Six Sigma Yellow Belt Examination

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Six Sigma Yellow Belt Examination - Quiz

Are you preparing for the six sigma yellow belt examination? Before giving the exam, try answering a few questions on this quiz and see if you're actually ready to give the exam or if you need some more practice. A Six Sigma Yellow Belt is a professional who is well versed in the foundational elements of the Lean Six Sigma Methodology and leads limited improvement projects, and serves as a team member of more complex improvement projects led by a Certified Green Belt. Give this quiz a try and see how you perform.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why don’t all processes need to achieve a Six Sigma level of performance?

    • A.

      It may be very difficult to deliver some processes at that level

    • B.

      It may be very costly to deliver processes at that level

    • C.

      The processes may be critical processes

    • D.

      Both a and b

    • E.

      All processes should aim at a Six Sigma level of performance without thinking of cost considerations

    Correct Answer
    D. Both a and b
    Explanation
    Achieving a Six Sigma level of performance requires a very low defect rate, which may be very difficult and costly for some processes. Therefore, not all processes need to achieve this level of performance, as it may not be feasible or practical in terms of resources and cost. The correct answer states that both difficulty and cost can be reasons why not all processes need to achieve a Six Sigma level of performance.

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  • 2. 

    Turn Around Time of a process measured in hours is an example of ______ type of measurement. 

    • A.

      Attribute measurements

    • B.

      Variable measurements

    • C.

      Discrete measurements

    • D.

      Metrics

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Variable measurements
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Variable measurements" because turn around time of a process can vary depending on the specific process and its efficiency. It is not a fixed or discrete value, but rather a continuous measurement that can take on different values in hours. Attribute measurements are used to categorize data, discrete measurements are used for countable values, and metrics are used to quantify performance. None of these options accurately describe the nature of measuring the turn around time of a process in hours.

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  • 3. 

    In the measure phase, which of the following is one of the things you should do?

    • A.

      Develop a team charter

    • B.

      Determine the baseline performance of the process

    • C.

      Do causal analysis

    • D.

      Document process changes

    • E.

      Do hypothesis testing

    Correct Answer
    B. Determine the baseline performance of the process
    Explanation
    In the measure phase, one of the things you should do is determine the baseline performance of the process. This involves collecting data and analyzing the current state of the process to establish a benchmark against which improvements can be measured. By understanding the current performance, you can identify areas for improvement and set realistic goals for the project. This step is crucial in order to track progress and evaluate the effectiveness of any changes made during the improvement process.

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  • 4. 

    Pick an option that is not a measure of central tendency. 

    • A.

      Mean

    • B.

      Median

    • C.

      Mode

    • D.

      Standard deviation

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The options "Mean," "Median," and "Mode" are all measures of central tendency as they provide information about the central or typical value in a dataset. On the other hand, "Standard deviation" is not a measure of central tendency. It is a measure of dispersion or variability in a dataset, indicating how spread out the values are from the mean. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above" as it does not represent a measure of central tendency.

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  • 5. 

    If D = Number of Defects, O = Defect Opportunities per unit, N = Sample Size, then which formula below is used to calculate DPMO? 

    • A.

      (O*1000000)/(N*D)

    • B.

      O/(N*1000000)

    • C.

      (O*N*D*1000000)

    • D.

      (D*1000000)/(N*O)

    • E.

      (N*1000000)/(D*O)

    Correct Answer
    D. (D*1000000)/(N*O)
    Explanation
    The formula used to calculate DPMO (Defects Per Million Opportunities) is (D*1000000)/(N*O). This formula takes into account the number of defects (D), the number of defect opportunities per unit (O), and the sample size (N). It calculates the DPMO by multiplying the number of defects by one million and then dividing it by the product of the sample size and the number of defect opportunities.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following options represent an accurate example of continuous data?

    • A.

      Short and Tall

    • B.

      Good and Bad

    • C.

      Average Handle Time (in sec.)

    • D.

