Cartography, caravels, chronometer, sun dial
Compass, sextant, astrolabe,
Dead reckoning, quadrant, telescope
Gunwale, dhow, lodestone, sand glass
The border set by the pope between Catholic and Protestant countries
The line that divided trade routes between the Middle east and China
A line set by the pope that divided the New World into east and west with lands in the east given to Portugal and lands west to Spain.
A line set by the Pope that gave him power over new lands discovered west of the Atlantic
Ended the war between Spain and Portugal
Set the Papal Line of Demarcation
Gave Portugal control of trade in Indonesia
Gave Spain control of Mediterranean trade routes
To convert the Natives to Christianity and civilize them.
To recruit Natives for the priesthood.
To use Natives as sacrifices.
To sell Natives into slavery.
The harsh treatment of Natives and disease decimated their population so the Spanish did not have a large enough work force.
The Africans lost a war with the Spanish.
Africans immigrated there then were made slaves as they were seen as an inferior race.
Many came over as indentured servants who couldn't afford to buy their freedom.
Criollo or creole
The route to riches and gold in the New World.
The forced immigration of Africans across the Atlantic to the New World.
The route Cortes followed to the Aztecs.
The road that connected the Incan Empire.
Trading in faraway ports for the adventure.
Buying more than you sell so you have a supply that won't run out.
Bartering for land.
Selling more than you buy to establish a favorable balance of trade.
Exchange of cultures between Asia and Europe.
Exchange of Columbus' trade routes to the New World with Spain's rivals.
The exchange of plants, animals and ideas between the New World and the old World.
The value set for items that were bartered.
Trade between Asia and Europe for fine silks and porcelains.
Trade between South America, the Caribbean Islands and Mexico in gold.
Trade carrying slaves, cash crops, and manufactured goods between W. Africa, Caribbean or American colonies & the Europe,
Trade in the Mediterranean and N. Africa for slaves.
Hernando De Soto
Land of salt
Cape of Good Hope
The Bering Crossing
The Middle Passage
The Voyage of Sorrow