Petroleum 101 - Drilling Fluids & Solid Control

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Petroleum 101 - Drilling Fluids & Solid Control - Quiz

The quiz below is on drilling fluids and solid control. Through the petroleum extraction process, we have a lot of fluids that come out and so are the solid materials. Gauge your knowledge below. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is OBM?

    • A.

      Oil Based mud

    • B.

      Oil based machinery

    • C.

      A downhole tool

    • D.

      IBM’s evil brother

    Correct Answer
    A. Oil Based mud
    Explanation
    OBM stands for Oil Based Mud, which is a type of drilling fluid used in the oil and gas industry. It is a mixture of oil, water, and various additives that is used to lubricate and cool the drill bit, remove cuttings from the wellbore, and provide stability to the wellbore walls. OBM is preferred in certain drilling operations because it offers better performance in terms of lubricity, temperature stability, and shale inhibition compared to other types of drilling fluids.

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  • 2. 

    What is added to increase the density of mud?

    • A.

      Add Bentonite

    • B.

      Add Barite

    • C.

      Heat it up

    • D.

      Shake it

    Correct Answer
    B. Add Barite
    Explanation
    Barite is added to increase the density of mud. Barite is a mineral that is commonly used in drilling fluids to increase the weight or density of the mud. This is important in drilling operations as it helps to control formation pressures and prevent blowouts. By adding barite to the mud, the density is increased, allowing for better drilling performance and stability.

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  • 3. 

    The drilling fluid does not:

    • A.

      Help with wellbore stability

    • B.

      Lubricate drill bit

    • C.

      Produce oil

    • D.

      Transport solids

    Correct Answer
    C. Produce oil
    Explanation
    The drilling fluid, also known as drilling mud, serves multiple purposes in the drilling process. It helps with wellbore stability by exerting pressure on the formation walls, preventing collapse. It lubricates the drill bit, reducing friction and heat generated during drilling. However, the drilling fluid is not responsible for producing oil. Its primary function is to transport solids, such as rock cuttings, to the surface, where they can be separated from the fluid.

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  • 4. 

    How many gallons of mud in one Barrel?

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      19

    • C.

      26

    • D.

      42

    Correct Answer
    D. 42
  • 5. 

    What one is not a density product?

    • A.

      Barite

    • B.

      Salts

    • C.

      Calcium Carbonate

    • D.

      Caustic Soda

    Correct Answer
    D. Caustic Soda
    Explanation
    Caustic soda is not a density product because it is a strong base that is commonly used in various industrial processes such as manufacturing soap, paper, and textiles. Density products typically refer to substances that have a high density, such as barite, salts, and calcium carbonate, which are commonly used in drilling fluids, water treatment, and construction materials. Caustic soda, on the other hand, is a highly soluble and corrosive substance that does not possess a high density.

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  • 6. 

    What is not a Loss return indicator?

    • A.

      Partial to no return at shakers

    • B.

      Drop in pit levels

    • C.

      Increased torque

    • D.

      Loss of pump pressure

    Correct Answer
    C. Increased torque
    Explanation
    Increased torque is not a loss return indicator because it does not directly indicate a loss in the system. Torque refers to the rotational force applied to a system, and an increase in torque could indicate increased power or efficiency. Loss return indicators typically refer to signs or measurements that indicate a loss or decrease in a certain aspect of the system, such as return at shakers, pit levels, or pump pressure.

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  • 7. 

    What is not a Rheological Model for drilling fluids? 

    • A.

      Newtonian

    • B.

      Pascalian

    • C.

      Bingham Fluid

    • D.

      Power Law Fluid

    Correct Answer
    B. Pascalian
    Explanation
    The term "Pascalian" does not correspond to a recognized rheological model for drilling fluids. Rheological models are used to describe the flow behavior of fluids, and commonly used models include Newtonian, Bingham Fluid, and Power Law Fluid. However, "Pascalian" does not fit into any of these categories and is not a recognized rheological model.

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  • 8. 

    What equipment of the following it not used for removing of solids from the drilling mud?

    • A.

      Gumbo Shaker

    • B.

      Shale Shaker

    • C.

      Catwalk Machine

    • D.

      Hydrocyclones

    Correct Answer
    C. Catwalk Machine
    Explanation
    The Catwalk Machine is not used for removing solids from drilling mud. A Catwalk Machine is a device used for moving drill pipe and other equipment on and off the drilling rig. It is not designed or used for the separation of solids from drilling mud. On the other hand, the Gumbo Shaker, Shale Shaker, and Hydrocyclones are all equipment commonly used in the oil and gas industry for removing solids from drilling mud.

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  • 9. 

    What of the following statements is not correct?

    • A.

