Nursing Home Administration - Legal And Business Terminology Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 2,145
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Nursing Home Administration - Legal And Business Terminology Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Statutes are laws ___.

    • A.

      Known as common law

    • B.

      Made by judges

    • C.

      Passed by cities

    • D.

      Passed by legislatures

    Correct Answer
    D. Passed by legislatures
    Explanation
    Statutes are laws that are passed by legislatures. This means that they are created and approved by the legislative branch of government, which is responsible for making laws. Statutes are different from common law, which is based on court decisions and precedents, and they are also distinct from laws passed by cities or made by judges. The correct answer, "Passed by legislatures," accurately describes the process by which statutes are created and enacted.

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  • 2. 

    Normally, courts of appeal do not have ___.

    • A.

      Criminal jurisdiction

    • B.

      Original jurisdiction

    • C.

      Criminal law enforcement authority

    • D.

      Authority to hear misdemeanors

    Correct Answer
    B. Original jurisdiction
    Explanation
    Courts of appeal typically do not have original jurisdiction. This means that they do not have the authority to hear cases for the first time and make initial decisions. Instead, courts of appeal are responsible for reviewing decisions made by lower courts and determining if any errors were made. They primarily focus on reviewing the application of the law and ensuring that the legal process was followed correctly. Original jurisdiction is usually held by trial courts, where cases are first heard and decided upon. Therefore, the correct answer is "Original jurisdiction."

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  • 3. 

    Statutes and subsequent regulations are collected in ___.

    • A.

      The Code

    • B.

      Constitutional amendments

    • C.

      The Federal Requirements

    • D.

      Law Books

    Correct Answer
    A. The Code
    Explanation
    Statutes and subsequent regulations are collected in The Code. The Code refers to a compilation of laws and regulations that have been enacted by a legislative body, such as the federal government. It serves as a comprehensive reference for legal professionals and individuals to understand and apply the laws in a particular jurisdiction. The Code typically organizes statutes by subject matter, making it easier to locate and interpret specific laws. It is an essential resource for legal research and ensuring compliance with the law.

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  • 4. 

    Generally, the lowest level of the court system is the ___ court.

    • A.

      Circuit

    • B.

      Criminal

    • C.

      Civil

    • D.

      Magistrate's

    Correct Answer
    D. Magistrate's
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Magistrate's. The lowest level of the court system is typically the Magistrate's court. This court handles minor criminal cases, such as traffic violations and small claims disputes. It is often the first point of contact for individuals involved in legal matters and serves as a preliminary step before cases are escalated to higher courts.

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  • 5. 

    To set a person or corporation free of accusations is to ___.

    • A.

      Enjoin

    • B.

      Acquit

    • C.

      Consent

    • D.

      Motion

    Correct Answer
    B. Acquit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Acquit." To acquit someone means to declare them not guilty of a crime or wrongdoing. It involves a legal process where a person or corporation is cleared of all accusations and charges against them. This decision is usually made by a judge or a jury after considering the evidence and arguments presented in a trial. By choosing "acquit," the person or corporation is freed from any accusations and their innocence is established.

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  • 6. 

    A statement in writing given under oath before a notary public is an ___.

    • A.

      Affidavit

    • B.

      Affirmation

    • C.

      Appeal

    • D.

      Appearance

    Correct Answer
    A. Affidavit
    Explanation
    An affidavit is a written statement that is given under oath before a notary public. It is a legal document that is used to present evidence or facts in a court of law. The person making the statement, known as the affiant, must swear or affirm that the information provided is true and accurate to the best of their knowledge. This document is commonly used in legal proceedings and is considered a reliable form of evidence. Therefore, an affidavit is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 7. 

    The coming into court of a person being summoned to do so is a/an ___.

    • A.

      Appeal

    • B.

      Discovery

    • C.

      Appearance

    • D.

