Quiz On Pharmacy Tech

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 472
Questions: 90 | Attempts: 373

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Pharmacy Technician Quizzes & Trivia

Pharmacy is the branch of medicine that deals with medicine and prescription. Are you a pharmacist and think you have what it takes to correctly answer questions on the subject? If so, take up the quiz below and learn.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The device used to compound three-in-one total parenteral nutrition solutions is the: 

    • A.

      MedCarousel

    • B.

      PhaSeal

    • C.

      Pyxis

    • D.

      Automix

    Correct Answer
    D. Automix
    Explanation
    The Automix device is used to compound three-in-one total parenteral nutrition solutions. This device automates the process of mixing and compounding the solution, ensuring accuracy and efficiency. It is specifically designed for compounding parenteral nutrition solutions, which provide all essential nutrients to patients intravenously. The Automix device helps healthcare professionals in hospitals and clinics to streamline the preparation of these solutions, reducing the risk of errors and contamination.

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  • 2. 

    A solid dosage form that contains active and inactive ingredients and is prepared either by compression or molding method is called a :

    • A.

      Tablet

    • B.

      Capsule

    • C.

      Paste

    • D.

      Emulsion

    Correct Answer
    A. Tablet
    Explanation
    A tablet is a solid dosage form that contains both active and inactive ingredients and is prepared by compression or molding methods. It is a convenient and commonly used form of medication as it is easy to swallow and provides accurate dosing. Tablets can be formulated to release the active ingredient immediately or over a prolonged period of time, depending on the desired therapeutic effect.

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  • 3. 

    The _________________ is used to record what the pharmacy owes its suppliers and other creditors.

    • A.

      Purchase journal

    • B.

      Cash receipts

    • C.

      Accounts receivable ledger

    • D.

      Accounts payable ledger

    Correct Answer
    D. Accounts payable ledger
    Explanation
    The accounts payable ledger is used to record what the pharmacy owes its suppliers and other creditors. This ledger keeps track of all the outstanding invoices and bills that the pharmacy needs to pay. It helps the pharmacy maintain accurate records of their liabilities and ensures that they fulfill their financial obligations to their suppliers and creditors.

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  • 4. 

    A solid dosage form in which the drug substance is enclosed in either a hard or soft soluble container or a shell of a suitable form of gelatin is called a:

    • A.

      Tablet

    • B.

      Suppository

    • C.

      Capsule

    • D.

      Pill

    Correct Answer
    C. Capsule
    Explanation
    A capsule is a solid dosage form in which the drug substance is enclosed in a shell made of gelatin. The gelatin shell can be either hard or soft and is soluble, allowing for the release of the drug substance once ingested. Capsules are commonly used to encapsulate powders, granules, or liquids, providing a convenient and easily swallowed form of medication.

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  • 5. 

    The drug of choice for emergency IV therapy for arrhythmias is 

    • A.

      Sodium bicarbonate

    • B.

      Lidocaine

    • C.

      Dopamine

    • D.

      Adrenalin

    Correct Answer
    B. Lidocaine
    Explanation
    Lidocaine is the drug of choice for emergency IV therapy for arrhythmias because it is a class Ib antiarrhythmic medication that works by blocking sodium channels in the heart, thereby stabilizing the cardiac cell membrane and preventing abnormal electrical impulses. This helps to restore normal heart rhythm and prevent life-threatening arrhythmias. Sodium bicarbonate is not typically used for arrhythmias but rather for the treatment of metabolic acidosis. Dopamine and adrenaline are not the first-line drugs for arrhythmias but may be used in specific cases such as cardiac arrest or severe hypotension.

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  • 6. 

    The __________________________________ provides guidelines for the recall of devices that could cause serious adverse effects.

    • A.

      Kefauver-Harris Amendment

    • B.

      Duraham-Humphrey Amendment

    • C.

      Medical Device Amendment

    • D.

      Safe Medical Device Act

    Correct Answer
    D. Safe Medical Device Act
    Explanation
    The Safe Medical Device Act provides guidelines for the recall of devices that could cause serious adverse effects. This act was enacted in response to public concerns about the safety of medical devices and aims to protect patients from potential harm caused by defective or unsafe devices. It establishes the requirements for manufacturers, importers, and distributors to report and address device-related issues promptly. The act also empowers the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to take actions such as ordering recalls, issuing warnings, and imposing penalties to ensure the safety and effectiveness of medical devices in the market.

