Opportunity For Success: Sentence Structure

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Sentence Structure Quizzes & Trivia

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SIMPLE SENTENCEA simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought. In the following simple sentences, subjects are in yellow, and verbs are in green.
A. Some students like to study in the mornings.
B. Juan and Arturo play Read morefootball every afternoon.
C. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day. Note that sentence B contains a compound subject, and sentence C contains a compound verb. Simple sentences, therefore, contain a subject and verb and express a complete thought, but they can also contain a compound subjects or verbs.
COMPOUND SENTENCE A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS. ) Coordinators are always preceded by a comma. In the following compound sentences, subjects are in yellow, verbs are in green, and the coordinators and the commas that precede them are in red.
A. I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English.
B. Alejandro played football, so


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING?Although Nancy was supposed to turn in her book report on Thursday, she did not take the book out of the library until Tuesday.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a complex sentence because it consists of two clauses, an independent clause "Although Nancy was supposed to turn in her book report on Thursday" and a dependent clause "she did not take the book out of the library until Tuesday." The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the independent clause for meaning.

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  • 2. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING? The pirate captain lost her treasure map, but she still found the buried treasure.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    B. Compound Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a compound sentence because it consists of two independent clauses joined by the coordinating conjunction "but." The two independent clauses are "The pirate captain lost her treasure map" and "she still found the buried treasure."

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  • 3. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING? Though Mitchell prefers watching romantic films, he rented the latest spy thriller, and he enjoyed it very much.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    D. Compound-Complex Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a compound-complex sentence because it contains two independent clauses connected by the coordinating conjunction "though" and a dependent clause introduced by the subordinating conjunction "and". The first independent clause is "Though Mitchell prefers watching romantic films" and the second independent clause is "he rented the latest spy thriller, and he enjoyed it very much". The dependent clause is "and he enjoyed it very much".

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  • 4. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING? Laura forgot her friend's birthday, so she sent her a card when she finally remembered.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    D. Compound-Complex Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a compound-complex sentence because it contains two independent clauses ("Laura forgot her friend's birthday" and "she sent her a card when she finally remembered") joined by the coordinating conjunction "so." Additionally, it also includes a dependent clause ("when she finally remembered") that adds more information to the sentence.

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  • 5. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING?The teacher walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a simple sentence because it consists of only one independent clause. The independent clause is "The teacher walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance." It expresses a complete thought and does not contain any dependent clauses.

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  • 6. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING? The island was filled with many trails winding through the thick underbrush, a small lake, and dangerous wild pigs.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a simple sentence because it consists of only one independent clause. It expresses a complete thought and does not contain any dependent clauses or conjunctions to join multiple clauses.

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  • 7. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING? Although Mexico has the better soccer team, it lost.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a complex sentence because it contains both an independent clause ("it lost") and a dependent clause ("Although Mexico has the better soccer team"). The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the independent clause to convey a complete thought.

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  • 8. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING? All soil samples have been taken, and they have been dried in the lab to remove any remaining water.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    B. Compound Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a compound sentence because it consists of two independent clauses joined by the coordinating conjunction "and." Each clause can stand alone as a complete sentence, but they are connected to show a relationship between the actions of taking soil samples and drying them in the lab.

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  • 9. 

    WHAT TYPE OF SENTENCE IS THE FOLLOWING? Juan played football while Juanita went shopping.

    • A.

      Simple Sentence

    • B.

      Compound Sentence

    • C.

      Complex Sentence

    • D.

      Compound-Complex Sentence

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex Sentence
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a complex sentence because it contains two independent clauses joined by the subordinating conjunction "while." The independent clauses are "Juan played football" and "Juanita went shopping," and they are connected in a way that shows a cause-and-effect relationship between the two actions.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 15, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Tinacolom
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