# Steering And Suspension-slo

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Questions and Answers
• 1.

### Tech A says that the steering column transfers the linear movement of the steering wheel to the steering knuckle. Tech B says that the steering wheel transmits the driver's steering effort from the steering wheel to the steering box. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
B. Tech B
Explanation
Tech B is correct. The steering wheel transmits the driver's steering effort from the steering wheel to the steering box. The steering column, on the other hand, connects the steering wheel to the steering gearbox or rack and pinion, allowing for the transfer of the steering input to the wheels.

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• 2.

### There are two main types of steering systems used on vehicles today. They include:

• A.

Rack and pinion and parallelogram.

• B.

Parallelogram and linkage.

• C.

Rack pinion and linkage.

• D.

Linkage and tie rod.

Correct Answer
A. Rack and pinion and parallelogram.
Explanation
The correct answer is rack and pinion and parallelogram. This means that there are two main types of steering systems used on vehicles today: rack and pinion and parallelogram. Rack and pinion steering systems use a gear mechanism to convert the rotational motion of the steering wheel into linear motion, which then moves the wheels. Parallelogram steering systems use a linkage arrangement to achieve the same result. Both systems are commonly used in vehicles for efficient and effective steering control.

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• 3.

### The _______________ connect(s) the wheels to the suspension and steering system.

• A.

Pitman arm

• B.

Inner tie rods

• C.

Steering knuckle

• D.

Idler arm

Correct Answer
C. Steering knuckle
Explanation
The steering knuckle is responsible for connecting the wheels to the suspension and steering system. It is a crucial component that allows the wheels to turn and pivot when the steering wheel is turned. The steering knuckle is typically located at the front of the vehicle and is connected to the upper and lower control arms, tie rods, and other suspension components. It plays a vital role in ensuring proper steering and handling of the vehicle.

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• 4.

### The ______________ is a tooth gear that meshes with the rack.

• A.

Side gear

• B.

Front gear

• C.

Ring gear

• D.

Pinion gear

Correct Answer
D. Pinion gear
Explanation
The pinion gear is a tooth gear that meshes with the rack. It is commonly used in mechanical systems to transfer rotational motion or power between two parallel shafts. The pinion gear is smaller in size compared to the gear it meshes with, which is called the rack. This size difference allows the pinion gear to rotate at a higher speed, resulting in a change in torque or direction of motion. Therefore, the pinion gear is the correct answer in this context.

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• 5.

### The ______________ protect(s) the inner joints from dirt and contaminants.

• A.

Inner tie rod ends

• B.

Ball joints

• C.

Rubber bellows

• D.

Control arm

Correct Answer
C. Rubber bellows
Explanation
Rubber bellows are designed to protect the inner joints from dirt and contaminants. These bellows act as a protective covering that prevents debris, dust, and other contaminants from entering the inner joints, such as the tie rod ends and ball joints. By keeping these joints clean and free from contaminants, the rubber bellows help to maintain their proper functioning and extend their lifespan.

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• 6.

### The _____________ transfer(s) movement from the steering box to the center link.

• A.

Inner tie rods

• B.

Pitman arm

• C.

Ball joints

• D.

Control arm

Correct Answer
B. Pitman arm
Explanation
The pitman arm transfers movement from the steering box to the center link. It is connected to the steering box on one end and to the center link on the other end. As the steering box rotates, the pitman arm moves the center link, which then controls the movement of the front wheels. This allows the driver to turn the wheels and steer the vehicle. The pitman arm is an essential component of the steering system and plays a crucial role in converting steering input into actual wheel movement.

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• 7.

### The _______________ is used to measure the run-out or movement on different parts of the steering system, such as play in tie rod ends.

• A.

Power steering analyzer

• B.

Dial indicator

• C.

Digital volt-ohmmeter

• D.

