Sentence Structure Practice Exam Quiz!

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| By Sequau Malone
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Sequau Malone
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 2,936
Questions: 72 | Attempts: 584

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Sentence Structure Practice Exam Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the verb of the sentence:   While touring the country, Alex and his family spent much of their time taking photographs of unusual natural landmarks.

    • A.

      Touring

    • B.

      Spent

    • C.

      Taking

    • D.

      Unusual

    Correct Answer
    B. Spent
    Explanation
    The verb of the sentence is "spent." This is because "spent" is the past tense form of the verb "spend," and it describes the action of Alex and his family using their time to take photographs of unusual natural landmarks while touring the country.

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  • 2. 

    What is the subject of this sentence: Georgina wrote an angry letter to her friend Helen.

    • A.

      Georgina

    • B.

      Angry

    • C.

      Letter

    • D.

      Friend

    • E.

      Helen

    Correct Answer
    A. Georgina
    Explanation
    The subject of this sentence is "Georgina" because she is the one performing the action of writing the angry letter to her friend Helen.

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  • 3. 

    What is the verb of the sentence: Georgina wrote an angry letter to her friend Helen.

    • A.

      Wrote

    • B.

      Angry

    • C.

      Letter

    • D.

      To

    • E.

      Friend

    Correct Answer
    A. Wrote
    Explanation
    The verb of the sentence is "wrote" because it is the action that Georgina performed.

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  • 4. 

    What is the subject of this sentence:  In a the refrigerator, there were only moldy hotdogs left over from the BBQ on Memorial Day in May.

    • A.

      Refrigerator

    • B.

      There

    • C.

      Moldy

    • D.

      Hotdogs

    • E.

      BBQ

    Correct Answer
    D. Hotdogs
    Explanation
    The subject of this sentence is "hotdogs." The sentence is talking about what was left over in the refrigerator, and specifically mentions that only moldy hotdogs were left.

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  • 5. 

    What is the verb of the sentence:  In a the refrigerator, there were only moldy hotdogs left over from the BBQ on Memorial Day in May.

    • A.

      In

    • B.

      Were

    • C.

      Left

    • D.

      Left over

    • E.

      BBQ

    Correct Answer
    B. Were
    Explanation
    The verb of the sentence is "were." This is because "were" is the past tense form of the verb "to be" and it agrees with the plural subject "hotdogs." The sentence is describing the state or condition of the hotdogs in the refrigerator.

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  • 6. 

    Some of the toys he collected were simply to be admired; his favorites were those that could be put into action.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    that could be put into action
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "that could be put into action." It functions as an adjective clause, modifying the noun "favorites." It provides additional information about the specific type of toys that the person collected.

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  • 7. 

    Dr. Spilhaus said that a toy is anything that gives us a chance to stop and refresh ourselves during our hectic life.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    that a toy is anything that gives us a chance to stop and refresh ourselves during our hectic life.
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in the given sentence is "that a toy is anything that gives us a chance to stop and refresh ourselves during our hectic life."

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  • 8. 

    I have read that many mechanical principals were first applied to playthings.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    that many mechanical principals were first applied to playthings.
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "that many mechanical principals were first applied to playthings." It functions as a relative clause, providing additional information about the subject "many mechanical principals."

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  • 9. 

    Only those who have lost touch with childhood question what a toy can be worth to a young boy or girl.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    who have lost touch with childhood
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "who have lost touch with childhood". It functions as an adjective clause, providing additional information about the people who question the worth of a toy to a young boy or girl.

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  • 10. 

    Ask someone who knows toys what their enchantment is worth.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    who knows toys
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "who knows toys". This clause functions as an adjective clause, providing additional information about the person being asked. It specifies that the person being asked should have knowledge or expertise about toys.

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  • 11. 

