Quiz: The Structure And Properties Of Water! Chemistry Trivia Questions

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Quiz: The Structure And Properties Of Water! Chemistry Trivia Questions

What we have here are some Chemistry trivia questions on the structure and properties of water. Water is a very important component for the environment of living things and some people have gone far to say that water is indeed life. Take this interesting quiz and get to show off just how much you know about water and its properties.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Honey is composed mostly of glucose and fructose. What property of water explains why honey dissolves easily in the water?
    • A. 

      Water exhibits strong cohesion.

    • B. 

      Water has a high specific heat.

    • C. 

      Water is a polar molecule.

    • D. 

      Water is easily ionized.

  • 2. 
    Methane (CH4), oxygen (O2), and nitrogen (N2) are gases at room temperature. Water (H2O) has a similar molecular weight to these molecules. Why is H2O a liquid at room temperature?  
    • A. 

      H2O has a high viscosity.

    • B. 

      H2O has a high boiling point.

    • C. 

      Adjacent H2O molecules form hydrogen bonds.

    • D. 

      Nonpolar covalent bonds hold H2O molecules together.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements best describes how, in trees, water moves from the roots to the leaves?
    • A. 

      Transpiration from the leaves pulls water upward.

    • B. 

      Gravity continually pulls water and nutrients upward.

    • C. 

      Xylem contracts and pushes water and nutrients upward.

    • D. 

      Trees use energy from ATP to push water and nutrients upward.

  • 4. 
    Laila wants to determine the rate at which a plant uses water. She fills a beaker with 80 mL of water and places a leafy flower stem into the beaker through a small opening in the beaker’s cap. Laila then places the beaker near a sunny window. One week later, 47 mL of water remains in the beaker. What plant process best explains the loss of water in the beaker?    
    • A. 

      Germination

    • B. 

      Photosynthesis

    • C. 

      Respiration

    • D. 

      Transpiration

  • 5. 
    Which of the following characteristics of water is not a result of hydrogen bonding?
    • A. 

      Adhesive strength

    • B. 

      Capillarity

    • C. 

      Cohesive strength

    • D. 

      All of the answers are a result of hydrogen bonding

  • 6. 
    Which of the following makes up a molecule of water? 
    • A. 

      One atom of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen

    • B. 

      One atom of sodium and one atom of chlorine

    • C. 

      One atom of hydrogen and two atoms of oxygen

    • D. 

      Two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen

  • 7. 
    Water molecules are polar, with the   
    • A. 

      Oxygen side being slightly positive and the hydrogen side being slightly negative.

    • B. 

      Oxygen and hydrogen sides being slightly positive.

    • C. 

      Oxygen and hydrogen sides being slightly negative.

    • D. 

      Oxygen side being slightly negative and the hydrogen side being slightly positive.

  • 8. 
    The cohesiveness between water molecules is due largely to:
    • A. 

      Hydrogen bonds.

    • B. 

      Polar covalent bonds.

    • C. 

      Nonpolar covalent bonds.

    • D. 

      Ionic bonds.

    • E. 

      Hydrophobic interactions.

  • 9. 
    A stalk of celery is placed in a solution of blue-colored dye. After one hour, the leaves have blue fluid in their veins. Which property of water is being demonstrated?    
    • A. 

      Adhesion and cohesion

    • B. 

      Evaporation and cooling

    • C. 

      Lower density as a solid than as a liquid

    • D. 

      High specific heat

    • E. 

      Surface tension

  • 10. 
    Which characteristic of water molecules directly contributes to the remarkable "water-walking" success of the aquatic insects pictured in the accompanying figure?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • B. 

      Capillary action

    • C. 

      Nonpolar covalent bonds

    • D. 

      Ionic bonds

    • E. 

      Adhesive forces

  • 11. 
    Which property of water is described in the picture below?
    • A. 

      Capillary action

    • B. 

      Surface tension

    • C. 

      Transpiration

    • D. 

      Adhesion ONLY

  • 12. 
    When placed in the same container, oil and water do not mix because
    • A. 

      They are both polar.

    • B. 

      They are both nonpolar.

    • C. 

      Water is polar and oil in nonpolar.

    • D. 

      Water is nonpolar and oil in polar.