Acute Coronary Syndrome Quiz: The heart is one of the main organs in the human body, and it is charged with ensuring that blood is transported throughout the body. For one to be termed as having the acute coronary syndrome, it means that there is reduced blood flow to the heart or blockage in its path. Non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), unstable angina, and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are the three types of ACS. This quiz will help you learn more about this syndrome.
Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction
ST segment elevation myocardial infarction
Patients should use transdermal nitroglycerin (if available), then wait to see if symptoms subside within 5 minutes
Patients should use sublingual nitroglycerin (if available), then wait to see if symptoms subside within 5 minutes
Patients should chew a non-enteric coated ASA
Patients should seek emergency help (i.e. call 911) if symptoms do not resolve within 5 minutes
Prevent total occlusion
Limit infarct size
Control chest pain
Control other symptoms
Previous intracranial hemorrhage
Suspected aortic dissection
Current use of anticoagulants
Known structural vascular lesion
It relieves angina and risk of mortality in ACS
Vasculature is normally taken from the heart to bypass the arthersclerotic lesions
The procedure requires the heart to be stopped
The number of bypasses (e.g. triple bypass) is equivalent to the number of coronary arteries involved in the procedure
Shortness of breath
Nausea and vomiting
Since this patient has abnormal cholesterol lab values, atorvastatin 10mg should be started and lab values should be drawn in one month to determine any dosage changes needed.
Since this patient has normal cholesterol lab values, a statin is not needed.
Since this patient has normal cholesterol lab values but recently had a STEMI, atorvastatin 10mg would be the best choice for therapy.
Since this patient has normal cholesterol lab values but recently had a STEMI, atorvastatin 80mg would be the best choice for therapy.
Here's an interesting quiz for you.