Circuit tester

Correct Answer
B. Dial indicator
Explanation
A dial indicator is used to measure the run-out or movement on different parts of the steering system, such as play in tie rod ends. It is a precision measuring instrument that provides accurate readings of small distances or movements. By attaching the dial indicator to the steering system and applying force or movement, any play or run-out can be detected and measured. This helps in identifying any issues or abnormalities in the steering system and allows for necessary adjustments or repairs to be made.

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• 8.

### The _____________ power steering pump also applies assist to hydraulic brakes on some vehicles.

• A.

Fully electric

• B.

Electric powered

• C.

Hydraulic

• D.

None of the above

Correct Answer
C. Hydraulic
Explanation
The correct answer is hydraulic because a hydraulic power steering pump is responsible for providing assistance to the steering system by using hydraulic fluid pressure. In addition to steering, it also applies assistance to hydraulic brakes on certain vehicles, indicating that the power steering pump operates both systems. Fully electric and electric powered options are incorrect as they do not involve the use of hydraulic fluid for assistance.

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• 9.

### The ___________________ keeps constant electrical contact with the air bag as the steering wheel is turned from lock to lock

• A.

Rotary spring

• B.

Coil spring

• C.

Leaf spring

• D.

Clock spring

Correct Answer
D. Clock spring
Explanation
The clock spring is responsible for maintaining constant electrical contact with the airbag while the steering wheel is being turned from lock to lock. It is a coiled ribbon-like electrical conductor that allows for the continuous flow of electricity to the airbag system, even as the steering wheel rotates. This ensures that the airbag can deploy effectively in the event of a collision, regardless of the steering wheel's position.

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• 10.

### A tie rod on each side of the vehicle connects each ______________ to the center link.

• A.

Control arm

• B.

Wheel assembly

• C.

Idler arm

• D.

Pitman arm

Correct Answer
B. Wheel assembly
Explanation
Each tie rod on each side of the vehicle connects each wheel assembly to the center link. The tie rod is an important component of the steering system that helps to transmit the steering input from the center link to the wheels. It ensures that the wheels turn in the desired direction when the steering wheel is turned. By connecting the wheel assembly to the center link, the tie rod helps to maintain proper alignment and control of the vehicle's steering.

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• 11.

### Unsprung mass is all these EXCEPT:

• A.

Wheels.

• B.

Axles.

• C.

Frame.

• D.

Outboard brake assemblies.

Correct Answer
C. Frame.
Explanation
Unsprung mass refers to the components of a vehicle that are not supported by the suspension system and directly impact the road surface. These include wheels, axles, and outboard brake assemblies. The frame, on the other hand, is part of the vehicle's structure and is supported by the suspension system. Therefore, the frame is not considered unsprung mass.

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• 12.

### Tech A says a shock absorber dampens spring oscillation. Tech B says there is oil in the shock that heats up as it absorbs the energy of the motion. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
C. Both Techs A and B
Explanation
Both Tech A and B are correct. A shock absorber does indeed dampen spring oscillation by absorbing the energy of motion. Additionally, shock absorbers often contain oil that heats up as it absorbs this energy, helping to dissipate it and prevent excessive bouncing or vibration.

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• 13.

### Tech A says all ball joints are loaded. Tech B says on a short/long-arm suspension system, the upper ball joint is normally a follower ball joint. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
B. Tech B
Explanation
Tech B is correct. On a short/long-arm suspension system, the upper ball joint is typically a follower ball joint. A follower ball joint allows the wheel to move up and down while maintaining a consistent angle, which helps with stability and control. The lower ball joint, on the other hand, is typically the loaded ball joint, as it bears the weight of the vehicle and experiences more stress and pressure.

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• 14.

### What type of spring is mounted on a strut suspension system?

• A.

Leaf spring

• B.

Coil spring

• C.

Torsion bar

• D.