      Likert Scale 1 - 10

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Average Handle Time (in sec.)
    Explanation
    Continuous data refers to data that can take on any value within a given range. In this case, "Average Handle Time (in sec.)" represents continuous data because it can vary continuously and take on any value within a range of seconds. The other options, such as "Short and Tall," "Good and Bad," and "Likert Scale 1 - 10," do not represent continuous data as they are categorical or ordinal in nature.

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  • 7. 

    The fishbone diagram is used for: 

    • A.

      To follow the movement of people in a process

    • B.

      To determine process capability

    • C.

      To categorize input variables that may be important

    • D.

      To prioritize the highest frequency problems

    • E.

      To show the process flow

    Correct Answer
    C. To categorize input variables that may be important
    Explanation
    The fishbone diagram is a visual tool used to categorize input variables that may be important. It helps to identify and organize potential causes or factors that could contribute to a problem or outcome. By categorizing these variables, it becomes easier to analyze and understand their potential impact on the process or problem at hand. This diagram is commonly used in quality management and problem-solving methodologies to systematically identify and address potential causes of issues.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is a typical activity undertaken in the Analyze phase of a project?

    • A.

      Define performance standards

    • B.

      Pilot the solution

    • C.

      Validate root causes

    • D.

      Create SIPOC

    • E.

      Compute the baseline

    Correct Answer
    C. Validate root causes
    Explanation
    In the Analyze phase of a project, one typical activity is to validate root causes. This involves identifying and verifying the underlying reasons or factors that contribute to a problem or issue. By validating the root causes, the project team can gain a better understanding of the problem and determine the most effective solutions. This step is crucial in ensuring that the project addresses the actual causes of the problem rather than just the symptoms.

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  • 9. 

    What are the contents included in the high-level process map?

    • A.

      Customer, Outputs, Process Steps, Cost, Supplier

    • B.

      Customer, Outputs, Process Steps, Inputs, Suppliers

    • C.

      Schedule factors, Outputs, Process Steps, Inputs, Suppliers

    • D.

      Boundaries of process steps

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Customer, Outputs, Process Steps, Inputs, Suppliers
    Explanation
    The high-level process map includes the customer, outputs, process steps, inputs, and suppliers. This means that the map outlines the customer or end-user of the process, the desired outputs or deliverables, the steps involved in the process, the inputs or resources required, and the suppliers or sources of those inputs. This comprehensive view helps to understand the entire process and its dependencies on various factors.

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  • 10. 

    Pick an option that best represents the purpose of a process map. 

    • A.

      Identify waste and prioritize projects

    • B.

      To create a histogram

    • C.

      To baseline the process performance

    • D.

      To prioritize solutions

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Identify waste and prioritize projects
    Explanation
    A process map is a visual representation of a process, showing the steps involved and the flow of information or materials. By creating a process map, one can easily identify any inefficiencies or waste within the process. This allows for the identification of areas that need improvement and helps in prioritizing projects to address these issues. Therefore, the purpose of a process map is to identify waste and prioritize projects.

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  • 11. 

    What is the most important use of the 5-Why routine?

    • A.

      Brainstorm possible solutions

    • B.

      Determine if the products is shippable

    • C.

      Describe the CTQC’s more accurately

    • D.

      Find the root cause of a problem

    Correct Answer
    D. Find the root cause of a problem
    Explanation
    The most important use of the 5-Why routine is to find the root cause of a problem. This technique involves asking "why" multiple times to dig deeper into the underlying causes of an issue, rather than just addressing the superficial symptoms. By identifying and addressing the root cause, organizations can implement more effective and long-lasting solutions, preventing the problem from recurring in the future.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following are goals when creating Process Maps?

    • A.

      Determining which employees are the most productive

    • B.

      Calculating process capability

    • C.

      Determining inputs and identifying waste

    • D.

      Identifying customer requirements

    • E.

