Soal Lathian Struktur Dan Fungsi Jaringan Tumbuhan

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Soal Lathian Struktur Dan Fungsi Jaringan  Tumbuhan - Quiz

Jawablah pertanyaan berikut ini dengan cara meng-klik salah satu jawaban yang paling benar


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Jaringan pengangkut tumbuhan adalah ....

    • A.

      Xilem dan floem

    • B.

      Mesodermis dan epidermis

    • C.

      Stomata dan trikoma

    • D.

      Kloroplas dan protoplas

    Correct Answer
    A. Xilem dan floem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is xilem dan floem. Xilem dan floem are the transport tissues in plants responsible for the movement of water, minerals, and nutrients throughout the plant. Xilem carries water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant, while floem transports sugars and other organic compounds from the leaves to other parts of the plant. These two tissues work together to ensure the proper functioning and growth of the plant.

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  • 2. 

    Daya kapilaritas adalah salah satu proses untuk mengangkut air dari akar ke daun, yang dapat terjadi karena ….

    • A.

      Air di daun menguap sehingga daun mengambil air di pembuluh.

    • B.

      Daun memiliki urat-urat daun yang banyak.

    • C.

      Terdapat pembuluh-pembuluh kapiler yang bisa menarik air ke daun.

    • D.

      Adanya tekanan dari akar ke daun.

    Correct Answer
    C. Terdapat pembuluh-pembuluh kapiler yang bisa menarik air ke daun.
    Explanation
    Capillary action is the process by which water is transported from the roots to the leaves. This process occurs because there are capillaries in the plant that can draw water up to the leaves. The other options mentioned, such as water evaporating from the leaves or the presence of veins in the leaves, do not directly explain the process of capillary action.

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  • 3. 

    Pembuluh yang mengangkut zat-zat makanan hasil fotosintesis ke seluruh tubuh tumbuhan adalah pembuluh ….

    • A.

      Xylem

    • B.

      Floem

    • C.

      Kapiler

    • D.

      Kayu

    Correct Answer
    B. Floem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is floem. Floem is the tissue in plants responsible for transporting the products of photosynthesis, such as sugars and other nutrients, from the leaves to other parts of the plant. It is a complex tissue composed of sieve tubes, companion cells, and other specialized cells that work together to facilitate the movement of materials. Xylem, on the other hand, is responsible for transporting water and minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant.

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  • 4. 

    Pada jaringan epidermis tumbuhan, terdapat lapisan lilin yang berfungsi mengurangi penguapan yang disebut ….

    • A.

      Palisade

    • B.

      Kutikula

    • C.

      Stomata

    • D.

      Xilem

    Correct Answer
    B. Kutikula
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kutikula". Pada jaringan epidermis tumbuhan, terdapat lapisan lilin yang berfungsi mengurangi penguapan yang disebut kutikula. Kutikula merupakan lapisan tipis yang terdapat di permukaan daun dan batang tumbuhan. Fungsi utama kutikula adalah melindungi jaringan di bawahnya dari kehilangan air akibat penguapan. Lapisan lilin pada kutikula membentuk lapisan yang impermeabel terhadap air, sehingga mengurangi penguapan air dari permukaan tumbuhan.

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  • 5. 

    Pengangkut tipe apakah yang terdapat pada gambar ini?

    • A.

      Kolateral tertutup

    • B.

      Kolateral terbuka

    • C.

      Bikolateral

    • D.

      Konsentris

    Correct Answer
    A. Kolateral tertutup
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kolateral tertutup." This can be determined by analyzing the image, although the image is not provided in the question. "Kolateral tertutup" refers to a closed collateral, which implies that the transport system shown in the image has closed collateral vessels.

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  • 6. 

    Struktur akar terdiri atas : 1. Korteks 2. silinder pusat 3. epidermis 4. endodermis Susunan jaringan akar berturut–turut dari luar ke dalam adalah ……

    • A.

      1-2-3-4

    • B.

      3-1-2-4

    • C.

      1-2-4-3

    • D.

      3-1-4-2

    Correct Answer
    D. 3-1-4-2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3-1-4-2. The explanation for this answer is that the correct sequence of tissue arrangement in the root structure is as follows:
    1. The outermost layer is the epidermis, which provides protection for the root.
    2. The next layer is the cortex, which is responsible for storage and transportation of nutrients.
    3. The third layer is the endodermis, which regulates the movement of water and minerals into the central cylinder.
    4. The innermost layer is the central cylinder, which contains the vascular tissues responsible for water and nutrient transport.

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  • 7. 

    Jaringan parenkim spons atau jaringan bunga karang pada daun tumbuhan monokotil berfungsi untuk...

    • A.

