Orthodox Christianity: MCQ Trivia Quiz!

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Orthodox Christianity: MCQ Trivia Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Orthodox Church came into existence on what great event in Christian history?

    • A.

      The Transfiguration of Christ

    • B.

      Christ's Ascension

    • C.

      Pentecost

    • D.

      Christ's Resurrection

    Correct Answer
    C. Pentecost
    Explanation
    Pentecost is the correct answer because it marks the event when the Holy Spirit descended upon the disciples of Jesus, empowering them to spread the teachings of Christ and establish the early Christian Church. This event is considered the birth of the Church and is celebrated by the Orthodox Church as one of the great feasts. The Transfiguration of Christ, Christ's Ascension, and Christ's Resurrection are also significant events in Christian history, but they do not mark the establishment of the Church in the same way that Pentecost does.

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  • 2. 

    What do the Greek words "IC XC NIKA" mean?

    • A.

      Jesus Christ conquers

    • B.

      I Am

    • C.

      Trinity

    • D.

      Jesus Christ is King of the Jews

    Correct Answer
    A. Jesus Christ conquers
    Explanation
    The Greek words "IC XC NIKA" mean "Jesus Christ conquers." This phrase is a common expression in Orthodox Christianity and is often used as a proclamation of victory over sin, death, and evil. It represents the belief that Jesus Christ is the ultimate conqueror and savior of humanity.

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  • 3. 

    Which Ecumenical Council dealt with the use of icons in the Church?

    • A.

      Seventh Ecumenical Council

    • B.

      Fifth Ecumenical Council

    • C.

      Second Ecumenical Council

    • D.

      Eighth Ecumenical Council

    Correct Answer
    A. Seventh Ecumenical Council
    Explanation
    The Seventh Ecumenical Council dealt with the use of icons in the Church. This council, held in 787 AD, affirmed the use of icons in worship and rejected the iconoclast movement that sought to ban the use of religious images. The council declared that the veneration of icons was not idolatry but rather a way to honor and remember the saints and the events of the Christian faith. This decision had a significant impact on the development of Christian art and worship practices.

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  • 4. 

    In the Divine Liturgy, what is the name of the procession of the Holy Gifts taken around the nave?

    • A.

      The little entrance

    • B.

      The consecration of the Holy Gifts

    • C.

      The Great Entrance

    • D.

      The litany

    Correct Answer
    C. The Great Entrance
    Explanation
    The Great Entrance is the name of the procession of the Holy Gifts taken around the nave in the Divine Liturgy. This is a significant moment in the liturgy where the clergy, carrying the chalice and paten containing the consecrated bread and wine, process from the table of preparation to the altar. It symbolizes the journey of Christ carrying His sacrifice to the cross and is accompanied by prayers and hymns.

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  • 5. 

    What great Saint was given the nickname "Golden Mouth" for his grand and gifted sermons?

    • A.

      St. Andrew of Crete

    • B.

      St. Basil the Great

    • C.

      St. Mary of Egypt

    • D.

      St. John Chrysostom

    Correct Answer
    D. St. John Chrysostom
    Explanation
    St. John Chrysostom was given the nickname "Golden Mouth" because he was known for his eloquent and powerful sermons. He had the ability to captivate and inspire his audience with his words, earning him a reputation as one of the greatest preachers in Christian history. His sermons were filled with wisdom, moral teachings, and theological insights, making him a highly respected figure in the church.

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  • 6. 

    Which Saint wrote on the defense of the Person of the Holy Spirit?

    • A.

      St. Gregory the Theologian

    • B.

      St. Basil the Great

    • C.

      St. John of Damascus

    • D.

      St. Photini

    Correct Answer
    B. St. Basil the Great
    Explanation
    St. Basil the Great wrote on the defense of the Person of the Holy Spirit. He was a prominent theologian and bishop in the 4th century. In his work, "On the Holy Spirit," Basil argued for the divinity and equality of the Holy Spirit with the Father and the Son. He emphasized the importance of recognizing the Holy Spirit as a distinct person within the Trinity and refuted various heresies that denied the Spirit's divinity. His writings played a significant role in shaping the early Christian understanding of the Holy Spirit.

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  • 7. 