      Inspecting product to reduce defects

    Correct Answer
    C. Determining inputs and identifying waste
    Explanation
    When creating process maps, one of the goals is to determine inputs and identify waste. Process maps are visual representations of a process that help identify the sequence of steps, inputs, and outputs. By analyzing the inputs and identifying waste, organizations can improve efficiency and reduce costs by eliminating unnecessary steps or materials. This goal focuses on understanding the resources required for the process and identifying any areas where resources are being wasted, such as excessive materials or unnecessary steps.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following tools can be used to group or organize ideas to achieve improved definition and understanding of them?

    • A.

      Affinity Diagram

    • B.

      Multi-voting

    • C.

      Brainstorming

    • D.

      Fishbone diagram

    • E.

      A process step

    Correct Answer
    A. Affinity Diagram
    Explanation
    The Affinity Diagram is a tool that can be used to group or organize ideas in order to achieve improved definition and understanding of them. It allows for the categorization and clustering of ideas based on their similarities and relationships, which helps in identifying patterns and themes. This process can lead to a better understanding of complex problems or situations and can facilitate effective decision-making and problem-solving.

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  • 14. 

    At what stage of Six Sigma projects are Control (SPC) Charts used to maintain improved process performance?

    • A.

      Define

    • B.

      Measure

    • C.

      Analyze

    • D.

      Improve

    • E.

      Control

    Correct Answer
    E. Control
    Explanation
    Control (SPC) Charts are used in the Control stage of Six Sigma projects to maintain improved process performance. In this stage, the process improvements identified in the previous stages (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve) are implemented and monitored. Control Charts help to track and analyze process data over time, allowing organizations to identify any variations or trends that may occur. By using Control Charts, organizations can ensure that the improved process performance is sustained and any potential issues are addressed promptly, leading to consistent and reliable outcomes.

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  • 15. 

    Which part of the project charter defines the boundaries of the project?

    • A.

      The business case

    • B.

      The goal statement

    • C.

      The project scope

    • D.

      Defining the team roles

    • E.

      Timelines for Project completion

    Correct Answer
    C. The project scope
    Explanation
    The project scope is the part of the project charter that defines the boundaries of the project. It outlines the specific deliverables, objectives, and tasks that are included in the project, as well as what is excluded. The project scope helps to establish clear expectations and prevent scope creep, ensuring that the project remains focused and on track.

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  • 16. 

    Which tool is used to prioritize categories based on the relative frequency of occurrence in the search for a root cause or key variable?

    • A.

      Affinity Chart

    • B.

      Pareto Chart

    • C.

      Cost analysis

    • D.

      Process Flow chart

    • E.

      Histogram

    Correct Answer
    B. Pareto Chart
    Explanation
    A Pareto Chart is used to prioritize categories based on the relative frequency of occurrence in the search for a root cause or key variable. It helps to identify the most significant factors contributing to a problem by displaying the categories in descending order of frequency. This allows for a focused approach in addressing the most critical issues first, leading to more effective problem-solving and decision-making.

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  • 17. 

    The first step in developing a project charter is to:

    • A.

      Identify the solutions to be tested

    • B.

      Investigate the root causes of the problem being analyzed

    • C.

      Identify the opportunity for improvement

    • D.

      Calculate the final project benefits

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Identify the opportunity for improvement
    Explanation
    The first step in developing a project charter is to identify the opportunity for improvement. This involves identifying areas or processes within the organization that can be improved upon. By identifying the opportunity for improvement, the project charter can then be developed to outline the goals, objectives, and scope of the project, as well as the expected benefits and outcomes. This step sets the foundation for the project and helps to ensure that it aligns with the overall goals and objectives of the organization.

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  • 18. 

    What is missing from the following Project Charter Business Case statement: “Process Cycle Time must be reduced in order to meet customer requirements”?

    • A.

      Team Leader

    • B.

      Scope of project, including “included” and “not included”

    • C.

      Amount of improvement required and business impact

    • D.

      Measurement system to be used

    • E.

      Resources required

    Correct Answer
    C. Amount of improvement required and business impact
    Explanation
    The missing element from the given Project Charter Business Case statement is the "Amount of improvement required and business impact." The statement mentions that the Process Cycle Time needs to be reduced to meet customer requirements, but it does not specify the specific amount of improvement needed or the potential impact on the business. Including this information is important as it helps set clear goals and expectations for the project and allows stakeholders to understand the potential benefits or consequences of achieving the desired improvement.