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  • 7. 

    Which one of the following drugs can not be prescribed with refills?

    • A.

      Hydrocodone/acetaminophen

    • B.

      Methylphenidate

    • C.

      Lorazepam

    • D.

      Nifedipine

    Correct Answer
    B. Methylphenidate
    Explanation
    Methylphenidate is a medication commonly used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a controlled substance due to its potential for abuse and addiction. As a result, it cannot be prescribed with refills. This is because prescribing it with refills could increase the risk of misuse or diversion of the medication. Patients need to have regular check-ups with their healthcare provider to monitor the effectiveness and safety of the medication, and to ensure it is being used appropriately.

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  • 8. 

    Mr. Maddison has brought in a prescription from his dermatologist for a special order of  60 g of 1.5% hydrocortisone cream.  The pharmacy has in stock 2.4% hydrocortisone cream and a 1 % hydrocortisone cream.  How much of each will the technician need to prepare to compound this correctly?

    • A.

      40 g of 1% and 20 g of 2.5%

    • B.

      40 g of 1% and 10 g of 2.5%

    • C.

      30 g of each

    • D.

      45 g of 1% and 15 g of 2.5%

    Correct Answer
    A. 40 g of 1% and 20 g of 2.5%
    Explanation
    To prepare a 60 g cream with a concentration of 1.5%, the technician needs to mix two different creams with different concentrations. The technician needs to use a higher concentration cream and a lower concentration cream to achieve the desired concentration. In this case, the technician will need to mix 40 g of the 1% hydrocortisone cream (lower concentration) with 20 g of the 2.5% hydrocortisone cream (higher concentration) to obtain a total of 60 g with a concentration of 1.5%.

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  • 9. 

    To what class does hydrocodone/acetaminophen belong to?

    • A.

      II

    • B.

      III

    • C.

      IV

    • D.

      V

    Correct Answer
    B. III
    Explanation
    Hydrocodone/acetaminophen belongs to class III.

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  • 10. 

    What is the portion of the retail price of a prescription that the patent must pay?

    • A.

      Average wholesale price

    • B.

      Refund

    • C.

      Deductible

    • D.

      Co-pay

    Correct Answer
    D. Co-pay
    Explanation
    The co-pay is the portion of the retail price of a prescription that the patient must pay. It is a fixed amount that the patient is responsible for paying out-of-pocket each time they get a prescription filled. This amount is typically set by the insurance company and can vary depending on the specific medication and insurance plan. The co-pay helps to share the cost of the medication between the patient and the insurance company.

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  • 11. 

    Federal law requires that a ________________ drug display the following message: "Rx Only"

    • A.

      Prescription

    • B.

      Controlled

    • C.

      Legend

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Legend
    Explanation
    Federal law requires that a "legend" drug display the following message: "Rx Only". This means that the correct answer is "legend". "Legend" drugs are prescription medications that are regulated by the FDA and can only be obtained with a prescription from a licensed healthcare provider. The "Rx Only" message on the label serves as a reminder that these medications should only be used under the supervision and guidance of a healthcare professional.

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  • 12. 

    Stock rotation means that you must make sure that supplies with

    • A.

      The shortest expiration date is in the front

    • B.

      The shortest expiration date is in the back

    • C.

      The longest expiration date is in the front

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. The shortest expiration date is in the front
    Explanation
    Stock rotation refers to the practice of arranging supplies based on their expiration dates. The supplies with the shortest expiration date should be placed in the front. This ensures that the items with the closest expiration dates are used first, reducing the risk of products expiring and becoming unusable. By placing the shortest expiration date in the front, it becomes easier to identify and use these supplies before they expire, promoting efficiency and minimizing waste.

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  • 13. 

    What does the section "501"  of the NDC number 50580-501-10 indicate?

    • A.

      Drug product

    • B.

      Manufacturer

    • C.

      Package size

    • D.

      Number of tablets in container

    Correct Answer
    A. Drug product
    Explanation
    The section "501" of the NDC number indicates the drug product.

