Explore The Microscopic World: Basic Quiz On Cells

Reviewed by Stephen Reinbold
Stephen Reinbold, PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Review Board Member
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.
, PhD (Biological Sciences)
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Explore The Microscopic World: Basic Quiz On Cells - Quiz


A basic quiz on cells test! Living things are generally all the plants and animals on earth. They hold many similarities, such as reproducing to ensure the continuity of the species. They are both made up of cells, although different in some ways, and the nucleus is the control center for the cells. This basic quiz will help test out just how much you know about living things and their similarities.

Perfect for students new to the subject or anyone needing a refresher, this quiz offers a comprehensive review of essential biological concepts. By the end of it, you'll have Read morea clearer understanding of how cells operate and sustain life in both plants and animals, enhancing your knowledge of the natural world. Get ready to challenge yourself and deepen your understanding of biology with this engaging quiz!


Basic Cell Test Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Who is the father of taxonomy?

    • A.

      Linnaeus

    • B.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    A. Linnaeus
    Explanation
    Carl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, is recognized as the father of taxonomy. He developed a system for naming, ranking, and classifying organisms that is still in widespread use today with some modifications. Linnaeus introduced the binomial nomenclature in his book Systema Naturae, where each species is given a two-part name consisting of the genus and species. This systematic approach not only simplified the classification and identification of organisms but also standardized the process internationally, which was crucial for the advancement of biological sciences.

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  • 2. 

    What is a characteristic that all living things have in common?

    • A.

      Grow and get bigger

    • B.

      Grow and develop

    Correct Answer
    B. Grow and develop
    Explanation
    All living things share several fundamental characteristics that define life, one of the most critical being the ability to grow and develop. This involves not just an increase in size, but also a progression through various stages of development, which may include changes in the organism's structure, functionality, and maturation over time. This characteristic encompasses the comprehensive development processes that occur from the cellular level (such as cell division and differentiation) to the whole organism (including developmental stages like metamorphosis in butterflies or puberty in humans).

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  • 3. 

    Which one is a characteristic that all living things have in common?

    • A.

      Have 1 cell

    • B.

      Have 1 or more cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Have 1 cell
    Explanation
    All living things share the essential characteristic of being composed of one or more cells, which is a foundational principle of the cell theory. This universal trait spans all domains of life, from unicellular organisms, such as bacteria and many protists, which consist of a single cell performing all life functions, to multicellular organisms like plants, animals, and fungi, which possess many cells often specialized for various functions. The assertion that all organisms have at least one cell highlights the cell as the basic unit of life and underscores the biological complexity and diversity observed across different species and ecosystems. This principle is crucial for understanding life's fundamental composition and the varied forms it takes on Earth.

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  • 4. 

    Which one is a characteristic that all living things have in common?

    • A.

      Genetic material

    • B.

      Food

    Correct Answer
    A. Genetic material
    Explanation
    A universal characteristic shared by all living organisms is the presence of genetic material. Genetic material, which includes DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and sometimes RNA (ribonucleic acid), provides the instructions necessary for life processes such as growth, development, reproduction, and function. This material is fundamental for heredity, guiding the synthesis of proteins that enact cellular functions, and ensuring that genetic information is passed on to the next generation.

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  • 5. 

    Which one is a characteristic that all living things have in common?

    • A.

      Use sunlight

    • B.

      Use energy

    Correct Answer
    B. Use energy
    Explanation
    All living things require energy to carry out their life processes, such as growth, reproduction, and movement. Energy is needed for essential functions like metabolism and maintaining homeostasis. Without energy, living organisms would not be able to survive or perform necessary tasks. Therefore, the characteristic of using energy is something that all living things have in common.

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  • 6. 

    Which one is a characteristic that all living things have in common?

    • A.

      Reproduce sexually

    • B.

      Reproduce

    Correct Answer
    B. Reproduce
    Explanation
    All living things have the characteristic of reproduction. Reproduction is the process by which organisms produce offspring or new individuals of the same species. It is a fundamental aspect of life as it ensures the continuation and survival of a species. While some organisms reproduce sexually, involving the fusion of gametes from two parents, others reproduce asexually, without the need for gametes or a partner. Regardless of the specific method, reproduction is a universal trait shared by all living things.

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  • 7. 

    Which one is a characteristic that all living things have in common?

    • A.

      Live in their environment

    • B.

      Respond to their environment

    Correct Answer
    B. Respond to their environment
    Explanation
    All living things have the characteristic of responding to their environment. This means that they are able to detect and react to stimuli in their surroundings. This response can be in the form of movement, growth, or changes in behavior. It is a fundamental trait of living organisms that allows them to adapt and survive in their environment.

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  • 8. 

    __________ was the first scientist to classify things into groups ( plants and animals).

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Linnaeus

    Correct Answer
    A. Aristotle
    Explanation
    Aristotle was the first scientist to classify things into groups, including plants and animals. He developed a system of categorization based on observable characteristics and organized living organisms into different groups based on their similarities. His work laid the foundation for the field of taxonomy and his classification system was influential for centuries until Carl Linnaeus later refined and expanded upon it.