      We consider solids in the mud by size

    • B.

      We consider solids in the mud by weight

    • C.

      We consider solids in the mud by weather they are reactive or inert

    • D.

      We consider solids in the mud by color

    Correct Answer
    D. We consider solids in the mud by color
    Explanation
    The statement "We consider solids in the mud by color" is not correct. When considering solids in the mud, color is not typically used as a factor for evaluation or classification. Solids in the mud are usually considered based on their size, weight, and whether they are reactive or inert. Color does not provide relevant information about the properties or characteristics of the solids in the mud.

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  • 10. 

    In what Unit do we measure the particle sizes?

    • A.

      Watt

    • B.

      Newton

    • C.

      Microns

    • D.

      Joule

    Correct Answer
    C. Microns
    Explanation
    Particle sizes are measured in microns. Micron is a unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter. It is commonly used to measure small particles, such as dust, pollutants, and microscopic organisms. The other options, watt, newton, and joule, are units of power, force, and energy respectively, and are not used to measure particle sizes.

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  • 11. 

    What is the specific gravity of Barite?

    • A.

      1,2

    • B.

      2,2

    • C.

      3,2

    • D.

      4,2

    Correct Answer
    D. 4,2
    Explanation
    The specific gravity of Barite is 4.2. Specific gravity is a measure of the density of a substance compared to the density of water. A specific gravity of 4.2 means that Barite is 4.2 times denser than water.

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  • 12. 

    Screens are used in what equipment?

    • A.

      Hydrocyclones

    • B.

      Shale Shakers

    • C.

      Centrifuges

    • D.

      Mud Pits

    Correct Answer
    B. Shale Shakers
    Explanation
    Shale shakers are equipment used in the oil and gas industry to separate solids from drilling fluid. They contain screens that vibrate to separate the larger solids from the drilling fluid, allowing the fluid to be reused. Hydrocyclones, centrifuges, and mud pits are also used in the oil and gas industry, but they do not typically use screens.

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  • 13. 

    What equipment is used for Waste Transport?

    • A.

      Topdrive

    • B.

      Crown Block

    • C.

      Surge Tanks

    • D.

      Screw Conveyor

    Correct Answer
    D. Screw Conveyor
    Explanation
    A screw conveyor is used for waste transport. Screw conveyors are a type of mechanical conveying system that uses a rotating helical screw blade to move materials from one place to another. They are commonly used in industries such as wastewater treatment, agriculture, and mining to transport solid materials, including waste. The rotating screw inside the conveyor creates a continuous flow, pushing the waste material along the trough or tube. This equipment is efficient, reliable, and can handle a wide range of waste materials, making it suitable for waste transport applications.

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  • 14. 

    What is this equipment?

    • A.

      Mud Pump

    • B.

      Centrifuge

    • C.

      Degasser

    • D.

      Shale shaker

    Correct Answer
    B. Centrifuge
    Explanation
    A centrifuge is a piece of equipment used in various industries, including oil and gas drilling, to separate solid particles from a liquid mixture. It works on the principle of centrifugal force, where the mixture is spun at high speeds, causing the heavier particles to settle at the bottom while the lighter liquid remains on top. This separation process helps in obtaining a cleaner and more refined liquid product. Therefore, a centrifuge is the correct answer as it is a specific piece of equipment used for this purpose.

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  • 15. 

    Low gravity solids have a specific gravity less than?

    • A.

      0,8

    • B.

      1,5

    • C.

      2,6

    • D.

      4,2

    Correct Answer
    C. 2,6
    Explanation
    Low gravity solids have a specific gravity less than 2.6. Specific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance (usually water). A specific gravity of less than 2.6 indicates that the substance is less dense than water. This means that low gravity solids will float in water rather than sink.

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  • 16. 

    We use Water Based Mud becasue it is cheaper and better for the enviornment

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Does not matter

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Water Based Mud is used because it is cheaper and better for the environment. This implies that the statement is true. Water-based mud is a type of drilling fluid that uses water as its base instead of oil or synthetic chemicals. It is cheaper compared to other types of drilling fluids, such as oil-based mud, and it is also more environmentally friendly as it reduces the risk of water pollution. Therefore, using water-based mud is a cost-effective and sustainable choice in drilling operations.

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  • 17. 

    Who is the costumers for drilling fluids?

    • A.

      Service Companies

    • B.

      Operators

    • C.

      Drilling Contractors

    • D.

      Other

    Correct Answer
    B. Operators
    Explanation
    Operators are the customers for drilling fluids. Operators are the companies or individuals who own or lease the rights to drill for oil or gas in a particular area. They are responsible for planning and executing drilling operations and are the primary users of drilling fluids. These fluids are essential in the drilling process as they help cool and lubricate the drill bit, remove cuttings from the wellbore, and maintain pressure control. Therefore, operators rely on drilling fluids to ensure smooth and efficient drilling operations.