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  • 14. 

    What is the generic name of DiaBeta?

    • A.

      Glipizide

    • B.

      Glyburide

    • C.

      Sitagliptin

    • D.

      Micronase

    Correct Answer
    B. Glyburide
    Explanation
    Glyburide is the generic name of DiaBeta. Glyburide is an oral medication used to control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs called sulfonylureas, which stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin. DiaBeta is a brand name for glyburide, and it is commonly prescribed to help manage diabetes by improving blood sugar control.

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  • 15. 

    What is the brand name for metformin

    • A.

      Pioglitazone

    • B.

      Diabinese

    • C.

      Glucotrol

    • D.

      Glucophage

    Correct Answer
    D. Glucophage
    Explanation
    Glucophage is the brand name for metformin.

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  • 16. 

    What is the total volume of D5W needed for a 24 hour period if the infusion runs at a rate of 100 ml/hr?

    • A.

      2500 mL

    • B.

      2400 mL

    • C.

      1250 mL

    • D.

      1500 mL

    Correct Answer
    B. 2400 mL
    Explanation
    To calculate the total volume of D5W needed for a 24-hour period, we need to multiply the infusion rate (100 ml/hr) by the number of hours (24). This will give us 2400 mL, which is the correct answer.

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  • 17. 

    A prescribed dose for gentamicin injection is ordered at  5 mg/kg/day divided into 3 doses.  If a patient weighs 150 lb, how many milligrams should the patient receive for each dose?

    • A.

      65

    • B.

      113

    • C.

      145

    • D.

      15

    Correct Answer
    B. 113
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 113. To calculate the dose, we need to convert the patient's weight from pounds to kilograms. Since 1 kilogram is equal to 2.2 pounds, the patient's weight is approximately 68.18 kg. Then, we multiply the weight by the prescribed dose of 5 mg/kg/day to get the total dose per day, which is 340.91 mg. Since the dose is divided into 3 doses per day, we divide the total dose by 3 to get the dose for each individual dose, which is approximately 113 mg.

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  • 18. 

    How many grams of active ingredient are found in 300 mL of a 5% Cipro suspension?

    • A.

      3 g

    • B.

      1.5 g

    • C.

      15 g

    • D.

      30 g

    Correct Answer
    C. 15 g
    Explanation
    In a 5% Cipro suspension, the active ingredient is present at a concentration of 5 grams per 100 mL. To find the amount of active ingredient in 300 mL, we can set up a proportion: 5 grams/100 mL = x grams/300 mL. Cross-multiplying and solving for x, we get x = (5 grams/100 mL) * 300 mL = 15 grams. Therefore, there are 15 grams of active ingredient in 300 mL of the Cipro suspension.

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  • 19. 

    What form is used by the pharmacy to pay the wholesaler for a drug order?

    • A.

      Packing slip

    • B.

      Invoice

    • C.

      Purchase order

    • D.

      Receipt

    Correct Answer
    B. Invoice
    Explanation
    The form used by the pharmacy to pay the wholesaler for a drug order is an invoice. An invoice is a document that provides a detailed breakdown of the products or services provided, along with the corresponding costs. It serves as a request for payment and includes important information such as the quantity, description, and price of the ordered items. Pharmacies typically receive an invoice from the wholesaler, which they use to process the payment for the drug order.

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  • 20. 

    What term refers to the protection of a patients identity and health information?

    • A.

      Rights

    • B.

      Confidentiality

    • C.

      Autonomy

    • D.

      Negotiation

    Correct Answer
    B. Confidentiality
    Explanation
    Confidentiality refers to the protection of a patient's identity and health information. It ensures that sensitive information about a patient is kept private and not disclosed to unauthorized individuals. This is an important aspect of healthcare ethics and legal requirements, as it helps maintain trust between patients and healthcare providers and protects patients' rights to privacy.

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  • 21. 

    Which sig code refers to the following directions? : Take two tablets by mouth every 6 hours as needed

    • A.

      2 tabs q 6 h prn

    • B.

      2 tabs po q 6 h prn

    • C.

      2 tabs po prn

    • D.

