Overla Am Hist Sect 1

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 73

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American History Quizzes & Trivia

This is a short quiz dealing with American History 10 years prior to the Civil War. It encompasses the events from 1850 and the Great Compromise to Lincoln's Election of 1860. We examine what some would argue are the causes of the Civil War in American History.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The formal withdrawal of a state from the union and it becoming a separate country or entity is called ____________
    • A. 

      Rejection

    • B. 

      Abolition

    • C. 

      Secession

    • D. 

      Progression

  • 2. 
    California had grown in population so quickly mainly due to the _____________
    • A. 

      Availability of good jobs in 1857

    • B. 

      Discovery of gold in 1849

    • C. 

      The expansion of slavery in 1848

    • D. 

      Compromise of 1850

  • 3. 
    In 1850, Henry Clay, the Senator from Kentucky offered his compromise plan in allowing the state of California to become part of the Union.  Of the provisions listed below, which one is NOT part of the Compromise of 1850
    • A. 

      To appease the North, California would be admitted to the Union as a free state

    • B. 

      To accomodate the South, a new and more effective fugitive slave law would be part of the bill

    • C. 

      To please both sides, a provision of popular soveriegnty was put in place to let the people of the territories of Utah and New Mexico decide if they would be slave or free

    • D. 

      Missouri would be allowed into the union as a slave state

    • E. 

      HINT: keep in mind that the year is 1850

  • 4. 
    The three senators who were in the limelight during the formulation and debate of the Compromise of 1850 were
    • A. 

      Henry Clay, John Calhoun, Daniel Webster

    • B. 

      Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, John Bell

    • C. 

      John Bell, Henry Clay, John Calhoun

    • D. 

      John C. Breckenridge, John Bell, John Calhoun

  • 5. 
    Punishment for violation of the Fugitive Slave Act were harsh.  Under the law, anyone convicted of helping a fugitive slave were subject to _____________________
    • A. 

      Fines up to $10,000 and 10 years in prison

    • B. 

      Fines up to $500 and 6 months in prison

    • C. 

      Fines up to $1,000 and 6 months in prison

    • D. 

      Fines up to $1,000 and 5 years in prison

  • 6. 
    Those who risked their lives helping fugitive slaves out of slavery into freedom by moving the fugitives from hiding place to hiding place were known as _______________
    • A. 

      Station masters

    • B. 

      Conductors

    • C. 

      Owners

    • D. 

      Masters

  • 7. 
    The Underground Railroad is helped thousands of slaves escape the horrors of slavery and escape to freedom in the North or even into Canada.  The MOST famous figure of the Underground Railroad would have been ______________
    • A. 

      Harriet Beecher Stowe

    • B. 

      Frederick Douglass

    • C. 

      Sojourner Truth

    • D. 

      Harriet Tubman

    • E. 

      Hint: Take your time and read all the responses

  • 8. 
    One fo the most popular books of the pre-Civil War period as written by a lady whose father and husband were both preachers and abolitionists.  The book told about the awful living conditions of slavery and the horrible treatment slaves received from their masters.  The book was called __________________
    • A. 

      Aunt Viola's Farm

    • B. 

      The Life and Times of Harriet Tubman

    • C. 

      Uncle Tom's Cabin

    • D. 

      Miss Prissy's Plantation

  • 9. 
    The previous question dealt with the book Uncle Tom's Cabin - who was its author
    • A. 

      Harriet Tubman

    • B. 

      Harriet Beecher Stowe

    • C. 

      Sojourner Truth

    • D. 

      Elizabeth Cady Stanton

  • 10. 
    Because the Kansas-Nebraska territory was north of the 36 30 parallel line, slavery could not legally exist there, according to the Missouri Compromise of 1820.  Which of the following solutions was proposed by Senator Stephen Douglass to deal with this
    • A. 

      Divide the territory in two, Kansas in the South and Nebraska in the North and let settlers decide on the issue of slavery by voting

    • B. 

      Congress would decide for the settlers whether the territory should be slave or free

    • C. 

      Congress simply said that the territory would be free

    • D. 

      Congress simply said that the territory would be slave

  • 11. 
    The state of Kansas erupted in violence due to the question of slavery mainly because of which of the following reasons
    • A. 

      Border Ruffians from Missouri would cross into Kansas territory and wreak havoc on anti-slavery settlements

    • B. 

      Border Ruffians from Missouri crossed into Kansas voted illegally for pro-slavery candidates and left

    • C. 

      The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a terrible law because the federal government could not ensure civility

    • D. 

      ALL of the above reasons are why Kansas erupted into violence

  • 12. 
    The main reason that the Supreme Court ruled against Dred Scott in his suit for freedom was _____________
    • A. 

      He had bad hair

    • B. 

      He was black

    • C. 

      He did not have an education

    • D. 

      He was not considered a citizen

    • E. 

      Hint: think of the LEGAL reason

  • 13. 
    In the Dred Scott decision, Chief Justice Taney took the issue of slavery in the case a step further and said that the federal government did not have the power to disallow slavery because any law that did was _____________
    • A. 

      Unconstitutional

    • B. 

      Unbelievable

    • C. 

      Wrong

    • D. 

      Illegal

  • 14. 
    Which of the following was the goal of abolitionist John Brown when he seized the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry
    • A. 

      He wanted to protest the Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case

    • B. 

      He wanted to seize the arsenal and then arm escaped slaves and lead a general slave rebellion against slave owners

    • C. 

      He didn't have a plan, he was a wack-job

    • D. 

      He was protesting against the federal government's tax plan

  • 15. 
    Which of the four political parties AND their candidate in the 1860 election adopted the following platform:        had no real stance against slavery but supported the constitution and wanted to keep the union together at all costs
    • A. 

      Constitutional Unionist Party - John Bell

    • B. 

      Constitutional Unionist Party - John C. Breckenridge

    • C. 

      Republican Party - Stephen Douglass

    • D. 

      Democratic Party - John Bell

  • 16. 
    Of the following, which is the correct political party, candidate, and platform:
    • A. 

      Republican - John Bell - allow popular sovereignty to decide slavery in a state

    • B. 

      Northern Democrat - Stephen Douglass - federal government has no right to decide where slavery is allowed or not

    • C. 

      Constitutional Unionist Party - John Bell - protect the constitution and preserve the union

    • D. 

      Southern Democrat - John C. Breckenridge - allow states voters to decide whether slavery should be allowed in that state or not

  • 17. 
    Winner of the 1860 election was _________
    • A. 

      Bell

    • B. 

      Breckenridge

    • C. 

      Douglass

    • D. 

      Lincoln

  • 18. 
    The election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency in 1860 was widely accepted and supported by all Americans
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Hopefully you answered false to the previous question:  State the reasons that Lincoln's election was so divisive in our country:
  • 20. 
    In your opinion, could the Civil War have been avoided?  Please explain your answer in some detail
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