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  • 18. 

    We use Synthetic Oil Based Mud only in low temperatur viscosity and due to enviornmental causes?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. Synthetic Oil Based Mud is not used only in low temperature viscosity and due to environmental causes. Synthetic Oil Based Mud is a type of drilling fluid that is used in oil and gas drilling operations. It is preferred over other types of drilling fluids because it has better lubricating properties, higher thermal stability, and lower toxicity. It can be used in a wide range of temperatures and is not limited to low temperature conditions. Additionally, while environmental concerns are a factor in choosing drilling fluids, they are not the only reason for using Synthetic Oil Based Mud.

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  • 19. 

    What is main contaminant in the mud to remove? 

    • A.

      Oil

    • B.

      Gas

    • C.

      Cuttings

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    C. Cuttings
    Explanation
    The main contaminant in the mud that needs to be removed is cuttings. Cuttings are solid particles that are generated during drilling operations and can include rock fragments, soil, and other debris. Removing cuttings from the mud is important to maintain the drilling fluid's effectiveness and prevent damage to drilling equipment.

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  • 20. 

    What is the primary fluid in non-aqueous mud?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Acids

    • C.

      Diesel

    • D.

      Rum

    Correct Answer
    C. Diesel
    Explanation
    Non-aqueous mud refers to drilling fluids that do not contain water as the primary fluid. Instead, they use a hydrocarbon-based fluid, such as diesel, as the primary component. Diesel is commonly used in non-aqueous mud because it has low toxicity, good lubricating properties, and can withstand high temperatures. It helps to control the pressure, lubricate the drill bit, and carry the cuttings to the surface during drilling operations. Therefore, diesel is the correct answer as it is the primary fluid in non-aqueous mud.

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  • 21. 

    Why do we add barite to the drilling mud?

    • A.

      To increase temperature

    • B.

      To increase density

    • C.

      To increase velocity

    • D.

      To change color

    Correct Answer
    B. To increase density
    Explanation
    Barite is added to drilling mud to increase its density. This is important in drilling operations as it helps to prevent blowouts and control the pressure in the wellbore. By increasing the density of the drilling mud, it becomes heavier and exerts more pressure on the formation being drilled, which helps to prevent the influx of formation fluids. Additionally, the increased density also aids in the suspension of cuttings and helps to maintain wellbore stability during drilling operations.

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  • 22. 

    What is not done to cuttings

    • A.

      Treated

    • B.

      Sent to shore

    • C.

      Pumped back into the well and mixed with mud

    Correct Answer
    C. Pumped back into the well and mixed with mud
    Explanation
    Cuttings are the rock fragments and debris that are generated during drilling operations. They are typically pumped out of the wellbore and separated from the drilling fluid (mud) at the surface. The drilling fluid is then reused in the drilling process, while the cuttings are either treated or sent to shore for disposal. Therefore, the option "Pumped back into the well and mixed with mud" is not done to cuttings, as it would contaminate the drilling fluid and hinder the drilling process.

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  • 23. 

    What is not a typical mud additive? 

    • A.

      Bentonite

    • B.

      Lignite

    • C.

      CO2

    • D.

      Caustic Soda

    Correct Answer
    C. CO2
    Explanation
    CO2 is not a typical mud additive because it is a gas and not a solid or liquid substance like the other options. Mud additives are typically materials that are added to drilling mud to enhance its properties, such as viscosity, lubrication, and stability. Bentonite, lignite, and caustic soda are all commonly used mud additives, whereas CO2 does not fit into this category.

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  • 24. 

    Where is the mud mixed?

    • A.

      In well

    • B.

      In pits

    • C.

      On land

    • D.

      In the BOP

    Correct Answer
    B. In pits
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "In pits". This suggests that the mud is mixed in pits, which implies that there are specific areas or locations where the process of mixing mud takes place. It can be inferred that these pits are designed or designated for this purpose, indicating that there is a deliberate and organized approach to mixing mud in a controlled environment.

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  • 25. 

    What equipment is commonly used to treat mud?

    • A.

      Shale Shaker

    • B.

      CMC

    • C.

      Drillers Cabin

    • D.

      MWD

    Correct Answer
    A. Shale Shaker
    Explanation
    A shale shaker is commonly used to treat mud in drilling operations. It is a vibrating screen that helps separate solids from the drilling fluid, also known as mud. The shale shaker works by passing the mud through different screens, which allow the fluid to pass through while retaining the larger particles. This process helps remove unwanted solids from the mud, ensuring that it can be reused in the drilling process. The other options listed, CMC, Drillers Cabin, and MWD, are not directly related to the treatment of mud.