None of the above

Correct Answer
B. Coil spring
Explanation
A coil spring is mounted on a strut suspension system. A coil spring is a type of spring that is made from a helical coil of wire. It is designed to absorb and distribute the weight and impact of the vehicle, providing a smooth and comfortable ride. In a strut suspension system, the coil spring is mounted around a shock absorber, which helps to dampen any vibrations or shocks experienced while driving. This type of spring is commonly used in modern vehicles as it offers good suspension performance and durability.

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• 15.

### Camber is the:

• A.

Axes between the upper and lower pivots on the control arm.

• B.

Side-to-side vertical tilt of the wheel.

• C.

Axis around which the wheel assembly swivels as it turns.

• D.

angle the steering arms make with the steering axis projected toward the center of the rear axle.

Correct Answer
B. Side-to-side vertical tilt of the wheel.
Explanation
Camber refers to the side-to-side vertical tilt of the wheel. It is the angle at which the top of the wheel leans in or out relative to the vertical axis when viewed from the front of the vehicle. Camber can be positive, negative, or zero. Positive camber means the top of the wheel tilts away from the vehicle, while negative camber means the top of the wheel tilts towards the vehicle. Proper camber alignment is important for tire wear and vehicle stability.

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• 16.

### Positive caster is:

• A.

Forward tilt of the steering axes.

• B.

Backward tilt of the steering axes.

• C.

Outward tilt of the wheel.

• D.

Inward tilt of the wheel.

Correct Answer
B. Backward tilt of the steering axes.
Explanation
Positive caster refers to the backward tilt of the steering axes. This means that the steering axis is inclined towards the rear of the vehicle. Positive caster helps in stabilizing the vehicle's steering and enhances its straight-line stability. When the vehicle is in motion, the caster angle causes the front wheels to self-center, providing a more controlled and stable steering feel. Additionally, positive caster also improves the vehicle's cornering ability and helps to prevent wheel flutter or shimmy.

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• 17.

### Toe is the:

• A.

Wheel tilted out at the top.

• B.

Wheel tilted in at the top.

• C.

The angle of the tires relative to each other when viewed from above.

• D.

Line through the center of the car.

Correct Answer
C. The angle of the tires relative to each other when viewed from above.
Explanation
The term "toe" refers to the angle of the tires relative to each other when viewed from above. This angle can be either tilted inwards or outwards at the top. It is an important aspect of wheel alignment as it affects the vehicle's handling and tire wear. By adjusting the toe angle, the mechanic can ensure that the tires are properly aligned and parallel to each other, resulting in better stability and even tire wear.

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• 18.

### The scrub radius is:

• A.

What the tire does when turning in a circle.

• B.

The distance between two imaginary points on the road surface between the camber line and the steering axis inclination (SAI) centerline.

• C.

The scuff marks made by car tires.

• D.

None of the above

Correct Answer
B. The distance between two imaginary points on the road surface between the camber line and the steering axis inclination (SAI) centerline.
Explanation
The scrub radius refers to the distance between two imaginary points on the road surface between the camber line and the steering axis inclination (SAI) centerline. It is an important measurement in vehicle dynamics as it affects the steering feel and stability of the vehicle. A larger scrub radius can result in more steering effort and a tendency for the vehicle to pull to one side during braking. On the other hand, a smaller scrub radius can lead to better steering response but may also increase the sensitivity to road irregularities.

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• 19.

### The Ackermann principle is:

• A.

When the steering wheel automatically returns to center.

• B.

Where the inside wheels are able to turn at a different radius than the outside wheels.

• C.

The offset of the front wheels.

• D.

The difference in the ride height from front to rear.

Correct Answer
B. Where the inside wheels are able to turn at a different radius than the outside wheels.
Explanation
The Ackermann principle refers to the design of a steering system where the inside wheels of a vehicle are able to turn at a different radius than the outside wheels. This allows for smooth and efficient turning, as the inside wheels follow a tighter path compared to the outside wheels. By allowing the inside wheels to turn at a different radius, the vehicle can maintain better stability and minimize tire scrubbing during turns, resulting in improved handling and maneuverability.

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• 20.

