Water You Doing Pop Quiz

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Water You Doing Pop Quiz - Quiz

It’s time for a pop quiz, and today’s topic will be none other than that life juice you need to keep on ticking; water! Think you can answer these various questions on H2O? Give it your best shot!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the longest river in Texas? 

    • A.

      Rio Grande

    • B.

      Colorado

    • C.

      Brazos

    • D.

      Trinity

    Correct Answer
    A. Rio Grande
    Explanation
    According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the Rio Grande is the fourth largest river in the United States, spanning 1,885 miles.

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  • 2. 

    Which statement is NOT true? 

    • A.

      Rainwater harvesting reduces demand on municipal water supply

    • B.

      Rainwater harvesting is illegal in Texas

    • C.

      Rainwater harvesting is simply the process of diverting, capturing and storing rainwater for future use

    • D.

      Rainwater harvesting reduces flooding, erosion, and contamination of surface water

    Correct Answer
    B. Rainwater harvesting is illegal in Texas
    Explanation
    Rain is free! Diverting, capturing and storing rainwater from your roof is legal in Texas. In addition, the Texas Tax Code 151.355 allows for a state sales tax exemption on rainwater harvesting equipment.

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  • 3. 

    Which products are NOT WaterSense labeled? 

    • A.

      Showerheads

    • B.

      Solar panels

    • C.

      Toilets

    • D.

      Bathroom sink faucets and accessories

    Correct Answer
    B. Solar panels
    Explanation
    WaterSense is a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) program designed to encourage water efficiency in the United States through the use of a special label on consumer products. Products include: Toilets, bathroom sinks facuets (and accessories), flushing urinals, showerheads and irrigation systems.

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  • 4. 

    Which room uses the most water indoors? 

    • A.

      Kitchen

    • B.

      Laundry room

    • C.

      Bathroom

    • D.

      Bedroom

    Correct Answer
    C. Bathroom
    Explanation
    According to the EPA, the largest percentage of indoor water use occurs in the bathroom, with 41 percent used for toilet flushing and 33 percent for bathing

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  • 5. 

    Which of these is your better option for saving the most amount of water?

    • A.

      Drive-through car wash

    • B.

      Do-It-Yourself power car wash

    Correct Answer
    A. Drive-through car wash
    Explanation
    The car wash water is recycled and treated for oil, soap including biodegradable detergents, that can be poisonous to fish and wildlife.

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  • 6. 

    In the average household, which of the following wastes the MOST water per day?

    • A.

      A leaky toilet

    • B.

      Running the tap while washing dishes

    • C.

      Using a garbage disposal

    • D.

      Long showers

    Correct Answer
    A. A leaky toilet
    Explanation
    A leaky toilet wastes the most water per day in the average household. Even a small leak can waste a significant amount of water over time. Running the tap while washing dishes, using a garbage disposal, and long showers also contribute to water wastage, but a leaky toilet is the biggest culprit as it continuously leaks water without any intentional use.

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  • 7. 

    What is the largest aquifer in Texas?

    • A.

      Huecco

    • B.

      Ogallala

    • C.

      Gulf Coast

    • D.

      Carrizo

    Correct Answer
    B. Ogallala
  • 8. 

    The Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) recognizes how many major aquifers? 

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      9

    • C.

      11

    • D.

      13

    Correct Answer
    B. 9
    Explanation
    Texas has numerous aquifers capable of producing groundwater for households, municipalities, industry, farms, and ranches. The Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) recognizes 9 major aquifers.

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  • 9. 

    Does pet waste cause pollution?

    • A.

      Yes, animal waste causes bacterial pollution

    • B.

      No, animal waste is a natural fertilizer

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes, animal waste causes bacterial pollution
    Explanation
    Pet waste could contain 7,800,000,000 fecal coliform bacteria; on a rainy day the pet waste can get washed out into storm drains or nearby water sources. Pick up your pet waste: bury it, flush it, or trash it!

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  • 10. 

    Where is the largest inland municipal desalination plant in Texas located? 

    • A.

      El Paso

    • B.

      San Antonio

    • C.

      Corpus Christi

    • D.

      South Padre Island

    Correct Answer
    A. El Paso
    Explanation
    The largest inland municipal desalination plant in Texas, the Kay Bailey Hutchison desalination plant in El Paso, has a design capacity of approximately 27.5 million gallons per day (30,800 acre-feet per year) and went into production in August 2007.

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  • 11. 

    In our solar system, which planet has water besides Earth?

    • A.

      Mars

    • B.

      Pluto

    • C.

      Jupiter

    • D.