    Dr. Spilhaus, who was an oceanographer, admitted he had sometimes been unable to distinguish between his wok and his play.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    who was an oceanographer
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "who was an oceanographer." It provides additional information about Dr. Spilhaus and functions as an adjective clause modifying the noun "Dr. Spilhaus."

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  • 12. 

    Because it's one of their specialties, Lola and her father prepared a special treat of Cuban-style black beans. Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    Because it's one of their specialties
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "Because it's one of their specialties". It provides a reason or explanation for why Lola and her father prepared a special treat of Cuban-style black beans.

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  • 13. 

    After Lola had soaked a pound of black beans overnight, she drained them and covered them with fresh water to make the beans easier to digest.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    After Lola had soaked a pound of black beans overnight
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "After Lola had soaked a pound of black beans overnight". This clause begins with the subordinating conjunction "After" and provides additional information about the time or sequence of events. It explains what Lola did before proceeding with the next action of draining and covering the beans with fresh water.

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  • 14. 

    Before she lit the stove, she added some chopped onion and green pepper, a bay leaf, cilantro leaves, oregano, and salt pork to the beans.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    Before she lit the stove
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "Before she lit the stove". It functions as an adverbial clause, providing information about the timing or condition of the main action (adding ingredients to the beans). The clause introduces the time frame or condition that must be met before the main action can occur.

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  • 15. 

    Whenever a recipe calls for sofrito, the cook finely chops some onion, green pepper, and garlic.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    Whenever a recipe calls for sofrito
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "Whenever a recipe calls for sofrito." It functions as an adverbial clause, providing information about when the action of the main clause (the cook finely chopping some onion, green pepper, and garlic) occurs.

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  • 16. 

    Then these vegetables are fried in a little oil until they are tender, and herbs and spices such as basil, cilantro, cumin, and black and white peppers are added. Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    such as basil, cilantro, cumin, and black and white peppers are added.
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in the given sentence is "such as basil, cilantro, cumin, and black and white peppers are added." This clause provides additional information about the herbs and spices that are added to the fried vegetables.

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  • 17. 

    As soon as the sofrito was ready, Mr. Gomez added it to the bean mixture.Identify the subordinate clause/clauses.

    Correct Answer
    As soon as the sofrito was ready
    Explanation
    The subordinate clause in this sentence is "As soon as the sofrito was ready." It functions as an adverbial clause, providing information about the timing or condition under which Mr. Gomez added the sofrito to the bean mixture.

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  • 18. 

    We particularly enjoy the exhibition of Turner's paintings that we saw in London.Classify this sentence as either simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.

    Correct Answer
    complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence is classified as complex because it consists of an independent clause ("We particularly enjoy the exhibition of Turner's paintings") and a dependent clause ("that we saw in London"). The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the independent clause for its meaning.

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  • 19. 

    Confucianism, which is known to the Chinese as Ju Chaio, teaches that people should behave according to their proper roles-- father and sun, ruler and subject, master and servant. Classify this sentence as either simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.

    Correct Answer
    complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence is classified as complex because it contains one independent clause ("Confucianism teaches that people should behave according to their proper roles") and one dependent clause ("which is known to the Chinese as Ju Chaio"). The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and relies on the independent clause for meaning.

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  • 20. 

    The air temperature rose to 100 degrees, and tempers rose as well. Classify this sentence as either simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.

    Correct Answer
    compound
    Explanation
    This sentence is classified as compound because it consists of two independent clauses joined by the coordinating conjunction "and". The first independent clause is "The air temperature rose to 100 degrees" and the second independent clause is "tempers rose as well".

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  • 21. 

    My son was sick ___________I took him to the hospital.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    C. So
    Explanation
    The word "so" is the correct answer because it indicates a cause-and-effect relationship between the two clauses. It suggests that the reason for taking the son to the hospital was because he was sick.

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  • 22. 

    My daughter took her car to the garage ____________ she had an accident.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    D. Because
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "because" because it indicates a cause-and-effect relationship between the two clauses. The daughter took her car to the garage as a result of having an accident.