### Tech A says you can adjust camber with shims. Tech B says you can adjust caster with shims. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
C. Both Techs A and B
Explanation
Both Techs A and B are correct. Camber and caster are two different aspects of wheel alignment. Camber refers to the angle of the wheel when viewed from the front, while caster refers to the angle of the steering axis when viewed from the side. Shims can be used to adjust both camber and caster angles in order to properly align the wheels.

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• 21.

### Vehicle wander may be caused by what?

• A.

Worn joints and bushings

• B.

Looseness in steering and suspension components

• C.

Caster angle is off

• D.

All the above

Correct Answer
D. All the above
Explanation
Vehicle wander refers to the tendency of a vehicle to drift or veer off course while driving. This can be caused by multiple factors, including worn joints and bushings, which can affect the stability and control of the vehicle. Additionally, looseness in steering and suspension components can lead to a lack of responsiveness and control, contributing to vehicle wander. Lastly, if the caster angle, which determines the steering stability, is off, it can result in the vehicle pulling to one side. Therefore, all of the above factors can contribute to vehicle wander.

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• 22.

### Ride height may only be checked if the vehicle has:

• A.

Matching tires.

• B.

Properly inflated tires.

• C.

No additional weight in the vehicle.

• D.

All the above

Correct Answer
D. All the above
Explanation
The correct answer is "All the above". This means that ride height can only be checked if the vehicle has matching tires, properly inflated tires, and no additional weight in the vehicle. These factors are important because they can affect the height of the vehicle and therefore its performance and safety. If the tires do not match or are not properly inflated, it can lead to uneven ride height and potential handling issues. Additionally, any additional weight in the vehicle can also affect the ride height. Therefore, all of these conditions need to be met in order to accurately check the ride height of the vehicle.

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• 23.

### When checking for a bad shock absorber, you should look for:

• A.

A slight oil film on the shock.

• B.

Excessive oil.

• C.

Worn-out bushings.

• D.

Both B and C

Correct Answer
D. Both B and C
Explanation
When checking for a bad shock absorber, you should look for excessive oil and worn-out bushings. Excessive oil can indicate a leak or malfunction in the shock absorber, while worn-out bushings can affect the overall performance and stability of the shock absorber. Therefore, looking for both excessive oil and worn-out bushings is important in determining if a shock absorber is in bad condition.

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• 24.

### When doing an alignment, the adjustments need to be made in which specific order?

• A.

Front toe, rear toe, front camber, rear camber, front caster, rear caster

• B.

Rear caster, rear camber, rear toe, front caster, front camber, front toe

• C.

Rear camber, rear toe, front caster, front toe, front camber, rear caster

• D.

Front caster, rear caster, front toe, rear toe, rear camber, front camber

Correct Answer
B. Rear caster, rear camber, rear toe, front caster, front camber, front toe
Explanation
When doing an alignment, the adjustments should be made in a specific order to ensure proper alignment. The correct order is to first adjust the rear caster, followed by the rear camber, rear toe, front caster, front camber, and finally front toe. This sequence allows for a systematic approach to aligning the vehicle's suspension components, starting from the rear and moving towards the front of the vehicle.

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• 25.

### During cornering, centrifugal force acts on a vehicle to produce:

• A.

Under-steer.

• B.

Side force.

• C.

Over-steer.

• D.

Slip angle.

Correct Answer
B. Side force.
Explanation
During cornering, centrifugal force acts on a vehicle to produce a side force. Centrifugal force is the outward force experienced by an object moving in a curved path. In the case of a vehicle, this force pushes the vehicle towards the outside of the curve, creating a sideways force known as side force. This force helps the vehicle maintain stability and grip on the road while navigating the corner. Under-steer, over-steer, and slip angle are other factors that can affect a vehicle's handling during cornering, but they are not directly caused by centrifugal force.

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• 26.