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  • 9. 

    _________________________ concluded that all plants parts were made of cells in 1838.

    • A.

      Matthias Schleiden

    • B.

      Theodor Schwann

    Correct Answer
    A. Matthias Schleiden
    Explanation
    Matthias Schleiden concluded that all plant parts were made of cells in 1838. This means that he observed and studied various plant samples and came to the conclusion that cells are the fundamental units of all plant structures. This discovery was significant in the development of the cell theory, which states that all living organisms are composed of cells. Schleiden's contribution to the understanding of plant structure and the cell theory is widely recognized in the field of biology.

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  • 10. 

    ________________________ was the first to discover single-celled organisms ( protists) in pond scum in 1673.

    • A.

      Robert Hooke

    • B.

      Anton von Leeuwenhoek

    Correct Answer
    B. Anton von Leeuwenhoek
    Explanation
    Anton von Leeuwenhoek was the first to discover single-celled organisms (protists) in pond scum in 1673. This is significant because it marked the beginning of the field of microbiology and revolutionized our understanding of the invisible world of microorganisms. Leeuwenhoek's discovery paved the way for further scientific advancements in the study of cells and microorganisms, leading to important breakthroughs in medicine, agriculture, and other fields.

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  • 11. 

    _____ are storage organelles that hang on to water, waste products, and food until they are needed.

    • A.

      Golgi bodies

    • B.

      Vacuoles

    Correct Answer
    B. Vacuoles
    Explanation
    Vacuoles are storage organelles that retain water, waste products, and food until they are required. They play a crucial role in maintaining cell structure and regulating cellular processes. Vacuoles also aid in the detoxification of harmful substances and help in the breakdown of complex molecules. Additionally, they contribute to the overall turgidity and stability of plant cells.

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  • 12. 

    The ____ is the control center of the cell.

    • A.

      Cytoplasm

    • B.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is the control center of the cell because it contains the cell's genetic material, DNA. It regulates the cell's activities by controlling the synthesis of proteins and the replication of DNA. The nucleus also houses the nucleolus, which produces ribosomes involved in protein synthesis. Additionally, the nucleus controls the cell's growth, division, and differentiation.

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  • 13. 

    The _____ are the powerhouse of the cell. They provide energy.

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Ribosomes

    Correct Answer
    A. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are known as the powerhouse of the cell because they are responsible for producing the majority of the cell's energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) through cellular respiration. They have their own DNA and are capable of self-replication, which suggests that they were once free-living organisms that formed a symbiotic relationship with eukaryotic cells. This organelle contains enzymes and proteins that carry out the biochemical reactions necessary for energy production, making it vital for the cell's survival and functioning.

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  • 14. 

    This is responsible for controlling what substances move into and out of the cell.

    • A.

      Cell wall

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    B. Cell membrane
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is responsible for controlling what substances move into and out of the cell. It acts as a barrier, allowing certain molecules to pass through while blocking others. This selective permeability is crucial for maintaining homeostasis and regulating the cell's internal environment. The cell membrane is made up of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins that help facilitate the transport of molecules across the membrane. It also plays a role in cell signaling and communication with the external environment.

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  • 15. 

    What are the types of cells?

    • A.

      Plant and animal cells

    • B.

      Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
    Explanation
    The correct answer is eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells are found in plants and animals and have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Prokaryotic cells, on the other hand, are found in bacteria and archaea and lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. These two types of cells differ in their structure and organization, highlighting the diversity of cellular life.

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  • 16. 

    Which kingdom has prokaryotic cells?

    • A.

      Plants

    • B.

      Archaebacteria

    Correct Answer
    B. Archaebacteria
    Explanation
    Archaebacteria is the correct answer because prokaryotic cells are found in this kingdom. Prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Archaebacteria are a group of microorganisms that are similar to bacteria but have distinct characteristics, such as living in extreme environments. They are single-celled organisms that do not have a true nucleus or membrane-bound organelles, making them prokaryotes. Plants, on the other hand, have eukaryotic cells, which have a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles.

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  • 17. 

    How many kingdoms are there currently?

    • A.

      Six

    • B.

      Seven

    Correct Answer
    A. Six
    Explanation
    The current system of biological classification divides living organisms into six kingdoms, which are Archaea, Bacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia. These kingdoms categorize organisms based on critical factors such as cellular structure, mode of nutrition, and evolutionary relationships. The classification begins at a broader level with three domains—Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya—under which these six kingdoms fall. This structure allows scientists to specify characteristics and lineage more accurately, recognizing the vast diversity within and across these groups. The six-kingdom system is a refined model that enhances our understanding of biological complexities and the natural relationships among different organisms.

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  • 18. 

    Which of these is a part of the cell theory?

    • A.

      All organisms need shelter.