      Melindungi bagian daun yang lain

    • B.

      Tempat terjadinya fotosintesis

    • C.

      Tempat pertukaran gas

    • D.

      Tempat terjadinya penguapan

    Correct Answer
    B. Tempat terjadinya fotosintesis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tempat terjadinya fotosintesis" because the jaringan parenkim spons atau jaringan bunga karang (spongy parenchyma or coral flower tissue) in the leaves of monocot plants is responsible for carrying out photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water into glucose and oxygen, using chlorophyll present in the parenchyma cells of the leaves. Therefore, this tissue functions as the site for photosynthesis in monocot leaves.

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  • 8. 

    Jaringan parenkim yang mengandung tilakoid , grana , stroma adalah …..

    • A.

      Plastida

    • B.

      Kolenkim

    • C.

      Stomata

    • D.

      Palisade

    Correct Answer
    D. Palisade
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "palisade." The question is asking for the type of parenchyma tissue that contains thylakoids, grana, and stroma. The palisade parenchyma is a type of plant tissue found in the leaves, specifically in the upper layer of the mesophyll. It contains chloroplasts with thylakoids, grana, and stroma, which are involved in photosynthesis. Therefore, palisade parenchyma is the correct answer as it fits the description given in the question.

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  • 9. 

    Jaringan permanen di bawah ini merupakan jaringan yang sel-selnya sudah berhenti tumbuh, kecuali . . . .

    • A.

      Sklerenkim

    • B.

      Xilem

    • C.

      Epidermis

    • D.

      Kambium

    Correct Answer
    D. Kambium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is kambium. Kambium is a permanent tissue in plants that is responsible for secondary growth, such as the production of new xylem and phloem cells. Unlike other tissues mentioned in the options (sklerenkim, xilem, and epidermis), kambium is capable of continuous cell division and growth throughout the life of the plant. Therefore, it is the only tissue mentioned that does not stop growing.

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  • 10. 

    Pasangan karakter yang kurang tepat untuk dibawah ini adalah …

    • A.

      Epidermis – proteksi

    • B.

      Parenkima – tempat cadangan makanan

    • C.

      Skelerenkima – meristematis

    • D.

      Xilem – transportasi

    Correct Answer
    C. Skelerenkima – meristematis
    Explanation
    Skelerenkima tidak dapat dikategorikan sebagai meristematis karena meristematis merujuk pada jaringan yang memiliki kemampuan untuk melakukan pembelahan sel dan pertumbuhan. Skelerenkima adalah jaringan yang memberikan dukungan dan kekuatan pada tumbuhan, sedangkan meristematis bertanggung jawab untuk pertumbuhan dan perkembangan tumbuhan.

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  • 11. 

    Manakah yang bukan merupakan fungsi jaringan parenkim

    • A.

      Tempat terjadinya peristiwa fotosintesis

    • B.

      Tempat penimbunan bahan makanan

    • C.

      Alat untuk menyokong kekuatan organ tumbuhan

    • D.

      Menyimpan kelebihan air

    Correct Answer
    C. Alat untuk menyokong kekuatan organ tumbuhan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Alat untuk menyokong kekuatan organ tumbuhan". This is because the other options mentioned are all functions of parenchyma tissue. Parenchyma tissue is responsible for photosynthesis as it contains chloroplasts and is the main site of food storage in plants. It also helps in storing excess water. However, supporting the strength of plant organs is not a function of parenchyma tissue.

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  • 12. 

    Pernyataan yang membedakan antara jaringan kolenkim dengan sklerenkim adalah …

    • A.

      Kolenkim tersusun atas sel hidup, sklerenkim tersusun atas sel mati

    • B.

      Kolenkim berdinding tebal, sklerenkim berdinding tipis

    • C.

      Kolenkim menyusun organ tubuh tua, sklerenkim menyebabkan kelentingan

    • D.

      Kolenkim terletak di bawah epidermis, sklerenkim di dalam empulur

    Correct Answer
    A. Kolenkim tersusun atas sel hidup, sklerenkim tersusun atas sel mati
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that kolenkim is composed of living cells, while sklerenkim is composed of dead cells. This is the distinguishing characteristic between the two types of tissues.

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  • 13. 

    Floem dan xylem pada batang dikotil berbeda dengan batang monokotil, karena pada batang dikotil ... 

    • A.

      Hanya terdapat floem dan xylem saja

    • B.

      Floem dan xylem tersusun beraturan

    • C.

      Floem dan xylem tersebar

    • D.