      Saturn

    Correct Answer
    A. Mars
    Explanation
    Water is necessary for every form of life known! NASA missions explore our solar system and search for new worlds; they are finding water in surprising places.

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  • 12. 

    What elements make up water? 

    • A.

      Helium and Osmium

    • B.

      Hydrogen and Oxygen

    • C.

      Hydrocarbon and Osmosis

    • D.

      Hydrolysis and Oxidation

    Correct Answer
    B. Hydrogen and Oxygen
    Explanation
    Water is a chemical compound made up of two elements: hydrogen and oxygen. The molecular formula for water is H2O, indicating that each water molecule consists of two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom. This composition of hydrogen and oxygen atoms is what gives water its unique properties and makes it essential for life on Earth.

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  • 13. 

    What U.S. federal government agency was created to protect human health and the environment? 

    • A.

      Environment Protection Agency

    • B.

      Experiment, Plant and Animal Agency

    • C.

      Environment, Prevention and Air Agency

    • D.

      Education, Practice and Adaptation Agency

    Correct Answer
    A. Environment Protection Agency
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Environment Protection Agency. This federal government agency was created to protect human health and the environment. It is responsible for enforcing regulations and laws related to environmental protection, conducting research, and providing education and information on environmental issues.

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  • 14. 

    Irrigation systems are designed to supplement the lack of rainfall

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Irrigation systems are designed to supplement the lack of rainfall. This means that they are created to provide water to plants and crops when there is not enough rainfall to sustain their growth and development. Irrigation systems can include methods such as sprinklers, drip irrigation, or canals, which help deliver water directly to the plants' roots. By supplementing the lack of rainfall, irrigation systems ensure that plants have enough water to thrive and produce a good yield. Therefore, the statement "Irrigation systems are designed to supplement the lack of rainfall" is true.

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  • 15. 

    To transition towards a more sustainable lawn and landscape, it’s recommended by horticulturist to _____.

    • A.

      Irrigate less often but deeply

    • B.

      Irrigate more often and in shorter intervals

    Correct Answer
    A. Irrigate less often but deeply
    Explanation
    Overwatering your landscape often encourages shallow roots, which are more susceptible to damage from extreme heat, freezing temperatures, pests, diseases and future drought conditions.

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  • 16. 

    Which is NOT a benefit of mulch? 

    • A.

      Increases water absorbing capacity

    • B.

      Reduces water evaporation

    • C.

      Reduces erosion

    • D.

      Increases soil temperature

    Correct Answer
    D. Increases soil temperature
    Explanation
    Mulching is a simple yet efficient water conservation practice! Placing a 2- to 4-inch layer of organic mulch (e.g. shredded leaves, bark, or wood chips) in flowerbeds, around trees and shrubs helps the soil retain moisture, limits weed growth, and helps moderate soil temperatures.

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  • 17. 

    Watering your lawn between___ slows evaporation rates during the active growing season (March-October)

    • A.

      10am-3pm

    • B.

      9pm-6am

    • C.

      6am-10am

    • D.

      3pm-5pm

    Correct Answer
    C. 6am-10am
    Explanation
    Water lawn from 6a.m. to 10a.m. to prevent water loss through evaporation. Avoid watering at night as this promotes fungus growth.

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  • 18. 

    Which is NOT a water conservation practice? 

    • A.

      Watering every other day to have a green and healthy lawn

    • B.

      Drip irrigation

    • C.

      Watering your lawn deeply and infrequently

    • D.

      Rainwater harvesting

    Correct Answer
    A. Watering every other day to have a green and healthy lawn
    Explanation
    Water only when needed, not just because it’s your day to water!

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  • 19. 

    Which irrigation method is more efficient? 

    • A.

      Hose-end sprinkling

    • B.

      Flood irrigation

    • C.

      Drip irrigation

    • D.

      Overhead sprinklers

    Correct Answer
    C. Drip irrigation
    Explanation
    According to Texas AgriLife Research, surface/subsurface drip irrigation is 90% efficient! Reducing surface runoff, less water loss to evaporation, and prevents storm water pollution.

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  • 20. 

    Landscape irrigation accounts for 60-75% urban potable water consumption

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Texas Water Resource Institute estimate residents, parks, business and commercial landscapes are the largest component of municipal water use. There is a lot of water to be saved from implementing more efficient landscape irrigation practices. For example, drip irrigation, rainwater harvesting, mulching, and planting native and adaptive plants.

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  • 21. 

    What is eutrophication? Select the correct definition 

    • A.

      The interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment

    • B.