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  • 23. 

    My neighbor was married ________ now she is divorced.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    B. But
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "but". This is because the word "but" is used to contrast two ideas or statements. In this sentence, it implies that the neighbor was previously married, but now she is divorced, indicating a change in her marital status.

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  • 24. 

    We ate a whole pizza _____________ we were very hungry.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    D. Because
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "because" because it indicates a cause-and-effect relationship between eating a whole pizza and being very hungry. The word "because" is used to explain the reason or cause for an action or situation, which fits the context of the sentence.

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  • 25. 

    Raj enjoys reading ______ he likes to cook.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    A. And
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "and" because it indicates that Raj enjoys reading and he also likes to cook. It suggests that both activities are enjoyable for him and are not mutually exclusive.

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  • 26. 

    I want to come to your birthday party __________ I can't ______________ I have to work that night.

    • A.

      And, so

    • B.

      But, because

    • C.

      Because, and

    • D.

      But, and

    Correct Answer
    B. But, because
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "but, because". This is because the sentence is expressing a contrast between wanting to come to the birthday party and not being able to due to work. "But" is used to introduce a contrasting idea, while "because" is used to provide the reason for not being able to attend.

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  • 27. 

    I was bored ______ I called a friend to make plans.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    C. So
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "so" because it indicates a cause-and-effect relationship between being bored and calling a friend to make plans. The word "so" suggests that the speaker took the action of calling a friend as a result of feeling bored.

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  • 28. 

    The teacher phoned the boy's parents ______________ he didn't do his homework.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    D. Because
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "because" because it indicates a cause-and-effect relationship between the teacher phoning the boy's parents and the boy not doing his homework. The teacher contacted the parents as a result of the boy's failure to complete his homework.

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  • 29. 

    The Southwest is hot, dry, and mountainous. This sentence is a ___________ sentence.

    • A.

      Compound

    • B.

      Simple

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple
    Explanation
    The sentence "The Southwest is hot, dry, and mountainous" is a simple sentence because it consists of a single independent clause. It expresses a complete thought and does not contain any additional clauses or conjunctions to connect multiple ideas.

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  • 30. 

    The air is clear, and the colors are beautiful. This sentence is a ___________ sentence.

    • A.

      Compound

    • B.

      Simple

    Correct Answer
    A. Compound
    Explanation
    This sentence is a compound sentence because it consists of two independent clauses joined together by the coordinating conjunction "and". The first independent clause is "The air is clear" and the second independent clause is "the colors are beautiful". Both clauses can stand alone as separate sentences, but they are connected to express a complete thought.

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  • 31. 

    Sometimes it rains hard, but often it is very dry. This sentence is a ___________ sentence.

    • A.

      Compound

    • B.

      Simple

    Correct Answer
    A. Compound
    Explanation
    The given sentence contains two independent clauses connected by the coordinating conjunction "but." This makes it a compound sentence, as it combines two complete thoughts. The first part states that sometimes it rains hard, while the second part conveys that it is often very dry. The use of "but" indicates a contrast between the two ideas, further supporting the classification of the sentence as compound.

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  • 32. 

    Visitors come from far away and camp. This sentence is a ___________ sentence.

    • A.

      Compound

    • B.

      Simple

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple
    Explanation
    The given sentence "Visitors come from far away and camp" is a simple sentence because it consists of a single independent clause. It expresses a complete thought with a subject "Visitors" and a verb "come" along with additional information "from far away and camp". There are no dependent clauses or conjunctions used to join multiple clauses, making it a simple sentence.

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  • 33. 

    Sometimes visitors fall in love with the Southwest and settle there. This sentence is a ___________ sentence.

    • A.

      Compound

    • B.

      Simple

    Correct Answer
    B. Simple
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a simple sentence because it consists of only one independent clause. It presents a complete thought with a subject ("visitors") and a predicate ("fall in love with the Southwest and settle there"). There are no additional clauses or conjunctions that would make it a compound sentence.

