Sympathetic Nervous System Quiz Questions

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Verdun
V
Verdun
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 123 | Total Attempts: 108,527
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 333

SettingsSettingsSettings
Sympathetic Nervous System Quiz Questions - Quiz

Chapter 28 Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Once the threshold potential is reached

    • A.

      An action potential is inevitable

    • B.

      Na+ channels close

    • C.

      K+ channels open

    • D.

      The interior of the cell becomes negative with respect to the outside

    Correct Answer
    A. An action potential is inevitable
    Explanation
    When the threshold potential is reached, it means that the membrane potential has reached a critical level that triggers the opening of voltage-gated sodium channels. This allows sodium ions to rapidly enter the cell, causing depolarization and the generation of an action potential. At the same time, potassium channels start to open, allowing potassium ions to exit the cell, which helps in repolarization. As a result, the interior of the cell becomes more negative compared to the outside. Therefore, once the threshold potential is reached, an action potential becomes inevitable due to the sequential events of channel opening and closing.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The functional unit of the nervous system is the

    • A.

      neuron

    • B.

      Cell body

    • C.

      Synapse

    • D.

      Axon

    Correct Answer
    A. neuron
    Explanation
    A neuron is the functional unit of the nervous system. It is a specialized cell that transmits information through electrical and chemical signals. Neurons have a cell body, which contains the nucleus and other organelles, and an axon, which is a long, slender projection that carries the electrical signals away from the cell body. Synapses are the connections between neurons where the signals are transmitted. Therefore, the correct answer is neuron.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The simplest animals to display cephalization and centralization of the nervous system are

    • A.

      Sponges

    • B.

      Echinoderms

    • C.

      Cnidarians

    • D.

      Flatworms

    Correct Answer
    D. Flatworms
    Explanation
    Flatworms are the simplest animals to display cephalization and centralization of the nervous system. Cephalization refers to the concentration of sensory organs and nervous tissue at the anterior end of the animal. Flatworms have a distinct head region with a concentration of nerve cells and sensory structures, such as eyespots. Centralization of the nervous system means that the nerve cells are organized into a centralized mass, which is seen in flatworms with their ladder-like nervous system. Sponges, echinoderms, and cnidarians do not exhibit the same level of cephalization and centralization as flatworms.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following results from stimulation by the parasympathetic nervous system?

    • A.

      Inhibition of urination

    • B.

      Inhibition of the digestive organs

    • C.

      Pupil constriction

    • D.

      Increased heart rate

    Correct Answer
    C. Pupil constriction
    Explanation
    Stimulation by the parasympathetic nervous system causes pupil constriction. This is because the parasympathetic system is responsible for controlling the body's "rest and digest" response, which includes activities such as constricting the pupils to reduce the amount of light entering the eyes.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which of the following statements about resting potential is true?

    • A.

      A resting membrane allows much more sodium than potassium to diffuse across

    • B.

      The concentration of sodium is much higher outside the cell than inside

    • C.

      The resting potential exists because of differences in glucose concentration inside and outside the cell

    • D.

      The concentration of sodium is much higher inside the cell than outside

    Correct Answer
    B. The concentration of sodium is much higher outside the cell than inside
    Explanation
    The resting potential of a cell refers to the electrical charge difference across the cell membrane when the cell is at rest. This potential exists due to the concentration gradients of ions, particularly sodium and potassium. The correct answer states that the concentration of sodium is much higher outside the cell than inside. This is true because sodium ions are actively pumped out of the cell by the sodium-potassium pump, creating a higher concentration of sodium outside the cell. This concentration gradient contributes to the resting potential of the cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    One neurotransmitter associated with sleep, mood, attention, and learning is

    • A.

      Epinephrine

    • B.

      Acetylcholine

    • C.

      Serotonin

    • D.

      nitrous oxide

    Correct Answer
    C. Serotonin
    Explanation
    Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is associated with various functions in the body, including sleep, mood, attention, and learning. It plays a crucial role in regulating these processes and maintaining overall well-being. Serotonin is involved in the sleep-wake cycle, influencing both the quality and duration of sleep. It also affects mood and emotions, with low levels of serotonin being linked to depression and anxiety. Additionally, serotonin is involved in attention and learning, as it helps in transmitting signals between nerve cells in the brain. Overall, serotonin is a vital neurotransmitter for several important physiological and psychological functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following results from stimulation by the sympathetic nervous system?

    • A.

      Decreased heart rate

    • B.

      Increased heart rate

    • C.

      stimulation of the digestive organs

    • D.

      Pupil constriction

    Correct Answer
    B. Increased heart rate
    Explanation
    Stimulation by the sympathetic nervous system leads to increased heart rate. The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the "fight or flight" response in the body, which prepares the body for action. When activated, it increases heart rate to pump more blood to the muscles and organs, providing them with oxygen and nutrients needed for increased activity. This response is essential in situations where the body needs to respond quickly to a threat or stressor.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which division of the human nervous system carries signals to skeletal muscles

    • A.

      Autonomic nervous system

    • B.

      Sympathetic nervous system

    • C.

      Parasympathetic nervous system

    • D.

      Motor nervous system

    Correct Answer
    D. Motor nervous system
    Explanation
    The motor nervous system is responsible for carrying signals from the brain and spinal cord to the skeletal muscles, allowing for voluntary movements. The autonomic nervous system, on the other hand, controls involuntary actions such as digestion and heart rate. The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems are both part of the autonomic nervous system and regulate different bodily functions. Therefore, the motor nervous system is the correct division of the human nervous system that carries signals to skeletal muscles.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    As the strength of the stimulus changes, the action potential changes in

    • A.

      Duration

    • B.

      Amplitude

    • C.

      Frequency

    • D.

      Strength

    Correct Answer
    C. Frequency
    Explanation
    The action potential changes in frequency as the strength of the stimulus changes. This means that the number of action potentials generated per unit of time varies with the strength of the stimulus. A stronger stimulus will result in a higher frequency of action potentials, while a weaker stimulus will result in a lower frequency. The duration, amplitude, and strength of the action potential may remain relatively constant, but it is the frequency that is directly influenced by the strength of the stimulus.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The gap between the transmitting and receiving neurons in a chemical synapse is known as the

    • A.

      Synaptic node

    • B.

      Synaptic cleft

    • C.

      Gap junction

    • D.

      Node of Ranvier

    Correct Answer
    B. Synaptic cleft
    Explanation
    The correct answer is synaptic cleft. The synaptic cleft is the small gap between the transmitting neuron (presynaptic neuron) and the receiving neuron (postsynaptic neuron) in a chemical synapse. It is the space where neurotransmitters are released by the presynaptic neuron and received by the postsynaptic neuron, allowing for communication between the two neurons.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 14, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement