Abnormal Labs And The Ems Provider

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 34

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Lab Quizzes & Trivia

You must receive a score of 75% in order to receive CME credit. *Answers are case sensitive. Answers must be in lower case.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The three main enzymes found in the heart are:
    • A. 

      Sodium, potassium, calcium

    • B. 

      Calcium, magnesium, potassium

    • C. 

      Sodium, magnesium, potassium

    • D. 

      Sodium, calcium, magnesium

  • 2. 
    Sodium is a major _____ in the extracellular fluid.
    • A. 

      Ion

    • B. 

      Cation

  • 3. 
    Normal adult sodium levels are:
    • A. 

      135-145

    • B. 

      135-125

    • C. 

      125- 115

    • D. 

      115-110

  • 4. 
    Clinical findings with decreased levels of sodium include:
  • 5. 
    Four (4) clinical findings associated with elevated sodium levels are:
  • 6. 
    Potassium is a mineral that the body needs to work normally. It helps_______ and ________ communicate
  • 7. 
    Normal potassium levels for an adult is:
    • A. 

      3.5-5.0 mEq/L

    • B. 

      3.0-5.0 mEq/L

    • C. 

      3.5-5.5 mEq/L

    • D. 

      3.0-5.5 mEq/L

  • 8. 
    A very low potassium level (less than ____ mmol/L) can be life threatening and requires urgent medical attention.
  • 9. 
    Low potassium (hypokalemia) has many causes. The most common cause of low potassium is excessive potassium loss in_____ or from the ________.
  • 10. 
    The most common cause of genuinely high potassium (hyperkalemia) is related to your kidneys, such as: ________ and _______.
  • 11. 
    Hyperkalemia is a serious and potentially life threatening disorder. It can cause:
  • 12. 
    Potassium goes ____ in acidosis
  • 13. 
    In the human body calcium is found most abundtly in the _____ and _______.
  • 14. 
    Patients with elevated calcium levels should be monitored for signs of :
  • 15. 
    Normal calcium levels in an adult are
    • A. 

      4.5-5.5 mEq/L

    • B. 

      4.0-5.0 mEq/L

    • C. 

      3.5-4.5 mEq/L

    • D. 

      4.0-5.0 mEq/L

  • 16. 
    Patient's with decreased levels of calcium should be monitored for signs of tetany which include _______ and ________.
  • 17. 
    Monitor the pulse regularly if the patient is receiving a _______ and ________.
  • 18. 
    Monitor the ECG during hypocalcemia for prolonged _____ and lengthened ______.
  • 19. 
    Troponin is specific to the ______, even slight elevations may indicate some degree of damage to the ____.
  • 20. 
    Troponin values remain high for _____ to ____ weeks after a heart attack.
  • 21. 
    Urea is formed as an end product of protein metabolism and is excreted by the _____ .
  • 22. 
    Normal BUN levels for an adult are:
    • A. 

      5-25 mg/dL

    • B. 

      2-15 mg/dL

    • C. 

      5-20 mg/dL

    • D. 

      2-25 mg/dL

  • 23. 
    An elevated BUN level could be an indication of _______, _______, or ________.
  • 24. 
    A low BUN value usually indicates ________.
  • 25. 
    Clinical presentations of elevated BUN levels may include _______, _______, ______ which can all be indicators for dehydration and if severe enough could lead to shock.
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