### True or False. Over inflation of a tire causes excessive wear on the outer edges of the tread.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
Over inflation of a tire does not cause excessive wear on the outer edges of the tread. In fact, over inflation leads to excessive wear in the center of the tread. When a tire is over inflated, the center of the tread bears most of the weight and makes the tire more prone to wear in that area. Under inflation, on the other hand, causes excessive wear on the outer edges of the tread.

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• 27.

### True or False. When checking air pressure, always refer to the tire sidewall, because this is the most accurate air pressure reading.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because the most accurate air pressure reading is not found on the tire sidewall. The tire sidewall usually displays the maximum pressure that the tire can handle, but the recommended air pressure for optimal performance and safety can be found in the vehicle owner's manual or on a sticker located on the driver's door jamb or inside the fuel filler door. It is important to follow these recommended air pressure guidelines for proper tire maintenance.

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• 28.

### True or False. When a radial tire bulges on the sidewall, this means that the tire is underinflated all the time.

• A.

True

• B.

False

Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
When a radial tire bulges on the sidewall, it does not necessarily mean that the tire is underinflated all the time. A bulge on the sidewall of a tire can be caused by various factors such as impact damage, manufacturing defects, or overloading the tire. Underinflation can contribute to sidewall bulging, but it is not the sole cause. Therefore, it is not accurate to state that a bulging sidewall always indicates underinflation.

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• 29.

### Technician A says that paying attention to tires and wheels can also assist in identifying problems in the steering system. Technician B says that paying attention to tires and wheels can also assist in identifying problems in the suspension system. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
C. Both Techs A and B
Explanation
Both Technician A and Technician B are correct. Paying attention to tires and wheels can indeed assist in identifying problems in both the steering system and the suspension system. Issues such as uneven tire wear, vibrations, and pulling to one side can indicate problems in both systems. Therefore, both technicians are correct in their statements.

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• 30.

### The _________ seat is the edge of the rim that creates a seal between the tire bead and the wheel.

• A.

Rim

• B.

Bead

• C.

Wheel

• D.

Disc

Correct Answer
B. Bead
Explanation
The bead is the correct answer because it refers to the edge of the rim that creates a seal between the tire bead and the wheel. The bead is a thick, reinforced rubber section of the tire that fits tightly against the wheel, ensuring a secure connection and preventing air leakage. It is crucial for maintaining proper tire pressure and overall safety while driving.

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• 31.

### The tire must be an exact fit on the rim to:

• A.

Ensure the tire and rim will seal the air in a tubeless tire.

• B.

Transfer forces between the tire and wheel without slipping or chafing.

• C.

Prevent the tire from turning on the rim.

• D.

All the above

Correct Answer
D. All the above
Explanation
The tire must be an exact fit on the rim to ensure that the tire and rim will seal the air in a tubeless tire. If there is any gap or mismatch between the tire and rim, it can cause air leakage and result in a flat tire. Additionally, an exact fit is necessary to transfer forces between the tire and wheel without slipping or chafing. This ensures that the tire stays securely attached to the rim while driving, providing stability and preventing accidents. Lastly, an exact fit prevents the tire from turning on the rim, which could cause uneven wear and affect the overall performance of the vehicle.

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• 32.

### There are three different wheel offsets: zero offset, positive offset, and negative offset. Technician A says that negative offset places the hub mounting closer to the brake side of the wheel. Technician B says that negative offset is farther away from the brake side of the wheel. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
A. Tech A
Explanation
Technician A is correct. Negative offset refers to the wheel mounting hub being closer to the brake side of the wheel. This means that the wheel will be positioned further inward towards the vehicle's suspension components. Positive offset, on the other hand, would place the hub mounting further away from the brake side of the wheel, causing the wheel to be positioned further outward. Zero offset means that the hub mounting is centered in the middle of the wheel.

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• 33.