    On which Holy day of Holy Week are the 12 Gospel readings done?

    • A.

      Holy Saturday

    • B.

      Palm Sunday

    • C.

      Holy Friday

    • D.

      Holy Thursday

    Correct Answer
    D. Holy Thursday
    Explanation
    On Holy Thursday, the 12 Gospel readings are done. This is because Holy Thursday commemorates the Last Supper, where Jesus shared a meal with his disciples before his crucifixion. The 12 Gospel readings are a symbolic representation of the 12 disciples present at the Last Supper. It is a significant day in Holy Week as it marks the beginning of the Easter Triduum, which includes Good Friday and Holy Saturday.

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  • 8. 

    Before Paul became a Christian, which Saint's stoning did he witness and support the ones doing the stoning?

    • A.

      St. Stephen

    • B.

      St. Barnabas

    • C.

      St. Peter

    • D.

      St. Mark

    Correct Answer
    A. St. Stephen
    Explanation
    Before Paul became a Christian, he witnessed and supported the stoning of St. Stephen. This event is mentioned in the Bible in the book of Acts. St. Stephen was the first Christian martyr, and his stoning was a significant event in the early Christian church. Paul, who was then known as Saul, played a role in this event by approving of the stoning and holding the garments of those who carried it out. This experience had a profound impact on Paul's life and eventually led to his conversion to Christianity.

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  • 9. 

    At what Church can you find the spot where Christ was born?

    • A.

      Agia Sophia

    • B.

      Holy Trinity Orthodox Church

    • C.

      Church of the Nativity

    • D.

      Church of the Resurrection

    Correct Answer
    C. Church of the Nativity
    Explanation
    The Church of the Nativity is the correct answer because it is widely believed to be the location where Jesus Christ was born. Located in Bethlehem, Palestine, this church is one of the oldest Christian churches in the world and is a significant pilgrimage site for Christians. It houses the Grotto of the Nativity, a cave that is traditionally believed to be the exact spot where Jesus was born. The church's historical and religious significance make it the most likely place to find the spot where Christ was born.

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  • 10. 

    When is the sweet bread, Vasilopita, eaten?

    • A.

      Christmas Day

    • B.

      Pascha

    • C.

      The Dormition of the Theotokos

    • D.

      New Year's Eve/New Year's Day

    Correct Answer
    D. New Year's Eve/New Year's Day
    Explanation
    Vasilopita is a sweet bread that is traditionally eaten on New Year's Eve or New Year's Day. It is a Greek tradition where a coin is hidden inside the bread, and the person who finds it is said to have good luck for the coming year. This bread is often shared among family and friends as a way to celebrate the New Year and wish each other prosperity and good fortune.

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  • 11. 

    In many Orthodox traditions, baskets of bread, eggs, wine, and some other foods are offered by parishioners at what great feast and event of the Orthodox calendar year?

    • A.

      Pascha

    • B.

      Christmas

    • C.

      The Beheading of John the Baptist

    • D.

      The Elevation of the Cross

    Correct Answer
    A. Pascha
    Explanation
    In many Orthodox traditions, baskets of bread, eggs, wine, and other foods are offered by parishioners at Pascha, which is the great feast and event of the Orthodox calendar year. Pascha, also known as Easter, is the celebration of the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. It is the most important and joyous feast in the Orthodox Church, and the offering of baskets with these symbolic foods is a way for the faithful to participate in the joy and abundance of Christ's resurrection.

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  • 12. 

    What is the name of the famous holy site that is inhabited by monks in the area of Greece?

    • A.

      Valaam

    • B.

      Mt. Athos (Holy Mountain)

    • C.

      St. Anthony's Monastery

    • D.

      St. Stephen's Monastery

    Correct Answer
    B. Mt. Athos (Holy Mountain)
    Explanation
    Mt. Athos, also known as the Holy Mountain, is a famous holy site in Greece that is inhabited by monks. It is a unique place where only men are allowed to visit, and it is home to 20 monasteries. The monks living in Mt. Athos dedicate their lives to prayer, meditation, and spiritual contemplation. It is considered a spiritual center and a place of pilgrimage for Orthodox Christians. The strict rules and regulations imposed in Mt. Athos help to maintain its spiritual atmosphere and preserve its rich religious traditions.