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  • 19. 

    Why is it useful to identify the CTQC’s rather than general requirements statements?

    • A.

      They are more specific and are easier to measure and control

    • B.

      They allow price reduction for suppliers

    • C.

      They enable calculation of the cost of quality

    • D.

      They can be eliminated once they are identified

    • E.

      They are always stable and capable

    Correct Answer
    A. They are more specific and are easier to measure and control
    Explanation
    Identifying CTQC's (Critical to Quality Characteristics) is useful because they are more specific and easier to measure and control compared to general requirements statements. CTQC's provide clear guidelines for quality standards and help in defining specific metrics for measuring and monitoring quality. By focusing on CTQC's, organizations can ensure that the most critical aspects of quality are addressed and improved upon. This approach also enables better communication with suppliers, facilitates cost calculations related to quality, and helps in eliminating any identified CTQC's. Additionally, CTQC's are considered stable and capable, further emphasizing their importance in quality management.

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  • 20. 

    Name the tool that helps us to understand the spread and shape of a distribution of process data. 

    • A.

      Pareto Chart

    • B.

      Control Chart

    • C.

      Trend Chart

    • D.

      Histogram

    • E.

      Sigma Level

    Correct Answer
    D. Histogram
    Explanation
    A histogram is a tool that helps us understand the spread and shape of a distribution of process data. It provides a visual representation of the data, with the x-axis representing the range of values and the y-axis representing the frequency or count of each value. By examining the shape of the histogram, we can identify patterns, outliers, and the overall distribution characteristics of the data. This information is valuable in analyzing and improving processes.

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  • 21. 

    Which tool will you use if you wanted to see the data variation over time? 

    • A.

      Trend Chart

    • B.

      Histogram

    • C.

      Cause and Effect (Fishbone Diagram)

    • D.

      Pareto Chart

    • E.

      Process Flow Chart

    Correct Answer
    A. Trend Chart
    Explanation
    A trend chart is used to visualize the data variation over time. It helps in identifying patterns, trends, and changes in the data over a specific period. By plotting the data points on a graph, it becomes easier to analyze the data and understand how it evolves over time. This tool is particularly useful in fields such as finance, sales, and marketing, where tracking and monitoring trends is crucial for decision-making and forecasting.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following represents a very important element of the project charter?

    • A.

      Establishment of root causes

    • B.

      Choice of the correct control chart

    • C.

      Prioritizing a solution

    • D.

      The process map

    • E.

      The business case statement

    Correct Answer
    E. The business case statement
    Explanation
    The business case statement is a very important element of the project charter as it outlines the justification for the project, including the expected benefits, costs, and risks. It provides a clear understanding of the project's purpose and objectives, and helps stakeholders make informed decisions about whether to proceed with the project. It also serves as a reference point throughout the project, ensuring that the project stays aligned with its intended goals and objectives.

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  • 23. 

    Which tool is used to identify the vital few areas that need improvement?

    • A.

      SIPOC

    • B.

      Pareto Chart

    • C.

      Trend chart or Run chart

    • D.

      Value added flow chart

    • E.

      Process Flow Chart

    Correct Answer
    B. Pareto Chart
    Explanation
    A Pareto Chart is used to identify the vital few areas that need improvement. It is a bar chart that displays data in descending order of frequency or importance. It helps in identifying and prioritizing the most significant issues or problems by showing the cumulative impact of each factor. The chart allows for a visual representation of the 80/20 rule, where 80% of the problems are often caused by 20% of the factors. By focusing on these vital few areas, organizations can allocate their resources effectively and address the most critical issues first.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is the most useful graphical tool for demonstrating data distribution?

    • A.

      Process Map

    • B.

      Histogram

    • C.

      Pareto Chart

    • D.