### Technician A says that all lug nuts must be torqued. Technician B says that all lug nuts must be properly sequenced. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
C. Both Techs A and B
Explanation
Both Technician A and Technician B are correct. Torquing the lug nuts ensures that they are tightened to the appropriate level, preventing them from becoming loose and potentially causing the wheel to come off. Proper sequencing refers to tightening the lug nuts in a specific order, usually in a star or crisscross pattern, to ensure even distribution of torque and prevent warping or damage to the wheel. Therefore, both torqueing and proper sequencing are important steps in properly securing the lug nuts.

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• 34.

### The principle that allows your car to stop is:

• A.

Rubber in the tires

• B.

Friction.

• C.

Centrifugal force.

• D.

Ply rating.

Correct Answer
B. Friction.
Explanation
Friction is the force that allows your car to stop. When you apply the brakes, the brake pads create friction against the rotors, causing the wheels to slow down and eventually stop. Without friction, the tires would not be able to grip the road surface, and the car would not be able to stop effectively. Rubber in the tires, centrifugal force, and ply rating do not directly contribute to stopping the car, making them incorrect options.

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• 35.

### A green valve stem cap on newer tires means that the tires are:

• A.

Green design.

• B.

Filled with nitrogen.

• C.

Filled with helium.

• D.

Filled with hydrogen.

Correct Answer
B. Filled with nitrogen.
Explanation
A green valve stem cap on newer tires indicates that the tires are filled with nitrogen. Nitrogen is commonly used in tires because it has larger molecules compared to oxygen, which reduces the rate of pressure loss. This helps to maintain tire pressure for a longer period, resulting in improved fuel efficiency and tire lifespan. Additionally, nitrogen-filled tires are less prone to temperature fluctuations, which further enhances their performance and safety. The green valve stem cap serves as a visual indicator for nitrogen-filled tires.

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• 36.

### The aspect ratio of a tire is:

• A.

The width of a tire.

• B.

The rim diameter.

• C.

How much air to inflate the tire to.

• D.

Ratio of height to width.

Correct Answer
D. Ratio of height to width.
Explanation
The aspect ratio of a tire refers to the ratio of its height to its width. This ratio is important as it determines the tire's overall shape and profile. For example, a tire with a lower aspect ratio will have a shorter sidewall and a wider tread, giving it a sportier appearance and better handling characteristics. On the other hand, a tire with a higher aspect ratio will have a taller sidewall and a narrower tread, providing a smoother and more comfortable ride. Therefore, the correct answer is the ratio of height to width.

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• 37.

### Technician A says some tire pressure monitoring systems have a sensor mounted in each wheel rim. Technician B says some tire pressure monitoring systems use the wheel speed sensors in the ABS system to detect tire pressure. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
C. Both Techs A and B
Explanation
Both Technician A and Technician B are correct. Some tire pressure monitoring systems do have a sensor mounted in each wheel rim to directly measure the tire pressure. Additionally, some systems also use the wheel speed sensors in the ABS system to indirectly detect tire pressure changes based on the rotational speed of the wheels. Therefore, both methods can be used in different tire pressure monitoring systems.

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• 38.

### Technician A says that tires need to be checked when cold. Technician B says that tires need to be checked before they are driven less than 1 mile. Who is correct?

• A.

Tech A

• B.

Tech B

• C.

Both Techs A and B

• D.

Neither Tech A nor B

Correct Answer
C. Both Techs A and B
Explanation
Both Technician A and Technician B are correct. Tires should be checked when they are cold because the air pressure inside the tires increases as they heat up from driving. Checking the tires when they are cold ensures a more accurate reading of the air pressure. Additionally, tires should be checked before they are driven less than 1 mile because even a short distance can affect the air pressure and potentially lead to unsafe driving conditions. Therefore, both technicians are correct in their statements.

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• 39.

### Tires can be balanced by the __________ method.

• A.

Static

• B.

Dynamic

• C.

Road force

• D.