      Injunction

    Correct Answer
    C. Appearance
    Explanation
    An appearance refers to the act of a person voluntarily or under compulsion presenting themselves in a court of law when summoned to do so. It is a legal term that signifies the presence of the individual in court, typically for the purpose of participating in legal proceedings or responding to a legal summons. An appearance can be mandatory or voluntary, depending on the circumstances. In this context, the correct answer is "Appearance" as it accurately describes the action of a person coming into court when summoned.

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  • 8. 

    An impartial person chosen by the parties to an argument who agree to abide by her decision is a/an ___.

    • A.

      Arbitrator

    • B.

      Adjudicator

    • C.

      Civil judge

    • D.

      Attorney at law

    Correct Answer
    A. Arbitrator
    Explanation
    An arbitrator is an impartial person chosen by the parties to an argument who agree to abide by her decision. Unlike an adjudicator, civil judge, or attorney at law, an arbitrator is specifically selected by the disputing parties to resolve their disagreement outside of court. The arbitrator's decision is legally binding and serves as a final resolution to the dispute.

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  • 9. 

    A Latin phrase meaning to stand by earlier court decisions is ___.

    • A.

      Stare decisis

    • B.

      Res judicata

    • C.

      Res ipsa loquitur

    • D.

      Respondeat superior

    Correct Answer
    B. Res judicata
    Explanation
    Stare decisis is a Latin phrase that means to stand by earlier court decisions. Res judicata, on the other hand, is a different Latin phrase that refers to the principle that a matter that has been adjudicated by a competent court and a final judgment has been rendered, cannot be pursued further by the same parties. Therefore, Res judicata is not the correct answer for the given question.

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  • 10. 

    A verdict, given by a jury at the direction of judge is a/an ___.

    • A.

      Directed verdict

    • B.

      Dismissal

    • C.

      Indictment

    • D.

      Injunction

    Correct Answer
    A. Directed verdict
    Explanation
    A verdict, given by a jury at the direction of a judge, is called a directed verdict. In this type of verdict, the judge instructs the jury to find a specific verdict based on the evidence presented in the case. The judge determines that there is not enough evidence to support a verdict in favor of the opposing party, so they direct the jury to return a specific verdict. This is different from a regular verdict where the jury independently decides the outcome of the case.

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  • 11. 

    An application to the court asking for an action favorable to one's side is ___.

    • A.

      A witnessing

    • B.

      A motion

    • C.

      An application to the court

    • D.

      A plea bargain

    Correct Answer
    B. A motion
    Explanation
    A motion is an application made to the court, typically by one party in a legal case, requesting a specific action or decision in their favor. It is a formal way of asking the court to take a particular course of action that would benefit the party making the motion. This can include requests for things like dismissal of a case, introduction of evidence, or a ruling on a legal issue. Therefore, a motion is the correct answer as it aligns with the definition and purpose of an application made to the court.

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  • 12. 

    When the employee is acting within the control or scope of the employer, the employer is responsible for the acts of the employee under the concept of ___.

    • A.

      Contractor-employee relations

    • B.

      Strict liability

    • C.

      A subcontractor relationship

    • D.

      Borrowed servant

    Correct Answer
    B. Strict liability
    Explanation
    When an employee is acting within the control or scope of their employer, the employer is held responsible for the actions of the employee under the concept of strict liability. This means that the employer is liable for any harm or damage caused by the employee's actions, regardless of whether or not the employer was negligent. Strict liability ensures that employers are held accountable for the actions of their employees and encourages them to take necessary precautions to prevent any harm or damage from occurring.

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  • 13. 

    A written publication that exposes someone to public scorn, hatred, con-tempt, or ridicule is ___.

    • A.

      Libel

    • B.

      Slander

    • C.

      An aggrieved party

    • D.

      An assault

    Correct Answer
    A. Libel
    Explanation
    Libel refers to a written publication that exposes someone to public scorn, hatred, contempt, or ridicule. It involves making false statements about someone that harm their reputation. Unlike slander, which is spoken defamation, libel specifically pertains to written or printed material that is distributed to the public. An aggrieved party refers to someone who has been wronged or harmed, but it is not the correct answer in this context. Assault, on the other hand, refers to a physical attack and is unrelated to the given question.