      Excess nitrogen and phosphorus in aquatic systems, which leads to depletion of dissolved oxygen and changes in biotic community composition

    • C.

      Organisms that reduce the availability, quality, or value of resources useful to humans

    • D.

      An organism that synthesizes food molecules from inorganic molecules by using an external energy source, such as light energy

    Correct Answer
    B. Excess nitrogen and phosphorus in aquatic systems, which leads to depletion of dissolved oxygen and changes in biotic community composition
    Explanation
    According to the EPA, nutrient pollution is one of America's most widespread, costly and challenging environmental problems, and is caused by excess nitrogen and phosphorus in the air and water.

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  • 22. 

    Surface Water in Texas is owned by _____

    • A.

      The President of the United States

    • B.

      The Landowner

    • C.

      The Texas Governor

    • D.

      State of Texas

    Correct Answer
    D. State of Texas
    Explanation
    Surface water includes all of the “water under ordinary flow, underflow and tides of every flowing river, natural stream, lake, bay…stormwater, floodwater or rain water of every rive…” Texas Water Code Section 11.021.

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  • 23. 

    In an urban area, where does most of the nonpoint source pollution come from?

    • A.

      Factory smokestacks

    • B.

      Landscape runoff

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Leaking sewer pipe

    Correct Answer
    B. Landscape runoff
    Explanation
    In urban areas landscape runoff is a nonpoint source pollution. The landscape runoff washes away natural and human made pollutants into lakes, wetlands, and even underground sources of our drinking water.

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  • 24. 

    Approximately, how much does 1 gallon of water weigh?

    • A.

      4 lbs.

    • B.

      2 lbs.

    • C.

      8 lbs.

    • D.

      12 lbs.

    Correct Answer
    C. 8 lbs.
    Explanation
    One gallon of water weighs approximately 8 lbs. This is because water has a density of 8.34 pounds per gallon, which means that one gallon of water weighs slightly less than 8.34 lbs. However, for simplicity, it is often rounded down to 8 lbs.

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  • 25. 

    What is the percentage of freshwater on Earth? 

    • A.

      2.5%

    • B.

      96.5%

    • C.

      1%

    • D.

      3%

    Correct Answer
    A. 2.5%
    Explanation
    While nearly 97% of the world is covered by water, only 2.5% is freshwater and the rest is saline water. However, less than 1% of freshwater is available and accessible to drink, with much of it trapped in glaciers, snowfields, and aquifers.

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  • 26. 

    Where is most freshwater located?

    • A.

      Rivers

    • B.

      Lakes

    • C.

      Glaciers

    • D.

      Reservoirs

    Correct Answer
    C. Glaciers
    Explanation
    Glaciers are the correct answer because they hold the largest amount of freshwater on Earth. Glaciers are massive bodies of ice that form from compacted snow over long periods of time. They store freshwater in the form of ice, and when they melt, they release this freshwater into rivers and lakes. Glaciers are found in polar regions, high mountain ranges, and some parts of Antarctica.

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  • 27. 

    Select the most water-efficient technique for a vegetable garden

    • A.

      Plant in rock beds

    • B.

      Plant all veggies in pots

    • C.

      Water plants at 12pm

    • D.

      Use mulch in your landscape

    Correct Answer
    D. Use mulch in your landscape
    Explanation
    Using mulch in the landscape is the most water-efficient technique for a vegetable garden. Mulch helps to retain moisture in the soil by reducing evaporation, preventing weed growth, and improving soil structure. This means that less water is needed to keep the plants hydrated. Additionally, mulch helps to regulate soil temperature, protect plant roots from extreme heat or cold, and prevent erosion. Overall, using mulch in the landscape is an effective way to conserve water and promote healthy vegetable growth.

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  • 28. 

    What is the #1 nonpoint source pollution in Texas streams?

    • A.

      Nutrients

    • B.

      Nitrogen/Phosphorus

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Sediment

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    The most common nonpoint source pollution is bacteria which comes from various sources such as livestock, pet waste, and/or leaking septic systems.

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  • 29. 

    After a rain event, where does water flow? 

    • A.

      Downward into the water table

    • B.

      A wastewater treatment facility

    • C.

      A water treatment facility

    • D.

      Into a nearby river or stream

    Correct Answer
    D. Into a nearby river or stream
    Explanation
    After a rain event, water flows into a nearby river or stream. This is because rainwater accumulates on the ground and follows the natural slope, eventually finding its way into the nearest body of water. This process is known as surface runoff, where the water moves over the land surface and into channels, eventually reaching rivers or streams. The water then continues its journey downstream, eventually making its way to larger bodies of water such as lakes or oceans.

