Perry Environmental Science - The Geosphere

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Perry Environmental Science - The Geosphere - Quiz

The geosphere describes all of the rocks, minerals and ground that are found on and in Earth. The three parts of the geosphere are the crust, the mantle, and the core. Test out how much you know about the solid parts of the earth? Take up the quiz below to find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Volcanic ash mixed with water during an eruption

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Mudflow

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Erosion

    Correct Answer
    B. Mudflow
    Explanation
    During a volcanic eruption, the intense heat and pressure can cause the melting of ice and snow on the volcano's slopes. This melted water then mixes with the volcanic ash, creating a slurry-like substance known as a mudflow. This mixture of volcanic ash and water flows rapidly down the slopes of the volcano, carrying with it rocks, debris, and mud. Mudflows can be extremely destructive, causing significant damage to infrastructure and posing a threat to human lives and property. Therefore, the correct answer is mudflow.

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  • 2. 

    The mixture of gases that make up the air we breathe

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Mudflow

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Erosion

    Correct Answer
    C. Atmosphere
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "atmosphere". The atmosphere refers to the mixture of gases that surround the Earth and make up the air we breathe. It is composed of various gases such as nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and trace amounts of other gases. The atmosphere plays a crucial role in regulating temperature, protecting us from harmful radiation, and supporting life on Earth.

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  • 3. 

    Earth's thin outer layer

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Mudflow

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Erosion

    • E.

      Magma

    Correct Answer
    A. Crust
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "crust". The Earth's crust is the thin outer layer of the Earth, consisting of solid rock. It is the part of the Earth that we live on and is divided into tectonic plates. The crust is important because it provides a solid surface for life to exist and is also involved in geological processes such as earthquakes and volcanic activity.

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  • 4. 

    Removal and transport of surface material by wind or water

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Mudflow

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Erosion

    Correct Answer
    D. Erosion
    Explanation
    Erosion refers to the process of removal and transport of surface material by wind or water. It involves the gradual wearing away of the Earth's crust through the action of natural forces such as wind, water, and ice. This process can result in the formation of various landforms such as valleys, canyons, and deltas. Erosion plays a significant role in shaping the Earth's surface over long periods of time.

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  • 5. 

    Melted rock

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Mudflow

    • C.

      Atmosphere

    • D.

      Erosion

    • E.

      Magma

    Correct Answer
    E. Magma
    Explanation
    Magma is the correct answer because it refers to molten rock beneath the Earth's surface. Magma is formed when rock melts due to high temperatures and pressure. It is a key component in the formation of igneous rocks and can eventually rise to the surface as lava during volcanic eruptions. The other options, such as melted rock, crust, mudflow, atmosphere, and erosion, are not synonymous with magma and do not accurately describe the molten rock beneath the Earth's surface.

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  • 6. 

    What often occurs at tectonic plate boundaries

    • A.

      Increasing air pressure

    • B.

      Thinning of the biosphere

    • C.

      Mountain building

    • D.

      Increased erosion

    Correct Answer
    C. Mountain building
    Explanation
    At tectonic plate boundaries, mountain building often occurs. This is because tectonic plates are constantly moving and interacting with each other. When two plates collide or converge, they can create intense pressure and force the Earth's crust to buckle and fold, resulting in the formation of mountains. This process, known as orogeny, is responsible for the creation of many of the world's major mountain ranges, such as the Himalayas and the Andes. Therefore, mountain building is a common occurrence at tectonic plate boundaries.

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  • 7. 

    What physical layer of Earth islocated beneath the lithosphere?

    • A.

      Asthenosphere

    • B.

      Mesosphere

    • C.

      Inner core

    • D.

      Outer core

    Correct Answer
    A. Asthenosphere
    Explanation
    The asthenosphere is the correct answer because it is the layer of the Earth that is located beneath the lithosphere. The lithosphere is the rigid outer layer of the Earth, which includes the crust and a portion of the upper mantle. Below the lithosphere is the asthenosphere, which is a partially molten and ductile region of the mantle. It is responsible for the movement of tectonic plates and is characterized by its ability to flow slowly over long periods of time.

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  • 8. 

    What type of system is Earth?

    • A.

      Layered

    • B.

      Integrated

    • C.

      Related

    • D.

      Compressed

    Correct Answer
    B. Integrated
    Explanation
    Earth can be considered an integrated system because it is composed of interconnected components that interact with each other. The different components of the Earth, such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere, are all interconnected and influence each other's processes and functions. This integration allows for the complex interactions and feedback loops that occur within the Earth system, such as the water cycle, carbon cycle, and climate system.

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  • 9. 

    What is the estimated temperature of Earth's inner core?

    • A.

      4,000C to 5,000C

    • B.

      3,000C to 4,000C

    • C.

      400C to500C

    • D.

      300C to 400C

    Correct Answer
    A. 4,000C to 5,000C
    Explanation
    The estimated temperature of Earth's inner core is believed to be between 4,000C to 5,000C. This high temperature is due to the immense pressure at the Earth's core, which causes the iron and nickel present to be in a solid state despite the extreme heat.

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  • 10. 

    How did the Himalayan Mountains form?

    • A.

      Erosion

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Glacial movements

    • D.

      Colliding tectonic plates

    Correct Answer
    D. Colliding tectonic plates
    Explanation
    The Himalayan Mountains formed due to the collision of tectonic plates. This process, known as plate tectonics, occurs when two plates of the Earth's crust collide and push against each other. The immense pressure and force generated by this collision caused the crust to buckle and fold, resulting in the formation of the Himalayan Mountains. Over millions of years, this process has continued to shape and reshape the mountains, resulting in their distinctive features such as towering peaks and deep valleys.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 17, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jeff4Cy
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