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  • 13. 

    Who is the great Saint from Serbia who is often referred to as the second Chrysostom?

    • A.

      St. John the Theologian

    • B.

      St. James

    • C.

      St. Sergius

    • D.

      St. Nikolai Velimirovic

    Correct Answer
    D. St. Nikolai Velimirovic
    Explanation
    St. Nikolai Velimirovic is often referred to as the second Chrysostom because he was a Serbian bishop and theologian known for his eloquent preaching and writing, similar to the early church father St. John Chrysostom. St. Nikolai Velimirovic is highly regarded for his theological insights and his contributions to Serbian Orthodoxy.

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  • 14. 

    In what event in the life of Christ reveals the three Persons of the Trinity?

    • A.

      Christ's baptism

    • B.

      Christ's resurrection

    • C.

      Christ's preaching in the Temple

    • D.

      Christ's descension into hades

    Correct Answer
    A. Christ's baptism
    Explanation
    During Christ's baptism, all three Persons of the Trinity are revealed. As Jesus is being baptized by John the Baptist, the Holy Spirit descends upon Him in the form of a dove, and a voice from heaven, which is God the Father, declares, "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased." This event demonstrates the presence and interaction of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, confirming the doctrine of the Trinity.

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  • 15. 

    At what room in the Church does he/she get greeted and where he/she lights candles?

    • A.

      Nave

    • B.

      The Hall

    • C.

      Solea

    • D.

      Narthex

    Correct Answer
    D. Narthex
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Narthex. In a church, the Narthex is the entrance or lobby area where people are typically greeted upon arrival. It is also common for individuals to light candles in the Narthex before entering the main worship area.

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  • 16. 

    What are three things the Church tells us to do during Great Lent?

    • A.

      Go to Church, give to the poor, and fast

    • B.

      Fast, go to work, and watch more tv

    • C.

      Give to the poor, go to Church, write in our journals

    • D.

      Go to Church, go on a pilgrimage, and listen to podcasts

    Correct Answer
    A. Go to Church, give to the poor, and fast
    Explanation
    During Great Lent, the Church encourages believers to go to Church, give to the poor, and fast. Going to Church allows individuals to participate in worship, receive spiritual guidance, and strengthen their faith community. Giving to the poor is an act of charity and compassion, reflecting the teachings of Jesus to care for those in need. Fasting involves abstaining from certain foods or activities as a form of self-discipline and spiritual reflection, symbolizing a deeper commitment to God and detachment from worldly desires. These practices help believers to deepen their spiritual journey and prepare for the celebration of Easter.

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  • 17. 

    In a baby's baptism, what is the last sacrament he/she receives toward the very end of the service?

    • A.

      Immersion in water

    • B.

      Holy Eucharist

    • C.

      Chrismation

    • D.

      Putting on of new baptismal, white clothing--clothed in Christ

    Correct Answer
    B. Holy Eucharist
    Explanation
    In a baby's baptism, the last sacrament he/she receives toward the very end of the service is the Holy Eucharist. This sacrament, also known as the Lord's Supper or Communion, involves the consumption of bread and wine, which symbolize the body and blood of Jesus Christ. It is a significant ritual in the Christian faith, representing the unity with Christ and the community of believers.

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  • 18. 

    In the Sacrament of Marriage, the crowns or Stephanos placed on the heads of the couple represent what?

    • A.

      Royalty in the Kingdom

    • B.

      Holiness in coming together as one

    • C.

      Rich in Faith to each other and God

    • D.

      Glory and honor as king and queen of their own little kingdom, the home, which they rule with wisdom, justice, and integrity

    Correct Answer
    D. Glory and honor as king and queen of their own little kingdom, the home, which they rule with wisdom, justice, and integrity
    Explanation
    The crowns or Stephanos placed on the heads of the couple in the Sacrament of Marriage represent glory and honor as king and queen of their own little kingdom, the home, which they rule with wisdom, justice, and integrity. This symbolizes the couple's responsibility to create a loving and harmonious environment within their household, where they exercise leadership and make decisions together. The crowns also signify the couple's commitment to upholding the values of royalty, such as honor, respect, and responsibility, in their marriage.

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  • 19. 