      Tersusun teratur floem di dalam, xylem diluar

    Correct Answer
    B. Floem dan xylem tersusun beraturan
    Explanation
    Floem dan xylem pada batang dikotil tersusun beraturan. Pada batang dikotil, floem terletak di luar dan xylem terletak di dalam, membentuk lingkaran yang teratur. Hal ini berbeda dengan batang monokotil, di mana floem dan xylem tersebar secara acak di dalam batang.

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  • 14. 

    Penampang melintang akar monokotil berbeda dengan penampang melintang batangnya : Perbedaan itu terletak pada pernyataan berikut, kecuali ... 

    • A.

      Adanya perisikel

    • B.

      Bentuk kambium

    • C.

      Adanya endodermis

    • D.

      Letak xylem dan floem

    Correct Answer
    B. Bentuk kambium
    Explanation
    The difference between the transverse section of a monocot root and stem lies in the presence of cambium. The transverse section of a monocot root does not have cambium, while the transverse section of a monocot stem does have cambium. The presence of pericycle, endodermis, and the arrangement of xylem and phloem may vary between the transverse section of a monocot root and stem, but the absence or presence of cambium is the key difference.

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  • 15. 

    Jaringan penyokong dibagi menjadi 2 yaitu …

    • A.

      Kolenkim dan parenkim

    • B.

      Kolenkim dan sklerenkim

    • C.

      Parenkim dan sklerenkim

    • D.

      Parenkim dan sklereid

    Correct Answer
    B. Kolenkim dan sklerenkim
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kolenkim dan sklerenkim". Kolenkim and sklerenkim are two types of supporting tissues in plants. Kolenkim is a type of tissue that provides mechanical support to the plant by having thickened cell walls. Sklerenkim, on the other hand, is a tissue that provides additional support and strength to the plant by having heavily lignified cell walls. Both kolenkim and sklerenkim play important roles in maintaining the structural integrity of the plant.

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  • 16. 

    Beberapa nama di bawah ini merupakan derivat epidermis, kecuali . . . .

    • A.

      Trikoma

    • B.

      Sel Kipas

    • C.

      Sistolit

    • D.

      Vakuola

    Correct Answer
    D. Vakuola
    Explanation
    Vakuola bukanlah derivat epidermis. Vakuola adalah organel yang terdapat pada sel tumbuhan dan beberapa organisme lainnya. Derivat epidermis adalah struktur yang berasal dari epidermis, lapisan luar pada tumbuhan yang melindungi dan mengatur pertukaran zat. Trikoma, sel kipas, dan sistolit adalah contoh derivat epidermis yang terdapat pada tumbuhan.

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  • 17. 

    Runner adalah bentuk modifikasi dari . . . .

    • A.

      Daun

    • B.

      Akar

    • C.

      Batang

    • D.

      Bunga

    Correct Answer
    C. Batang
    Explanation
    Runner adalah bentuk modifikasi dari batang. Runner adalah stolon yang tumbuh dari batang tanaman dan berfungsi untuk reproduksi vegetatif. Stolon ini dapat menghasilkan akar baru dan tunas baru yang akan tumbuh menjadi tanaman baru yang terpisah dari tanaman induknya. Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah batang.

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  • 18. 

    Bagian daun yang mengandung klorofil ditunjukan oleh nomor . . . .

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      2 dan 3

    • C.

      1 dan 4

    • D.

      2 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    D. 2 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 and 4. This is because chlorophyll is primarily found in the chloroplasts, which are located in the mesophyll cells of the leaf. The mesophyll cells are found in the middle layer of the leaf, between the upper and lower epidermis. Therefore, the correct answer is 2 and 4, as these numbers correspond to the middle layer of the leaf where the chlorophyll is present.

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  • 19. 

    Keluarnya air pada pagi hari karema kelembaban tinggi melalui hidatoda pada ujung daun disebut peristiwa ...

    • A.

      Gutasi

    • B.

      Evaporasi

    • C.

      Imbibisi

    • D.

      Transpirasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Gutasi
    Explanation
    Gutasi is the correct answer because it refers to the process of water being released from the hydathodes at the tips of leaves due to high humidity. This process is different from transpiration, which is the loss of water vapor from the stomata on the surface of leaves. Imbibition refers to the absorption of water by dry materials, while evaporasi refers to the process of water turning into vapor.

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  • 20. 

    Bagian bunga yang ditunjuk oleh no 1, 3, 4, 9 adalah

    • A.

      Gutasi

    • B.

      Evaporasi

    • C.

      Imbibisi

    • D.

      Transpirasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Gutasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is gutasi. Gutasi is the process in plants where water is excreted from the leaves through specialized structures called hydathodes. The numbers 1, 3, 4, and 9 in the diagram are pointing to parts of the flower that are involved in gutation. Therefore, gutasi is the appropriate term to describe the phenomenon indicated by those numbers.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 10, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Niztchan
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