      A & b

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 tabs po q 6 h prn
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "2 tabs po q 6 h prn." This sig code indicates that the patient should take two tablets by mouth every 6 hours as needed. "po" stands for "by mouth," "q" stands for "every," "6 h" stands for "6 hours," and "prn" stands for "as needed." Therefore, this sig code accurately represents the given directions.

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  • 22. 

    If  500 mL of a 15% solution is diluted to 1500 mL what would the final strength of the solution be labeled as?

    • A.

      20 %

    • B.

      .20%

    • C.

      5 %

    • D.

      0.05%

    Correct Answer
    C. 5 %
    Explanation
    When 500 mL of a 15% solution is diluted to 1500 mL, the amount of solute remains the same while the total volume increases. Therefore, the concentration of the solution decreases. To find the final strength of the solution, we can use the formula: (initial concentration * initial volume) = (final concentration * final volume). Plugging in the values, we get (15% * 500 mL) = (final concentration * 1500 mL). Solving for the final concentration, we find it to be 5%. Therefore, the final strength of the solution would be labeled as 5%.

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  • 23. 

    Which directions should be on the dispensing label for the following prescription: "ii gtt a.s. tid prn pain"

    • A.

      Instill 2 drops in the left eye three times daily as need for pain

    • B.

      Instill 2 drops in the right eye three times daily as needed for pain

    • C.

      Instill 2 drops in the left ear three times daily as needed for pain

    • D.

      Instill 2 drops in the right ear three times daily for pain

    Correct Answer
    C. Instill 2 drops in the left ear three times daily as needed for pain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Instill 2 drops in the left ear three times daily as needed for pain" because the prescription states "a.s." which is an abbreviation for "auris sinistra" meaning left ear. The abbreviation "tid" means three times daily, and "prn" means as needed for pain. Therefore, the correct direction is to instill 2 drops in the left ear three times daily as needed for pain.

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  • 24. 

    After reconstituting a 2 g vial of Claforan, how many 250 mg doses can be withdrawn?

    • A.

      2 doses

    • B.

      4 doses

    • C.

      6 doses

    • D.

      8 doses

    Correct Answer
    D. 8 doses
    Explanation
    After reconstituting a 2 g vial of Claforan, the total amount of medication available is 2000 mg. Since each dose is 250 mg, we can calculate the number of doses by dividing the total amount of medication by the dose size. Therefore, 2000 mg divided by 250 mg equals 8 doses.

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  • 25. 

    Which one of the following medication should be protected from exposure to light

    • A.

      Tetracycline

    • B.

      Erythromycin

    • C.

      Nitroglycerin

    • D.

      Promethazine

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitroglycerin
    Explanation
    Nitroglycerin should be protected from exposure to light because it is a light-sensitive medication. Exposure to light can cause degradation and loss of potency in nitroglycerin. Therefore, it is important to store nitroglycerin in a dark container or in a place where it is not exposed to direct light to maintain its effectiveness.

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  • 26. 

    KCL supplements are most often used in combination with which one of the following

    • A.

      Labetalol

    • B.

      Furosemide

    • C.

      Naproxen

    • D.

      Lisinoprel

    Correct Answer
    B. Furosemide
    Explanation
    KCL supplements are most often used in combination with furosemide. Furosemide is a loop diuretic that helps the kidneys to remove excess water and salt from the body. KCL, or potassium chloride, is a supplement that is commonly used to replenish potassium levels in individuals who are taking diuretics like furosemide. This is because diuretics can cause potassium levels to drop, and supplementing with KCL helps to maintain a proper balance of electrolytes in the body.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following medication is an anticoagulant?

    • A.

      Gentamycin

    • B.

      Wellbutrin

    • C.

      Warfarin

    • D.

      Aspirin

    Correct Answer
    C. Warfarin
    Explanation
    Warfarin is an anticoagulant medication commonly used to prevent blood clots. It works by inhibiting the synthesis of certain clotting factors in the liver, thereby preventing the formation of blood clots. Gentamycin is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections, while Wellbutrin is an antidepressant. Aspirin, although it has some blood-thinning properties, is primarily used as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug. Therefore, the correct answer is Warfarin.

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  • 28. 

    What lab results would be monitored for a patient on anticoagulant therapy?

    • A.

      RBC - red blood cell count

    • B.

      WBC - white blood cell count

    • C.

