Chapter 26 Quiz

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 275

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Chapter 26 Quiz

Chapter 26 Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Steroid hormones are lipids made from
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates and amino acids

    • B. 

      Cholesterol

    • C. 

      Nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Amino acids

  • 2. 
    Why must some hormones bind to a membrane receptor on a target cells surface in order to activate it
    • A. 

      To stimulate endocytosis to internalize the hormone

    • B. 

      For activation by ATP

    • C. 

      Because they cannot cross cell membranes

    • D. 

      Because they are not water soluble

  • 3. 
    Compared to the endocrine system, the nervous system
    • A. 

      Has a slower response with a longer lasting signal

    • B. 

      Has a faster response, but the signal does not last as long

    • C. 

      Has a faster response with a longer lasting signal

    • D. 

      Has a slower response and a signal that does not last as long

  • 4. 
    Which of the following glands is located nearest the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Ovaries

    • B. 

      Pineal glands

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Adrenal glands

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the relationship of insulin to glucagon?
    • A. 

      Insulin stimulates the pancreas to secrete glucagon

    • B. 

      They work together to prepare the body to deal with stress

    • C. 

      Insulin is a steroid hormone and glucagon is a protein hormone

    • D. 

      They are antagonistic hormones

  • 6. 
    The two main classes of molecules that function as hormones are steroid hormones and hormones that are derived from
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Long chain fatty acids

    • C. 

      Nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

  • 7. 
    Which of the following glands secretes hormones that enable the body to respond to stress?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Pineal

    • C. 

      Adrenal

    • D. 

      Parathyroid

  • 8. 
    A target cell that is affected by a particular steroid hormone would be expected to have
    • A. 

      Enzymes that are activated or inactivated by the hormones second messenger

    • B. 

      An intracellular receptor protein that binds the hormone

    • C. 

      A cell surface receptor protein that binds the hormone

    • D. 

      Enzymes that are activated or inactivated by the intracellular hormone receptor complex

  • 9. 
    Hormones are chemicals produced by the endocrine system that
    • A. 

      Regulate a variety of body functions, such as metabolism

    • B. 

      Are stimulated by the action of metabolic enzymes

    • C. 

      Function to prevent a variety of diseases

    • D. 

      Control the formation of urine

  • 10. 
    Which of the following may be a consequence of excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone?
    • A. 

      Exhaustion of the immune system

    • B. 

      Gigantism

    • C. 

      Loss of calcium from the bone

    • D. 

      Convulsive contractions of skeletal muscles

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