Bloodborne Pathogens Test

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| By Jeniloou
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Questions: 22 | Attempts: 7,428

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Bloodborne Pathogens Test - Quiz

This test will challenge your knowledge of bloodborne pathogens and the training you just received.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The OSHA Standard on Bloodborne Pathogens requires your employer to do the following (mark all correct answers):

    • A.

      Adopt procedures to reduce your exposure

    • B.

      Offer free hepatitis B immunization

    • C.

      Offer free evaluation and follow up for employess who experience an exposure incident

    • D.

      Provide training on exposure control

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Adopt procedures to reduce your exposure
    B. Offer free hepatitis B immunization
    C. Offer free evaluation and follow up for employess who experience an exposure incident
    D. Provide training on exposure control
    Explanation
    The OSHA Standard on Bloodborne Pathogens requires employers to adopt procedures to reduce employee exposure, offer free hepatitis B immunization, offer free evaluation and follow up for employees who experience an exposure incident, and provide training on exposure control.

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  • 2. 

    AIDS is more contagious than hepititis B.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Hepatitis B is actually more contagious than AIDS. Hepatitis B is primarily transmitted through contact with infected blood or other bodily fluids, such as semen or vaginal fluids, while AIDS is mainly transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles, or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth or breastfeeding. Although both diseases are serious and can have severe consequences, hepatitis B has a higher transmission rate.

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  • 3. 

    Hepatitis is an inflammation of the

    Correct Answer
    liver
    Explanation
    Hepatitis is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the liver. The liver is an essential organ responsible for various functions such as detoxification, protein synthesis, and production of biochemicals necessary for digestion. Inflammation of the liver can be caused by viral infections, alcohol abuse, autoimmune diseases, or exposure to certain toxins. Hepatitis can lead to symptoms like jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, and liver dysfunction. Therefore, the correct answer is "liver" as it accurately represents the organ affected by hepatitis.

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  • 4. 

    Bloodborne diseases are transmitted the following ways (mark all correct answers):

    • A.

      Hugging

    • B.

      Direct contact with blood

    • C.

      Unprotected sexual contact

    • D.

      Sharing needles

    • E.

      Sharing a ride

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Direct contact with blood
    C. Unprotected sexual contact
    D. Sharing needles
    Explanation
    Bloodborne diseases are transmitted through direct contact with blood, unprotected sexual contact, and sharing needles. Hugging and sharing a ride do not involve direct exposure to blood or bodily fluids, and therefore do not pose a risk for transmission of bloodborne diseases.

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  • 5. 

    A negative HIV test means that (choose one):

    • A.

      You definitely have not been infected

    • B.

      You show no evidence of HIV antibodies, but you should be tested again at the end of the incubation period to make sure you are not incubating the virus.

    Correct Answer
    B. You show no evidence of HIV antibodies, but you should be tested again at the end of the incubation period to make sure you are not incubating the virus.
    Explanation
    A negative HIV test does not guarantee that you have not been infected with the virus. It simply means that there is no evidence of HIV antibodies in your system at the time of the test. However, there is a possibility that you may still be in the incubation period, during which HIV antibodies may not be detectable. Therefore, it is recommended to get tested again at the end of the incubation period to ensure that you are not incubating the virus.

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  • 6. 

    How many injections are needed for a complete hepatitis B immunization series (choose one):

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    Correct Answer
    C. Three
    Explanation
    A complete hepatitis B immunization series requires three injections. This is because the vaccine is given in a series of doses to ensure optimal protection against the virus. The first dose is usually given at birth or in early infancy, the second dose is given one to two months after the first dose, and the third dose is given six months after the first dose. This schedule allows the immune system to develop a strong and long-lasting response to the virus, providing maximum protection against hepatitis B.

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  • 7. 

    To date, no serious side effects of HBV immunization have been noted.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that there have been no significant negative effects observed from HBV immunization. This implies that the vaccine is generally safe and does not pose any serious risks or adverse reactions.

