Trivia Questions Quiz On Immigration, Urbanization And Political Machines!

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Trivia Questions Quiz On Immigration, Urbanization And Political Machines! - Quiz

Below are some trivia questions quiz on Immigration, Urbanization And Political Machines! In the world today, a lot of countries are facing political instability, and the insecurity that comes with it makes people want to move to other regions for a stable, and most of the time, they move to the urbanized areas. Take this quiz and test some of these historical movements.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which term is the name of a restriction on immigration passed by Congress? (there can be more than one answer)

    • A.

      Ellis Island

    • B.

      Chinese Exclusion Act

    • C.

      Angel Island

    • D.

      The Gentlemen's Agreement

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Chinese Exclusion Act
    D. The Gentlemen's Agreement
    Explanation
    The Chinese Exclusion Act and the Gentlemen's Agreement are both examples of restrictions on immigration passed by Congress. The Chinese Exclusion Act, passed in 1882, prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers to the United States. The Gentlemen's Agreement, reached between the United States and Japan in 1907, restricted the immigration of Japanese laborers to the United States. Both acts aimed to limit the number of immigrants from specific countries and were implemented due to concerns over economic competition and racial tensions.

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  • 2. 

    Which term refers to an agreement that limited the immigration of unskilled workers to the United States in exchange for the repeal of a San Francisco segregation order.

    • A.

      The Chinese Exclusion Act

    • B.

      The Gentlemen's Agreement

    Correct Answer
    B. The Gentlemen's Agreement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Gentlemen's Agreement. This agreement refers to the understanding between the United States and Japan in 1907, where Japan agreed to restrict the immigration of unskilled workers to the US. In return, the US would repeal a segregation order that targeted Japanese students in San Francisco schools. This agreement was a diplomatic solution to address tensions between the two countries and was a significant development in US immigration policy.

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  • 3. 

    Through which place of entry into the United States did immigrants arriving on the East Coast pass?

    • A.

      Angel Island

    • B.

      Ellis Island

    Correct Answer
    B. Ellis Island
    Explanation
    Ellis Island was the primary place of entry for immigrants arriving on the East Coast of the United States. Located in New York Harbor, it served as an immigration station from 1892 to 1954. Millions of immigrants, mainly from Europe, passed through Ellis Island during this time. It was a crucial gateway for newcomers, where they underwent medical examinations and legal inspections before being allowed entry into the country. Angel Island, on the other hand, was primarily used as an immigration station for immigrants arriving on the West Coast, particularly from Asia.

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  • 4. 

    Through which port of entry did immigrants pass upon arriving to the United States on the West Coast?

    • A.

      Angel Island

    • B.

      Ellis Island

    Correct Answer
    A. Angel Island
    Explanation
    Angel Island was the port of entry for immigrants arriving on the West Coast of the United States. Located in San Francisco Bay, Angel Island served as an immigration station from 1910 to 1940. It primarily processed immigrants from Asian countries, particularly China. Similar to Ellis Island on the East Coast, Angel Island was a gateway for immigrants seeking a new life in America. However, unlike Ellis Island, Angel Island was known for its stricter and more rigorous immigration procedures, often subjecting immigrants to lengthy interrogations and detentions.

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  • 5. 

    Which term is the name of a restriction on emigration worked out by the United States government and another country's government?

    • A.

      The Gentlemen's Agreement

    • B.

      Chinese Exclusion Act

    Correct Answer
    A. The Gentlemen's Agreement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Gentlemen's Agreement. This term refers to a restriction on emigration that was negotiated between the United States government and another country's government. The Gentlemen's Agreement specifically refers to an agreement between the United States and Japan in 1907, where Japan agreed to limit the number of Japanese immigrants coming to the United States. This agreement was not a formal treaty but rather a diplomatic understanding, hence the term "Gentlemen's Agreement." It aimed to address the growing anti-Japanese sentiment in the United States while avoiding a formal immigration law.

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  • 6. 

    Urbanization is a term that describes the growth of farming regions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Urbanization is the process of population shift from rural areas to urban areas, resulting in the growth of cities and towns. It is not related to the growth of farming regions, but rather the growth of urban areas. Therefore, the statement that urbanization describes the growth of farming regions is false.

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  • 7. 

    Many city dwellers crowded into multifamily, often unsanitary, settlement houses.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. It states that many city dwellers crowded into multifamily, often unsanitary, settlement houses. However, this statement is not accurate. While it is true that many city dwellers lived in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions in cities during certain time periods, the statement specifically mentions settlement houses. Settlement houses were actually established to provide better living conditions and support for city dwellers, so they were not unsanitary or overcrowded.

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  • 8. 

