Alteration in tissue perfusion
Fluid volume excess
Risk for injury
Risk for infection
Naloxone HCl (Narcan
“Sedatives are much stronger than hypnotic drugs and should only be used for short periods of time.”
“Sedative drugs induce sleep. whereas hypnotic drugs induce a state of hypnosis.”
“Most drugs produce sedation at low doses and sleep (the hypnotic effect) at higher doses.”
“There really is no difference; the terms are used interchangeably.”
A tonic-clonic seizure
Use IM dosage forms for a longer duration.
Administer safely with other CNS depressants for insomnia.
Monitor geriatric patients for the common occurrence of paradoxical reactions.
Evaluate for physical dependence that occurs within 48 hours of beginning the drug.
Prevent any activity within the hospital setting while on oral muscle relaxants.
Make sure that the patient knows that sedation should be minimal with these agents.
Cardiovascular stimulation. A common side effect would lead to hypertension.
Make sure the patient’s call light is close by in case of the need for assistance with activities.
Disorientation and disorganized thinking.
Jerky limb movements and position changes.
Pulse rate slowed by 5 to 10 beats/minute.
Highly active brain and physiological activity levels.
Sleep-awake schedule disturbance.