Sleep Apnea Part 1

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| By DAG_1A
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DAG_1A
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Sleep Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will review the definition of sleep apnea, its signs and symptoms and the associated risks.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Obstructive sleep apnea (or OSA) is usually caused when

    • A.

      Muscles that control the tongue and throat relax.

    • B.

      Excess weight causes pressure on the throat/neck.

    • C.

      Something obstructs the airway.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Anything that obstructs the airway, including excess weight that causes pressure on the neck or throat and the tongue slipping back into the throat, can cause apnea.

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  • 2. 

    An apneic event occurs when a person stops breathing during sleep for four seconds or more.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An apneic event occurs when breathing stops for 10 seconds or more.

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  • 3. 

    When a person stops breathing during sleep for 10 seconds, 5 to 15 times during an hour, he or she has

    • A.

      Mild sleep apnea.

    • B.

      Moderate sleep apnea.

    • C.

      Severe sleep apnea.

    Correct Answer
    A. Mild sleep apnea.
    Explanation
    When a person stops breathing for 10 seconds, 5 to 15 times during an hour, it indicates mild sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by interruptions in breathing during sleep. Mild sleep apnea refers to a less severe form of the condition, where breathing pauses occur relatively infrequently. Moderate sleep apnea would involve more frequent breathing interruptions, while severe sleep apnea would entail even more frequent and prolonged pauses in breathing during sleep.

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  • 4. 

    When a person stops breathing during sleep for ten seconds, 15 to 30 times during an hour, he or she has

    • A.

      Mild sleep apnea.

    • B.

      Moderate sleep apnea.

    • C.

      Sever sleep apnea.

    Correct Answer
    B. Moderate sleep apnea.
    Explanation
    When a person stops breathing during sleep for ten seconds, 15 to 30 times during an hour, it indicates moderate sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or shallow breaths during sleep. Mild sleep apnea would involve fewer episodes of breathing cessation, while severe sleep apnea would involve more frequent and longer pauses in breathing. Therefore, based on the given information, the correct answer is moderate sleep apnea.

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  • 5. 

    When a person stops breathing during sleep for ten seconds, 30 times or more during an hour, he or she has

    • A.

      Mild sleep apnea.

    • B.

      Moderate sleep apnea.

    • C.

      Severe sleep apnea.

    Correct Answer
    C. Severe sleep apnea.
    Explanation
    When a person stops breathing for ten seconds or more during sleep, 30 times or more during an hour, it indicates a severe case of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by repeated pauses in breathing during sleep. These pauses, known as apneas, can lead to a decrease in oxygen levels in the blood and disrupt normal sleep patterns. Severe sleep apnea is diagnosed when there are frequent and prolonged episodes of apnea, indicating a significant impairment in breathing during sleep.

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  • 6. 

    Of the following, which are the three main options for treatment of OSA? (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Surgery

    • B.

      Over-the-counter medications

    • C.

      PAP therapy

    • D.

      Oral appliance therapy

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Surgery
    C. PAP therapy
    D. Oral appliance therapy
    Explanation
    The three main options for the treatment of OSA are surgery, PAP therapy, and oral appliance therapy. Surgery may be recommended in cases where there is a physical obstruction causing the sleep apnea. PAP therapy, which stands for positive airway pressure therapy, involves using a machine to deliver a continuous flow of air to keep the airway open during sleep. Oral appliance therapy involves using a custom-fitted device, similar to a mouthguard, to reposition the jaw and tongue to keep the airway open. Over-the-counter medications are not typically used as a main treatment option for OSA.

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  • 7. 

    What are some of the common complaints associated with PAP therapy? (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Ineffective method of treatment

    • B.

      Noisy and cumbersome

    • C.

      Expense associated with use

    • D.

      Difficult to travel with

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Noisy and cumbersome
    D. Difficult to travel with
    Explanation
    PAP therapy is highly effective as a method of treatment; however, many patients cannot tolerate the treatment because the machines are noisy or the masks are uncomfortable. Insurance will cover the expense associated with PAP therapy.

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  • 8. 

    Oral appliances are used to advance the jaw forward, allowing more room for the tongue and keeping the airway open.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Oral appliances are indeed used to advance the jaw forward, which helps create additional space for the tongue and keeps the airway open. This can be particularly beneficial for individuals with sleep apnea or other breathing difficulties during sleep. By positioning the jaw in a more forward position, these appliances can help prevent the tongue from obstructing the airway, allowing for better airflow and reducing the likelihood of breathing interruptions during sleep.

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  • 9. 

    Usually, only adult, male patients need to fill out a questionnaire.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    All patients should fill out a questionnaire.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following have been linked to sleep apnea? (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      Stroke

    • B.

      Heart attack

    • C.

      High blood pressure

    • D.

      Diabetes

    • E.

      Obesity

    • F.

      Cancer

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Stroke
    B. Heart attack
    C. High blood pressure
    D. Diabetes
    E. Obesity
    F. Cancer
    Explanation
    These are only some of the symptoms, signs and diseases associated with sleep apnea.

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  • 11. 

    People with untreated sleep apnea have a reduced lifespan.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    People with untreated sleep apnea have a reduced lifespan because the condition causes repeated pauses in breathing during sleep, leading to a decrease in oxygen levels in the body. This can result in various health complications such as high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Over time, these conditions can significantly impact a person's overall health and increase the risk of premature death. Therefore, it is important to diagnose and treat sleep apnea to improve both the quality and length of life.