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  • 34. 

    The penguin slid down the ice.

    • A.

      Phrase

    • B.

      None

    • C.

      Independent clause

    • D.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    C. Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given sentence "The penguin slid down the ice." is an independent clause because it can stand alone as a complete sentence and expresses a complete thought. It has a subject ("the penguin") and a verb ("slid") and provides a clear statement.

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  • 35. 

    A hedgehog sat on the ledge.

    • A.

      Independent and dependent clause

    • B.

      Independent clause

    • C.

      Phrase

    • D.

      Dependent clause

    Correct Answer
    B. Independent clause
    Explanation
    The given sentence "A hedgehog sat on the ledge" is a complete thought that can stand alone as a sentence. It has a subject ("hedgehog") and a verb ("sat"), expressing a complete idea. Therefore, it is an independent clause.

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  • 36. 

    Which of the following sentences is CORRECT?  You may select more than one if necessary.

    • A.

      The turkey dinner was delicious.

    • B.

      While mom cooked the turkey dinner.

    • C.

      Potatoes and turnip accompanied the turkey dinner.

    • D.

      Everyone loved the turkey dinner.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The turkey dinner was delicious.
    C. Potatoes and turnip accompanied the turkey dinner.
    D. Everyone loved the turkey dinner.
    Explanation
    B is a sentence fragment. It is missing a main clause, or idea. In other words, WHAT HAPPENED while mom cooked the turkey dinner?

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following sentences is CORRECT?  You may select more than one if necessary.

    • A.

      Not one of this year's applicants.

    • B.

      None of this year's applicants is qualified.

    • C.

      None of this year's applicants.

    • D.

      The boss liked none of this year's applicants.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. None of this year's applicants is qualified.
    D. The boss liked none of this year's applicants.
    Explanation
    A and C are both sentence fragments because they are missing predicates. In other words, they don't answer the question "What about them?" or "What did they do?"

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following sentences is CORRECT?  You may select more than one if necessary.

    • A.

      Ran all the way to the twenty yard line.

    • B.

      Sullivan, leaping to catch the ball and running all the way to the twenty yard line.

    • C.

      Sullivan ran all the way to the twenty yard line.

    • D.

      Running all the way to the twenty yard line.

    Correct Answer
    C. Sullivan ran all the way to the twenty yard line.
    Explanation
    A and D are incorrect because they lack subjects. In other words, WHO ran all the way to the twenty yard line?
    B is incorrect because it lacks a predicate. The words after "Sullivan" are a descriptive phrase to describe the player, but they do not complete the thought in the sentence.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following sentences is CORRECT?  You may select more than one if necessary.

    • A.

      In order to restore voter confidence and convince more citizens to vote in the next federal election.

    • B.

      In order to convince more citizens to vote in the next federal election.

    • C.

      Politicians must restore voter confidence and convince more citizens to vote in the next federal election.

    • D.

      Politicians, their offices, and their publicity departments all together.

    Correct Answer
    C. Politicians must restore voter confidence and convince more citizens to vote in the next federal election.
    Explanation
    A and B are incorrect because they are missing a main clause, or idea.
    D is incorrect because it lacks a predicate. In other words, WHAT do all these groups DO, or WHAT ABOUT these groups?

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  • 40. 

    What is the subject of this sentence:  While touring the country, Alex and his family spent much of their time taking photographs of unusual natural landmarks.

    • A.

      Country

    • B.

      Alex

    • C.

      Family

    • D.

      Natural landmarks

    • E.

      Alex,family

    Correct Answer
    E. Alex,family
    Explanation
    The subject of the sentence is "Alex and his family." This is because they are the ones who are touring the country and spending much of their time taking photographs of unusual natural landmarks. The subject is the noun or pronoun that performs the action or is described in the sentence, and in this case, it is Alex and his family.

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  • 41. 