      Prothrombin Time / International Normalized Ratio (PT/INR)

    • D.

      Hemoglobin

    Correct Answer
    C. Prothrombin Time / International Normalized Ratio (PT/INR)
    Explanation
    A patient on anticoagulant therapy would have their Prothrombin Time / International Normalized Ratio (PT/INR) monitored. Anticoagulant therapy is used to prevent blood clots, and PT/INR measures the time it takes for blood to clot. Monitoring PT/INR helps ensure that the patient's blood is not clotting too quickly or too slowly, which could lead to bleeding or clotting complications. Monitoring other lab results such as RBC, WBC, and Hemoglobin may be important for overall health assessment but specifically for anticoagulant therapy, PT/INR is the most crucial parameter to monitor.

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  • 29. 

    How many milliliters are in 1.5 L

    • A.

      150 mL

    • B.

      1500 mL

    • C.

      15000 mL

    • D.

      .15 mL

    Correct Answer
    B. 1500 mL
    Explanation
    1.5 L is equivalent to 1500 mL. The conversion factor between liters and milliliters is 1 L = 1000 mL. Therefore, to convert 1.5 L to milliliters, we multiply 1.5 by 1000, resulting in 1500 mL.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following gave explicit definitions of the categories for medications as legend (prescription) and over the counter (OTC) 

    • A.

      The Poison Prevention Act

    • B.

      Drug Listing Act

    • C.

      1983 Orphan Drug Act

    • D.

      Durham-Humphrey Act

    Correct Answer
    D. Durham-Humphrey Act
    Explanation
    The Durham-Humphrey Act gave explicit definitions of the categories for medications as legend (prescription) and over the counter (OTC).

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  • 31. 

    Which Federal law enacted in 1970 requires the use of child resistant safety caps on all dispensing containers unless otherwise desired by the patient

    • A.

      The Poison Prevention Act

    • B.

      Drug Listing Act

    • C.

      1983 Orphan Drug Act

    • D.

      Durham-Humphrey Act

    Correct Answer
    A. The Poison Prevention Act
    Explanation
    The Poison Prevention Act, enacted in 1970, mandates the use of child-resistant safety caps on all dispensing containers unless the patient specifically requests otherwise. This law was put in place to protect children from accidental ingestion of potentially harmful substances. By requiring child-resistant caps, the act aims to reduce the risk of poisoning incidents and promote the safety of children.

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  • 32. 

    Which of the following lists drugs approved under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act for Interstate commerce with in the United States?

    • A.

      The Pill Book

    • B.

      PDR

    • C.

      Orange Book

    • D.

      PTCB site

    Correct Answer
    C. Orange Book
    Explanation
    The Orange Book is a list of drugs that have been approved under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act for interstate commerce within the United States. It is a comprehensive resource that provides information on drug products approved by the FDA, including their therapeutic equivalence evaluations. The Pill Book, PDR, and PTCB site are not specifically related to drugs approved under section 505 of the Act.

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  • 33. 

    While working in the hospital pharmacy, you receive an order to send up a 1/2 NS IV bag to one of the units.  Which of the following will you send?

    • A.

      0.45 % NS

    • B.

      0.9 % NS

    • C.

      3 % NS

    • D.

      5 % NS

    Correct Answer
    A. 0.45 % NS
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 0.45% NS because 1/2 NS stands for half normal saline, which is a solution containing 0.45% sodium chloride. This solution is commonly used to replace fluids and electrolytes in patients who have lost fluids due to vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive sweating. It is less concentrated than 0.9% NS, 3% NS, and 5% NS, making it the appropriate choice for this order.

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  • 34. 

    How many refills can a patient on a schedule II drug get?

    • A.

      0 refills

    • B.

      1 refill

    • C.

      2 refills

    • D.

      5 refills

    Correct Answer
    A. 0 refills
    Explanation
    Patients on a schedule II drug, which includes drugs with a high potential for abuse and dependence, are not allowed to have any refills. This is because these drugs require close monitoring and control due to their potential for misuse. Therefore, patients must obtain a new prescription from their healthcare provider each time they need a refill.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the following is the first effective local anesthetic?

    • A.

      Quinine

    • B.