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  • 14. 

    An early step in a criminal procedure during which the defendant is formally charged with an offense is a/an ___.

    • A.

      Discovery

    • B.

      Arraignment

    • C.

      Adjudication

    • D.

      Action

    Correct Answer
    B. Arraignment
    Explanation
    An arraignment is the early step in a criminal procedure where the defendant is formally charged with an offense. It is a crucial stage where the defendant is informed of the charges against them and is given an opportunity to enter a plea. During the arraignment, the defendant may also be advised of their rights, such as the right to legal representation. This process ensures that the defendant is aware of the charges and can begin to prepare their defense.

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  • 15. 

    Conduct giving rise to a cause for legal action is ___.

    • A.

      Actionable

    • B.

      An adjudication

    • C.

      An appeal

    • D.

      An indictment

    Correct Answer
    A. Actionable
    Explanation
    "Actionable" refers to conduct that can give rise to a cause for legal action. In other words, it means that the behavior or action in question is capable of being the basis for a lawsuit or legal claim. This term is often used to describe actions that are considered to be legally wrong or harmful, and for which the injured party has the right to seek a remedy through the legal system.

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  • 16. 

    When parties to a lawsuit who are dissatisfied with the court's decision ask a higher court to review the decision, it is known as a/an ___.

    • A.

      Appeal

    • B.

      Arbitration

    • C.

      Respondeat superior

    • D.

      Stare decisis

    Correct Answer
    A. Appeal
    Explanation
    When parties to a lawsuit are dissatisfied with the court's decision, they can request a higher court to review the decision. This process is known as an appeal. It allows the higher court to examine the lower court's decision and determine if any errors were made or if the law was properly applied. The purpose of an appeal is to seek a different outcome and potentially overturn the original decision.

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  • 17. 

    A district attorney may bring assault charges for the purpose of ___.

    • A.

      Revenge

    • B.

      Punishment

    • C.

      Monetary award

    • D.

      Defamation

    Correct Answer
    B. Punishment
    Explanation
    A district attorney may bring assault charges for the purpose of punishment. When someone commits assault, it is considered a crime against the state, not just the victim. The district attorney's role is to seek justice on behalf of society and ensure that the offender is held accountable for their actions. By pursuing assault charges, the district attorney aims to punish the perpetrator and deter others from engaging in similar behavior in the future. The goal is to maintain law and order, protect the community, and uphold the principles of justice.

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  • 18. 

    Damages for proven losses are known as ___ damages.

    • A.

      Actual

    • B.

      Exemplary

    • C.

      Incidental

    • D.

      Punitive

    Correct Answer
    A. Actual
    Explanation
    Actual damages refer to the compensation awarded to a plaintiff in a lawsuit to cover their proven losses or injuries. These damages are based on the actual harm suffered, such as medical expenses, property damage, or lost wages. Unlike punitive or exemplary damages, which are meant to punish the defendant, actual damages aim to restore the plaintiff to the position they were in before the harm occurred. They are awarded to provide fair compensation for the specific losses incurred as a result of the defendant's actions or negligence.

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  • 19. 

    A fee paid in advance to an attorney for services on a case is known as a ____.

    • A.

      Lien

    • B.

      Prepayment

    • C.

      Retainer

    • D.

      Reward

    Correct Answer
    C. Retainer
    Explanation
    A fee paid in advance to an attorney for services on a case is known as a retainer. This fee is typically paid to secure the attorney's availability and commitment to the case. It serves as a form of prepayment for the attorney's services and may be used to cover future costs and expenses related to the case. The retainer fee ensures that the attorney is financially motivated to represent the client and provides a sense of security for both parties involved.

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  • 20. 

    A concept in torts used as a defense by the defendant against the plaintiff is an assumption of ____.

    • A.

      Risk

    • B.

      Innocence

    • C.

      Guilt

    • D.

