Overla - International Relations During The Cold War

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International Relation Quizzes & Trivia

Short quiz dealing with American - Soviet relations from WWII up until the fall of communism and the Soviet Union in the early 1990's.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When Winston Churchill mentioned that "an iron curtain has descended across the continent" he was referring to

    • A.

      The fact that Adolph Hitler and his Stormtroopers had taken control of most of Europe and that the Allies needed help regaining control of the land that Hitler had overtaken.

    • B.

      The fact that Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communists had taken control of mainland China and that democracy would not take hold in China, or anywhere in Southeast Asia for that matter.

    • C.

      The fact that the Soviet Union had taken control of eastern Europe and that western European allies were under the threat of communist takeover as well.

    Correct Answer
    C. The fact that the Soviet Union had taken control of eastern Europe and that western European allies were under the threat of communist takeover as well.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the fact that the Soviet Union had taken control of eastern Europe and that western European allies were under the threat of communist takeover as well. This is because Winston Churchill's statement referred to the division of Europe into two opposing sides, with the Soviet Union establishing communist governments in countries of Eastern Europe, creating a metaphorical "iron curtain" separating the communist bloc from the democratic Western countries. Churchill's statement highlighted the fear and concern about the spread of communism and the potential threat it posed to Western Europe.

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  • 2. 

    When one talks of the ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union they are more than likely talking about

    • A.

      The differences that separate the two superpowers politically, American democracy and Soviet communism

    • B.

      The differences that existed between the way that the United States and the Soviet Union each handled human rights issues.

    • C.

      Nothing, because there were no ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union

    Correct Answer
    A. The differences that separate the two superpowers politically, American democracy and Soviet communism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the differences that separate the two superpowers politically, American democracy and Soviet communism. This is because the ideological differences between the United States and the Soviet Union were primarily based on their differing political systems. The United States embraced democracy and capitalism, while the Soviet Union practiced communism and had a centralized government. These ideological differences shaped their foreign policies, economic systems, and ultimately led to the Cold War rivalry between the two nations.

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  • 3. 

    According to the text, the Soviet Union lost nearly 20 million people during the Second World War and its countryside was virtually destroyed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The text states that the Soviet Union lost nearly 20 million people during the Second World War and its countryside was virtually destroyed. This suggests that the statement is true, as it aligns with the information provided in the text.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following can be attributed to the Marshall Plan (please check all that apply - more than one answer)

    • A.

      The United States provided 12.5 billion dollars in economic and military aid to Western Europe

    • B.

      The Marshall Plan helped to reduce the power of communist parties in western Europe by strengthening existing governments

    • C.

      Under the terms of the Marshall plan, if the United States were attacked, it would rely on the military support of 16 other western European nations to come to its support

    • D.

      The Marshall Plan helped western Europe to become more politically and economically connected to the United States

    • E.

      All of the above are true

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The United States provided 12.5 billion dollars in economic and military aid to Western Europe
    B. The Marshall Plan helped to reduce the power of communist parties in western Europe by strengthening existing governments
    D. The Marshall Plan helped western Europe to become more politically and economically connected to the United States
    Explanation
    The Marshall Plan provided economic and military aid to Western Europe, helping to strengthen existing governments and reduce the power of communist parties. Additionally, it helped to politically and economically connect Western Europe to the United States.

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  • 5. 

    In 1947, President Truman announced in a speech to Congress that "it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by armed oppression."  This was part of the

    • A.

      Domino Theory

    • B.

      Marshall Plan

    • C.

      Truman Doctrine

    • D.

      Monroe Doctrine

    Correct Answer
    C. Truman Doctrine
    Explanation
    In 1947, President Truman announced in a speech to Congress that "it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by armed oppression." This statement is known as the Truman Doctrine. The Truman Doctrine was a policy that aimed to contain the spread of communism by providing economic and military aid to countries threatened by communist expansion. It marked a shift in US foreign policy towards a more interventionist approach and set the stage for future US involvement in conflicts such as the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following can be attributed to the Berlin Airlift?  (check all that apply - more than one answer)

    • A.

      The Soviet army blockaded all land transportation into Berlin

    • B.

      The United States airlifted more than a million tons of food and fuel into the city

    • C.

      The Soviets forced the United States and its allies, Great Britain and France, out of Berlin

    • D.

      The United States

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The Soviet army blockaded all land transportation into Berlin
    B. The United States airlifted more than a million tons of food and fuel into the city
    D. The United States
    Explanation
    The Berlin Airlift was a response to the Soviet army's blockade of all land transportation into Berlin. The United States, along with its allies Great Britain and France, airlifted more than a million tons of food and fuel into the city to sustain its population. This action was taken to counter the Soviet blockade and ensure the survival of the people in Berlin.

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  • 7. 

    NATO was historically the first military alliance that the United States had ever joined.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was indeed the first military alliance that the United States had ever joined. This alliance was formed in 1949 and aimed to promote collective defense and security among its member countries. Prior to joining NATO, the United States had generally followed a policy of avoiding entangling alliances, making its decision to join NATO a significant shift in its foreign policy. Therefore, the statement that NATO was historically the first military alliance that the United States had ever joined is true.