    • B.

      All organism have one or more cells.

    Correct Answer
    A. All organisms need shelter.
    Explanation
    The cell theory is a fundamental principle in biology that states several key concepts about cells and their role in living organisms. One of the core tenets of the cell theory is that all living organisms are composed of one or more cells. This theory underscores the cell as the basic unit of life, with all life forms—from the simplest bacteria to complex multicellular organisms like humans—being made up of cells. This principle has been essential in the development of biological sciences and helps explain the structure and function of organisms at the most basic level. Thus, the correct answer is that all organisms have one or more cells, reflecting this crucial aspect of the cell theory. The need for shelter is a biological requirement but is not a component of the cell theory.

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  • 19. 

    Which is a part of the cell theory?

    • A.

      All organisms need food.

    • B.

      All cells come from existing cells

    Correct Answer
    B. All cells come from existing cells
    Explanation
    The cell theory states that all living organisms are composed of cells, cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living organisms, and all cells arise from pre-existing cells. This means that new cells are formed through cell division, rather than spontaneously appearing. This principle is supported by scientific evidence and observations, such as the discovery of cell division and the absence of any evidence of cells forming from non-living matter.

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  • 20. 

    Which is a  part of the cell theory?

    • A.

      The cell is the basic unit of all living things.

    • B.

      All living things need oxygen.

    Correct Answer
    A. The cell is the basic unit of all living things.
    Explanation
    The cell theory is a fundamental principle in biology that states that the cell is the basic unit of all living things. This means that all living organisms, regardless of their complexity, are composed of cells. This principle was proposed by scientists Schleiden and Schwann in the 19th century, and it revolutionized our understanding of life and paved the way for further discoveries in cell biology. The statement "The cell is the basic unit of all living things" aligns perfectly with the cell theory and is therefore a part of it.

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  • 21. 

    How many levels of classification do we use today?

    • A.

      Eight

    • B.

      Seven

    Correct Answer
    A. Eight
    Explanation
    Today, we use eight levels of classification. This suggests that there are multiple levels or categories in which we classify things. These levels could refer to various fields such as biology, taxonomy, or any other system that involves categorization.

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  • 22. 

    How many domains are there today?

    • A.

      Three

    • B.

      Six

    Correct Answer
    A. Three
    Explanation
    Today, scientific classification recognizes three fundamental domains of life: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. These domains distinguish organisms based on genetic characteristics and cellular structures. Bacteria and Archaea consist of prokaryotic cells without a nucleus, with archaea often found in extreme environments, highlighting their unique adaptations. Eukarya, on the other hand, includes all eukaryotic organisms whose cells feature a nucleus enclosed by membranes, encompassing plants, animals, fungi, and protists. This three-domain system, proposed by Carl Woese in 1990, provides a comprehensive framework for understanding the profound genetic and cellular diversity among living organisms.

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  • 23. 

    How are plant cells different from animal cells?

    • A.

      Large vacuole

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    A. Large vacuole
    Explanation
    Plant cells are different from animal cells because they have a large vacuole. Vacuoles are membrane-bound sacs that store water, nutrients, and waste products. In plant cells, the vacuole is much larger compared to animal cells. The large vacuole in plant cells helps maintain the cell's shape and structure by exerting pressure against the cell wall. It also plays a crucial role in regulating the cell's water balance and storing important molecules such as pigments, enzymes, and toxins. Animal cells, on the other hand, usually have smaller vacuoles or none at all.

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  • 24. 

    How are plant cells different from animal cells?

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    Plant cells are different from animal cells because they contain chloroplasts, which are responsible for photosynthesis. Chloroplasts are organelles that contain chlorophyll, a pigment that captures sunlight and converts it into energy. Animal cells do not have chloroplasts and therefore cannot carry out photosynthesis. Instead, animal cells rely on mitochondria to produce energy through cellular respiration. Mitochondria are organelles that break down glucose and convert it into ATP, the energy currency of the cell.

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  • 25. 

    How are plant cells different from animal cells?

    • A.

      Cell wall

    • B.

      Cell membrane

    Correct Answer
    A. Cell wall
    Explanation
    Plant cells are different from animal cells because they have a cell wall. The cell wall is a rigid structure made of cellulose that surrounds the cell membrane. It provides support and protection to the plant cell, giving it a fixed shape. Animal cells, on the other hand, do not have a cell wall. They only have a cell membrane that controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell. This structural difference is one of the key distinctions between plant and animal cells.

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Stephen Reinbold |PhD (Biological Sciences) |
Biology
Stephen Reinbold has a PhD in Biological Sciences with a particular interest in teaching. He taught General Biology, Environmental Science, Zoology, Genetics, and Anatomy & Physiology for almost thirty years at Metropolitan Community College in Kansas City, Missouri. He particularly enjoyed emphasizing scientific methodology and student research projects. Now, enjoying retirement, he works part-time as an editor while also engaging in online activities.

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