Paramedic Quiz For Maes Students Chapter 9/10

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 206

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Paramedic Quizzes & Trivia

Based on chapter 9 and 10 of Nancy Carolines emergency care in the streets.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    By definition, infancy begins at
    • A. 

      Birth

    • B. 

      1 month of age

    • C. 

      12 months of age

    • D. 

      18 months of age

  • 2. 
    Just after birth, the ductus arteriosus constricts and closes, resulting in
    • A. 

      Decreased systemic vascular resistance

    • B. 

      Circulation through the pulmonary system

    • C. 

      Increased blood flow through the placenta

    • D. 

      Increased pulmonary vascular resistance

  • 3. 
    Barotrauma secondary to bag-mask ventilations in an infant means that your ventilations
    • A. 

      Were too forceful

    • B. 

      Caused gastric distention

    • C. 

      Were too slow for the infants age

    • D. 

      Did not produce visible chest rise

  • 4. 
    An infants fontanelles are typically fused together by the age of
    • A. 

      12 months

    • B. 

      18 months

    • C. 

      24 months

    • D. 

      36 months

  • 5. 
    At 2 months of age, an infant should be able to
    • A. 

      Track objects with his or her eyes

    • B. 

      Differentiate family from strangers

    • C. 

      Respond when his or her name is called

    • D. 

      Sit upright in a chair unassisted

  • 6. 
    Anxious avoidant attachment is observed in infants who are repeatedly
    • A. 

      Hugged

    • B. 

      Punished

    • C. 

      Carried

    • D. 

      Rejected

  • 7. 
    Upper respiratory tract infections are more common in toddlers than in infants because
    • A. 

      They put things in their mouths

    • B. 

      They do not produce antibodies

    • C. 

      Of a loss of passive immunity

    • D. 

      They are exposed to other children

  • 8. 
    In conventional reasoning, school-age children
    • A. 

      Act almost purely to avoid punishment

    • B. 

      Make decisions guided by their conscience

    • C. 

      Act out so that they can get what they want

    • D. 

      Seek approval from their peers and society

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements regarding growth spurts in adolescents is MOST correct
    • A. 

      Girls typically experience a growth spurt later in life that boys do

    • B. 

      Blood volume typically remains unchanged during a growth spurt

    • C. 

      Boys generally experience this stage of growth later in life than girls do

    • D. 

      When this period of growth has finished, girls are generally taller than boys

  • 10. 
    In general, normal psychosocial factors that affect the life of a 35 y/o person include all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Work

    • B. 

      Stress

    • C. 

      Family

    • D. 

      Anxiety

  • 11. 
    Which of the following factors typically does NOT affect the vital signs of a 65 y/o patient
    • A. 

      Overall health

    • B. 

      Living conditions

    • C. 

      Medications taken

    • D. 

      Past medical history

  • 12. 
    In older adults, the size of the airway____ and the surface area of the alveoli_____
    • A. 

      Increased,decreases

    • B. 

      Decreases,decreases

    • C. 

      Decreases,increases

    • D. 

      Increases, increases

  • 13. 
    Older adults are prone to subdural hematomas because
    • A. 

      Age-related shrinkage of the brain stretches the bridging veins that return blood from the brain to the dura mater

    • B. 

      Older adults experience an increase in intracranial blood flow as well as predisposition to falls

    • C. 

      Excessive alcohol use. which is very common in older adults. causes the brain to atrophy prematurely

    • D. 

      Age-related hypertension weakens the cerebral veins, which predisposes them to damage from even minor trauma

  • 14. 
    A paramedic who looks the part of the professional
    • A. 

      Is more likely to provide competent care

    • B. 

      Inspires confidence in his or her patients

    • C. 

      Will be respected by his or her coworkers

    • D. 

      Is less likely to be held liable for negligence

  • 15. 
    Repeating the key parts of a patient's responses to your questions demonstrates
    • A. 

      Sympathy

    • B. 

      Active listening

    • C. 

      Passive communication

    • D. 

      An exchange of information

  • 16. 
    When functioning as a noisy scene, communication will be MOST effective if you
    • A. 

      Move the patient to the ambulance as soon as you can

    • B. 

      Tell noisy patrons or bystanders to be quiet or leave

    • C. 

      Yell info the patient's ear so he or she can hear you

    • D. 

      Find the source of the noise and remove it if possible

  • 17. 
    The MOST effective way to reinforce your interest in and concern for your patients is to
    • A. 

      Ask the patient if her or her spouse is okay

    • B. 

      Use a calm and steady tone of reassurance

    • C. 

      Tell him or her that everything will be okay

    • D. 

      Repeat the patient's statement's word for word

  • 18. 
    When a patient tells you his or her name, it is MOST appropriate for the paramedic to
    • A. 

      Address the patient by his or her first and last name

    • B. 

      Put the patient at easy by calling him or her dear

    • C. 

      Use the patient's first name to allay his or her anxiety

    • D. 

      Ask the patient how he or she wishes to be addressed

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of an open-ended question
    • A. 

      How did you feel when you woke up today

    • B. 

      Is there anything you would like to discuss

    • C. 

      Can you described the pain you are feeling

    • D. 

      Does the pain radiate to your arm or jaw

  • 20. 
    If the wife of a critically ill man asks you if her husband is going to die, the MOST appropriate response would be
    • A. 

      The situation appears grim, but you should not lose all hope

    • B. 

      It is possible, and you should prepare yourself for the worst

    • C. 

      That question is best answered by the physician at the hospital

    • D. 

      He is very sick, but we are doing everything we can to help him

  • 21. 
    You will distance yourself from your patient as a person if you
    • A. 

      Maintain eye contact

    • B. 

      Use complicated medical terminology

    • C. 

      Answer the patient's questions truthfully

    • D. 

      Treat him or her as one of your loved ones

  • 22. 
    When touching a patient as a form of reassurance, the paramedic should
    • A. 

      Touch the patient on a neutral part of his or her body

    • B. 

      Touch the patient in the center of the chest or on the thigh

    • C. 

      Remember that most patients take offence to being touched

    • D. 

      Not touch the patient if he or she leans toward the paramedic

  • 23. 
    If a patient sees you as someone with whom it is safe to be, who does not pose a threat, and who honestly cares, then he or she will MOST likely
    • A. 

      Give consent for any and all treatment

    • B. 

      Forsake his or her own personal beliefs

    • C. 

      Take your advice instead of a loved ones

    • D. 

      Be reassured that you will handle the crisis

  • 24. 
    If a patient is unable to tell you who he or she is, where he or she is, and what day of the week it is
    • A. 

      You should suspect deceased blood flow to the brain

    • B. 

      He or she is most likely scared and unable to remember

    • C. 

      He or she likely has an intracerebral hemorrhage or lesion

    • D. 

      You should ask him or her questions that require more thought

  • 25. 
    If a patient refuses to talk, and he or she is not exhibiting signs of decreased mental status, it is MOST appropriate for the paramedic to
    • A. 

      Suspect that the patient has a psychiatric illness and be prepared for him or her to become violent

    • B. 

      Respect the patient's silence and explain everything that you are doing to his or her family member

    • C. 

      Maintain eye contact and let the patient know that it's all right if he or she does not wish to speak

    • D. 

      Advise the parient that his or her silence will only hamper your ability to determine whats wrong

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