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  • 8. 

    In 1955, the Soviet Union and 7 other eastern European nations formed the military alliance known as the Warsaw Pact, a counteralliance to NATO.  Which of the following responses represents the correct nations belonging to the Warsaw Pact?

    • A.

      Albania, Hungary, Romania, Canada

    • B.

      Poland, Romania, Luxembourg, East Germany

    • C.

      Soviet Union, Poland, Romania, Hungary

    • D.

      Soviet Union, Hungary, Albania, Greece

    Correct Answer
    C. Soviet Union, Poland, Romania, Hungary
    Explanation
    The correct nations belonging to the Warsaw Pact were the Soviet Union, Poland, Romania, and Hungary.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following countries would fall under the sphere of influence for the United States:

    • A.

      Cuba, France, Great Britain, China

    • B.

      Great Britain, France, Iceland, Canada

    • C.

      France, Poland, Hungary, China

    • D.

      Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Czech Republic

    Correct Answer
    B. Great Britain, France, Iceland, Canada
    Explanation
    The countries that would fall under the sphere of influence for the United States are Great Britain, France, Iceland, and Canada. These countries have historically had close diplomatic, economic, and military ties with the United States. They have cooperated closely on various issues, such as defense, trade, and intelligence sharing. The United States has significant influence and leverage over these countries, and they often align their policies with American interests.

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  • 10. 

    During the 1950's, this country became the first real test to President Truman's policy of containment, a policy that stated the US would do practically anything to prevent communism from spreading outside the Soviet sphere of influence.

    • A.

      Greece

    • B.

      Turkey

    • C.

      Vietnam

    • D.

      Korea

    Correct Answer
    D. Korea
    Explanation
    During the 1950's, Korea became the first real test to President Truman's policy of containment. This policy aimed to prevent the spread of communism outside the Soviet sphere of influence. The Korean War, which began in 1950, was a conflict between North Korea, supported by the Soviet Union and China, and South Korea, supported by the United States and its allies. This war was a crucial test for the US in upholding its policy of containment and preventing the spread of communism.

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  • 11. 

    In 1961, the United States and the Soviet Union were well on their way to destroying humankind during a little event called the Cuban Missile Crisis.  Name the two leaders at the center of this issue.

    • A.

      John F. Kennedy and Mikhail Gorbachev

    • B.

      Ho Chi Minh and Jimmy Carter

    • C.

      Nikita Khruschev and John F. Kennedy

    • D.

      Richard M. Nixon and Mao Zedong

    Correct Answer
    C. Nikita Khruschev and John F. Kennedy
    Explanation
    During the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1961, the two leaders at the center of the issue were Nikita Khruschev, the leader of the Soviet Union, and John F. Kennedy, the President of the United States. They were engaged in a tense standoff over the placement of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba, which brought the world to the brink of nuclear war.

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  • 12. 

    During the 1950's and 1960's, many western leaders were accutely aware that communism was spreading throughout the continents of Asia and eastern Europe.  These leaders were worried because it seemed as though one country after another were falling under the Soviet sphere of influence and they thought that perhaps eventually, they would too.  These leaders were fighting what they referred to as the

    • A.

      Domino Effect

    • B.

      Containment Policy

    • C.

      Marshall Plan

    • D.

      Truman Doctrine

    Correct Answer
    A. Domino Effect
    Explanation
    During the 1950's and 1960's, many western leaders were concerned about the spread of communism in Asia and eastern Europe. They observed that one country after another was falling under the Soviet sphere of influence, leading them to believe in the Domino Effect. This theory suggested that if one country became communist, neighboring countries would also follow suit, like a row of falling dominoes. This concern led to the development of the Containment Policy, which aimed to prevent the spread of communism and protect Western interests. The Domino Effect was a key factor in shaping this policy. The Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine were also strategies used in response to the spread of communism, but they were not directly related to the concept of the Domino Effect.

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  • 13. 

    One program that the United States used with some effect in its war against communism in Central America was an economic aid program that provided funds for roads, schools, hospitals and water projects.  This program was called

    • A.

      United Nations

    • B.

      Peace Corps

    • C.

      Job Corps

    • D.

      Alliance for Progress

    Correct Answer
    D. Alliance for Progress
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Alliance for Progress. The Alliance for Progress was an economic aid program implemented by the United States in the 1960s to promote social and economic development in Latin America. It aimed to address the underlying causes of poverty and social unrest in the region, and counter the influence of communism by improving living conditions and promoting economic growth. The program provided funds for infrastructure projects such as roads, schools, hospitals, and water projects, with the goal of fostering stability and progress in Central America.

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  • 14. 

    A.   Describe the Marshall Plan - what was it, how was it used, what were its stipulations or rules AND b.   Do you think that the Marshall Plan was a good piece of foreign policy legislation?  Why or why not

  • 15. 

    Using the State Fair model that I explained in class, discuss the difference between communism and capitalism AND explain why you think one is superior to the other

  • 16. 

    The United States government has spent trillions of dollars in the past enforcing its "containment policy".  This policy has cost money, time, effort and lives.  In your opinion, has all of this effort been worth the price that we have paid.  Explain your position. 

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