    Tenement buildings were community centers that provided assistance to the urban poor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Tenement buildings were not community centers that provided assistance to the urban poor. Tenement buildings were actually overcrowded and poorly maintained housing units, often found in urban areas, that were occupied by the lower-income population. These buildings lacked basic amenities and were associated with poverty and unsanitary living conditions. They were not designed to provide assistance or support to the urban poor, but rather served as inexpensive housing options for those who could not afford better accommodations.

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  • 9. 

    Jane Addams, one of the most influential members of the Social Gospel movement, founded Hull House in Chicago.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Jane Addams, a prominent figure in the Social Gospel movement, indeed founded Hull House in Chicago. Hull House was a settlement house that aimed to provide social services to the impoverished and immigrant communities in the city. Addams and her colleagues at Hull House worked tirelessly to address the social issues of the time, such as poverty, education, healthcare, and labor rights. Their efforts had a significant impact on the development of social work and the improvement of living conditions for many individuals and families in Chicago.

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  • 10. 

    This law authorized an independent civil service commission to make government appointments based on the merit system.

    • A.

      The Spoils System

    • B.

      The Patronage System

    • C.

      The Pendleton Act

    Correct Answer
    C. The Pendleton Act
    Explanation
    The Pendleton Act is the correct answer because it authorized an independent civil service commission to make government appointments based on the merit system. This act was a response to the spoils system, also known as the patronage system, where government positions were given as rewards for political support rather than qualifications. The Pendleton Act aimed to reform the civil service by ensuring that appointments were based on merit and qualifications, rather than political favoritism.

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  • 11. 

    This was any type of unethical or illegal use of politial influence for personal gain; for example, I am the mayor and I authorize a company to be hired by the city to remove trash - the company overcharges the city and I use the excess money for myself or my collegues.

    • A.

      The Spoils System

    • B.

      The political machine

    • C.

      Graft

    Correct Answer
    C. Graft
    Explanation
    Graft refers to the unethical or illegal use of political influence for personal gain. In this scenario, the mayor authorizes a company to be hired by the city to remove trash, but the company overcharges the city. The mayor then uses the excess money for themselves or their colleagues. This is a clear example of graft, where public officials abuse their power for personal profit.

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  • 12. 

    These were organized groups that controlled the activities of a political party in a city.

    • A.

      The political machine

    • B.

      The spoils system

    • C.

      Graft

    Correct Answer
    A. The political machine
    Explanation
    The term "political machine" refers to organized groups that had control over the activities of a political party in a city. These machines were known for their ability to manipulate and influence the political system through tactics such as patronage, bribery, and corruption. They often operated in a hierarchical structure with a powerful leader at the top, who would distribute favors and resources to loyal supporters in exchange for their political support. The political machine played a significant role in shaping local politics and governance, particularly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States.

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  • 13. 

    The Pendleton Civil Service Act required

    • A.

      Applicants for government jobs to prove their competence by passing an exam

    • B.

      Native-born Americans to treat immigrants with courtesy

    • C.

      Government workers to quit whatever political party they were part of

    • D.

      Cities to provide services such as clean water to their residents

    Correct Answer
    A. Applicants for government jobs to prove their competence by passing an exam
    Explanation
    The Pendleton Civil Service Act required applicants for government jobs to prove their competence by passing an exam. This was a significant change in the hiring process as it shifted the focus from political patronage to merit-based selection. The act aimed to ensure that government positions were filled by qualified individuals rather than those who had political connections. By requiring applicants to pass an exam, the act aimed to establish a standardized and fair assessment of competence for government job applicants.

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  • 14. 

    An example of patronage would be

    • A.

      Bribing a city official

    • B.

      Assassinating a public official

    • C.

      Saying one thing and doing another

    • D.

      Giving a friend a government job because he/she supported you in your campaign

    Correct Answer
    D. Giving a friend a government job because he/she supported you in your campaign
    Explanation
    The correct answer is giving a friend a government job because he/she supported you in your campaign. This is an example of patronage because it involves using one's power or influence to reward a supporter or friend with a government position. Patronage is often criticized as it can lead to favoritism and nepotism, as individuals are given jobs based on personal relationships rather than merit or qualifications.

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  • 15. 

    The illegal use of political influence for personal gain is called

    • A.

      Civil service

    • B.

      Nativism

    • C.

      Gentlemen's Agreement

    • D.

      Graft

    Correct Answer
    D. Graft
    Explanation
    Graft refers to the illegal use of political influence for personal gain. It involves the corrupt practices of bribery, embezzlement, and dishonesty by public officials or politicians. This term is commonly used to describe the misuse of power and authority in order to obtain financial benefits or favors. Graft undermines the integrity of the political system and erodes public trust in government institutions.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following characteristic does NOT belong to a typical supporter of a political machine

    • A.

      Poor

    • B.

      Lives in the city

    • C.

      Works in a low skilled factory job

    • D.

      Weathy

    Correct Answer
    D. Weathy
    Explanation
    A typical supporter of a political machine is usually characterized as poor, living in the city, and working in a low-skilled factory job. However, being wealthy does not align with the typical characteristics of a political machine supporter.

