100 and 400
400 and 800
800 and 1500
One foot jump in a forward motion
Two foot jump in a forward motion
One foot jump in a backwards motion
Two foot jump in a backwards motion
When an athlete steps outside of their lane
When an athlete steps outside of their lane and impedes the progress of another athlete
When an athlete has one false start
25M walk - device assisted
25M walk - physical assist
The athlete is irritated by bright lights or certain colors.
The athlete avoids being touched.
The athlete has had a history of negative experiences such as being ignored or left out of activities.
The athlete is suffering side effects from medication.
By examining pictures or watching videos of a sport
By seeing, feeling, and doing
By taking more time to process and retain information
By applying the skill in a variety of environments
Hyperactivity and photosensitivity
Grand mal seizures
Many may be too sedentary and unaccustomed to physical activity.
Typically, they are all antisocial and cannot learn to interact on teams.
Their families cannot afford the equipment for them to participate.
Training is too complex.
The athlete hears you explain the skill by using one- or two-part instructions, and then it’s clear what is expected of them.
The athlete sees what they're being asked to do and is able to follow the instructions.
The athlete receives one-on-one attention from the coach.
Since combining the four components is nearly impossible, it is the best way to teach an athlete a new skill.
Test the athlete on their ability to perform it.
Continue to add new skills until the athlete appears overwhelmed.
Repeat and reinforce the new skill immediately after it is performed or if they demonstrate the correct behavior.
Have the athlete repeat the steps to test for memorization.
After a competition, evaluate whether the skill was achieved.
Have the athlete apply the skill in a game-like situation.
Give the athlete more playing time during a game.
Separate the skill into tasks.
Use the same words or phrases to elicit a desired action.
Use “don’t” commands so the athletes do not hurt themselves.
Use at least 4-part directions to include the entire action, not one- or two-part instructions.
Use directional references often so athletes can acclimate themselves to the terrain.
Use words that are clear and criteria-laden.
Use words that are concrete and conforming.
Use words that are consistent and command-oriented.
Use words that are concise and compassionate.
Have the athlete demonstrate an activity for their peers.
Have the athlete perform the same task until they learn the skill.
Move the other athletes away from them until they back on task.
Change the athlete to an observer until they are ready to focus.
Competition will be inconsistent regardless of where the athlete is competing.
Athletes need to be exposed to a variety of rules so they can compete in different settings.
Athletes need to know that National Governing Body rules take precedence over Special Olympics rules.
Athletes will be better prepared if they know and are comfortable with the rules.
Find a practice site that is big enough for what they need.
Watch each athlete and point out the faults of their performance so they can improve before the competition.
Assign coaches, but don’t let them work with the athletes until the day of competition because that would diminish your role as head coach.
Have a crisis plan in place to cover all contingencies.
It’s when the athletes perform on a stage, such as in gymnastics.
It’s the location where the athletes gather with fellow competitors prior to competing.
It’s an area where parents can sit with their children to watch the competition.
It’s the area where coaches instruct athletes on what to do if they encounter a potentially vulnerable situation.
“Winning isn’t everything. It’s the only thing.”
"It's not that you won or lost but how you played the game.”
“Let me win, but if I cannot win, let me be brave in the attempt.”
“You can't just beat a team, you have to leave a lasting impression in their minds so they never want to see you again.”