      Fraud

    Correct Answer
    A. Risk
    Explanation
    Assumption of risk is a concept in torts where the defendant argues that the plaintiff voluntarily and knowingly assumed the risks associated with a particular activity or situation, thereby absolving the defendant of liability. This defense is commonly used in cases where the plaintiff participated in a potentially dangerous activity or signed a waiver acknowledging the risks involved. By choosing to engage in the activity or situation, the plaintiff is considered to have accepted the inherent risks, making it difficult to hold the defendant responsible for any resulting harm.

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  • 21. 

    Consent given after full information regarding the matter has been provided is known as ___ consent.

    • A.

      Informed

    • B.

      Individual

    • C.

      Intended

    • D.

      Personal

    Correct Answer
    A. Informed
    Explanation
    Consent given after full information regarding the matter has been provided is known as "informed" consent. Informed consent implies that the individual has been adequately informed about the risks, benefits, and alternatives related to a particular decision or action, allowing them to make an informed and voluntary choice. This type of consent ensures that individuals have a clear understanding of what they are consenting to, promoting autonomy and ethical decision-making.

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  • 22. 

    Spoken statements leading to actual damages implying crime, unchastity, or relating to a person's profession or business is known as ___.

    • A.

      Libel

    • B.

      Slander

    • C.

      Exemplary damages

    • D.

      Consequential damages

    Correct Answer
    B. Slander
    Explanation
    Slander refers to spoken statements that cause actual damages and imply crime, unchastity, or relate to a person's profession or business. Unlike libel, which involves written or printed defamatory statements, slander specifically refers to verbal defamation. It is important to note that slander can result in harm to a person's reputation and may lead to legal consequences.

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  • 23. 

    A reckless disregard for human life, a state of mind that accompanies a wrongful act in which the resulting harm was intended, is known as ___.

    • A.

      Malice

    • B.

      Comparative negligence

    • C.

      A heinous act

    • D.

      Contempt

    Correct Answer
    A. Malice
    Explanation
    Malice refers to a state of mind in which a person acts with a reckless disregard for human life and intends to cause harm. It implies a deliberate and intentional wrongful act, showing a complete disregard for the safety and well-being of others. This term is often used in legal contexts to describe actions that are driven by ill will, hatred, or a desire to cause harm to another person.

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  • 24. 

    A public official, either elected or appointed, who conducts cases against persons accused of crimes is known as a ___.

    • A.

      Lawyer

    • B.

      Prosecutor

    • C.

      Judge

    • D.

      Bailiff

    Correct Answer
    B. Prosecutor
    Explanation
    A public official, either elected or appointed, who conducts cases against persons accused of crimes is known as a prosecutor. Prosecutors are responsible for presenting evidence, questioning witnesses, and making arguments in court to prove the guilt of the accused. They represent the interests of the state or government in criminal cases and work to ensure that justice is served.

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  • 25. 

    A written order from a judge permitting certain law enforcement officers to look for certain things or persons is a ___.

    • A.

      Retainer

    • B.

      Search certificate

    • C.

      Search and rescue

    • D.

      Search warrant

    Correct Answer
    D. Search warrant
    Explanation
    A search warrant is a written order from a judge that authorizes specific law enforcement officers to search for certain things or persons. It grants them the legal authority to enter and search a particular location, such as a person's home or vehicle, in order to gather evidence related to a crime or to locate a wanted individual. This legal document ensures that law enforcement officers have the necessary permission to conduct a search and protects individuals' rights against unreasonable searches and seizures.

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  • 26. 

    A person who gives evidence before a court and swears that testimony is true is a ___.

    • A.

      Clerk of court

    • B.

      Bailiff

    • C.

      Sheriff

    • D.

      Witness

    Correct Answer
    D. Witness
    Explanation
    A person who gives evidence before a court and swears that testimony is true is referred to as a witness. A witness is someone who has firsthand knowledge or information about a particular event or situation and is called upon to provide their account of what they have observed or experienced. Their testimony is considered crucial in helping the court make informed decisions and arrive at a just verdict.

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  • 27. 

    A ___ exists when a legal duty is owed another, that duty is breached, and harm results.