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  • 8. 

    There is only a slight risk of getting AIDS from an HBV inoculation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because there is no risk of getting AIDS from an HBV (Hepatitis B Virus) inoculation. HBV is a completely different virus from HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) which causes AIDS. The HBV inoculation is a vaccine that helps protect against Hepatitis B, not AIDS. Therefore, there is no risk of getting AIDS from the HBV inoculation.

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  • 9. 

    If a person tests negative for AIDS, he or she can still transfer the disease.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If a person tests negative for AIDS, it means that they do not currently have the virus in their system. However, it is possible for them to still transfer the disease if they engage in activities that can transmit the virus, such as sharing needles or having unprotected sex with an infected person. Therefore, even though they may test negative, it is still important for individuals to take precautions to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS.

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  • 10. 

    If you have received a negative reading on a test for AIDS, it is not necessary to be tested again.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because receiving a negative reading on a test for AIDS does not guarantee that a person is not infected with the virus. It is possible to receive a false negative result, especially if the test is taken during the window period when the body has not yet produced enough antibodies to be detected. Therefore, it is recommended to get tested again after a certain period of time to ensure accurate results.

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  • 11. 

    AIDS cannot be transmitted through breast milk.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    AIDS can be transmitted through breast milk. HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can be present in breast milk and can be transmitted from an HIV-positive mother to her child during breastfeeding. Therefore, the statement that AIDS cannot be transmitted through breast milk is false.

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  • 12. 

    When washing your hands, the hotter the water the better.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the temperature of the water does not significantly impact the effectiveness of handwashing. The most important factor in handwashing is using soap and scrubbing for at least 20 seconds. Warm water may be more comfortable, but it does not kill more germs than cold water. Therefore, the temperature of the water does not determine the effectiveness of handwashing.

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  • 13. 

    The "universe" in Universal Precautions refers to:

    • A.

      The "Big Bang" theory of the origin of the universe

    • B.

      Taking precautions with all body fluids

    • C.

      The use of Universal Precautions for some body fluids regardless of the source

    Correct Answer
    B. Taking precautions with all body fluids
    Explanation
    The correct answer is taking precautions with all body fluids. Universal Precautions is a set of guidelines that healthcare workers follow to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases. It involves treating all body fluids as potentially infectious, regardless of the source or the patient's perceived risk. This approach ensures the safety of both the healthcare worker and the patient, as it minimizes the risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens and other infectious agents.

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  • 14. 

    Safe work practices like using a dustpan and broom to clean up broken glass are meant to serve as a guide only.  You must develop your own methods that work for you.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that safe work practices like using a dustpan and broom are only meant to serve as a guide and that individuals must develop their own methods. However, this is not true. Safe work practices are established based on industry standards and regulations to ensure the safety of individuals. It is important to follow these practices rather than creating one's own methods, as they are designed to minimize the risk of accidents and injuries.

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  • 15. 

    You don't have to wear gloves when giving first aid if you know what you are doing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It is important to always wear gloves when giving first aid, regardless of one's knowledge or expertise. Wearing gloves helps to prevent the spread of germs, protect both the first aider and the injured person from potential infections, and maintain hygiene during the process. Therefore, the statement that you don't have to wear gloves when giving first aid if you know what you are doing is false.

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  • 16. 

    Minor defects in PPE should be repaired by the employee.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Employees should not be responsible for repairing minor defects in personal protective equipment (PPE). It is the employer's duty to ensure that PPE is in good working condition and any repairs or replacements needed should be carried out by trained professionals. Employees should report any defects they notice to their supervisor or safety officer, who can then take appropriate action to address the issue. By placing the responsibility on the employer, it ensures that the PPE is properly maintained and provides adequate protection to the employees.

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  • 17. 

    What should you do following an exposure incident (mark all correct answers)?

    • A.

