Standard Precautions And Bloodborne Pathogens In Early Childhood Settings

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Bloodborne Pathogens are an occupational hazard for employees who may be exposed to blood and other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employee's duties. The purposes of this quiz is to reinforce and show competency in the importance of using Standard Precautions and Bloodborne Pathogens in Early Childhood Settings.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A pathogen is a microorganism that can cause a disease.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A pathogen is indeed a microorganism that has the capability to cause a disease. Pathogens can include various types of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites that are capable of invading the body and causing infections or illnesses. Therefore, the statement "A pathogen is a microorganism that can cause a disease" is true.

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  • 2. 

    Pathogens may be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pathogens are microorganisms that can cause disease in their host. Bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites are all examples of pathogens. They can enter the body through various means and cause infections or illnesses. Therefore, the statement "Pathogens may be bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites" is true as it correctly identifies the different types of microorganisms that can act as pathogens.

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  • 3. 

    Other Potentially Infectious Material or OPIM only include saliva, semen and vaginal secretions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    "Other Potentially Infectious Materials" include: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids.

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  • 4. 

    Who is covered under OSHA'S Bloodborne Pathogens Standard?

    • A.

      Anyone exposed to human blood, blood by-products, or other potentially infectious materials during their job duties.

    • B.

      Anyone whose job requires them to provide 1st Aid or CPR or use an AED.

    • C.

      Anyone whose job requires them to drive an injured employee or student to the hospital.

    • D.

      Anyone handling biohazardous or infectious waste.

    • E.

      Anyone cleaning up spills of blood, blood by-products, or other potentially infectious material.

    • F.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    F. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that all individuals mentioned in the options are covered under OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. This includes anyone exposed to human blood, blood by-products, or other potentially infectious materials during their job duties, anyone whose job requires them to provide 1st Aid or CPR or use an AED, anyone whose job requires them to drive an injured employee or student to the hospital, anyone handling biohazardous or infectious waste, and anyone cleaning up spills of blood, blood by-products, or other potentially infectious material.

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  • 5. 

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because HIV is indeed the virus that causes AIDS. HIV attacks the immune system, specifically targeting CD4 cells, which are crucial for fighting off infections and diseases. Over time, HIV can weaken the immune system to the point where it becomes unable to defend against other infections and diseases, leading to the development of AIDS. Therefore, it is accurate to say that HIV is the virus responsible for causing AIDS.

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  • 6. 

    HIV is spread through casual contact.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Body fluids in which HIV can be detected are human blood, semen, vaginal secretions, breast milk, and other body fluids containing blood. Contact with saliva, sweat, vomit, feces, and tears has never been shown to result in HIV transmission. HIV is not spread through casual contact. Mosquitoes and other insects do not transmit HIV. In addition, HIV does not survive well outside of the body.

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  • 7. 

    The Bloodborne Pathogen standard requires employers to make the ____________________ vaccnine and vaccination series available to all employees who have occupational exposure to HBV.

    Correct Answer
    Hepatitis B
    Hep B
    Explanation
    The Bloodborne Pathogen standard requires employers to make the Hepatitis B (Hep B) vaccine and vaccination series available to all employees who have occupational exposure to HBV. This is because Hepatitis B is a highly contagious virus that can be transmitted through blood and other body fluids. By providing the Hepatitis B vaccine, employers can help protect their employees from contracting the virus and reduce the risk of spreading it in the workplace.

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  • 8. 

    Transmission of the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) occurs when an infected person's blood or body fluids enters the body of a person who is not immune.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Transmission occurs primarily through; birth from an infected mother, sexual contact with an infected person, sharing of contaminated needles, syringes or other injection drug equipment, needle sticks and other sharp instrument injuries or blood splashed onto non-intact skin. HBV is not spread through casual contact with infected individuals. HBV is durable and can survive in dried form on countertops for at least 7 days.

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  • 9. 

    The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of acute hepatitis and chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and liver cancer.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is indeed a major cause of acute hepatitis and chronic liver disease. HCV infection can lead to long-term liver damage, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) and liver cancer. It is important to raise awareness about the risks of HCV and promote prevention and early detection measures to reduce the burden of this disease.

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  • 10. 

    Although HCV is transmitted via the same routes as HBV and HIV (direct exposure to blood), according to the CDC contact with blood of an infected person through sharing of contaminated needles, syringes, or other injection drug equipment is the primary cause of infection.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. The CDC states that the primary cause of HCV infection is contact with the blood of an infected person through sharing contaminated needles, syringes, or other injection drug equipment. While HCV can be transmitted through the same routes as HBV and HIV (direct exposure to blood), the sharing of contaminated needles is the main mode of transmission for HCV.

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  • 11. 

    Hepatitis A is an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hepatitis A is indeed an acute infectious disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus. It is transmitted through contaminated food or water, or through close contact with an infected person. The virus attacks the liver, leading to inflammation and potentially causing symptoms such as fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, and jaundice. The infection is usually self-limiting and does not result in chronic liver disease. Vaccination is available to prevent hepatitis A.

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  • 12. 

    Hepatitis A is usually spread by the blood-oral route.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hepatitis A is usually spread by the fecal-oral route; transmitted person-to-person by ingestion of contaminated food or water or through direct contact with an infectious person.

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  • 13. 

    In order to protect yourself, you must assume that all blood and body fluids are infectious. This is called "universal" precautions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because universal precautions require healthcare workers to treat all blood and body fluids as potentially infectious, regardless of the perceived risk. This approach helps to minimize the transmission of bloodborne pathogens and protect both the healthcare worker and the patient. By assuming that all fluids are infectious, healthcare workers can take the necessary precautions, such as wearing gloves, masks, and other protective equipment, to prevent the spread of infections.

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  • 14. 

    Only wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when you see visible blood.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for the job that you are doing. Wear gloves whenever there is a possibility of contact with blood or other body fluids. Inspect all personal protective equipment before wearing for damage, punctures or tears.
    Other types of PPE include; masks, gowns, coveralls, shoecovers, pocket CPR mouth to mouth resuscitation masks.

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  • 15. 

    Report any exposure to potentially infectious materials immediately and undertake the necessary medical review and treatment.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    It is important to report any exposure to potentially infectious materials immediately because it allows for prompt medical review and treatment. This helps to minimize the risk of infection and ensures that appropriate measures can be taken to prevent the spread of disease. By reporting the exposure, individuals can receive the necessary medical attention and follow-up care, which is crucial in protecting their health and the health of others. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 16. 

    Where does hazardous waste go?

    • A.

      All contaminated or infectious dry solid type waste (i.e., gloves, personal protective equipment, paper towels, gauze/bandages, bodily fluid/blood saturated items, etc.) must be placed in double red bags stored inside proper biohazard boxes with lids.

    • B.

      All contaminated needles or other contaminated sharps (i.e.; needles, syringes, glass and plastic pipettes, slides, rigid plasticware having sharp edges or points, capillary tubes, blades, glassware, including syringes, etc.) must be placed into red sharps containers or red buckets that are puncture-resistant and leakproof.

    • C.

      Do not store biohazard waste in hallways or near general traffic.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The given answer "All of the above" is correct because the passage states that all contaminated or infectious dry solid waste must be placed in double red bags stored inside proper biohazard boxes, all contaminated needles or sharps must be placed in red sharps containers or red buckets, and biohazard waste should not be stored in hallways or near general traffic. Therefore, all of these options are correct ways to dispose of hazardous waste.

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