    • A.

      Tort

    • B.

      Lien

    • C.

      Deposition

    • D.

      Warrant

    Correct Answer
    A. Tort
    Explanation
    A tort exists when a legal duty is owed to another person, and that duty is breached, resulting in harm. A tort is a civil wrong that causes harm or injury to someone, and the person who commits the tort can be held legally liable for the damages caused. This can include actions such as negligence, intentional harm, or strict liability.

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  • 28. 

    A written order from a judge having authority in that jurisdiction for the arrest of a person is known as a ___.

    • A.

      Tort

    • B.

      Summons

    • C.

      Warrant

    • D.

      Directed Verdict

    Correct Answer
    C. Warrant
    Explanation
    A written order from a judge having authority in that jurisdiction for the arrest of a person is known as a warrant. This document is issued by a judge to authorize law enforcement officials to arrest and detain an individual suspected of committing a crime. A warrant is typically based on probable cause, meaning there is sufficient evidence to believe that the person has committed a crime. It is an important legal document that ensures that arrests are conducted lawfully and with proper judicial oversight.

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  • 29. 

    Concept, in both civil and criminal law, that the employer is responsible without the employee having to show employer fault, and normally applying to an ultra hazardous situation is ___.

    • A.

      Scope of employment

    • B.

      Respondeat superior

    • C.

      Contractor

    • D.

      Strict liability

    Correct Answer
    D. Strict liability
    Explanation
    Strict liability is the correct answer because it refers to the concept in both civil and criminal law where the employer is held responsible for the actions of the employee, without the need for the employee to prove employer fault. This concept typically applies to ultra hazardous situations where the potential for harm is high. Strict liability holds the employer accountable for any damages or injuries caused by the employee's actions, regardless of whether the employer was directly at fault or not. It is a legal principle that ensures the protection of individuals who may be harmed by the actions of an employee.

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  • 30. 

    The range of employees activities held by the courts to be the legal responsibility of the employer, essentially any act performed in the process of carrying out one's duties, is known as ___.

    • A.

      Scope of employment

    • B.

      Range of job activities

    • C.

      Employee job assignments

    • D.

      Zone of employment

    Correct Answer
    A. Scope of employment
    Explanation
    The range of employees activities held by the courts to be the legal responsibility of the employer, essentially any act performed in the process of carrying out one's duties, is known as scope of employment. This term refers to the boundaries within which an employer can be held liable for their employee's actions. It includes any actions performed by an employee while carrying out their job responsibilities, even if those actions were not explicitly instructed or authorized by the employer.

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  • 31. 

    Laws that generally establish employer responsibility without regard to fault or negligence for employees' illness or injuries that arise out of performance of the job are known as ___.

    • A.

      Worker's Compensation Act

    • B.

      Employer's Liability Act

    • C.

      Worker Insurance Program

    • D.

      Worker Protection Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Worker's Compensation Act
    Explanation
    Worker's Compensation Acts are laws that generally establish employer responsibility without regard to fault or negligence for employees' illness or injuries that arise out of the performance of the job. These acts aim to provide financial compensation and support to workers who have suffered work-related injuries or illnesses, regardless of who is at fault. The purpose of these laws is to ensure that employees receive necessary medical treatment and wage replacement while protecting employers from costly lawsuits.

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  • 32. 

    Statutes in various states setting forth the extent to which employers are liable in regard to their employees are ___.

    • A.

      Employer's Liability Acts

    • B.

      Borrowed Servant Acts

    • C.

      Contractor Acts

    • D.

      Employee's Rights Laws

    Correct Answer
    A. Employer's Liability Acts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Employer's Liability Acts." These statutes in various states define the extent to which employers are responsible for their employees' well-being and safety. They outline the legal obligations and duties of employers towards their employees, including providing a safe working environment, compensation for work-related injuries, and protection against discrimination. These acts aim to protect the rights and interests of employees and ensure that employers are held accountable for any harm or negligence that may occur in the workplace.

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  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 15, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Stampincheryl
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