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  • 30. 

    Who would you call if you see a neighbor or business facility violating water conservation regulations?

    • A.

      Local water district office

    • B.

      Ghostbusters

    • C.

      City of Public Works

    • D.

      911

    Correct Answer
    C. City of Public Works
    Explanation
    If you see a neighbor or business facility violating water conservation regulations, you would call the City of Public Works. They are responsible for managing and maintaining public infrastructure, including water systems. They have the authority to enforce water conservation regulations and take appropriate action against violators. The local water district office may also be involved in water management, but the City of Public Works is the most appropriate contact for reporting violations. 911 is an emergency hotline and should only be used for immediate threats to life or property. Ghostbusters is a fictional entity and not a real contact for reporting violations.

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  • 31. 

    About what percentage of Texas groundwater is used for irrigating crops?

    • A.

      20%

    • B.

      60%

    • C.

      80%

    • D.

      50%

    Correct Answer
    C. 80%
    Explanation
    Groundwater is defined as “water percolating below the surface of the earth” but not including subterranean streams or rivers. Of the groundwater used, 80% (approximately 8.16 million acre-feet) of the water is used for agricultural irrigation for approximately 6.3 million acres of irrigated agricultural land.

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  • 32. 

    What’s the shortest river in Texas?

    • A.

      Trinity

    • B.

      Colorado

    • C.

      Brazos

    • D.

      Comal

    Correct Answer
    D. Comal
    Explanation
    The Comal River became famous when "Ripley's Believe It or Not" featured it as the shortest river in the world. The 2.5-mile river rises from Comal Springs in Landa Park and flows to the Guadalupe River.

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  • 33. 

    A person can live about a month without food, but only ____ week(s) without water

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    A person can survive about one week without water depending upon conditions.

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  • 34. 

    How many major river basins are in Texas?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      40

    • C.

      15

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    C. 15
    Explanation
    A river basin is the land that water flows across or under on its way to a river. According to the Texas Water Development Board, Texas has approximately 191,000 miles of streams, 15 major river basins, eight coastal basins, and 196 major reservoirs.

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  • 35. 

    At what temperature does water freeze? 

    • A.

      0 degrees F

    • B.

      32 degrees F

    • C.

      30 degrees F

    • D.

      15 degrees F

    Correct Answer
    B. 32 degrees F
    Explanation
    Water freezes at 32 degrees F. This is the freezing point of water, which means that at this temperature, water changes from a liquid state to a solid state, forming ice.

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  • 36. 

    Earth’s water is always changing states between liquid, vapor, and ice, what is the name of the process? 

    • A.

      Hydrologic Cycle

    • B.

      Infiltration Cycle

    • C.

      Percolation Cycle

    • D.

      Watershed Cycle

    Correct Answer
    A. Hydrologic Cycle
    Explanation
    Water is always in movement, and the natural water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the surface of the Earth.

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  • 37. 

    What is a watershed? 

    • A.

      An area of land that catches rain and snow draining or seeping into a body of water

    • B.

      A shed where water is stored

    • C.

      A naturally occurring underground water reservoir

    • D.

      A stream that intakes an unusual amount of water runoff

    Correct Answer
    A. An area of land that catches rain and snow draining or seeping into a body of water
    Explanation
    A watershed is an area of land that collects rain and snowfall, which then drains or seeps into a body of water such as a river, lake, or ocean. It acts as a natural boundary for the flow of water, determining where it will ultimately end up. Watersheds are important because they play a crucial role in supplying water to ecosystems, as well as providing a source of drinking water for human populations. They also help to regulate the water cycle and filter pollutants before they reach the water bodies.

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  • 38. 

    What is a rain garden? 

    • A.

      A low-maintenance water fountain in the garden

    • B.

      Standing water, which can allow mosquitos to reproduce

    • C.

      A shallow depression filled with flood-tolerant plants, collecting and filtering storm-water runoff

    • D.

      Land consisting of marshes or swamps

    Correct Answer
    C. A shallow depression filled with flood-tolerant plants, collecting and filtering storm-water runoff
    Explanation
    Rain gardens reduce flooding, protect natural habitat, clean our waterways, save money on pollution clean-up, and beautify neighborhoods.

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  • 39. 

    The ____ Act of 1972 was the first major U.S. law to address water pollution? 

    • A.

      Clean Water

    • B.

      Water Pollution Control

    • C.

      Water Quality

    • D.

