Sleep Apnea Part 1

25 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Sleep Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz will review the definition of sleep apnea, its signs and symptoms and the associated risks.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Obstructive sleep apnea (or OSA) is usually caused when
    • A. 

      Muscles that control the tongue and throat relax.

    • B. 

      Excess weight causes pressure on the throat/neck.

    • C. 

      Something obstructs the airway.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    An apneic event occurs when a person stops breathing during sleep for four seconds or more.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    When a person stops breathing during sleep for 10 seconds, 5 to 15 times during an hour, he or she has
    • A. 

      Mild sleep apnea.

    • B. 

      Moderate sleep apnea.

    • C. 

      Severe sleep apnea.

  • 4. 
    When a person stops breathing during sleep for ten seconds, 15 to 30 times during an hour, he or she has
    • A. 

      Mild sleep apnea.

    • B. 

      Moderate sleep apnea.

    • C. 

      Sever sleep apnea.

  • 5. 
    When a person stops breathing during sleep for ten seconds, 30 times or more during an hour, he or she has
    • A. 

      Mild sleep apnea.

    • B. 

      Moderate sleep apnea.

    • C. 

      Severe sleep apnea.

  • 6. 
    Of the following, which are the three main options for treatment of OSA? (Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Surgery

    • B. 

      Over-the-counter medications

    • C. 

      PAP therapy

    • D. 

      Oral appliance therapy

  • 7. 
    What are some of the common complaints associated with PAP therapy? (Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Ineffective method of treatment

    • B. 

      Noisy and cumbersome

    • C. 

      Expense associated with use

    • D. 

      Difficult to travel with

  • 8. 
    Oral appliances are used to advance the jaw forward, allowing more room for the tongue and keeping the airway open.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Usually, only adult, male patients need to fill out a questionnaire.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Which of the following have been linked to sleep apnea? (Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      Stroke

    • B. 

      Heart attack

    • C. 

      High blood pressure

    • D. 

      Diabetes

    • E. 

      Obesity

    • F. 

      Cancer

  • 11. 
    People with untreated sleep apnea have a reduced lifespan.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    People with untreated sleep apnea spend ______ times as much on medical care during their lifetimes in comparison to those who do not have sleep apnea.
    • A. 

      8

    • B. 

      20

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      15

  • 13. 
    Cardiovascular damage caused by sleep apnea puts people at greater risk for
    • A. 

      Heart attack.

    • B. 

      Stroke.

    • C. 

      Both heart attack and stroke.

    • D. 

      Neither heart attack nor stroke.

  • 14. 
    Snoring is a common symptom of sleep apnea.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Why are excessive sleepiness, lack of energy and fatigue symptoms of sleep apnea? (Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      OSA patients spend a significant amount of time at night in fight or flight mode, with resultant elevated blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration.

    • B. 

      OSA causes disrupted sleep patterns which leads to insufficient amounts of sleep.

    • C. 

      OSA patients spend the night fighting to breathe.

  • 16. 
    Getting equal to or less than four hours of sleep during one night has a sedative effect equivalent to legal intoxication.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is true concerning driving while excessively drowsy?
    • A. 

      Costs associated with sleep related accidents are as high as 10 to 40 billion dollars.

    • B. 

      At least 30% of all motor vehicle accidents are due to sleep deprivation.

    • C. 

      Driving while drowsy impairs driving as much as or more than alcohol.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 18. 
    All of the top ten prescription medications in the United States are related to the signs and symptoms or comorbidities of OSA.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The Epworth Sleepiness Scale is the gold standard for testing sleepiness and is a required part of records for all cases.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Morning headaches have been linked to oxygen desaturation events.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Worldwide, more than _____ adults in the world were overweight (BMI > 25).
    • A. 

      300 million

    • B. 

      200 million

    • C. 

      1.4 billion

    • D. 

      75 million

  • 22. 
    In 2008, close to _____ adults in the world were clinically obese (BMI > 30).  
    • A. 

      1.4 billion

    • B. 

      500 million

    • C. 

      8 million

    • D. 

      250 million

  • 23. 
    An increased waist circumference predicts OSA only in the obese.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is true concerning positional sleep apnea? (Check all that apply.)
    • A. 

      It is marked by an increased frequency of snoring.

    • B. 

      It usually occurs while on one's side.

    • C. 

      As the apnea becomes more sever, it tends to occur in all positions.

    • D. 

      It is quite common.

  • 25. 
    Follow-up with CPAP therapy is often problematic because primary care physicians do not know if patients are using their devices or if the devices are still in working order.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False