    What is the name of one of the largest Orthodox Churches in the world that is now under Turkish rule that was made into a Mosque and then a museum?

    • A.

      Agia Sophia (Holy Wisdom)

    • B.

      Church of the Resurrection

    • C.

      St. George's Orthodox Church

    • D.

      St. Basil's Cathedral

    Correct Answer
    A. Agia Sophia (Holy Wisdom)
    Explanation
    Agia Sophia, also known as Hagia Sophia, is one of the largest Orthodox Churches in the world. It was originally built as a church in Constantinople (now Istanbul) and later converted into a mosque during the Ottoman Empire. In 1935, it was turned into a museum and became a UNESCO World Heritage site. However, in 2020, it was converted back into a mosque by the Turkish government.

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  • 20. 

    Which Orthodox Saint is depicted most often feeding a bear in icons?

    • A.

      St. Sergius of Radonezh

    • B.

      St. Seraphim of Sarov

    • C.

      St. Issac the Syrian

    • D.

      St. Xenia of St. Petersburg

    Correct Answer
    B. St. Seraphim of Sarov
    Explanation
    St. Seraphim of Sarov is depicted most often feeding a bear in icons. This portrayal is based on a popular story where St. Seraphim encountered a bear in the forest and instead of being attacked, he fed it with bread. This act of kindness and fearlessness towards the bear has become a symbol of St. Seraphim's spiritual connection with nature and his ability to tame wild animals.

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  • 21. 

    How many major fasts are there in the Orthodox Church?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      1

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    In the Orthodox Church, there are four major fasts. These fasts are significant periods of abstaining from certain foods and activities in order to focus on spiritual growth and preparation for important feasts and seasons. The four major fasts are the Nativity Fast (40 days leading up to Christmas), the Great Lent (40 days leading up to Easter), the Apostles' Fast (variable duration leading up to the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul), and the Dormition Fast (two weeks leading up to the Feast of the Dormition of the Theotokos).

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  • 22. 

    Which of these animals is permitted in the nave of the Church?

    • A.

      Cat

    • B.

      Turtle

    • C.

      Dog

    • D.

      Horse

    Correct Answer
    A. Cat
    Explanation
    Cats are often allowed in the nave of the Church because they are generally quiet and do not cause disruptions during services. They are also known for their cleanliness and independence, which makes them less likely to cause any damage or disturbance. Additionally, cats have been associated with religious symbolism and have been kept in churches for centuries to control pests such as mice and rats.

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  • 23. 

    What priest administered communion to St. Mary of Egypt in the desert?

    • A.

      St. Anthony the Great

    • B.

      St. Zosima

    • C.

      St. Isaac the Syrian

    • D.

      St. John of Damascus

    Correct Answer
    B. St. Zosima
    Explanation
    St. Zosima is the correct answer because according to the story of St. Mary of Egypt, it was St. Zosima who encountered her in the desert and administered communion to her. St. Zosima was a monk who had gone into the desert for Lent and came across St. Mary, who had been living there for many years. He was amazed by her holiness and she requested to receive communion, which he provided to her before she passed away.

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  • 24. 

    What do the bells on the priest's censor represent?

    • A.

      Twelve tribes of Israel

    • B.

      Churches

    • C.

      Twelve Apostles

    • D.

      Our prayers

    Correct Answer
    C. Twelve Apostles
    Explanation
    The bells on the priest's censor represent the Twelve Apostles. In religious ceremonies, the priest swings the censor, which is a container for burning incense, to produce a fragrant smoke. The bells attached to the censor symbolize the apostles, who were the chosen disciples of Jesus Christ. The sound of the bells serves as a reminder of the apostles and their important role in spreading the teachings of Christianity.

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  • 25. 

    At the tomb of Christ, who was the first Apostle to reach it and look in, but not step in, the tomb of Christ?

    • A.

      St. Peter

    • B.

      St. Mark

    • C.

      St. John

    • D.

      St. Andrew

    Correct Answer
    C. St. John
    Explanation
    St. John was the first Apostle to reach the tomb of Christ and look in, but not step in. This is based on the biblical account in the Gospel of John, where it is mentioned that John arrived at the tomb before Peter, but waited for Peter to enter first.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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