Paramedic Module 1

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 148

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Paramedic Quizzes & Trivia

This is for me to study the essentials of paramedic care for the state exam. . . These questions are chapter 3 and part of chapter 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A cell size that increases due to an increase in workload is an example of the process known as:
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 2. 
    An abnormal change in cell size or shape due to some external stressor is an example of the process known as:
    • A. 

      Atrophy

    • B. 

      Hypertrophy

    • C. 

      Hyperplasia

    • D. 

      Metaplasia

    • E. 

      Dysplasia

  • 3. 
    A blockage or reduction in the delivery of oxygenated blood to body cells is
    • A. 

      Hypoxia

    • B. 

      Anoxia

    • C. 

      Hypoperfusion

    • D. 

      Ischemia

    • E. 

      Infarction

  • 4. 
    Which of the following types of cellular injuries is caused by pathogens?
    • A. 

      Hypoxic

    • B. 

      Chemical

    • C. 

      Inflammatory

    • D. 

      Immunologic

    • E. 

      Infectious

  • 5. 
    A pathogen's virulence is described as its ability to
    • A. 

      Invade cells

    • B. 

      Destroy cells

    • C. 

      Produce toxins

    • D. 

      Produce hypersensitivity reactions

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 6. 
    A change in cellular structure due to an alteration in the permeability of the cell's membrane is:
    • A. 

      Fatty alteration

    • B. 

      Anabolism

    • C. 

      Catabolism

    • D. 

      Cellular swelling

    • E. 

      Apoptosis

  • 7. 
    Cellular destruction caused by an internal release of enzymes is
    • A. 

      Apoptosis

    • B. 

      Fatty change

    • C. 

      Necrosis

    • D. 

      Gangrene

    • E. 

      Hemoptysis

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is not a type of necrosis
    • A. 

      Fatty

    • B. 

      Liquefactive

    • C. 

      Bilateral

    • D. 

      Coagulative

    • E. 

      Caseous

  • 9. 
    The blood component that contains proteins, electrolytes and clotting factors is
    • A. 

      Plasma

    • B. 

      Platelets

    • C. 

      Erythrocyes

    • D. 

      Leukocytes

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Which of the blood components below is.are responsible for a portion of the clotting process
    • A. 

      Plasma

    • B. 

      Platelets

    • C. 

      Erythrocytes

    • D. 

      Leukocytes

    • E. 

      A and B

  • 11. 
    The percentage of blood accounted for by red blood cells is termed the:
    • A. 

      Component count

    • B. 

      Hematocrit

    • C. 

      Hemoglobin level

    • D. 

      Oncotic pressure

    • E. 

      Leukocyte level

  • 12. 
    Common signs of a transfusion reaction include
    • A. 

      Fever

    • B. 

      Chills

    • C. 

      Hives

    • D. 

      Nausea

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is NOT a colloid solution?
    • A. 

      Plasmanate

    • B. 

      Hexastarch

    • C. 

      Dextran

    • D. 

      Ringers solution

    • E. 

      Salt-por albumin

  • 14. 
    Which of the following solutions will cause a net movement of water into erythrocytes?
    • A. 

      A colloid solution

    • B. 

      A hypertonic solution

    • C. 

      A hypotonic solution

    • D. 

      An isotonic solution

    • E. 

      Both A and B

  • 15. 
    A common cause of metabolic alkalosis is the administration of:
    • A. 

      Sedatives

    • B. 

      Analgesics

    • C. 

      Brochodilators

    • D. 

      Diuretics

    • E. 

      Antibiotics

  • 16. 
    The risk of acquiring heart disease for a person with a familial history of coronary artery disease is how many times greater than for someonw eithout such a family history?
    • A. 

      Two

    • B. 

      Three

    • C. 

      Four

    • D. 

      Five

    • E. 

      Six

  • 17. 
    What percentage of lung cancers in women are associated with smoking?
    • A. 

      40%

    • B. 

      60 %

    • C. 

      70 %

    • D. 

      80 %

    • E. 

      90 %

  • 18. 
    The body's process of compensation for hypoperfusion is initiated by:
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Norepinephrine

    • D. 

      Pyruvic acid

    • E. 

      Cortisol

  • 19. 
    The catecholamines epinephrine and norepinephrine are responsible during the body's response to hypoperfusion for:
    • A. 

      Decreasing heart rate

    • B. 

      Decreasing cardiac contractile strength

    • C. 

      Arteriolar dilation

    • D. 

      Increasing blood pressure

    • E. 

      Decreasing blood volumne

  • 20. 
    During shock, the spleen may expel blood back into the circulatory system up to a volumne of:
    • A. 

      200 ml

    • B. 

      300 ml

    • C. 

      400 ml

    • D. 

      500 ml

    • E. 

      600 ml

  • 21. 
    During hypoperfusion, the renin-angiotensin compensatory system:
    • A. 

      Increases red blod cell production

    • B. 

      Causes the spleen to release blood

    • C. 

      Produces a potent vasoconstrictor

    • D. 

      Induces benficial fluid shifts

    • E. 

      Reduces the production of lactic acid

  • 22. 
    What type of shock is due to plasma loss from burns?
    • A. 

      Cardiogenic

    • B. 

      Hypovolemic

    • C. 

      Neurogenic

    • D. 

      Septic

    • E. 

      Anaphylactic

  • 23. 
    A relaxing of the blood vessel walls is the cause of which type of shock?
    • A. 

      Cardiogenic

    • B. 

      Hypovolemic

    • C. 

      Neurogenic

    • D. 

      Septic

    • E. 

      Anaphylactic

  • 24. 
    Which of the following are single-cell organisms consisting of cytoplasm surrounded by a rigid cell membranes?
    • A. 

      Viruses

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Parasites

    • E. 

      Prions

  • 25. 
    The type of immunity, resident in the blood, that produces antibodies and remembers a specific antigen is:
    • A. 

      Cell-mediated

    • B. 

      Humoral

    • C. 

      Natural

    • D. 

      Primary

    • E. 

      Extrinsic