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  • 26. 

    What can happen if the mud weight is to high or to low?

    • A.

      If the mud weight is to low the well can collapse, and if it is to high then it can fracture.

    • B.

      If the mud weight is to low the well can fracture, and if it is to high it can collapse.

    • C.

      To low, produce less oil. To high produce more oil

    Correct Answer
    A. If the mud weight is to low the well can collapse, and if it is to high then it can fracture.
    Explanation
    If the mud weight is too low, it means that the pressure exerted by the mud column is insufficient to balance the formation pressure. This can lead to the well collapsing as the formation fluids can flow into the wellbore and cause instability. On the other hand, if the mud weight is too high, it means that the pressure exerted by the mud column is greater than the formation pressure. This can cause the formation to fracture, leading to the loss of drilling fluids and potential damage to the wellbore.

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  • 27. 

    What is not a way to measure viscosity?

    • A.

      Funnel Viscosity

    • B.

      Viscometer

    • C.

      Rheometer

    • D.

      Viscology

    Correct Answer
    D. Viscology
    Explanation
    Viscology is not a way to measure viscosity. The other options mentioned in the question - Funnel Viscosity, Viscometer, and Rheometer - are all commonly used methods to measure viscosity. Viscology is not a recognized term or method for measuring viscosity.

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  • 28. 

    The shear stress measured at low shear rate after a mud has set quiescently for a period of time is the 

    • A.

      Gel Strength

    • B.

      Fluid density

    Correct Answer
    A. Gel Strength
    Explanation
    Gel strength refers to the ability of a mud or fluid to resist flow under low shear rates. When a mud is allowed to set quiescently for a period of time, it forms a gel-like structure that can withstand shear stress. Therefore, the shear stress measured at low shear rate after a mud has set quiescently is the gel strength.

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  • 29. 

    What is the base fluid in NAF?

    • A.

      Diesel

    • B.

      Mineral Oil

    • C.

      Synthetic Oil

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that the base fluid in NAF can be any of the options mentioned, which are diesel, mineral oil, and synthetic oil. This suggests that NAF can be formulated using any of these fluids as its base, depending on the specific requirements and preferences.

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  • 30. 

    Is there water in NAF?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    • C.

      Sometimes

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The answer "Yes" suggests that there is water in NAF. This implies that NAF contains some amount of water, indicating the presence of a water source or bodies of water within NAF.

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  • 31. 

    What is known as a Gel?

    • A.

      Clay

    • B.

      Barite

    • C.

      Polymer

    • D.

      Caustic

    Correct Answer
    A. Clay
    Explanation
    A gel is a substance that has a semi-solid consistency, similar to that of jelly. Clay is known to form gels when mixed with water, making it the correct answer. Barite, polymer, and caustic are not typically associated with the formation of gels.

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  • 32. 

    How are "colloidals" removed?

    • A.

      Shale shaker

    • B.

      Centrifuge

    • C.

      Desilter

    • D.

      Chemically

    Correct Answer
    D. Chemically
    Explanation
    Colloidals are removed chemically. This means that a chemical process is used to separate and remove the colloidals from a substance or solution. This method involves the use of specific chemicals that react with the colloidals, causing them to either precipitate or form larger particles that can be easily separated. Chemically removing colloidals is an effective way to purify substances and ensure their quality.

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  • 33. 

    What size contaminants do shale shakers remove?

    • A.

      Cuttings

    • B.

      Colloidals

    • C.

      Sand

    • D.

      Silt

    Correct Answer
    A. Cuttings
    Explanation
    Shale shakers are used in the oil and gas industry to remove solid particles, known as cuttings, from drilling fluids. These cuttings can range in size from large pieces of rock to smaller particles. By vibrating the screen, the shale shaker separates the cuttings from the drilling fluid, allowing the fluid to be reused and the cuttings to be properly disposed of. Therefore, the correct answer is cuttings as shale shakers are specifically designed to remove them.

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  • 34. 

    These rotate inside to separate the fluids/solids

    • A.

      Desander

    • B.

      Desilter

    • C.

      Gas Buster

    • D.

      Centrifuge

    Correct Answer
    D. Centrifuge
    Explanation
    A centrifuge is a device that uses centrifugal force to separate fluids or solids. It rotates at high speeds, causing the heavier particles to move towards the outer edges while the lighter particles or fluids stay closer to the center. This separation process is effective in various industries such as oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, and wastewater treatment. By spinning rapidly, the centrifuge can effectively separate different substances based on their density, allowing for efficient purification or extraction processes.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 02, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Pet101NOV
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