      Cause and Effect Diagram

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Histogram
    Explanation
    A histogram is the most useful graphical tool for demonstrating data distribution. It displays the frequency or count of data values within specific intervals or bins. This allows us to visualize the shape, center, and spread of the data, as well as identify any outliers or patterns. Histograms are commonly used in statistics and data analysis to understand the distribution of variables and make informed decisions based on the data.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is the purpose of Trend Charts?

    • A.

      Calculate class interval in a process

    • B.

      Observe Variation in the process over a period of time

    • C.

      Prioritizing a solution

    • D.

      Ensure Statistical Process Control

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Observe Variation in the process over a period of time
    Explanation
    Trend charts are used to observe the variation in a process over a period of time. They help to identify patterns, trends, and fluctuations in data, allowing for a better understanding of the process and its performance. By plotting data points on a trend chart, it becomes easier to identify any upward or downward trends, cycles, or shifts in the process. This information can then be used to make informed decisions and take appropriate actions to improve the process.

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  • 26. 

    Which is the main focus of Statistical Process control?

    • A.

      Identification of special cause variation

    • B.

      Prioritization of vital causes

    • C.

      Identification of failure modes

    • D.

      Identification of defects per unit over a period of time

    • E.

      Identification of vital few from trivial many

    Correct Answer
    A. Identification of special cause variation
    Explanation
    Statistical Process Control (SPC) is primarily focused on identifying special cause variation. Special cause variation refers to unpredictable or non-random factors that can cause a process to deviate from its normal performance. By identifying and eliminating special cause variation, SPC helps to improve the stability and predictability of a process, leading to better quality control and reduced variability. This is achieved through the use of statistical techniques and control charts to monitor and analyze process data, allowing for timely detection and correction of special causes of variation.

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  • 27. 

    Which of these steps is NOT involved in prioritizing and selecting a solution?

    • A.

      Establishing rating criteria

    • B.

      Weight the criteria

    • C.

      Establish criteria rating descriptions

    • D.

      Determine the Sigma Level of the process

    • E.

      Rate each solution

    Correct Answer
    D. Determine the Sigma Level of the process
  • 28. 

    The Critical to Quality Characteristic’s definition includes which of the following?

    • A.

      Baseline Sigma Value

    • B.

      Specifications (Target and limits)

    • C.

      Control Limits

    • D.

      Both a and b

    • E.

      Both a and c

    Correct Answer
    B. Specifications (Target and limits)
    Explanation
    The Critical to Quality (CTQ) Characteristic's definition includes specifications (target and limits). This means that when determining the CTQ characteristic for a process, it is important to define the desired target value as well as the acceptable limits within which the characteristic should fall. The baseline Sigma value and control limits are not included in the CTQ characteristic's definition.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following is NOT a typical category for fishbone chart?

    • A.

      Person

    • B.

      Process

    • C.

      System

    • D.

      Policy

    • E.

      Maintenance

    Correct Answer
    E. Maintenance
    Explanation
    A fishbone chart, also known as a cause-and-effect diagram, is a visual tool used to identify and analyze the potential causes of a problem or an effect. It typically consists of categories such as Person, Process, System, and Policy, which represent different aspects that could contribute to the issue. Maintenance, on the other hand, is not a typical category for a fishbone chart as it does not directly represent a potential cause but rather refers to the ongoing upkeep and care of a system or equipment.

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  • 30. 

    What is the use of the pareto chart?

    • A.

      To measure the variability in the process

    • B.

      To calculate the sample size

    • C.

      To segregate the vital few causes from the trivial many

    • D.

      To determine the process capability

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. To segregate the vital few causes from the trivial many
    Explanation
    The use of a Pareto chart is to segregate the vital few causes from the trivial many. This chart helps in prioritizing the causes or factors that contribute the most to a problem or issue. By visually representing the data in descending order of frequency or impact, it becomes easier to identify and focus on the most significant causes. This allows for efficient problem-solving and resource allocation, as attention can be directed towards addressing the few key factors that have the greatest influence.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 25, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Carmelobaltazar
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