      Nothing

    • B.

      Stop what you are doing as soon as you can

    • C.

      Encourage the wound to bleed by squeezing gently

    • D.

      Wash the wound thoroughly.

    • E.

      Use an antiseptic

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Encourage the wound to bleed by squeezing gently
    D. Wash the wound thoroughly.
    E. Use an antiseptic
    Explanation
    Following an exposure incident, it is important to encourage the wound to bleed by squeezing gently. This helps to flush out any potential contaminants from the wound. It is also crucial to wash the wound thoroughly to further clean it and reduce the risk of infection. Using an antiseptic can also help to disinfect the wound and prevent infection.

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  • 18. 

    What should you do following an exposure incident continued (mark all correct answers)?

    • A.

      Suck on the wound and spit out the blood

    • B.

      Report the incident to the Plan Administrator

    • C.

      Complete an Exposure Incident Report

    • D.

      Get counseling

    • E.

      Quit your job

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Report the incident to the Plan Administrator
    C. Complete an Exposure Incident Report
    D. Get counseling
    Explanation
    Following an exposure incident, it is important to report the incident to the Plan Administrator to ensure proper documentation and follow-up. Completing an Exposure Incident Report is also necessary to provide detailed information about the incident. Getting counseling is important to address any emotional or psychological impact of the incident. However, sucking on the wound and spitting out the blood is not recommended as it can increase the risk of infection. Quitting your job is not necessary unless there are specific circumstances that warrant it.

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  • 19. 

    You should rinse with peroxide or alcohol (mark all correct answers):

    • A.

      If your skin was broken or chapped

    • B.

      If large amounts of infections material were involved

    • C.

      If the infectious material got into your mouth

    • D.

      If your skin was pierced

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. If your skin was broken or chapped
    B. If large amounts of infections material were involved
    C. If the infectious material got into your mouth
    D. If your skin was pierced
    Explanation
    Rinsing with peroxide or alcohol is recommended in the given scenarios because these substances have antiseptic properties and can help clean and disinfect the affected area. If the skin is broken or chapped, rinsing with peroxide or alcohol can help prevent infection. If large amounts of infectious material were involved or if the infectious material got into the mouth, rinsing with peroxide or alcohol can help kill any bacteria or germs present. Similarly, if the skin was pierced, rinsing with peroxide or alcohol can help prevent infection in the wound.

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  • 20. 

    Applying pressure to a puncture wound on your finger will stop the potentially infectious material from moving into the blood stream.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Applying pressure to a puncture wound on your finger will not stop potentially infectious material from moving into the bloodstream. Pressure can help control bleeding, but it does not prevent the entry of infectious material into the bloodstream. To prevent the spread of infection, it is important to clean the wound thoroughly, apply an appropriate antiseptic, and seek medical attention if necessary.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following are exposure incidents (mark all correct answers):

    • A.

      Needlestick

    • B.

      Splatter of blood into your eye

    • C.

      Splatter of blood onto your clothing

    • D.

      Kiss

    • E.

      Bite

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Needlestick
    B. Splatter of blood into your eye
    E. Bite
    Explanation
    Exposure incidents refer to situations where an individual is at risk of coming into contact with potentially infectious materials. Needlestick injuries, splatter of blood into the eye, and bites can all be considered exposure incidents as they involve direct contact with bodily fluids that may contain pathogens. However, splatter of blood onto clothing and kissing do not necessarily involve direct contact with bodily fluids, making them less likely to be considered exposure incidents.

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  • 22. 

    You should immediately report an exposure incident (mark all correct answers):

    • A.

      So you can be vaccinated against AIDS

    • B.

      So you can begin medical evaluation and follow-up

    • C.

      So the source individual can be tested, if possible

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. So you can begin medical evaluation and follow-up
    C. So the source individual can be tested, if possible
    Explanation
    To date, there is no vaccination against AIDS

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 11, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 13, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jeniloou
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