      Heroin

    • C.

      Morphine

    • D.

      Cocaine

    Correct Answer
    D. Cocaine
    Explanation
    Cocaine is considered the first effective local anesthetic because it was the first substance to be used for this purpose. It was discovered in the late 19th century and was widely used in medical procedures to numb specific areas of the body. Cocaine's anesthetic properties were highly effective, making it a popular choice for local anesthesia before safer alternatives were developed.

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  • 36. 

    Aspirin is made from salicylic acid from the bark of which of the following tree?

    • A.

      Cinchona

    • B.

      White willow

    • C.

      Fig

    • D.

      Tea

    Correct Answer
    B. White willow
    Explanation
    White willow is the correct answer because it contains salicylic acid, which is the main ingredient used to make aspirin. Salicylic acid is derived from the bark of the white willow tree and has been used for centuries for its pain-relieving properties. The bark is harvested and processed to extract the salicylic acid, which is then synthesized into aspirin.

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  • 37. 

    Pharmacist were required to offer counseling to Medicaid patients due to the ______________________

    • A.

      1990 Omnibus-Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA)

    • B.

      Harrison Act

    • C.

      Kefauver-Harris Amendment

    • D.

      Durham-Humphrey Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. 1990 Omnibus-Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA)
    Explanation
    The 1990 Omnibus-Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA) required pharmacists to offer counseling to Medicaid patients. This act was passed in order to improve the quality of care provided to Medicaid patients and ensure that they receive appropriate information and guidance regarding their medications. By requiring pharmacists to offer counseling, OBRA aimed to enhance patient understanding of their medications, potential side effects, and proper usage. This provision of OBRA was implemented to promote patient safety and improve medication adherence among Medicaid beneficiaries.

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  • 38. 

    Pharmacy Certification must be renewed every _____________________.

    • A.

      Year

    • B.

      Four years

    • C.

      Three years

    • D.

      Two years

    Correct Answer
    D. Two years
    Explanation
    Pharmacy Certification must be renewed every two years. This ensures that pharmacists stay updated with the latest developments in the field and maintain their knowledge and skills. Renewal every two years allows for regular assessment of pharmacists' competency and adherence to professional standards. It also helps to ensure the safety and well-being of patients by ensuring that pharmacists are up to date with new medications, dosages, and regulations.

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  • 39. 

    For renewal or re-certification candidates, _______________ hour(s) of the required twenty (20) hours must be in the subject of pharmacy law and one (1) hour must be in the subject of patient safety.

    • A.

      One (1)

    • B.

      Two (2)

    • C.

      Three (3)

    • D.

      Four (4)

    Correct Answer
    A. One (1)
    Explanation
    For renewal or re-certification candidates, one (1) hour of the required twenty (20) hours must be in the subject of pharmacy law and one (1) hour must be in the subject of patient safety. This means that out of the total 20 hours required, only one hour needs to be dedicated to pharmacy law and another hour to patient safety. The remaining hours can be fulfilled with other subjects or topics.

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  • 40. 

    After passing the pharmacy technician national certification exam, pharmacy technicians may use the following designation after their name:

    • A.

      PT

    • B.

      CRPH

    • C.

      CPht

    • D.

      Rpht

    Correct Answer
    C. CPht
    Explanation
    After passing the pharmacy technician national certification exam, pharmacy technicians may use the designation "CPht" after their name. This abbreviation stands for Certified Pharmacy Technician, indicating that the individual has successfully completed the certification process and is recognized as a qualified pharmacy technician.

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  • 41. 

    How many kilograms does a patient weighing 150 lbs weigh? 

    • A.

      55

    • B.

      66

    • C.

      68

    • D.

      73

    Correct Answer
    C. 68
    Explanation
    To convert pounds to kilograms, you need to divide the weight in pounds by 2.2046. In this case, dividing 150 pounds by 2.2046 gives us approximately 68 kilograms. Therefore, a patient weighing 150 lbs weighs 68 kilograms.

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  • 42. 

    How many kg does a patient weighing 38 lbs weigh?

    • A.

      12

    • B.

      15.5

    • C.

      17.27

    • D.