    What is the verb of the sentence: Mary spit an angry rap flow to her friend Helen.

    • A.

      Flow

    • B.

      Angry

    • C.

      Letter

    • D.

      Spit

    • E.

      Friend

    Correct Answer
    D. Spit
    Explanation
    The verb of the sentence is "spit" because it is the action that Mary is performing in the sentence. She is spitting a rap flow, which indicates that "spit" is the correct verb in this context.

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  • 42. 

      I have a friend named Yoko ________ she studies at Concordia.

    • A.

      And

    • B.

      But

    • C.

      So

    • D.

      Because

    Correct Answer
    A. And
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "and" because it is used to connect two pieces of information that are related or have a similar purpose. In this case, the sentence is introducing a friend named Yoko and stating that she studies at Concordia. The word "and" is used to link these two pieces of information together.

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  • 43. 

    If you wish to be the death of a party, do these things.😠Choosevthe correct subordinating conjunction.

    • A.

      If you wish

    • B.

      If you wish to be the death of a party

    • C.

      Do these things

    • D.

      To be the death of a party

    Correct Answer
    B. If you wish to be the death of a party
    Explanation
    "If" is a subordinating conjunction that begins the adverb clause.

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  • 44. 

    When other people are speaking, interrupt them.😠Choose the correct subordinating clause.

    • A.

      When other people are speaking

    • B.

      People are speaking

    • C.

      Interrupt them

    • D.

      Other people are speaking

    Correct Answer
    A. When other people are speaking
    Explanation
    "When" is the subordinating conjunction and it begins the adverb clause.

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  • 45. 

    As soon as they start telling jokes, you can steal their thunder by giving away the punch lines.😠Choose the correct subordinating clause

    • A.

      You can steal their thunder

    • B.

      By giving away the punch lines

    • C.

      They start telling jokes

    • D.

      As soon as they start telling jokes

    Correct Answer
    D. As soon as they start telling jokes
    Explanation
    "As soon as" is the subordinating conjunction and it begins the adverb clause.

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  • 46. 

    You can then act as if the jokes weren't funny.😠Choose the correct subordinating clause.

    • A.

      You can then act

    • B.

      As if the jokes weren't funny

    • C.

      The jokes weren't funny

    • D.

      Then act as if the jokes weren't funny

    Correct Answer
    B. As if the jokes weren't funny
    Explanation
    "As if" is the subordinating conjunction and it begins the adverb clause.

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  • 47. 

    Later you can change the subject so that you can brag about yourself.😠Choose the correct subordinating clause.

    • A.

      Later you can change the subject

    • B.

      You can change the subject

    • C.

      So that you can brag about yourself

    • D.

      You can brag about yourself

    Correct Answer
    C. So that you can brag about yourself
    Explanation
    "So that" serves as the subordinating conjunction for the adverb clause. The word "Later" is an adverb but it does not join clauses together.

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  • 48. 

    Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama, in 1880 and died in 1968. 

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple
    Explanation
    The given information states the birth and death dates of Helen Keller, without any additional details or clauses. This suggests that the sentence is a simple sentence, as it consists of only one independent clause.

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  • 49. 

    When Hellen Keller was seven, she began her education in reading and writing with Anne Sullivan of the Perkins Institute for the Blind. 

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    Correct Answer
    C. Complex
    Explanation
    The given sentence contains multiple clauses and demonstrates a combination of dependent and independent clauses. It provides information about Hellen Keller's education and her teacher, Anne Sullivan. This structure makes the sentence complex.

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  • 50. 

    "Life is either a daring adventure, or it is nothing." -- Helen Keller  

    • A.

      Simple

    • B.

      Compound

    • C.

      Complex

    Correct Answer
    B. Compound
    Explanation
    The given quote by Helen Keller contains two independent clauses connected by the coordinating conjunction "or." This structure makes it a compound sentence.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 23, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Sequau Malone
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