All the above

Correct Answer
D. All the above
Explanation
Tires can be balanced by multiple methods, including static balancing, dynamic balancing, and road force balancing. Static balancing involves adding weights to the tire to even out any weight imbalances. Dynamic balancing uses a machine to measure and correct any imbalances in both the weight and shape of the tire. Road force balancing measures the tire's force variation and applies weights accordingly. Therefore, all of the above methods can be used to balance tires.

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• 40.

### What could cause air bubbles in the power steering fluid?

• A.

A. Checking the fluid before it reached operating temperature

• B.

B. Overheated fluid

• C.

C. Engine idling too fast

• D.

D. Low fluid level

Correct Answer
D. D. Low fluid level
Explanation
Air bubbles in the power steering fluid can be caused by a low fluid level. When the fluid level is low, air can enter the system and mix with the fluid, creating bubbles. This can affect the performance of the power steering system, causing it to feel less responsive and potentially leading to damage if not addressed.

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• 41.

### During a routine steering inspection on a rack and pinion system, the tech finds that a bellows boot is cracked.  The tech should:

• A.

A. Use a good quality silicone sealer to fill the crack

• B.

B. Ignore it; this is a normal condition

• C.

C. Replace the bellows boot

• D.

D. Inspect and/or replace the inner tie-rod, and replace the bellows boot

Correct Answer
D. D. Inspect and/or replace the inner tie-rod, and replace the bellows boot
Explanation
The correct answer is D. Inspect and/or replace the inner tie-rod, and replace the bellows boot. This is because a cracked bellows boot can lead to dirt and debris entering the rack and pinion system, causing damage to the inner tie-rod. Therefore, it is necessary to inspect and potentially replace the inner tie-rod to ensure proper functioning of the steering system. Additionally, the cracked bellows boot should be replaced to prevent further damage and maintain the integrity of the system.

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• 42.

### Tech A says MacPherson strut assemblies are often changed because the vehicle bounces too much on irregular roads.  Tech B says on some models, the alignment must be checked after new MacPherson struts are installed.  Who is right?

• A.

A. Tech A

• B.

B. Tech B

• C.

C. Both techs

• D.

D. Neither tech

Correct Answer
C. C. Both techs
Explanation
Both Tech A and Tech B are correct. Tech A is correct because MacPherson strut assemblies are often changed when the vehicle bounces too much on irregular roads. This is because worn out struts can no longer effectively absorb the shocks from the road, resulting in excessive bouncing. Tech B is also correct because on some models, the alignment must be checked after new MacPherson struts are installed. This is because changing the struts can affect the suspension geometry, which in turn can affect the alignment of the wheels. Therefore, both Tech A and Tech B are correct in their statements.

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• 43.

### The thrust angle on a front-wheel drive vehicle is more than specified, and the thrust line is positioned to the left of the geometric centerline.  This problem could be caused by:

• A.

A. Excessive toe-out on the left rear wheel

• B.

B. Excessive toe-out on the right rear wheel

• C.

C. Excessive positive camber on the left rear wheel

• D.

D. Excessive wear in the left rear lower ball joint

Correct Answer
A. A. Excessive toe-out on the left rear wheel
Explanation
Excessive toe-out on the left rear wheel can cause the thrust angle on a front-wheel drive vehicle to be more than specified and the thrust line to be positioned to the left of the geometric centerline. When the left rear wheel is angled outward too much, it can create a sideways force that pushes the vehicle to the left. This misalignment can result in poor handling, uneven tire wear, and a tendency for the vehicle to pull to one side while driving.

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• 44.

### When unloading the ball joints on a front suspension with the coil spring located between the lower control arm and the frame:

• A.

A. A safety stand must be placed under the chassis

• B.

B. The shock absorber must be disconnected

• C.

C. The sway bar link bushings must be disconnected

• D.

D. A safety stand must be placed under the lower control arm

Correct Answer
D. D. A safety stand must be placed under the lower control arm
Explanation
When unloading the ball joints on a front suspension with the coil spring located between the lower control arm and the frame, a safety stand must be placed under the lower control arm. This is necessary to support the weight of the suspension and prevent it from dropping suddenly when the ball joints are disconnected. Placing the safety stand under the chassis or the shock absorber may not provide sufficient support and could be unsafe. Disconnecting the sway bar link bushings is not required for unloading the ball joints.