      19.5

    Correct Answer
    C. 17.27
    Explanation
    To convert pounds to kilograms, we need to divide the weight in pounds by 2.2046. In this case, dividing 38 pounds by 2.2046 gives us approximately 17.27 kilograms.

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  • 43. 

    Maxicillin is available as a 125 mg tablet.  How many tablets are needed for a 250 mg dose?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    A. 2
    Explanation
    Since Maxicillin is available as a 125 mg tablet, two tablets would be needed to achieve a 250 mg dose.

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  • 44. 

    A drug is available as 50 mg/L.  The order calls for 100 mg.  How many milliliters  will you prepare?

    • A.

      500

    • B.

      1000

    • C.

      4000

    • D.

      2000

    Correct Answer
    D. 2000
    Explanation
    To prepare a drug that is available as 50 mg/L and the order calls for 100 mg, we can use the formula: volume (in mL) = amount (in mg) / concentration (in mg/L). In this case, the amount is 100 mg and the concentration is 50 mg/L. By substituting these values into the formula, we get: volume (in mL) = 100 mg / 50 mg/L = 2 mL. Therefore, we will need to prepare 2 mL of the drug.

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  • 45. 

    Who must initiate the order for the use of an investigational drug for a patient?

    • A.

      A pharmacist

    • B.

      A physician

    • C.

      The pharmacy director

    • D.

      The pharmacy technician

    Correct Answer
    B. A physician
    Explanation
    A physician must initiate the order for the use of an investigational drug for a patient. This is because physicians are responsible for diagnosing and treating patients, and they have the authority to prescribe medications. Investigational drugs are those that are still being tested in clinical trials and are not yet approved by regulatory authorities. Therefore, it is the physician's role to assess the patient's condition, determine if an investigational drug is appropriate, and initiate the order for its use.

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  • 46. 

    A medication given to reduce a patients fever is called an _______________

    • A.

      Analgesic

    • B.

      Antipyretic

    • C.

      Antibiotic

    • D.

      Antihelmenthic

    Correct Answer
    B. Antipyretic
    Explanation
    An antipyretic is a medication given to reduce a patient's fever. It helps to lower body temperature by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins in the brain, which are responsible for raising the body's temperature set point. By reducing fever, antipyretics can provide relief from symptoms such as discomfort, headache, and body aches that often accompany fevers. Common examples of antipyretics include acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Advil).

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following is an antitussive

    • A.

      Guaifenesin

    • B.

      Furosemide

    • C.

      Diphenhydramine

    • D.

      Dextromethorphan

    Correct Answer
    D. Dextromethorphan
    Explanation
    Dextromethorphan is an antitussive, which means it is used to relieve coughing. Guaifenesin is an expectorant, used to thin and loosen mucus in the airways. Furosemide is a diuretic, used to increase urine production. Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine, used to treat allergies and as a sleep aid. Therefore, dextromethorphan is the correct answer as it specifically targets coughing.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following auxiliary labels is needed on a prescription for tetracycline?

    • A.

      Take with food or milk

    • B.

      May cause photosensitivity

    • C.

      May cause drowsiness

    • D.

      Do not drink alcohol

    Correct Answer
    B. May cause photosensitivity
    Explanation
    Tetracycline is a medication that can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight, leading to an increased risk of sunburn or skin rash. Therefore, the auxiliary label "may cause photosensitivity" is needed on a prescription for tetracycline to alert the patient to this potential side effect and remind them to take necessary precautions when exposed to sunlight.

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  • 49. 

    Which of one the following drugs is made from an agent extracted from cattle lung?

    • A.

      Provintal HFA

    • B.

      Bonine

    • C.

      Serevent

    • D.

      Survanta

    Correct Answer
    D. Survanta
    Explanation
    Survanta is the correct answer because it is a drug made from an agent extracted from cattle lung.

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  • 50. 

    Sources of insulin include the following except

    • A.

      Cow

    • B.

      Pig

    • C.

      Human

    • D.

      Horse

    Correct Answer
    D. Horse
    Explanation
    Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels. It is primarily produced in the pancreas of humans and some other animals, including cows, pigs, and horses. However, the question asks for the source of insulin that is NOT included, and the correct answer is "horse." This means that insulin can be obtained from cows, pigs, and humans, but not from horses.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 26, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    MramirezHST
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