      Environmental Protection

    Correct Answer
    A. Clean Water
    Explanation
    The basis of the Clean Water Act was enacted in 1948 and was called the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, but the Act was significantly reorganized and expanded in 1972. "Clean Water Act" became the Act's common name with amendments in 1972.

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  • 40. 

    Which of the following uses less water?

    • A.

      Washing dishes under a running tap

    • B.

      Washing dishes in a fully loaded automatic dishwater without pre-rinsing

    Correct Answer
    B. Washing dishes in a fully loaded automatic dishwater without pre-rinsing
    Explanation
    Washing dishes in a fully loaded automatic dishwasher without pre-rinsing uses less water because the dishwasher is designed to use water efficiently. The dishwasher sprays water in a controlled manner and recirculates it, minimizing water waste. Additionally, a full load ensures that the dishwasher is being used to its maximum capacity, reducing the need for multiple cycles and conserving water further. Pre-rinsing dishes under a running tap, on the other hand, can lead to excessive water usage as the tap continuously runs while the dishes are being cleaned.

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  • 41. 

    The process by which water on the ground surface enters the soil is known as?

    • A.

      Infiltration

    • B.

      Hydrazation

    • C.

      Soaking-up

    • D.

      Speculation

    Correct Answer
    A. Infiltration
    Explanation
    Infiltration is the correct answer because it refers to the process of water entering the soil from the ground surface. This occurs when water seeps into the soil through the tiny spaces between soil particles. Infiltration is an important process in the water cycle as it helps to recharge groundwater and replenish soil moisture.

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  • 42. 

    How much water used for irrigating lawns and gardens, on average, is wasted due to runoff and evaporation?

    • A.

      10%

    • B.

      25%

    • C.

      15%

    • D.

      50%

    Correct Answer
    D. 50%
    Explanation
    On average, 50% of water used for irrigating lawns and gardens is wasted due to runoff and evaporation. This means that half of the water applied to lawns and gardens does not effectively reach the plants and instead is lost through runoff or evaporates before it can be absorbed. This high percentage of water wastage highlights the importance of using efficient irrigation methods and techniques to minimize water loss and conserve this valuable resource.

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  • 43. 

    _______ of water are needed to make 1 pair of jeans. 

    • A.

      15 gallons

    • B.

      150 gallons

    • C.

      1500 gallons

    • D.

      1000 gallons

    Correct Answer
    C. 1500 gallons
    Explanation
    To make 1 pair of jeans, a large amount of water is required. The given answer of 1500 gallons seems to be the most reasonable choice. This is because the production of jeans involves various processes such as growing cotton, dyeing the fabric, and washing the finished product. Each of these stages requires water, and considering the scale of the textile industry, 1500 gallons is a plausible estimate for the amount of water needed to produce a single pair of jeans.

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  • 44. 

    Most fresh water is used for ________.

    • A.

      Generating electricity and irrigation

    • B.

      Gas/oil drilling and fire fighting

    • C.

      Manufacturing

    • D.

      Aquariums

    Correct Answer
    A. Generating electricity and irrigation
    Explanation
    Fresh water is primarily used for generating electricity and irrigation. Generating electricity often requires large amounts of water for cooling purposes in power plants, while irrigation involves the use of water to supply crops with the necessary moisture for growth. These two activities are major consumers of fresh water resources. While manufacturing and aquariums may also require water, they do not account for the majority of fresh water usage compared to electricity generation and irrigation.

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  • 45. 

    It takes about ______ gallons of water to build a car.

    • A.

      40

    • B.

      400

    • C.

      4000

    Correct Answer
    C. 4000
    Explanation
    Building a car requires a significant amount of water for various processes such as manufacturing, cooling, and cleaning. The number 4000 gallons seems plausible as it reflects the large quantity of water needed for the production of a car.

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  • 46. 

    Brush your teeth with the water off to save ____ gallons of water.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      13

    Correct Answer
    B. 3
    Explanation
    Brushing your teeth with the water off can save a significant amount of water. By turning off the tap while brushing, you can prevent water wastage and conserve resources. The number 3 indicates the amount of gallons that can be saved by adopting this simple habit.

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  • 47. 

    It takes _____ of water to grow the cotton to make a kid’s _____________.

    • A.

      23 gallons, sock

    • B.

      320 gallons, t-shirt

    • C.

      3 gallons, baseball cap

    Correct Answer
    B. 320 gallons, t-shirt
    Explanation
    Growing cotton requires a significant amount of water, and it takes approximately 320 gallons of water to grow the cotton needed to make a t-shirt. This highlights the environmental impact of the fashion industry and the importance of considering sustainable alternatives.

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