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• 45.

### A vehicle has excessive inside tire wear on the right rear tire.  The cause of this problem could be:

• A.

A. A bent rear spindle

• B.

B. Excessive negative caster

• C.

C. Excessive positive camber

• D.

D. Worn out front struts

Correct Answer
A. A. A bent rear spindle
Explanation
Excessive inside tire wear on the right rear tire can be caused by a bent rear spindle. A bent rear spindle can affect the alignment of the tire, causing it to tilt inward and wear out the inside edge of the tire. This issue is specific to the right rear tire, indicating a localized problem rather than a general alignment issue.

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• 46.

### While performing an alignment on a front wheel drive vehicle, the technician notices that caster is out of specification and that caster is not adjustable on the vehicle.  Which of the following should the tech do first?

• A.

A. Replace both front strut assemblies

• B.

B. Heat and bend the lower control arms

• C.

C. Check the cradle(subframe) alignment

• D.

D. Measure thrust angle

Correct Answer
C. C. Check the cradle(subframe) alignment
Explanation
The correct answer is C. Check the cradle (subframe) alignment. This is because if the caster is out of specification and not adjustable on the vehicle, it is likely that there is an issue with the alignment of the subframe or cradle. Checking the alignment of the subframe is important as it can affect the caster angle and other alignment parameters. By checking the cradle alignment first, the technician can determine if it needs to be adjusted or replaced before considering other options such as replacing the front strut assemblies or bending the lower control arms.

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• 47.

### A vehicle pulls to the left while driving straight ahead.  The cause of the problem could be:

• A.

A. Inadequate caster on the left front wheel

• B.

B. Excessive positive caster on the left front wheel

• C.

C. Excessive toe in

• D.

D. Improper toe out on turns on the right front wheel

Correct Answer
A. A. Inadequate caster on the left front wheel
Explanation
The correct answer is A. Inadequate caster on the left front wheel. When a vehicle pulls to the left while driving straight ahead, it indicates that there is not enough caster on the left front wheel. Caster is the angle of the steering axis when viewed from the side of the vehicle. Inadequate caster on one side can cause the vehicle to pull in that direction.

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• 48.

### The __________ connects the pitman arm to the idler arm.

• A.

Center link

• B.

Drag link

• C.

Tie-rod end

• D.

None of the above

Correct Answer
A. Center link
Explanation
The center link connects the pitman arm to the idler arm. It is a crucial component in the steering system of a vehicle, as it helps to transmit the motion and force from the pitman arm to the idler arm, allowing for smooth and controlled steering. The center link is typically a sturdy and durable metal rod that is designed to withstand the forces and vibrations encountered during steering. It plays a vital role in maintaining stability and proper alignment of the front wheels, ensuring safe and efficient steering control.

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• 49.

### If the thrust angle is off bad enough, what animal will your car look like?

• A.

A cat

• B.

A dog

• C.

A horse

• D.

A snake

Correct Answer
B. A dog
Explanation
If the thrust angle of a car is off bad enough, it will cause the car to veer to one side while driving. This misalignment can make the car appear to be moving in a zigzag pattern, similar to the way a dog walks or runs. Therefore, the car will look like a dog if the thrust angle is significantly off.

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• 50.

### All of the statements about tire inflation are true EXCEPT:

• A.

A. Overinflation causes excessive wear on the center of the tread

• B.

B. Underinflation causes excessive wear on both edges of the tread

• C.

C. Tire pressure should be adjusted when the tires are hot

• D.

D. Underinflation may cause wheel damage

Correct Answer
C. C. Tire pressure should be adjusted when the tires are hot

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Aug 31, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Nov 03, 2014
Quiz Created by
Atahcpss

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