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  • 12. 

    People with untreated sleep apnea spend ______ times as much on medical care during their lifetimes in comparison to those who do not have sleep apnea.

    • A.

      8

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      15

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    People with untreated sleep apnea spend three times as much on medical care during their lifetimes compared to those who do not have sleep apnea. This suggests that sleep apnea can lead to various health complications and the need for extensive medical treatment, resulting in higher healthcare costs.

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  • 13. 

    Cardiovascular damage caused by sleep apnea puts people at greater risk for

    • A.

      Heart attack.

    • B.

      Stroke.

    • C.

      Both heart attack and stroke.

    • D.

      Neither heart attack nor stroke.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both heart attack and stroke.
    Explanation
    Sleep apnea is a condition where a person's breathing is repeatedly interrupted during sleep. This interruption in breathing can lead to a decrease in oxygen levels in the blood, causing stress on the cardiovascular system. Over time, this can result in damage to the blood vessels and increase the risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes. Therefore, individuals with sleep apnea are at a greater risk for both heart attack and stroke.

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  • 14. 

    Snoring is a common symptom of sleep apnea.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    People who snore may not have sleep apnea; however, it is a common symptom and those who do snore are more likely to be diagnosed with sleep apnea at some time.

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  • 15. 

    Why are excessive sleepiness, lack of energy and fatigue symptoms of sleep apnea? (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      OSA patients spend a significant amount of time at night in fight or flight mode, with resultant elevated blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration.

    • B.

      OSA causes disrupted sleep patterns which leads to insufficient amounts of sleep.

    • C.

      OSA patients spend the night fighting to breathe.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. OSA patients spend a significant amount of time at night in fight or flight mode, with resultant elevated blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration.
    B. OSA causes disrupted sleep patterns which leads to insufficient amounts of sleep.
    C. OSA patients spend the night fighting to breathe.
    Explanation
    All of these are just some of the reasons that OSA patients will feel sleepiness and fatigue throughout the day.

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  • 16. 

    Getting equal to or less than four hours of sleep during one night has a sedative effect equivalent to legal intoxication.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This is equivalent to a BAC of .095%.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is true concerning driving while excessively drowsy?

    • A.

      Costs associated with sleep related accidents are as high as 10 to 40 billion dollars.

    • B.

      At least 30% of all motor vehicle accidents are due to sleep deprivation.

    • C.

      Driving while drowsy impairs driving as much as or more than alcohol.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    All of the statements provided are true concerning driving while excessively drowsy. The costs associated with sleep-related accidents are indeed as high as 10 to 40 billion dollars. At least 30% of all motor vehicle accidents are caused by sleep deprivation. Additionally, driving while drowsy impairs driving as much as or even more than alcohol. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 18. 

    All of the top ten prescription medications in the United States are related to the signs and symptoms or comorbidities of OSA.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Seven of the top ten prescription medications are related to the signs and symptoms or comorbidities of OSA.

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  • 19. 

    The Epworth Sleepiness Scale is the gold standard for testing sleepiness and is a required part of records for all cases.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Epworth Sleepiness Scale is widely recognized as the gold standard for measuring sleepiness. It is a standardized questionnaire that assesses an individual's likelihood of falling asleep in various situations. This scale is commonly used in clinical settings to evaluate sleep disorders and is considered an essential component of medical records for such cases. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 20. 

    Morning headaches have been linked to oxygen desaturation events.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Oxygen desaturation events occur when a patient has an apneic event. Thus, these types of headaches, along with cluster headaches, are linked to sleep apnea.

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  • 21. 

    Worldwide, more than _____ adults in the world were overweight (BMI > 25).

    • A.

      300 million

    • B.

      200 million

    • C.

      1.4 billion

    • D.

      75 million

    Correct Answer
    C. 1.4 billion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1.4 billion. This indicates that there are a significant number of adults worldwide who have a BMI greater than 25, which is considered overweight. This highlights the global issue of obesity and the need for interventions to promote healthier lifestyles and reduce the prevalence of overweight individuals.

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  • 22. 

    In 2008, close to _____ adults in the world were clinically obese (BMI > 30).  

    • A.

      1.4 billion

    • B.

      500 million

    • C.

      8 million

    • D.

      250 million

    Correct Answer
    B. 500 million
    Explanation
    Over 200 million men and nearly 300 million women were clinically obese in 2008.

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  • 23. 

    An increased waist circumference predicts OSA only in the obese.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    An increased waist circumference predicts OSA in all patients, obese or not.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is true concerning positional sleep apnea? (Check all that apply.)

    • A.

      It is marked by an increased frequency of snoring.

    • B.

      It usually occurs while on one's side.

    • C.

      As the apnea becomes more sever, it tends to occur in all positions.

    • D.

      It is quite common.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. It is marked by an increased frequency of snoring.
    C. As the apnea becomes more sever, it tends to occur in all positions.
    D. It is quite common.
    Explanation
    Positional sleep apnea usually occurs while a person is on his or her back (supine).

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  • 25. 

    Follow-up with CPAP therapy is often problematic because primary care physicians do not know if patients are using their devices or if the devices are still in working order.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    One of the benefits of working in the DAG system is that the clearinghouse model tracks patient compliance.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 21, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    DAG_1A

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