the object takes longer to reach its terminal velocity. Conversely, objects with smaller diameters experience less air resistance and reach their terminal velocity more quickly. Therefore, the diameter of an object is the variable that has the greatest effect on terminal velocity.

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  • 8. 

    What is this?

    • A.

      Vertical Two Phase Separator

    • B.

      Vertical Heater Treater

    • C.

      Gun Barrel Separator

    • D.

      Enclosed Vapor Combustor

    Correct Answer
    C. Gun Barrel Separator
    Explanation
    A gun barrel separator is a type of equipment used in the oil and gas industry to separate oil, water, and gas. It is a vertical vessel that utilizes gravity to separate the different phases. The oil and gas mixture enters the separator, and due to the difference in density, the oil rises to the top while the water settles at the bottom. The gas is released at the top. This equipment is commonly used in oil production facilities to separate the oil from water and gas before further processing.

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  • 9. 

    An indirect line heater involves a process that pressurizes the gas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An indirect line heater does not involve a process that pressurizes the gas. It is a type of heating system that uses a heat transfer fluid, such as hot oil or steam, to indirectly heat the gas. The heat transfer fluid is heated in a separate unit and then circulated through a coil or heat exchanger, which in turn heats the gas. This allows for efficient and controlled heating of the gas without directly pressurizing it.

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  • 10. 

    What law defines terminal velocity?

    • A.

      Ideal Gas Law

    • B.

      Hooke's Law

    • C.

      Newton's Laws of Motion

    • D.

      Stokes Law

    Correct Answer
    D. Stokes Law
    Explanation
    Stokes Law defines terminal velocity. This law states that the drag force acting on a small spherical object moving through a viscous fluid is directly proportional to the velocity of the object. As the object accelerates, the drag force increases until it equals the gravitational force, resulting in a constant terminal velocity. This law is commonly used to describe the motion of particles in fluids, such as raindrops falling through the atmosphere or sediment settling in water.

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  • 11. 

    Why is it important to convert to Standard Cubic Feet?

    • A.

      To compensate for differences in units

    • B.

      To relate to the API Gravity

    • C.

      Actual volume depends on pressure

    • D.

      There's no need to convert to Standard Cubic Feet

    Correct Answer
    C. Actual volume depends on pressure
    Explanation
    It is important to convert to Standard Cubic Feet because the actual volume of gas depends on the pressure at which it is measured. Converting to Standard Cubic Feet allows for a standardized measurement that is not affected by variations in pressure. This ensures accurate and consistent comparisons of gas volumes, regardless of the pressure conditions under which they were measured.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 02, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Pet101NOV
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