OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard

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OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard - Quiz

The United States government through its OSHA labor department has set out standards to be adhered to in regard to blood borne pathogens in the work place. How much do you know about these standards? Find out below and success.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A sharp is an object that can penetrate a worker's skin.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A sharp object is defined as an object that has a pointed or cutting edge that can easily penetrate a worker's skin. This can include items such as needles, knives, or broken glass. Therefore, the statement that a sharp is an object that can penetrate a worker's skin is true.

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  • 2. 

    If blood or other potentially infectious materials are present or may be present on the sharp, what must be worn?

    • A.

      ID Badge

    • B.

      Personal protective equipment

    • C.

      Lab coat

    Correct Answer
    B. Personal protective equipment
    Explanation
    Personal protective equipment must be worn if blood or other potentially infectious materials are present or may be present on the sharp. This is important to protect oneself from exposure to bloodborne pathogens and prevent the spread of infections. Personal protective equipment includes items such as gloves, masks, goggles, and gowns, which act as a barrier between the sharp and the individual, reducing the risk of transmission. Wearing personal protective equipment is a standard safety practice in healthcare settings to ensure the well-being of both healthcare workers and patients.

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  • 3. 

    When should contaminated sharps be disposed of? 

    • A.

      Immediately or as soon as feasible after use

    • B.

      Within 5 minutes of use

    • C.

      Once a week

    Correct Answer
    A. Immediately or as soon as feasible after use
    Explanation
    Contaminated sharps should be disposed of immediately or as soon as feasible after use to prevent the risk of accidental needlestick injuries and the spread of infectious diseases. Prompt disposal ensures the safety of healthcare workers and minimizes the potential for contamination or transmission of pathogens. Waiting for a longer period, such as once a week, increases the chances of accidental injuries and the potential for contamination to others.

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  • 4. 

    Contaminated sharps must never be shared or broken.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is true because contaminated sharps, such as needles or blades, can carry infectious agents and pose a risk of transmitting diseases. Sharing or breaking contaminated sharps can increase the chances of accidental injuries and exposure to harmful pathogens. It is important to handle and dispose of contaminated sharps properly to ensure the safety of oneself and others.

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  • 5. 

    Recapping, bending or removing needles is never permissible.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Recapping, bending or removing needles is permissible only if there is no feasible alternative or if such actions are required for specific medical or dental procedures.

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  • 6. 

    Employers must ensure that workers are recapping needles by using...(can select more than one)

    • A.

      Gloves

    • B.

      A mechanical devise

    • C.

      A one-handed technique

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. A mechanical devise
    C. A one-handed technique
    Explanation
    Employers must ensure that workers are recapping needles by using a mechanical device and a one-handed technique. This is important for the safety of the workers and to prevent needlestick injuries. A mechanical device, such as a needle recapper, can protect the worker's hands from accidental needle pricks while recapping. Additionally, a one-handed technique allows the worker to have better control over the needle and reduces the risk of injury. By implementing both measures, employers can minimize the chances of needlestick accidents and promote a safer working environment.

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  • 7. 

    Sharps containers must be...(can select more than one)

    • A.

      Puncture resistant

    • B.

      Leak proof

    • C.

      Labeled hazardous or color coded red

    • D.

      Closeable with a lid, flap or other means of closing the container

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Puncture resistant
    B. Leak proof
    C. Labeled hazardous or color coded red
    D. Closeable with a lid, flap or other means of closing the container
    Explanation
    Sharps containers must be puncture resistant to prevent accidental needle sticks or cuts. They must also be leak proof to prevent any potential contamination or spills. They should be labeled hazardous or color coded red to indicate the presence of potentially infectious materials. Additionally, the containers should be closeable with a lid, flap, or other means of closing to ensure that the contents are securely contained and to prevent any accidental exposure.

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  • 8. 

    You must only reach into a sharps container when it is absolutely necessary.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    You must never reach into a sharps container. Reusable sharps that are contaminated are to be stored in another manner that does not require workers to reach by hand into the sharps container.

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  • 9. 

    When should exposure incidents be reported?

    • A.

      Immediately

    • B.

      At the end of the work day

    • C.

      Any time that the employee feels it is necessary

    Correct Answer
    A. Immediately
    Explanation
    Exposure incidents should be reported to Medical Temporaries immediately after it occurs.

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  • 10. 

    Any worker who has reasonably anticipated contact with blood or OPIM during performance of their jobs are considered to have occupational exposure and must follow the employers exposure control plan.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Workers who reasonably anticipate contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) during their job duties are considered to have occupational exposure. As a result, they must follow their employer's exposure control plan. This plan is designed to minimize the risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens and ensure the safety of workers. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 11. 

    An employer is only required to offer the HBV vaccination series to employees working in a hospital.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An employer must make hepatitis B vaccination available to all workers who have occupational exposure.

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  • 12. 

    An employee who has signed a declination form declining the hepatitis B vaccination can change their mind and accept the vaccination...

    • A.

      On the weekend only.

    • B.

      Any time, even if the employee is no longer exposed.

    • C.

      Any time, as long as the employee is still occupationally exposed.

    Correct Answer
    C. Any time, as long as the employee is still occupationally exposed.
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