Cp Bio 2 Final Exam Review A

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 203

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Cp Bio 2 Final Exam Review A

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If a pea plant were homozygous recessive for height, how would its alleles be represented?
    • A. 

      Tt

    • B. 

      TT

    • C. 

      Tt

    • D. 

      TT

  • 2. 
    When an organism has two alleles at a particular locus that are different, the organism is called
    • A. 

      Purebred

    • B. 

      Dominant

    • C. 

      Heterozygous

    • D. 

      Recessive

  • 3. 
    Hair color and eye color are examples of a person's
    • A. 

      Recessive traits.

    • B. 

      Dominant alleles.

    • C. 

      Genotype.

    • D. 

      Phenotype.

  • 4. 
    Mendel's second law of genetics, the law of independent assortment, is one explanation of the
    • A. 

      Random fertilization of gametes.

    • B. 

      Genetic variation within species.

    • C. 

      Greater strength of dominant alleles.

    • D. 

      Final stages of gametogenesis.

  • 5. 
    A chart or "family tree" that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait is called a ___.
    • A. 

      Pedigree

    • B. 

      Punnett square

    • C. 

      Genetic linkage

    • D. 

      DNA sequence

  • 6. 
    ___ studied traits of pea plants and discovered the two fundamental laws of genetics.
    • A. 

      Mendel

    • B. 

      Watson and Crick

    • C. 

      Mack

    • D. 

      Einstein

  • 7. 
    ___ is a pattern of inheritance in which the gene for a trait is located on the X-chromosome, thereby creating disorders that are much more common in males than females.
    • A. 

      Incomplete dominance

    • B. 

      Co-dominance

    • C. 

      Multiple allele

    • D. 

      Sex-linked

  • 8. 
    A form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into haploid cells and produces gametes is known as ___.
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Meiosis

    • C. 

      Cellular regeneration

    • D. 

      Binary fission

  • 9. 
    A female gamete ___.
    • A. 

      Is produced in the testes.

    • B. 

      Is called an ovum or an egg cell.

    • C. 

      Is called a spermatocyte.

    • D. 

      Is called a polar body.

  • 10. 
    Watson and Crick, with the help of Rosalind Franklin, were the first to suggest that DNA is ___.
    • A. 

      A short molecule

    • B. 

      A protein molecule

    • C. 

      The shape of a double helix

    • D. 

      The genetic material

  • 11. 
    Organic compounds always contain the element ____.
    • A. 

      Carbon

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      Organium

  • 12. 
    The process by which plants use sunlight to make glucose is called ___.
    • A. 

      Photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Cellular respiration

    • C. 

      The cell cycle

    • D. 

      Mitosis

  • 13. 
    ___ is known as the universal solvent.
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Acetone

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 14. 
    In the Linnaean system of classification, which of the following is most commonly defined as a group of organisms that can breed and produce offspring?
    • A. 

      Phylum

    • B. 

      Species

    • C. 

      Genus

    • D. 

      Order

  • 15. 
    Which kingdom is not included in domain Eukarya?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Plantae

    • C. 

      Protista

    • D. 

      Animalia

  • 16. 
    How many kingdoms are in the current tree of life?
    • A. 

      Four

    • B. 

      Five

    • C. 

      Six

    • D. 

      Eight

  • 17. 
    Which of the following facts supporting evolution would be found in the study of paleontology?
    • A. 

      Embryos of very different organisms have very similar developmental stages.

    • B. 

      A bats wing and a whales flipper have very similar bone structure.

    • C. 

      Large, flightless birds are found on different continents: Australia (Emu), Africa (Ostrich), and Rhea (South America).

    • D. 

      More primative fossils are found below more complex fossils in the rock layers.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following processes results in cells losing their potential to become any type of cell?
    • A. 

      Decision

    • B. 

      Apoptosis

    • C. 

      Determination

    • D. 

      Regeneration

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is the most complex level of organization in a multi-cellular structure?
    • A. 

      Organ systems

    • B. 

      Cells

    • C. 

      Organs

    • D. 

      Tissues

  • 20. 
    The major organ system that eliminates waste products is the ___.
    • A. 

      Excretory system

    • B. 

      Endocrine system

    • C. 

      Reproductive system

    • D. 

      Integumentary system

  • 21. 
    The body's internal environment must stay ___.
    • A. 

      Within narrow ranges that support human life

    • B. 

      The same as its external environment

    • C. 

      Exactly the same at all times

    • D. 

      Away from sudden outside temperature changes

  • 22. 
    Internal control systems maintain homeostasis by regulating which of the following?
    • A. 

      Receptors in the body

    • B. 

      PH of body fluids

    • C. 

      External conditions

    • D. 

      The body's control centers

  • 23. 
    Each organ system coordinates with other organ systems through ___.
    • A. 

      Identical sensors and targets

    • B. 

      Their stem cells

    • C. 

      Connective and muscular tissue

    • D. 

      Chemical and nerve messages

  • 24. 
    The long-term effects of a disruption of homeostasis include ___.
    • A. 

      Destruction of organ systems

    • B. 

      Establishment of feedback mechanisms

    • C. 

      Regulation of the internal environment

    • D. 

      The immune system takes control

  • 25. 
    What is another way of describing what happens to your body when you have a cold?
    • A. 

      Immune system damage

    • B. 

      Vitamin D deficiency

    • C. 

      Short-term disruption of homeostasis

    • D. 

      Homeostatic mechanism destruction

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