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  • 17. 

    What is the main purpose of the patronage system (spoils system)?

    • A.

      To increase government funds

    • B.

      To increase government efficiency

    • C.

      To reward the supporters of a persons campaign

    • D.

      To avoid concentrating power in one individual or group

    Correct Answer
    C. To reward the supporters of a persons campaign
    Explanation
    The main purpose of the patronage system, also known as the spoils system, is to reward the supporters of a person's campaign. This system allows elected officials to appoint their loyal supporters to government positions as a way of thanking them for their support and ensuring their continued loyalty. By giving these positions to their supporters, politicians can also strengthen their political base and maintain control over government decisions and policies.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is an example of graft?

    • A.

      Using a cartoon to illustrate political fraud

    • B.

      Saying a project cost more than it did and keeping the difference for yourself or your political organization

    • C.

      Choosing your friends for political office

    • D.

      Using the threat of force to get people to vote for a particular candidate

    Correct Answer
    B. Saying a project cost more than it did and keeping the difference for yourself or your political organization
    Explanation
    Graft refers to the act of using one's position of power or influence for personal gain, often through dishonest or corrupt means. In this case, saying a project cost more than it actually did and pocketing the extra money is an example of graft because it involves deceit and embezzlement. By inflating the project cost, the person is able to benefit financially at the expense of others, which is a clear misuse of power for personal gain.

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  • 19. 

    Precinct Captains were the part of the political machine that made the machine work - what did they do?

    • A.

      They made all decisions for the machine economically, politcally, and socially

    • B.

      They ensured the success of the machine by providing a direct link between the machine and the immigrants who supported the machine

    • C.

      They controlled the power of the machine through the use of ward bosses who then reported to the immigrants

    Correct Answer
    B. They ensured the success of the machine by providing a direct link between the machine and the immigrants who supported the machine
    Explanation
    Precinct Captains were responsible for ensuring the success of the political machine by establishing a direct connection between the machine and the immigrants who supported it. They acted as intermediaries, mobilizing and organizing the immigrant population to vote for the machine's candidates and policies. By maintaining this direct link, the Precinct Captains played a crucial role in the machine's ability to maintain its power and influence.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following urban problems would have been addressed by building row houses?

    • A.

      Crime

    • B.

      Fire

    • C.

      Sanitation

    • D.

      Housing

    Correct Answer
    D. Housing
    Explanation
    Building row houses would address the urban problem of housing. Row houses are a type of housing where multiple houses are connected in a row, sharing walls. By constructing row houses, more people can be accommodated in a limited space, which helps to address the issue of inadequate housing in urban areas. This can benefit the community by providing affordable and compact housing options for residents.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following urban problems would have be solved by creating mass transit systems such as electric trolleys and underground railway systems?

    • A.

      Crime

    • B.

      Transportation

    • C.

      Sanitation

    • D.

      Water

    Correct Answer
    B. Transportation
    Explanation
    Creating mass transit systems such as electric trolleys and underground railway systems would help solve the urban problem of transportation. These systems provide efficient and reliable means of transportation, reducing traffic congestion and improving mobility for residents. They can also help reduce the dependence on private vehicles, leading to lower carbon emissions and improved air quality. Additionally, mass transit systems can enhance accessibility, making it easier for people to reach their destinations and improving overall connectivity within the urban area.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following urban problems were a direct result of the massive influx of immigration to the United States at the end of the 1800's, early 1900's?

    • A.

      Housing

    • B.

      Sanitation

    • C.

      Crime

    • D.

      None of these were caused by massive immigration

    • E.

      All of these wree caused by massive immigration

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these wree caused by massive immigration
    Explanation
    The massive influx of immigration to the United States at the end of the 1800's and early 1900's resulted in urban problems such as housing issues, sanitation problems, and increased crime rates. The influx of immigrants led to overcrowding in cities, which in turn caused inadequate housing and poor living conditions. The sudden increase in population also strained the existing sanitation systems, leading to unsanitary living conditions and the spread of diseases. Additionally, the influx of immigrants contributed to an increase in crime rates as poverty and social tensions rose. Therefore, all of these problems were directly caused by the massive immigration during that time period.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following problems did NOT exist in large cities at the turn of the century?

    • A.

      Empty apartment buildings because the demand for housing was down

    • B.

      Raw sewage in the streets of the city

    • C.

      Unsanitary living conditions caused by overcrowded tenement houses

    • D.

      Constant threat of fire because all building materials were made of flammable wood.

    Correct Answer
    A. Empty apartment buildings because the demand for housing was down
    Explanation
    At the turn of the century, large cities faced various problems such as raw sewage in the streets, unsanitary living conditions caused by overcrowded tenement houses, and constant threat of fire due to flammable building materials. However, empty apartment buildings were not a problem because the demand for housing was down.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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